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Japan is: 100 million total midstream. Since 1955, Japanese sociological circles have conducted the national “social stratification and mobility survey” (SSM survey). By the 1980s, 70% of respondents believed that they belonged to the middle class, while the number from the Japanese government’s “national life public opinion survey” was close to 90%. In 1984, Tailiang Murakami, a professor at the University of Tokyo, wrote in his famous book “the time of the new middle masses”: “as far as the general trend is concerned, the difference between blue-collar and white-collar workers should be regarded as an inertia in the period of classical capitalism and will gradually lose its significance…

is mainly the tax system.” A reporter from a mainstream Japanese economic newspaper thinks this is a good explanation, “The biggest tax sources in Japan are enterprise tax and personal income tax. The rich have to pay a lot of taxes, some accounting for 65% of their income. In addition, the inheritance tax is also very strong, which many people can hardly bear… It is Japan’s excellent bureaucrats who decide the tax system. They graduated from famous schools. They have this idea: Japanese society should be fair and equal.”

g chuanyangping, President of the Japanese consortium, paid taxes up to 80% of his income when he was young. “That’s almost a handling fee! Tax collection is a very important means to adjust the gap between the rich and the poor and stabilize social mood. I’m 77 years old. After I die, my house will be sold and paid taxes, otherwise there will be a lot of trouble.”

the feeling of a Chinese in Japan is different from that in Europe and America. You don’t have an obvious sense of “foreign country”. Everyone has similar looks, similar words and similar etiquette, all of which have laid a cordial tone; Then, you keep meeting the friendly, considerate and meticulous Japanese people. You keep feeling the cleanliness, order and efficiency, security and stability, prosperity and prosperity, and modern and advanced of this country. Finally, you suddenly ask, why do we have bad relations with such a country?

as a friend of mine said, if an ordinary Chinese comes to Japan, his good impression of Japan will usually improve. She said this on the premise that most Chinese people lack a good impression of Japan. This has been confirmed by a public opinion survey. The results of a joint Japanese Chinese public opinion survey conducted by Japan’s Yomiuri Shimbun and China’s t hope Oriental weekly at the end of last year show that 34% of people in China are positive about whether Japan is trustworthy, 63% held a negative attitude (Japan’s question on “whether China is trustworthy”, 28% held a positive attitude and 69% held a negative attitude).

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there are both historical and practical reasons for the bad feelings between the Chinese and Japanese nationals, as well as disputes over national interests and conflicts of values. Japan’s repeated aggression against China in modern history and Japan’s vague treatment of historical issues are an important reason; In reality, China’s economic rise and aggressive posture in recent years have put strong pressure on Japan. Coupled with the territorial disputes and poisonous dumpling incident between the two countries, the distrust between the two countries’ nationals is deepening day by day. For example, in the “war” and “spkds”, it is difficult for Japan to “complain about each other’s crimes”, but it is difficult for them to eliminate this kind of “spkds” in the “war” and “spkds”.

if we open the horizon of history, China and Japan have had exchanges for thousands of years, and the history of bad relations is only concentrated in the last hundred years. Ancient Japan learned a lot of political, cultural and technological production knowledge from China, which has formed a part of Japan’s national character; Although modern China has been bullied by Japan, the other side that is easy to be ignored is that China’s ideological and social modernization process has also benefited a lot from Japan. According to the research statistics of linguists, 70% of the scientific terms in modern Chinese come from Japan, including “science”, “democracy”, “philosophy”, “physics”, “education” and “society”, as well as “advanced”, “culture”, “representative”, “economy”, “science”, “business”, “cadre”, “health” and “socialism” “Capitalism”, “law”, “Republic”, “Aesthetics”, “Literature”, “art”, “abstraction” and so on are no exception. These words were assembled with Chinese characters by Japanese scholars in the Meiji era when translating western scientific works, and later imported back to China by students studying in Japan. Now, they have already turned into our thinking flesh and blood. Once they are eliminated from the memory center, we may be “Aphasia”.

in the construction of modern discipline system, Japan learned from the west one step ahead of China and acted as an intermediary for China. Just after Japan had established its advantages over China in modern history, some Japanese elites also considered the problem of Japan’s cultural feeding back to repay China, because Japan gained a lot from China in ancient times.

