today takes you to understand the history of North America. The founding of the United States of America is the greatest of all human adventures. No nation’s history is as instructive as the American story – for Americans themselves and for other nations. This story spans 400 years. Now, when we are about to enter the new millennium, it is necessary to tell this story again, because if we can remember these lessons and build our own life on this basis, all mankind will benefit from this new era that is gradually unfolding. The history of the United States raises three basic questions. First, can a country rise above the injustice of its origin and make up for it through its moral goals and moral practice? All nations are born of war, conquest and evil, which are often obscured by the obscurity of the distant past.

and the United States, from the earliest colonial period, has won its title deeds in the bright flame of written history. The spots and stains on these title deeds are obvious to all and blame with one voice: the deprivation of a native nation and the blood, tears and sweat of a enslaved race, To achieve self satisfaction. On the balance of historical judgment, these serious mistakes must be balanced by building a society committed to fairness and justice. Has the United States done this? Has it redeemed its original sin? The second question provides the key to the first question. In the process of founding the people’s Republic of China, can the idealism and altruism that hope to build a perfect society be successfully integrated with the desire for profit and ambition – without which a vibrant society cannot be built at all? Have Americans fully achieved such integration? Third, the original goal of Americans is to build a “city on the mountain” beyond the world. In the end, they find that they are designing a people’s Republic that will become a model for the world.

have their bold goals been successfully achieved? Do they really provide an example for all mankind to follow? Will they continue to serve as role models in the new millennium? Let us not forget that the colony that has now become the United States of America is only part of a larger cause. This cause is the work of the best and brightest people in the whole European continent. Admittedly, they are greedy. As Christopher Columbus said, people crossed the Atlantic mainly in search of gold. But they are also idealists. The adventurous spirit of these people can make the world a better place. Europe is too small for them, for their vitality, their ambitions and their dreams. In the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, they went to the east to try to re Christianize the Holy Land and acquire land there.

they are a mixture of religious fanaticism, personal ambition – not to mention greed – and a desire for adventure. These are the archetypes of the American cause, which has inspired generations of Crusaders to go forward and follow. However, in the East, the expansion of Christianity was blocked by the strong resistance of the Muslim world, and finally thwarted by the strong military spirit of the Ottoman Turks. Those young Christians who were disheartened in the East had to spend their ambitious spiritual energy at home: in France, their energy was used to eliminate heresy and seize confiscated property; In the Iberian Peninsula, they were busy re conquering the territories occupied by the Islamists since the 8th century. This process was not completed until the 1490s, with the destruction of the Muslim kingdom of Granada, with the expulsion of the last Moors in Spain, or forced change of faith. It is no coincidence that this decade has also seen some of the earliest successful efforts aimed at bringing European power – and Christianity – into the Western Hemisphere.

with the success of the previous task, the latter task will be carried out enthusiastically. The Portuguese are a nation that is especially good at navigation. It was they who first started this new career in the early 15th century. In 1415, King Henry V of England destroyed the French army in Agincourt, while Portuguese adventurers took Ceuta on the northern coast of Africa and turned it into a transit point for trade. Subsequently, they continued to advance to the southwest, entered the Atlantic Ocean, occupied Madeira, Cape Verde and the Azores, and turned them all into colonies of the kingdom of Portugal. These findings have greatly encouraged Portuguese adventurers: they have realized that they are creating a “new world”, although the term did not become popular until 1494. These early colonists believed that they were creating a new civilization: the first boys and girls born in Madeira were named Adam and Eve when they were baptized. But it entered a period of decline almost immediately, which will eventually envelop the whole Atlantic.

in Europe, slavery has actually been extinguished by the rise of Christian society. In the 1440s, the Portuguese explored the African coast from their newly acquired islands and rediscovered slavery as a still effective commercial system. Slavery always existed in Africa and was widely promoted by local rulers, often with the help of Arab businessmen. Slaves are captives, outsiders and people who have lost their tribal identity; Once they became slaves, they became exchangeable commodities and, in fact, an important form of money. The Portuguese set foot in the slave trade in the middle of the 15th century. In the process, they gradually took over the business and turned it into something more inhuman and terrible. Both ancient society and medieval Africa had to give in. Madeira’s Portuguese colony is now the center of the sugar industry and soon became the largest supplier of sugar in Western Europe.

in 1452, Madeira established the earliest sugar factory hereThe workers in this factory are slaves. This first cash industry was so successful that the Portuguese soon spread their sugarcane fields all over the islands of the piraf Bay on the African coast, and an island in Cape brown, Mauritania, became a slave supply station. When the slave trade was still in its infancy, hundreds of slaves were transported to Lisbon every year. With the rapid expansion of the sugar industry, thousands of slaves began: by 1550, Sao Tome alone imported about 50000 African slaves, which also became a slave storage and transportation center. These profitable activities are carried out under the protection of the royal government of Portugal, with the participation of mixed Christians from all over Europe – Spaniards, Normans and Flemish, Portuguese and Italians from the Aegean Sea and Levant.

they are energetic, all young men who do things with any woman they can find, and sometimes marry them. Their hybrid offspring, black-and-white, are less susceptible to yellow fever and malaria than purebred Europeans, so the population is booming. Neither Europeans nor black-and-white people can live on the coast of Africa. But they all live and breed on Cape Verde Islands 300 miles off the coast of West Africa. Cape Verde’s mixed race business class is known as the lancados. They speak both Creole and local dialects, and believe in pagan Christianity. They control the terminal of the slave trade in Europe, just as Arabs control the slave trade in Africa.