30 years ago, in the organizational structure established by the “Sixth National Congress” of the Korean workers’ party, many people have died or left the political stage. Four of the five members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau have died, and nearly 34 of the 19 members of the Political Bureau have disappeared. It is also reasonable for the “Party Representatives’ meeting” to reorganize the leading organization.
on June 26, 2010, the North Korean “Rodong Sinmun” released a message that on June 23, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Korean workers’ Party made a decision to convene a meeting of the representatives of the Korean workers’ Party in early September this year, Elect the highest leading body of the labor party.
reported that the purpose of holding this meeting is to further strengthen and develop the party and improve its function and combat role under the situation that all working party members and the military and people across the country are launching a “general attack war” with confidence to meet the 65th anniversary of the founding of the labor party. As soon as the news of
came out, it immediately aroused heated discussion and speculation from all parties: why not hold a “party representative meeting” instead of a formal party congress that has not been held for 30 years? What major issues will be discussed and decided at this meeting?
“party representative meeting” has the meaning of emergency meeting.
in the party constitution at the early stage of the founding of the Korean workers’ party, it is stipulated that the party’s highest authority is only the party’s National Congress, and there is no parallel “party representative meeting”.
in March 1958, under special circumstances, held a “meeting of Party Representatives” to solve and decide a series of major political issues. Since then, when the Fourth Congress of the Korean workers’ party held in September 1961 revised the party constitution, the provisions on “party representative meeting” were added to make it a form of whole party meeting parallel to the Party Congress. Accordingly, the second “meeting of Party Representatives” was held in October 1966 under the complex international and domestic situation. Since then, the “Fifth National Congress” held in November 1970 and the “Sixth National Congress” held in October 1980 have retained the provisions on the “meeting of Party Representatives” in their party constitution, although the words of these Provisions are different.
in the current party constitution of the Korean workers’ Party (Revised and adopted at the “Sixth National Congress” in October 1980) stipulates the party’s “National Congress” as follows: “The highest leading organ of the party is the National Congress. The National Congress is held every five years and convened by the Central Committee. When the Central Committee deems it necessary, it can be held ahead of time or postponed. The Central Committee announces the date and agenda of the National Congress three months in advance.”
“the work contents of the National Congress are: 1. Summarizing the work of the Central Committee and the Central Inspection Committee; 2. Adopting or amending and supplementing the party’s program and articles of Association; 3. Deciding on basic issues related to the party’s line, policies, strategies and tactics; 4. Electing the Central Committee and the Central Inspection Committee.”
about “party representative meeting”, The current constitution of the Korean workers’ Party stipulates as follows:
“The Central Committee may hold a meeting of party representatives when the National Congress is not in session. The election rate and election procedures of party representatives at the meeting shall be prescribed by the Central Committee. The meeting of party representatives shall discuss and decide on urgent issues such as the party’s line, policies, strategies and tactics, remove members, alternate members and quasi alternate members of the Central Committee who fail to fulfill their obligations, and make up for them Election of members, alternate members and associate alternate members. ”
compared with the relevant provisions of the party constitution of the Korean workers’ party, it can be seen that the “Party Representatives’ meeting” has the same two most important powers as the party’s “National Congress”, that is, to determine the party’s line, policies, strategies and tactics and the party’s central leading organ. From this point of view, the two are parallel.
however, there are great differences between them in conference organization technology. First, the “National Congress” is a regular meeting (although it can be advanced or postponed), while the “meeting of Party Representatives” is held entirely according to needs; Second, the delegates to the “National Congress” shall be elected in accordance with the provisions of the party constitution, while the delegates to the “party delegates’ meeting” shall be elected in accordance with the provisions of the Central Committee; Third, the “meeting of Party Representatives” is emphasized that its function is to determine the major political issues “to be solved urgently” by the party and the organizational and personnel rights to recall and by elect the Central Committee members, which has the meaning of “emergency meeting”.
