Section II Aegean art the northeast of the Mediterranean, a sea area between the Balkans and Asia Minor, known as the “Aegean Sea” in Greece.

Among them, there are hundreds of large and small islands, and Crete Island at the southern end is the largest.

Before the Dorians and Ionians, the main ethnic groups that created the classical civilization of Greece, arrived in Greece, there lived primitive indigenous people.

After the stone age and bronze age, they successively entered the early slave city-state countries around 2500 BC.

In the following 1500 years, they created an excellent culture with unique national characteristics, which is the fertile soil for the later Greek classical civilization to thrive.

Homer’s famous epics Iliad and Odyssey once described the war between Greek nationalities in the city-state era.

It attracted many scholars to explore “Helena’s Palace” and “Troyer’s wall”.

Among them, the most successful are sheriman in Germany and Evans in Britain.

The former found the cultural layer belonging to the Mycenaean era, and the latter brought the “maze” of King Minos back to the sky.

A large number of relics prove that the Cyclades Islands between the coast of Asia Minor and Greece and many surrounding islands have made important contributions to ancient civilization.

The early pottery and carvings unearthed in the Cyclades Islands are relics from about 2500 BC to about 1400 BC.

It can be regarded as the earliest origin of Greek culture.

From 2000 to 1000 BC, the Minos Dynasty on Crete became the most powerful country in this range, known as the “Minos culture”.

When the dynasty suddenly disappeared for reasons that have not yet been understood, it flourished in Mycenae, a colony on the coast of the Greek peninsula, until the arrival of the Dorians.

Although the cultures centered on the three different regions have their own characteristics, compared with Egypt and the two rivers, they can clearly see their common characteristics – the beautiful and lively style determined by the marine life.

Kikradis art kikradis islands are like a necklace hanging between EuPIA and Attica peninsula.

In addition to its unique agriculture and fishery, it is also rich in stone – a kind of obsidian as hard as steel, which was used as a weapon in the early days and exported to Crete and other places.

The typical representative of kikradis art is a small statue carved in marble.

It is exaggerated into abstract geometry, with smooth surface, flat body, crossed arms in front of the chest, oval head, face only nose, eyes and mouth are omitted.

Some people believe that this is a “goddess of motherhood and harvest” worshipped by people in this area, But it’s hard to see female characteristics.

Some people also imagine that it is the top decoration of a local ancient stringed instrument.

In any case, its deformation and generalization ability are extremely ingenious.

Many contemporary sculptors, such as broncusi, have drawn nutrition from it.

Later, there were also some small carvings describing daily life, such as the sitting statue of a woman playing the piano, which were also extremely concise.

Another area of kikradis art is pottery.

There are various elegant pots, bottles, crooked containers, cans and other containers.

The shape of the ware has full curves and is very beautiful.

The painted patterns on the surface are mostly geometric shapes composed of straight lines or curves.

Some are mixed with patterns of flowers, birds and fish, but they have undergone patterned deformation treatment.

Because of this strong geometric style in kikradis art, people also call it “the era of geometric style”.

Crete art Crete is located in the center of the Mediterranean.

In 1900, British archaeologists excavated here and found several cultural layers as early as 2600 BC.

In 1958, the world prehistoric society divided Crete culture into four periods: 2600 BC – 1900 BC.

The period from 1900 BC to 1700 BC was the old palace period.

1700 BC – 1450 BC is the new palace period.

From 1450 BC to 1150 BC, it was the period of Hougong hall.

In the late period of the old palace, the Minoan Dynasty of Knossos became the center of the island and the most prosperous stage of Crete civilization.

The greatest achievement in architecture is Crete’s palace.

During the old palace period, a large number of noble mansions and palaces were built in Knossos and faistos.

They were destroyed by volcanoes and earthquakes in the 18th century BC.

The later Minoan dynasty built the famous in Greek mythology “Labyrinth.

This is a huge and complex building complex, covering an area of about two hectares.

According to legend, it was designed by the Greek architect didalus.

The tortuous and blurred path makes it impossible for people to get in and out.

The Greek hero Theseus, who killed the monster minoto, found the exit by relying on the thread ball given by Princess Ariadne.

However, it may not be built according to a unified design .

In any case, it deserves to be a glorious chapter in the history of architecture.

Its focus is not so much for the coordination of appearance, but for the comfort of interior.

Surrounding the king’s residence, there are bathrooms, balconies, servant rooms, sewers and ventilation equipment.

It is a pioneer of modern architecture.

The palace also has a unique column type in the world: large columns at the top and small columns at the bottom.

This kind of column makes the maze always look like it can be seen from above.

” The murals in Knossos Palace are the representative works of Crete’s painting style.

It depicts beautiful characters and decorative patterns with fluent curves and bright colors.

The most outstanding works, such as the prince of lily, depict a young man wearing feather ornaments and gorgeous tight clothes, dancing in the flowers.

The picture, which is jokingly called “the girl of Paris”, with its thick pink and white and high hairstyle, not only shows the dress customs of the residents at that time, but also reflects the aesthetic views and painting skills of the Crete nation.

On the “throne hall” of the “maze”, there are also painted monsters squatting in the grass.

It has the head of a peacock and the body of a cat.

There are also a large number of marine biological themes – the patterns of dolphins, fish and various aquatic plants, which are very vivid and beautiful.

In terms of sculpture, Crete has not found any large-scale sculpture.

It is mainly a small painted pottery figurine, known as the “goddess holding the snake”.

Strictly speaking, it can only be a kind of Arts and crafts.

She wears a beautiful pleated skirt, a garland with ornaments, wide eyes, a smile and holding a snake in both hands, which may be related to the meaning of symbolizing the harvest.

Her costumes are completely consistent with the women’s costumes in the murals, which is also the later Central European countries.