The article

is taken from “1945 – a year of great turning point” by [de] teosomer, Ren Xiang, Xu Yang Translation Publishing House: the Central Compilation and Translation Publishing House publishes

. A Breslau man tells the most typical facts: “People must have seen a Soviet soldier sharing his last piece of bread with a German child, or a Soviet truck driver taking the initiative to pick up an old lady and her scattered cart on the road and send her home. However, people must also have seen Soviet soldiers waiting secretly in the cemetery to attack, rob and rape the sad list passing by here The scene of being a woman or girl. ”

people all over the world are cheering their victory. As said, Germany’s surrender sent “the happiest signal in human history”. On Buckingham square, Champs Elysees Avenue, Copenhagen Avenue, Moscow Red Square, Times Square in New York and the streets of San Francisco, there are organized gatherings everywhere to celebrate the victory day in Europe. The establishment of the United Nations has been included in the agenda. President Truman said, “the western world has been liberated from the evil powers!” Scornfully avoided the efforts of Western allies, and said happily: “the great day of victory has come… The Slavic nation has finally defeated the tyranny of Germany.” In the evening, Moscow saluted the victorious country with 30 bursts of 1000 guns.

schar, who was overjoyed, was almost crowded to death by the celebratory crowd on that starry night. He repeatedly stressed that France shared the mood of the triumph of the Allies: “the war is over, the victory has come, this is the victory of the United countries, and this is also the victory of France!” Winston Churchill said with ease and admiration, “here, in the three British Isles, in the whole empire, everyone’s heartbeat is full of gratitude!” Like President Truman, he also stressed that the days and suffering of the war have not been completely over: “Japan, the ruthless and insatiable Japan has not been defeated!” The Pacific War continues. Only when peace is established in Europe, the desired state of peace can only appear after a complete truce. John Keegan described the situation very aptly: “Peace has not yet brought peace to the people who have endured the war, and the victorious armies have flocked in droves. The war has made 10 million soldiers of the German defense force prisoners, 8 million Germans in exile, 3 million Balkans in exile, 2 million Soviet soldiers prisoners of war, millions of people engaged in slave labor and hard labor, and displaced everywhere – Europe is going to end this” dislocation “after the war The tragedy of displaced groups will take another 10 years. In Britain and the United States, on May 8, people took to the streets to celebrate ‘European victory day’, and in Europe where their soldiers won, the defeated and their victims were desperately looking for food and shelter in the ruins left by the war. ”

people persisted in surviving. But now, the nightmare is over, and people are facing new problems. The absence of gunfire does not mean the absence of pain and death.

millions of German soldiers, who were put in prisoner of war prisons after surrender, can now go home one after another for those who have not been sent to neighboring countries for forced labor. However, those who fall into the hands of the Soviet army are in trouble. Such misfortune is beyond description.

as Alfred shobb of Alsace said, whoever has luck will stay in the West. He said, “I didn’t go back to the Soviet Union to go to prison. I went back to stedding. From August 1945 to January 17, 1946, I lived in stedding and loaded and unloaded goods for others on the dock. The Soviet Union exploited Germany, looted all factories, demolished railways, loaded locomotives and transported them away, and exported food and sugar: that’s what we did in stedding prison.”

the Soviet army sent most of the captured prisoners to their own country or Siberia. When they got there, they built huge residential areas on both sides of the Moscow River, the capital of the Soviet Union. People still call it “German homeland”. Some of them were sent to the Donets coalfield or to the Gulag in Siberia for hard labor. Finally, the surviving personnel described this painful experience. Some kind-hearted Soviets expressed understanding and support for them and treated them as people. The scene was very moving. At that time, many people did not survive. In 1945, 3.1 million German soldiers became prisoners of war and went to the Soviet prisoner of war prison. In 10 years, 2.2 million died (only 2.4 million Soviet prisoners of war in Germany survived). The fate of

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war criminals in France is not very good. A long team set out from the French occupied area to the Rhine River, went to Lorraine mining area, went to rural areas to engage in compulsory labor, worked as cleaners in cities and worked hard in mines. In France, 21000 German prisoners of war did not survive, and many died of overwork – it can be seen that civilians in all liberated countries in Europe are also starving and enduring the cold winter like a large number of German prisoners of war.

prisoners of war were also not treated well in the occupied areas of the United States and Britain. Helmut Schmidt was 26 years old. He was a captain. He was a prisoner of the British army and was detained in the British camp in Belgium. “We were so hungry that we were about to collapse,” he later recalled He added with understanding: “it’s not people’s bad conscience to refuse to give food – they didn’t expect so many prisoners of war.” This is the truth. In the first three weeks of April alone, the leading forces of the US Army captured 1 million people, and millions more were captured after the surrender. Thousands of prisoners of war were driven to the grasslands on the banks of the Rhine, Nahe and main rivers. One report described the local situation at that time:

“The U.S. security forces only live in simple houses and wooden houses. The shelters are very crowded. The bidrich shelter near Morse accommodates 250000 former German Defense Forces soldiers. These prisoners of war only have five drinking stations, so people waiting to get some water often line up in a long line of thousands of people.” foodThe supply of goods is also extremely tight. After being released, a war criminal at the batcroitznah shelter said: “we can’t bear it. We pick and eat leaves. After half a month, all the small trees become bare.”

among millions of prisoners of war, Another later recorded that: “On April 24, I was captured by the U.S. military and sent to the sinzixi shelter. Every 1000 people were organized into a battalion, every 100 people into a team and every 10 people into a group. In this way, 10 people lived in a medium-sized room. We had to wait patiently under the free sky for three months. Even the wounded were only more bales of straw than others. It was rainy in Rhine and sometimes it rained All day, and we can only stay in the open air. Many people died. The first meal was very interesting. I swear: 10 people got a piece of bread, and everyone got a small piece, plus a tablespoon of milk powder and a tablespoon of sugar. Every day for three months. My weight is only 95 pounds. Dead people are carried out every day. The radio still said: ‘German soldiers, take your time. You haven’t eaten anything for a long time. The food you get today is provided by the best army in the world. If you don’t eat slowly, you will be swallowed to death. “. People only have a pitiful look. We look like the prisoners in the concentration camp we later saw in the film. On June 21, we returned to our hometown by carriage. ” “Spekds” and “spkds” of people suffering from malaria are lying on the mud. About 100000 people died in Western allied shelters and about 1.1 million in Soviet shelters. Of the 194000 IDF soldiers surrendered by Yugoslavia, 8000 died.

in order to enable the liberated small countries to use war criminals for forced labor, the US military sent 664000 prisoners to France, 64000 prisoners to Belgium and 7000 prisoners of war to the Netherlands. The remaining prisoners of war were released one after another, taking crowded trains, gas trucks or walking home.

about 12 million German soldiers did not become prisoners of war at the end of the war. They were lucky. About 5 million people returned home in the summer.

in a word, people hate the Germans to the extreme and think that “every German is a Nazi, so every German should be exiled.”