so far, the Korean workers’ Party has held two “party representative meetings” in its history, both of which have complex domestic and international backgrounds.
the first “meeting of Party Representatives” was held in Pyongyang from March 3 to 6, 1958. According to public reports, there are three items on the agenda of the meeting: 1 Adopted the first Five-Year Plan for national economic development (1957-1961); 2. On Further Strengthening the unity of the party; 3. Organizational issues.
after the armistice of the Korean War in 1953, since 1954, with the assistance of socialist countries, North Korea began the three-year plan for post-war recovery, with remarkable achievements. By 1956, it had fully recovered to the pre war level. Since 1957, it has entered a new stage of economic development. At that time, the Korean government planned to use five years to solve the problem of people’s clothing, food and housing based on socialist industrialization. Therefore, it established the economic policy of “developing heavy industry, light industry and agriculture at the same time”, so as to formulate the first Five-Year Plan for economic development.
at that time, the debate on economic development was one of the manifestations of the sectarian struggle within the party. After the armistice, the sectarian struggle within the party developed, and people with different historical experiences formed different factions and fought. In view of such characteristics, in 1955, Kim Il Sung proposed to “establish the main body” and “oppose big things”.
in March 1958, some party representatives were called to the capital to hold a special “party representative meeting” in the history of the partyConference “. At the meeting, Kim Il Sung made public relevant materials, criticized the “conspiracy crime” of the “anti party sectarian group”, and then adopted a resolution to organize and deal with it. All “sectarian elements” were expelled from the party. This is the topic of “strengthening party unity” and “organizational issues” in the announcement.
the second “party representative meeting” of the Korean workers’ party was held from October 5 to 12, 1966.
in the early 1960s, there was a “big debate” in the socialist camp, and inter party disputes affected state relations. At that time, the Korean workers’ Party criticized “revisionism”. In August 1966, Labor News published a long article on “safeguarding autonomy”, criticizing “Trotskyism”.
in this context, the Korean workers’ party held the second “Party Representatives’ meeting” in October 1966. The meeting held that taking joint action against imperialism and forming an anti imperialist united front is an acute issue of principle in the current international communist movement. The meeting also issued a statement on the Vietnam issue. The core issue of
is personnel arrangement.
the last Congress of the Korean workers’ party was the sixth congress held from October 10 to 14, 1980, which has been 30 years so far.
according to the official news released by the Korean Central News Agency, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Korean workers’ Party decided to hold a “meeting of representatives of the Korean workers’ Party” in early September this year, rather than the “seventh National Congress”.
in the past 15 years, North Korea has chosen “pre military politics” in a complex internal and external environment. In the view of North Korea, the three indicators of building a “strong and prosperous country”, namely “ideological power”, “military power” and “economic power”, have ranked second among the three. The focus of national work is facing the transfer to building an “economic power”.
not to mention the “military first politics” and nuclear weapons strategy over the years have accumulated and developed many social contradictions. The current economic and social situation also requires this transfer. If we want to realize this transfer, we must have some new ideas, new theories, new strategies and new practices, and even new organizational guarantees. For North Korea, this is undoubtedly a historic task and historic challenge. It is estimated that some decisions will be made at this extraordinary meeting on this series of “urgent” major issues.
moreover, most of the top leadership in North Korea are old people, so it is necessary to let the cutting-edge come to the front. Since the beginning of this year, there have been several major personnel changes in the core leadership of the DPRK. It is also inevitable to deepen this personnel adjustment through this conference, consolidate it organizationally, and carry out some personnel recall and by election. In particular, in the organizational structure established by the party’s “Sixth National Congress” 30 years ago, many people have died or left the political stage. In that year, four of the five members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau have died, and nearly 34 of the 19 members of the Political Bureau have disappeared. It is also reasonable for the “Party Representatives’ meeting” to reorganize the leading organization.
KCNA stressed when releasing the news of the September meeting that its task is to elect the party’s “supreme leading body” and “improve the party’s function and combat role”.