During the

meeting in Tehran, there was such a thing. When there was a heated debate about opening up the second front, many people found that Aiden had written a small note. The prime minister read the note, wrote something on it and handed it to Eden. The latter read Churchill’s note, crumpled it into a ball and threw it into the wastebasket next to him. At the end of the meeting, the participants dispersed and asked me to get the note and report to him what it said.

the “big three” of Yalta Conference (data figure)

this article is extracted from the Memoirs of Stalin’s private translation, [Russia] bereshkov, Hainan Publishing House, February 2004.

Stalin needs to know everything about his opponent, Even Churchill would not give up the scrap note he had left in the trash basket. Here is an interesting story about the big three meeting in 1945.

the second meeting of the “big three” held in Kerim from February 4 to 11, 1945 marked an important stage in the history of the anti fascist alliance. It also raised Stalin’s personal relationship with to a new level. Taking a bus from Shaka airport near simfilopol to Yalta also enabled the president to see with his own eyes the scale of the destruction on the Soviet land occupied by fascists. I think he told Stalin very sincerely that he had become “more cruel” to the Nazis. The president also stressed that after the victory, the United States should first provide economic assistance to the Soviet Union. If Roosevelt’s plan is implemented, it will provide us with American equipment, American experts will help us master the new machine, and the relationship between the two countries will be different. Moreover, during a separate meeting with Stalin in rivardia at that time, President Roosevelt continued to talk about the future plan. He seemed to start from the possible cooperation between the Soviet Union and the United States after the war. Stalin also welcomed this possibility.

on the whole, the atmosphere of Yalta meeting was good, which also contributed to reaching agreement on various issues of the agenda. At the same time, as the war came to an end, contradictions within the alliance gradually emerged. In his talks with Stalin, Roosevelt repeatedly pointed out that with the advent of peace, the forces opposing the post-war cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union will also become active. Therefore, the president has been promoting the idea of post-war construction and accelerating the formulation of the action principles of the new international security organization.

at that time, the three leaders unanimously stated that it is very important to maintain the unity of the three major countries and ensure the mechanism of jointly maintaining lasting peace.

do they believe in this possibility? Or are their stated goals far from what they really think?

Stalin accepted the expression of the voting rules of the Security Council of a new international organization proposed by the British and supported by the Americans. He insisted on retaining the right of “veto”. Therefore, after the Yalta meeting, an agreement was reached on mutually acceptable procedures. The Soviet side regarded this as a sign of developing relations with the Soviet Union on an equal basis after the war.

a lot has been written about Yalta conference. The issues discussed there and the decisions made are well known. However, an enduring myth is that there seems to have been a division of Europe in Yalta. This is totally wrong. At that time, it was about the division of Germany. Moreover, Roosevelt and Churchill insisted on dividing Germany into several small countries at the Tehran conference, but this time their attitude was quite softened.

the Soviet side expressed doubts about the reality of the idea of splitting Germany. As a result, it was decided in Yalta to refer the issue to the European Advisory Committee for consideration. Since then, the issue has been removed from the agenda. As for other Eastern European countries, apart from the Poland issue mentioned earlier, they have not talked about the division of spheres of influence at all.

,

,

and

only decided to transfer the gainicosberk and the areas bordering East Prussia to the Soviet Union. In addition, an agreement was reached that the Soviet Union’s participation in the war against Japan was conditional (returning South Sakhalin Island and Kuril Islands to the Soviet Union). “KDS” and “KDS” of Stalin and “KDS” of Stalin are very interesting. Both of them regarded the meeting as a model of equality of power. President Roosevelt said it was a “turning point” in American history and even the whole world history. He announced that the meeting should outline the scope and system of unilateral action, closed alliance and implementation influence. The president also said that all this will be replaced by a world organization in which all peace loving countries can participate.

I think Yalta’s experience, the trust established between Stalin and Roosevelt at that time, can cause great changes and develop in a good direction in dealing with international affairs and the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States. Obviously, Yalta opened the way to all this. Anyway, Moscow feels so. But it didn’t last long.

extended reading:

how to evaluate Stalin’s

the three “ladders” of Zhang Chunqiao “

the human rights transaction

between East and West Germany

why did Mao Zedong believe that

“Tiananmen incident” could not be touched?

Hitler did not “commit suicide”?

