It is puzzling that hundreds of thousands of British and French troops are besieged in the narrow port of Dunkirk.
When the German tank troops were about to rush into Dunkirk to carry out sweeping, they ordered his army to stop the attack.
As a result, the British army withdrew 224000 people and France withdrew 114000 people on the only way out.
In the English language, this is the “Dunkirk miracle”.
It was these troops who escaped from Germany that enabled them to continue fighting and retain enough manpower to defend the coast and deal with the threat of aggression.
So what made Hitler issue this order to decide his fate? Why did he do that? This is very puzzling.
Historians have found enough evidence in their long-term research and exploration of this matter.
They can not only weave the process into a complete chain, but also find an appropriate explanation for the series of reasons leading to the final decision.
In the history of World War II, the famous British military thinker reed Hart made the following analysis on this problem: from a large number of historical data, the occurrence of this “miracle” has a certain relationship with Hitler’s complex character, but also affected by the ideological activities of other characters.
On the morning of May 24, 1940, Hitler met with a key figure – lundstedt during his inspection.
Lundstadt is a prudent strategist.
He is always careful not to let go of all unfavorable factors, and always avoids making mistakes in optimistic times.
It was for this reason that Hitler regarded him as a good helper.
He could provide Hitler with calm and balanced judgment, which Hitler lacked.
When reporting the situation, lundstedt especially pointed out that the strength of the tank had been weakened due to long-time and rapid action, and pointed out that it was possible to be attacked from the north and south, especially from the south.
Hitler expressed “complete agreement” with lundstadt’s cautious attitude, and also stressed the importance of preserving armored forces for future operations.
When he returned to his headquarters in the afternoon, he immediately summoned the army commander-in-chief Harold and ordered him to suspend the attack.
Hald wrote sadly in his diary: the right wing, composed of armored and motorized troops, has been invincible in front of it.
Now it has stopped under the direct order of the head of state.
As for the task of solving the besieged enemy, it is ready to be left to the air force! One might think that Hitler’s suspension order was influenced by lundstadt, but it was not.
If Hitler had felt that his order was influenced by lundstadt, he would have mentioned it in order to make excuses for his decision after the British Army fled.
However, he never mentioned lundstedt’s opinion as one of the factors in his later explanation.
This negative evidence is important.
Others believe that Hitler probably had this plan in his heart before he went to lundstadt headquarters.
The purpose is to find a further reasonable explanation for his own ideas, which can be used as the basis for forcing hald and others to change their plans.
If they had been influenced by others before, they were Keitel and Yodel, who were the main military leaders in Hitler’s base camp.
At that time, when Valmont heard the rumor of the stop attack order, he asked Yodel about the reason.
Yodel confirmed the authenticity of the order to him.
Later, Valmont mentioned it in his own records: Yodel stressed that Hitler, Keitel and his own experience in World War I had proved that armored forces could not be used in swamps, The loss is so great.
Because the strength of the armored forces has been relatively weakened, and they have other important tasks in the upcoming second phase of the offensive against France.
In addition to the above situations, another point is the influence of German Air Force Commander Goering on Hitler.
However, at that time, I found another reason for the suspension order – Goering appeared at this time and assured the Fuehrer that his air force could block the retreat from the sky to the sea to complete the encirclement mission.
He undoubtedly overestimated the power of his service.
With Goering’s unshakable position in the Nazi party, the task of encircling and suppressing Dunkirk finally fell to the air force.
Later, goodrian, who had strongly opposed the order, pointed out: “I think one of the main factors that prompted Hitler to make this decision is Goering’s vanity.
” There is evidence that later, the German air force did not give full play to its power in use.
Some German air force generals said that Hitler imposed restrictions in this regard as if he had stopped ground forces.
Therefore, there are high-level doubts about whether there are political motives behind Hitler’s military reasons.
Brute, who was then the chief of operations of lundstedt headquarters, recorded Hitler’s speech during his visit to the headquarters of the group army.
He thought that this speech might peek into Hitler’s ideological context: Hitler’s spirit was very good.
He acknowledged that the process of the battle was indeed a miracle and told us that he believed that the war could be ended in six months.
Since then, he wanted to sign a reasonable contract with France, so the way to reach an agreement with Britain was unimpeded.
He spoke of his admiration for the British Empire, the need for its existence, and the British people’s contribution to world civilization.
This remark really surprised us.
He shrugged and said that although the means used in the founding of the Empire were not very bright, it was also forced by the times and had no choice.
He compared the British Empire with the Catholic Church and said that both were necessary factors for the stability of the world.
He said that he did not ask much for Britain, but that it should recognize Germany’s status on the European continent.
The return of the old German colonies was still a wish, but it was not necessary.
He even said that if Britain encountered difficulties in any other region, he was willing to provide military support.
He pointed out that colonies were just a matter of prestige, because they could not be defended in war, and few Germans were willing to live in the tropics.
His conclusion is that his aim is to stand on what the British think is acceptable.