the collapse of the Berlin wall gave East German citizens isolated for 28 years the first opportunity to observe another Germany and system. People are immersed in the great joy of reunion after parting; A wide range of commodities, democratic elections and parliamentary politics have stimulated the East German people’s imagination of a better life. On the streets of East Germany, the slogan of protesters has changed from “we are the people!” It became “we are a nation!”. In the spring of 1990, 85% of the East Germans supported reunification; The proportion in West Germany is slightly lower, but it also reaches 70%.

another fact is more obvious: the opening of the Berlin Wall did not slow down the East German migration movement from east to west. In 1990, 2000 East Germans moved to West Germany every day, and the reception capacity of West Germany has reached its limit. “If we introduce the West German mark, we will stay; if we do not introduce the West German mark, we will look for it!” The East German shouted in the street. Politicians in Bonn are well aware that the only way to stop the flow of people from the east to West Germany is to assimilate East Germany with the West German model as soon as possible.

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times weekly: East Germany has been undergoing transformation for 20 years, and many Germans complain that the transformation is too fast. Polls also show that both East and West Germans are dissatisfied with the status quo. What do you think of this emotion in the process of transformation?

Burmer: it was impossible to use other methods at that time. Before and after the reunification of Germany, thousands of East Germans came to West Germany every day. At that time, if rapid changes were not made, there might be no one in the eastern region and all of them ran away. This is a huge pressure, forcing us to transform rapidly.

the unification of Germany and Germany on October 3, 1990 can be regarded as the most unique and bold experiment of the last century. Although there are different opinions on the pros and cons, and although there is still uncertainty in its future, it at least shows the possibility that two mutually exclusive bodies can quickly accept each other under the action of external forces.

the last public appearance of Joachim gauck, a former Federal German presidential candidate, in Berlin was on September 15. After 8:15 p.m., on the stage of Europe’s largest song and dance drama, the Friedrich palace in central Berlin, he received a bottle of gold medal in the shape of a hen from the governor of Brandenburg, Matthias platzeck, and became the winner of the political category of the Golden Rooster Award, the most important media Award in Germany in 2010.

with the help of the live broadcast of the award ceremony on German national television, platzek’s tribute and GoK’s thanks came into public view.

platzek: “he shocked many citizens, he attracted many citizens; he was an enlightener and a mentor of democracy. He spoke with his heart and reason.”

GoK: “we want to prove again and again that Germans can be free and Germans can take responsibility.”

this medal is awarded on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the reunification of the two Germany. The significance is obviously different from that in the past. For Gauk, a famous opposition in former East Germany at the age of 70 and a hero of the 1989 peaceful revolution and reunification, the Golden Rooster Award is not only a compensation for his gloomy mood after losing the presidential election, just like previous winners – former Federal German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, current Chancellor Angela Merkel and former Soviet President Gorbachev, That is more an affirmation of its great social contribution.

GoK’s words are appropriate to describe the process of reunification between the two Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall. The unification of Germany and China on October 3, 1990 can be regarded as the most unique and bold experiment of the last century. Although there are different opinions on the pros and cons, and although there is still uncertainty in its future, it at least shows the possibility that two mutually exclusive bodies can quickly accept each other under the action of external forces. In just 11 months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, East German citizens who initially only asked for free travel and institutional improvement finally got a mature democracy – albeit a replica.

in 1990, Helmut Cole promised that the East would soon “prosper”. His prediction didn’t come true as scheduled. However, in the 20 years of reunification, Germany has made efforts to move from formal reunification to real reunification, which is undoubtedly the way for the East German region to consolidate freedom and strive for development. All Germans living in it are both objective observers and witnesses, and have made some contributions.

lightning unification

personally, Helmut Cole may be the number one hero of unification. But at first, the former German Chancellor was as hesitant as everyone. On November 28, 1989, when announcing the “ten point program” on reunification, he was still very cautious and proposed to “re realize German reunification through federalism in five years or more”. But soon after, Kohl, supported by the United States, realized that German reunification was not only possible, but also imminent.

the collapse of the Berlin wall gave East German citizens who had been isolated for 28 years the first opportunity to observe another Germany and system. People are immersed in the great joy of reunion after parting; A wide range of commodities, democratic elections and parliamentary politics have stimulated the East German people’s imagination of a better life. On the streets of East Germany, the slogan of protesters has changed from “we are the people!” It became “we are a nation!”. In the spring of 1990, 85% of the East Germans supported reunification; The proportion in West Germany is slightly lower, but it also reaches 70%.

another fact is more obvious: the opening of the Berlin Wall did not slow down the East German migration movement from east to west. In 1990, 2000 East Germans moved to West Germany every day, and the reception capacity of West Germany has reached its limit. “If we introduce the West German mark, we will stay; if we do not introduce the West German mark, we will look for it!” The East German shouted in the street. Politicians in Bonn are well aware that the only way to stop the flow of people from the east to West Germany is to assimilate East Germany with the West German model as soon as possible.

in the face of the voice of the people and the left and right economy, 19The freely elected people’s assembly and the Lothar de mediye government on March 18, 1990 are even more like a mirror: their task is to accelerate reunification. That summer, the people’s Assembly passed a resolution to join the Federal Republic of Germany. According to the people’s requirements for the order of unification, in July, the two Germany signed an economic, monetary and social alliance, and the West German mark officially became the currency of East Germany; Two months later, the two countries signed a unification treaty and decided to officially merge on October 3.

the division of Germany was originally a product of World War II. On the issue of Germany, the victorious country in World War II never gave up its rights and interests. But in July, the last obstacle to German reunification was also removed. After months of “2 + 4” talks, the two Germans and four allies reached an agreement. Helmut Kohl successfully calmed the fears of Britain and France about a resurgent Germany, and replaced Gorbachev’s consent to the entry of reunified Germany into NATO by bearing the cost of the withdrawal of the Soviet Red Army.

the East German people and the West German government realized their wishes. At 0:00 on October 3, 1990, the flag of the Federal Republic of Germany rose slowly on the parliament building in Berlin. Millions of people were celebrating on the streets and squares around the parliament building. In this national carnival, some cool headed observers, including the president of the Federal Bank of Germany, were not without worries. As they warned in advance, the way of German reunification and its lightning speed, the fatal impact on the already vulnerable East German economy and the resulting social and moral costs, soon emerged.