” propose to dismiss Stalin “

” mystery of the violent death of Bai Chongxi “

” Yalta Conference “big three” (data picture)

this article is extracted from the Memoirs of Stalin’s private translation, [Russia] Bereshkov, Hainan Publishing House, February 2004

Stalin needed to know everything about his opponent, and even Churchill was unwilling to give up the waste note discarded in the garbage basket. Here is an interesting story about the big three meeting in 1945.

the second meeting of the “big three” held in Kerim from February 4 to 11, 1945 marked an important stage in the history of the anti fascist alliance. It also raised Stalin’s personal relationship with Roosevelt to a new level. Taking a bus from Shaka airport near simfilopol to Yalta also enabled the president to see with his own eyes the scale of destruction on Soviet land occupied by Hitler fascists. I think he told Stalin very sincerely that he had become “more cruel” to the Nazis. The president also stressed that after the victory, the United States should first provide economic assistance to the Soviet Union. If Roosevelt’s plan is implemented, it will provide us with American equipment, American experts will help us master the new machine, and the relationship between the two countries will be different. Moreover, during a separate meeting with Stalin in rivardia at that time, President Roosevelt continued to talk about the future plan. He seemed to start from the possible cooperation between the Soviet Union and the United States after the war. Stalin also welcomed this possibility.

on the whole, the atmosphere of Yalta meeting was good, which also contributed to reaching agreement on various issues of the agenda. At the same time, as the war came to an end, contradictions within the alliance gradually emerged. In his talks with Stalin, Roosevelt repeatedly pointed out that with the advent of peace, the forces opposing the post-war cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union will also become active. Therefore, the president has been promoting the idea of post-war construction and accelerating the formulation of the action principles of the new international security organization.

at that time, the three leaders unanimously stated that it is very important to maintain the unity of the three major countries and ensure the mechanism for the three countries to jointly maintain lasting peace.

do they believe in this possibility? Or are their stated goals far from what they really think?

Stalin accepted the expression of the voting rules of the Security Council of a new international organization proposed by the British and supported by the Americans. He insisted on retaining the “veto” right, so after the Yalta meeting, an agreement was reached on mutually acceptable procedures, which was regarded by the Soviet side as a sign of the post-war development of relations between Washington and the Soviet Union on the basis of equality.

a lot has been written about Yalta conference. The issues discussed there and the decisions made are well known. However, an enduring myth is that there seems to have been a division of Europe in Yalta. This is totally wrong. At that time, it was about the division of Germany. Moreover, Roosevelt and Churchill insisted on dividing Germany into several small countries at the Tehran conference, but this time their attitude was quite softened.

the Soviet side expressed doubts about the reality of the idea of splitting Germany. As a result, it was decided in Yalta to refer the issue to the European Advisory Committee for consideration. Since then, the issue has been removed from the agenda. As for other Eastern European countries, apart from the Poland issue mentioned earlier, they have not talked about the division of spheres of influence at all.

,

,

and

only decided to transfer the gainicosberk and the areas bordering East Prussia to the Soviet Union. In addition, an agreement was reached that the Soviet Union’s participation in the war against Japan was conditional (returning South Sakhalin Island and Kuril Islands to the Soviet Union). “KDS” and “KDS” of Stalin and “KDS” of Stalin are very interesting. Both of them regarded the meeting as a model of equality of power. President Roosevelt said it was a “turning point” in American history and even the whole world history. He announced that the meeting should outline the scope and system of unilateral action, closed alliance and implementation influence. The president also said that all this will be replaced by a world organization in which all peace loving countries can participate.

I think Yalta’s experience, the trust established between Stalin and Roosevelt at that time, can cause great changes and develop in a good direction in dealing with international affairs and the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States. Obviously, Yalta opened the way to all this. Anyway, Moscow feels so. But it didn’t last long.

“extended reading:

how did Mao Zedong evaluate Stalin’s

the three” ladders “

of Zhang Chunqiao Human rights transactions between East and West Germany

why did Mao Zedong believe that Ye Jianying’s

“Tiananmen incident” could not be touched?

Hitler did not “commit suicide”?

