The theoretical masters of ancient India have a magical land with countless dreamy colors in the South Asian subcontinent.
This is India, which is known as the “country of the moon”.
Because its land shape is like the head of an ox, it is also known as the “country of an ox skull”.
Around 1500 BC, the conquest of the Indian subcontinent by the Aryans, a nomadic people who spoke Indo European, was probably the earliest conquest of foreign peoples in India.
These so-called Aryans have been moving south for a hundred years.
By 1400 BC, they reached northern India, conquered the local indigenous peoples, gradually expanded eastward and invaded the fertile Ganges plain.
In the process of conquering the Indian subcontinent, Aryans gradually gave up nomadic life and began to settle down in agriculture.
The conquest had a profound impact on Indian history and culture.
The caste system of Indian society and the origin of Brahmanism are related to this conquest.
The ancient Indian classics claimed that as early as 7000 years ago, spy organizations had appeared on this land, that is, the primitive priest and wizard organizations.
Priests and wizards developed a set of espionage technology that mixed spells, poisons and encrypted text, which also led to the terrible stories of murder and killing in the spy history of ancient India.
Mahabharata, created by the legendary great sage vayasa in India, is a great epic work.
It reflects the life of all classes in ancient India.
It is known as the Encyclopedia of ancient Indian society.
The Encyclopedia has more than 400000 lines and is the longest of the ancient Indian epics compiled and revised into a book at present.
In Mahabharata, a detailed theoretical guidance on how to use spies is put forward for the kings of various states: Spies should be insignificant to reduce the suspicion of the monitored.
They’d better look like idiots, or blind and deaf.
These people should have high wisdom and endurance, excellent psychological quality, be able to endure the insult of others and the torture of hunger and thirst.
These spies will be sent to every corner of the kingdom to listen to every word of dissatisfaction with the king.
These spies should not know each other.
They should be placed next to the king’s relatives, friends and officials, and among shops, temples, streets, crowds and beggars to spy on intelligence, so as to ensure the internal security of the country.
Spies are the king’s eyes and ears, but not his mouth – otherwise they will be exposed.
For spies sent abroad, it is better to disguise as defectors or ascetic monks.
All these spies must first pass the loyalty test before working at home or abroad.
In addition, Mahabharata also mentioned the important role of controlling double espionage: we should engage in anti espionage work through our own espionage to control the enemy’s espionage.
The king with the enemy’s details can control the enemy’s espionage and use them to transfer false information to profit from it.
Seeing these words written about 2400 years ago, who dares to despise the intelligence ability of Indians? By the 3rd century BC, it was said that kopiliya, the Prime Minister of Chandragupta, the founding monarch of the Peacock Dynasty, had created a book on political affairs, which was also translated into the theory of benefit or the state of peace, Sanskrit meaning “the manual of the king’s interests”.
This book contains rich political, economic, legal, military and diplomatic thoughts, systematically discusses various problems of how the monarch rules the country, advocates centralized rule, and the king holds the supreme power of the country.
After reading this book, the princes of India of all dynasties are almost qualified to be king.
Different from the political textbooks of the same era, “on political affairs” clearly proposes to establish a spy activity network and implement spy rule.
The book first reminds the future king of India that before making a decision based on intelligence, every intelligence received must be verified by information from at least three different channels before he can believe it.
If the information fed back from the three channels is very different, the spy who reported the information is no longer trustworthy and should be removed or dismissed.
Kopilier divided spies into two categories: professional spies hired for life and mobile personnel recruited according to the needs of the situation.
The former can be divided into the following categories: the first is “false believers”, who are good at guessing other people’s ideas and finding doubts.
The second is “hermits”, who are degenerate ascetic monks who can be bought by the money, livestock, land and believers provided by the king because of their weak will.
Ascetic monks are highly respected among the people, so these spies can establish a huge spy network to monitor the outlaws who covet the king’s wealth.
The third is “homeowners”.
They are bankrupt farmers who have lost their land.
The king gives them land.
They rely on the income of the land to develop a spy network.
The fourth is “merchants”, who rely on the money given by the king to buy spies.
