Section III ancient Egyptian dance culture ancient Egyptian dance has its profound historical and cultural background.
The first kind of dance.
Ancient Egypt was a big country with religious beliefs.
The earliest religion was fetishism.
Ancient Egyptians believed that there was a God in all animals and plants in nature.
Among many gods o, they mainly believed in “Sun God”, “Lai God” and “Osiris God”.
The ancient Egyptians’ worship of the sun god mainly stems from the natural climate of ancient Egypt.
The sky of ancient Egypt is clear and cloudless all year round, and the hot sun shines on the rich and beautiful banks of the Nile all year round.
The warm sun brings people a bumper harvest.
Therefore, the ancient Egyptians regarded the sun as the God of creation of all natural things.
They believed that the “Sun God” could protect the country and ensure the immortality of the whole ancient Egyptian nation.
The ancient Egyptians later combined the sun god with man, and identified the ancient Egyptian king Pharaoh as the “Sun God” in the world, that is, Lai God.
The God in heaven rules all things in the universe, and the God on earth rules the whole country.
He is a God who is fair, honest and maintains the moral norms of the whole world.
He is dignified, sacred and inviolable, and a symbol of supreme power.
Therefore, the ancient Egyptian dance rarely shows the image of relying on God, but there are many images of relying on God in sculpture and painting.
These images are rigid, serious and have no expression, showing the commander-in-chief temperament of fearless, calm and calm.
In ancient Egypt, neither the sun god in the sky nor the sun god on the earth did not dance.
It was just an idol respected by people.
The sun god and Lai God are gods who can’t dance.
However, the dance of worshipping the “Sun God” occupies an important position in ancient Egypt.
The dance of worshipping the sun god is related to people’s mentality of praying for the sun god to bless the stability and happiness of the whole country and the whole nation and the abundant harvest of products.
It is the expression of the religious consciousness of ancient Egyptians.
In contrast, the worship of Osiris is a common theme in ancient Egyptian religious dance.
The worship of Osiris comes from the worship of nature.
It first began with the worship of the Nile God.
Because the Nile floods regularly every year, it brings inconvenience to the life of ancient Egyptians, people have the religious behavior of worshipping the river god, and, Annual activities to sacrifice the river god are held.
Later, Osiris became the God representing plant growth and human reproduction, and later became the hell judge who dominated the power of human life and death.
Ancient Egypt is very popular with the myth and legend of the god Osiris.
Osiris was originally the leader of a tribe in ancient Egypt.
He taught people to cultivate the land.
His brother Futo was jealous of him, killed him and broke his body.
The wife of god Osiris reassembled the broken body, brought him back to life, returned to the world, regained power, and people lived a good life again.
This legend reflects the ancient Egyptians’ belief that people can come back from the dead and live forever.
Therefore, the ancient Egyptians worshipped the god Osiris very much and took it as the main content of religious dance.
Dances are usually performed during spring planting season and autumn harvest season.
During the performance, a man wore a hat made by himself and dressed up as the God of resurrection.
Other men wore the headdress of “Eagle” to dress up the soul of adults.
The dance movement was relatively simple, mostly the upper limbs to pray for the immortal soul of the dead.
The dance atmosphere is relaxed, happy and festive, showing the plot of the “soul” welcoming the resurrected God with joy.
The second kind of dance simulating stars is the representative dance of ancient Egyptians living in the agricultural cultural circle.
Ancient Egyptians believed that using human body movements to simulate the movement of stars could make the earth richer and more beautiful.
This dance is full of friendly atmosphere.
The movement is flat, relaxed, close to the natural form, and there is no skill to show off.
The dancer’s body is tall and straight, and his arms are relaxed and open, like a momentum surrounding the universe.
Coupled with the unique style of ancient Egyptian music, it is always reminiscent of the towering and spectacular pyramids located on the Bank of the sunny Nile River.
The third kind of funeral etiquette dance.
Funeral dance is an important part of ancient Egyptian life.
His dance thought is consistent with the thought contained in the pyramid, which makes people have a feeling of eternal time and infinite space.
It reflects the religious concept of immortal soul and regeneration in the afterlife of ancient Egyptians.
The dance is held at the funeral, and the dance is mostly performed by women.
“There are no more male, unrestrained and uninhibited movements, no strides, vigorous and varied dances, and the action lines are soft and pleasing to the eye.
they never make large arc changes and sudden movements, and the movements of people and objects are still contractive even if they are impulsive or excited.”. Stable and relaxed dance movements are the dance characteristics of ancient Egyptians.
The nature of dance is not to dance for dance, nor to express personal wishes, but a yearning for clan unity and common life.
At the funeral, people stood in silence in a line.
The performers wore a mask and danced to show all the deeds of the dead.
The purpose was to enable the soul of the dead to enter the paradise of joy.
This contains the idea of educating people.
The dancer’s performance is to warn the living to be a good man.
Only after death can they be qualified to enter the happy paradise of Osiris God, otherwise they will be punished.
The funeral ritual dance, the dance of worshiping the sun god and the dance of simulating stars in ancient Egypt are consistent with the national spirit reflected by the symbol of ancient Egyptian civilization: the Nile, the pyramids and the Sphinx.
Gu’e people live in a slavery society.
Their daily life is very difficult.
They are exploited and bullied by slave owners.
They place their happiness in their soul and in heaven.
Funeral ritual dance is that performers perform the actions of the dead in front of the living and judge them, so that people’s soul can enter heaven.
Funeral etiquette dance has stable dance steps, more arm movements and small range of movements.
Singers accompany the dance.
This form of performance later affected church music in medieval Europe.
The last kind of dance in ancient Egypt was miscellaneous dance.
The content of ancient Egyptian miscellaneous dance is very broad.
It is an entertainment dance with acrobatic nature.
Ancient Egyptian miscellaneous dance is performed by everyone regardless of grade.
Its dance performance image remains on the sculptures and murals in some temples.
The dance form of its miscellaneous dance is: the dancers naturally relax their arms, twist their waist, swing their hips, and pull out their ribs and hips.
The action skills include bending back, rotating in the air, jumping in the air, etc.
These action skills also affected the art of Crete in ancient Greece.
General characteristics of ancient Egyptian danceYes: bright, lively, relaxed and pleasant, giving people a sense of beauty like relief art.
This is closely related to the ancient Egyptians’ cultural background such as thinking concept and religious belief.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the universe is eternal, everything in the world can be transformed into each other, and the soul can rise to a happy paradise after death.
The funeral etiquette and dance of ancient Egypt and the worship of god Osiris proved this optimistic attitude of ancient Egyptians.