Lenin proposed to recall Stalin

the mystery of Bai Chongxi’s violent death

“KDS”PS “

” meeting of the “big three” (data picture)

in the “big three” The atmosphere at the meeting was extremely tense. But there are some interesting things. As I mentioned earlier, as a translator, we should not only translate the conversation between leaders and the debate at the presidium meeting orally. We will also compile memoranda of all meetings and meetings and prepare telegrams to members of the Moscow Political Bureau and ambassadors in Washington and London. In addition, he is also responsible for translating memos and messages exchanged between delegations. Sometimes I’m so busy that I don’t even have time to eat.

during the Tehran conference, Stalin once invited Roosevelt and Churchill to a light meal. At that time, the position of translation was not behind the leaders, but in the first row of the table. The waiter served all the exquisite meals on the translation plate. I didn’t have breakfast that day, and I didn’t eat dinner the day before, so I was very hungry, but I still couldn’t eat. I was always busy with chatting during the translation banquet. But when the best dish was served, I couldn’t make myself. While no one was talking, I quickly cut a large piece and stuffed it into my mouth.

but it was at this time that Stalin asked Churchill questions. I could neither swallow it nor spit it back on the plate. I just hummed something.

Stalin understood what was going on, stared at me severely and complained in a low voice: “what’s the matter with you? Did you ask you to come here for dinner? You’re here to translate and work. What a shame!…” fortunately, rosford and Churchill responded very wittily. The two men laughed. Stalin laughed, and now I know it’s over. However, from then on, I never dared to eat at a formal banquet.

there was such a thing during the Tehran conference. During the heated debate about opening up the second front, many people found that Aiden had written Churchill a small note. The prime minister read the note, wrote something on it and handed it to Eden. The latter read Churchill’s note, crumpled it into a ball and threw it into the wastebasket next to him. At the end of the meeting, the participants dispersed. Stalin asked me to get the note and report to him what was written on it. He clearly believes that the position of the United Kingdom on the issues discussed in the note. I found the note with an officer of Stalin’s security forces and quickly took it to Stalin, who was walking with Molotov in the embassy garden. I opened the note and read, “Winston, your pants are zipped open.” Next came Churchill’s handwriting: “thank you. The eagle won’t fall out of its nest.” Stalin was overjoyed. Churchill lost the British general election in the summer of 1945. Labour leader Clement Attlee took his place. The new British foreign secretary who came to Potsdam with him, Ernest Bevin, a famous British worker’s movement activist. Once in the bathroom (sometimes the translator has to accompany his boss to the bathroom), Bevan stood not far from Stalin’s urinal and joked: “in the capitalist world, the public toilet is the only place. Only here can the working people master the means of production with both hands.” Stalin smiled cunningly and joked, “the same is true in the socialist world.”

the report of Zaitsev and I on our business trip to Murmansk was approved by the Navy headquarters. Then I had a new task – to Kiev and be dispatched by the Dnieper military region fleet.

it’s a pleasure to be in Kiev. I haven’t been there for more than a year, but now I can see my parents and reunite with my friends.

but I’m happy too early. According to the order, I can’t see anyone. I must rush to the Fleet Command immediately, where I will be given detailed instructions. In addition, this is a secret operation, so I must wear corresponding clothes. This time I should wear a navy uniform, but not the Red Navy Uniform I wore when I served in the fleet, but the captain’s uniform. The document issued to me with my uniform said captain of the Navy. However, I was immediately told that the military rank was only valid during this business trip.

trains arrived in Kiev in the early morning. The square in front of the station was empty. I saw the front door of such a familiar station building, which was built in the 1930s in the style of modern Ukrainian Baroque. It’s raining and I feel cold. How many times have I been here when picking up and seeing off foreign tourists! I am familiar with every secluded Lane here and every aisle leading to the platform. And, involuntarily, I thought of the sunny summer, the bright yellow coach, and the bright and happy boys and girls who came to the capital of Soviet Ukraine.

a light green “gaz” opened up, and the canvas ceiling was drenched black by the rain, so the carefree scene of the summer of 1935 disappeared. I sat in the back seat, raised the collar of my windbreaker and lowered my hat so that no one would recognize me.

the headquarters in podola is waiting for me. They informed me of the purpose of the business trip. Two days ago, the fleet went upstream along the Dnieper River and then reached the Polish border in pribiati. And we — a small group of sailors, including me — should start along the same route by speedboat in a few hours.

extended reading:

how did Mao Zedong evaluate Stalin’s

the three “ladders” of Zhang Chunqiao “

human rights transactions between East and West Germany

why did Mao Zedong believe that Ye Jianying’s

“Tiananmen incident” could not be touched?

Hitler did not” commit suicide

” Lenin proposes to recall Stalin “

” the mystery of the violent death of Bai Chongxi “

” article