former students have become teachers. In March 1895, the Qing government, which had lost the Sino Japanese War of 1895, sent to negotiate with Prince ITO Bowen of Japan. The record of the meeting on March 20 shows that Li Hongzhang proposed that China and Japan “should strive to maintain the overall situation of Asia, make peace forever, and the yellow people in Asia will not be eroded by the white people in Europe”. Ito asked why China’s modernization process is so slow: “when I was in Tianjin ten years ago, I talked to the nave. Why has there been no change? My minister is deeply sorry.” Li Hongzhang was unable to answer this question satisfactorily. In fact, the faint and corrupt Qing court did not understand the “Japanese” and “small country” that they despised. As a young warrior, ITO Bowen once condescended to find a berth in front of the mast of an English ship bound for London. He learned western languages and customs in London.

for the Chinese of the same class, Ito’s action is incredible. It fully explains why Japan has better adapted to the environment than China. By 1895, Japan had made great achievements in the process of rule of law, and Britain voluntarily abolished the extraterritorial jurisdiction stipulated in the earlier treaties. Until 35 yearsThen the same thing happened in China.

in addition to hatred, this country has too much to learn from China, from history to reality.

more than 60 years after the end of World War II, China is worried that the recovery of nationalism will return Japan to the old path of right-wing, expansion and militarism, that is, Japan before World War II, and some Japanese elites are also worried that China will become Japan at that time. This sounds like a joke. However, the reasons given by some Japanese make people laugh. Before World War II, Japan made considerable achievements in economic and social modernization, and its national self-confidence was highly inflated. However, imperial power and military intervention in politics have increasingly formed a political dictatorship system, Economically rich and politically authoritarian countries are the most frightening…

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your problem belongs to you and mine. If something goes wrong, everyone should air it.

at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, when Liu Xiang won the championship in the 110 meter hurdles, Japanese journalists engaged in TV broadcasting went to the Chinese reporter Xi Lai to congratulate them. For them, Liu Xiang’s victory was not only a victory for China, but also a victory for the yellow race, breaking the myth that it was difficult for the yellow race to make a difference in sprint events.

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emphasize that racial awareness, whether intentional or unintentional, is in danger of being politically incorrect today. However, a well-known historian has pointed out an objective phenomenon, that is, the more educated and elite people in an ethnic group are, the stronger their racial awareness is, This awareness of identity does not necessarily lead to racial discrimination. For these elites, it is more inclined to prove whether their race can make more contributions to human civilization.

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for the long history of the Chinese nation, the Japanese nation has always been a neighbor and frame of reference around. A considerable part of the mutual learning, peace and friendship and war injuries between the two nations have entered each other’s national memory. In today’s world, it is difficult to find examples of two national races (who may have a common distant ancestor), geographical and cultural traditions are so close, but psychological distance is so far. Seeing that Europe with a large number of small countries (in terms of population and area) is becoming stronger and stronger on the road of political and economic integration, several East Asian countries with similar cultural traditions are still far away on the road of integration and integration because of political system, ideology, historical entanglements and other reasons (in fact, these problems have never been encountered in Europe). People can’t help but sigh that this is the sadness of East Asia, The sorrow of East Asian people and the sorrow of East Asian wisdom.

then you will also lament another fact: the Americans and the Japanese fought inseparably in World War II, with heavy casualties on both sides (the Pacific War was no less tragic than the Sino Japanese War), and the pain of two atomic bombs. However, once the war was over, the United States will promote the reconciliation process while clearing the crimes, Of course, there are reasons for national interests after the change of international situation, but you can hardly say that it has nothing to do with your mind.

for China, Japan is a seemingly familiar neighbor. The topic about Japan accounts for a considerable part of the foreign-related speech of the Chinese people. On the other hand, the people’s real understanding of Japan may not be comprehensive and in-depth. For this familiar stranger, our best attitude is to start with understanding.

the sun still rises

although Japanese society faces many problems, it still maintains its determination, creativity and vitality. Today’s Japan is like a confused giant. It has existed since ancient times in this country to find the source of rebirth from the most confused and darkest days.