Mobile spies are divided into the following categories: the first is “classmates”.
They are orphans adopted by the government and have been trained in the knowledge and skills of spying since childhood.
The second is “villains”.
These people are residues of society, inhuman and unwilling to work, so they are very suitable to be sent out as thugs to make trouble for the enemy.
The third is “female beggars”, who are Brahmanic widows.
They are easy to access the homes of dignitaries and are also suitable for monitoring the movements of princes.
The fourth is “torches”.
These people can be met but not sought.
They are outlaws with superb martial arts.
Anyone can kill them in order to make money.
Torches are an ideal tool for the king to eradicate political enemies and dangerous elements.
There are many stories about torches sneaking into houses and killing targets in Indian history.
In addition to theoretical knowledge, Indians also carry out extensive espionage practice.
They pay special attention to the role of female spies.
For example, using prostitutes as spies is what Indians often do.
The image of famous prostitutes in ancient China is often beautiful, gentle and talented, while the famous prostitutes in ancient India are completely different.
A famous prostitute in ancient India must study 64 skills.
To cite a few examples: calligraphy and sketch, excellent drama acting skills, magic and witchcraft, knowledge of the use of various weapons, common sense of various operations and skills of commanding the army.
Think about it.
Isn’t the famous prostitute trained like this a qualified agent? The most terrible famous prostitute is the “drug girl”.
There are many kinds of poison formulas in “political affairs”.
It is said that the “poison girl” took poison from an early age to cultivate her tolerance.
When she grew up, her body was full of highly toxic drugs, which was in spring with the targetAfter one night, you can ensure that you can poison each other with toxins in your body. II. “Love Sutra” and “eat?” in ancient Indian Legends, almost all marching and fighting are interspersed with stories of spy destruction.
They disguised themselves as hawkers selling alcohol and food and gave poisoned drinks and food to the enemy.
It can also be disguised as a shepherd to murder the enemy’s mules, horses and elephants.
The most interesting thing is that they often sneak into the enemy’s country, dress up as monks during the day, spread rumors, carry out propaganda war, wear masks at night and shout around the city with gongs and drums, which makes people in the enemy city panic.
Those who boldly come out to watch the excitement are often killed with sticks, which proves that this is the masterpiece of the “devil”.
There are many examples of spies or witches disguised as remote enemies in Indian Legends.
By the way, ancient India pioneered the encryption of information.
The female spies in the hands of the king were especially good at this.
They used passwords in the transmission of information, which even if leaked, would confuse the enemy.
In 47 BC, the ancient Indian sexologist Ovid wrote a love Sutra integrating adolescent sex education textbooks and love guidance.
It also mentioned that Indian women often use password communication technology, but most of them are to cover up their private affairs.
In addition to the above skills, the spies in ancient India also had a very interesting skill, that is, pretending to be gods and ghosts at the ceremony.
In order to show that the king’s rights are protected and invincible by the gods, spies often act as stunts.
For example, they dig a tunnel on the ground to the underground of the altar in the center of the temple.
When the king prays to the gods in public, the articulate spies hide underground and sing with the king in a divine voice.
The people under the stage looked as if they were really the holy flame, and the words of the gods sounded in the middle.
Listen to the gods and the king cordially greet each other, “have you eaten?” Who else dares to doubt the sacred status of the king? Another method is more difficult, that is, the spy lurks underwater with the original breathing tube made of sheep intestines.
When the king goes boating in the river, the spy first releases the burning oil, and then jumps out in the water and fire, pretending to be a water god or a snake demon.
In order to render the effect, highly skilled spies can also spray smoke from their cuffs or coat their bodies with burning grease.
The effect of such a performance is amazing, but the action should be flexible and fast.
After blessing the king, get into the water quickly, otherwise the performance will become self Immolation.
The era of ignorance is about to pass, and those relatively simple espionage work are also facing the test and elimination of the times.
With the war and the maturity of the political system, the slave society gradually entered the feudal society.
The changes of the times have made the rulers have higher requirements for intelligence work.
It is not enough to spy on military intelligence or assassinate leaders.
New espionage technologies and working methods have also developed.