the “theory of the end of history” of the United States refers to that the western culture represented by the United States is most suitable for human development and is the end form of all different cultural systems in the world.

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are the dreams of Western struggle in the whole 20th century. After experiencing the two bloodiest and cruel world wars in world history and the cold war threatening to completely destroy each other and destroy all mankind, they believe that history has been ended by the West when the Soviet Union disintegrated.

thus, the theory of the end of history has become a theoretical fulcrum for the United States to understand and change the world, and affects its words and deeds towards China. The history of “spekds” and “spkds” is not the same as that of “spekds” and “spkds”, but the history of “spekds” and “spkds” will not continue to be copied.

the end of history It is a paper published by American Fukuyama in the American neoconservative journal “national interests” in 1989. Fukuyama wrote the book “the end of history and the last man” on this basis. After its publication, the book caused a great sensation. It has successively been listed on various bestsellers and has been translated into more than 20 languages.

in his view, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the upheaval in Eastern Europe and the end of the cold war marked the end of * * ism, the only competitor of the capitalist model, and there is only one way for the development of history, that is, the market economy and Liberal Democratic Governance in the West. This is not only Fukuyama’s paper, but also the paper expected by the western world. Although Fukuyama’s argument originates from the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, it shows the dream of the western world represented by the United States, which runs through the two world wars and the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union almost throughout the 20th century.

without understanding the 20th century, they will not understand the significance of the theory of the end of history to western society and how it is qualified to become the ultimate dream of western culture. The 20th century is the most bloody and cruel century in human history, the most intense conflict, the most comprehensive confrontation and extreme to the mutual threat of destroying the earth. The root cause is to compete for what is the road that human development should have. The war between the ideas of the old school empire in World War I broke out in order to redistribute the world and compete for global hegemony. About 65 million people took part in the war, more than 10 million people were killed and 20 million injured. World War II was the first war on a truly global scale. From Europe to Asia, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, 61 countries and regions and more than 2 billion people were involved in the war, covering an area of 22 million square kilometers. According to incomplete statistics, there were more than 90 million military and civilian casualties in the war, which is the largest world war in human history.

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the protagonists of the war believe that the German nation (Germanic) is an excellent nation and that excellent races and countries should rule the world and rule and eliminate inferior nationalities in the form of war. The liberal world represented by Britain and the United States will be destroyed. This is a war provoked by extreme nationalism and racism, The result was a failure to challenge liberalism, Anglo American and * * ism, and the Soviet Union. At the end of the world war

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, the western market economy and democratic politics ushered in a stronger rival socialist camp. The socialist camp represented by the Soviet Union formed an all-round confrontation with the west not only in the concept of social development, but also in military, economic and cultural aspects.

between 1947 and 1991, there was a comprehensive cold war between the capitalist camp dominated by the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the socialist camp dominated by the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Treaty Organization. Although both sides tried their best to avoid large-scale war, various local conflicts continued, such as the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Afghan war, the Cuban missile crisis, etc. The Soviet socialist camp expanded strongly in the 1960s and 1980s, and vigorous socialist movements and national liberation and independence movements rose all over the world. The Western camp encountered severe challenges and was once on strategic defensive. The development of

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nuclear weapons and missile technology has enabled the two sides to form an unprecedented terrorist balance in world history. The two sides have reached a rare agreement on this point, that is, they jointly recognize the theory of ensuring mutual destruction. Both the United States and the Soviet Union have stockpiled enough nuclear bombs to destroy the earth countless times, and both have full active strike capability and passive retaliation capability. This is an era when two mutually hostile social systems threaten each other. It is also an era of all-round confrontation in which the whole world cannot live in peace. No one can occupy an absolute advantage. No one dares to expect that the enemy will suddenly disappear until the sudden disintegration of the Soviet Union.

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can understand the historical significance of the disintegration of the Soviet Union to western society only with the threat of war and destruction caused by the divergence of social development paths in almost the whole century of the 20th century. In their view, the western liberalism represented by the United States has won the victory over the two different ideas of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, and the process is full of hardships and huge crises. These two opponents, especially the Soviet Union, were so powerful that they could not be defeated and could only die together, but they all collapsed in the end. What other competitors in the world? Fukuyama’s theory of the end of history reflects the goal of blood and fire in western society in the past 100 years, and it is the only correct dream of western culture.

the historical significance of the disintegration of the Soviet Union to the western world can be proved from another point of view. In the voting activity “the greatest American” held by AOL in 2005, US President Reagan, who is considered to have contributed to the disintegration of the Soviet Union, ranked first, surpassing the great presidents and presidents in the eyes of Americans in the past. The significance of the theory of the end of history to the western world is a real historical summary, which realizes the only correct dream of western culture. For them, it is not a false big empty shelf, but a realistic and correct theoretical basis for understanding the world and guiding action.

in the face of China’s development for decades, the theory of the end of history has been playing a roleThe role of China as a basic starting point. China’s reform and opening up, in the logic of the theory of the end of history, is another great victory of western culture after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. They believe that China’s reform and opening-up has recognized the only correctness of the western development path, and completely failed to see the internal needs and driving forces of the development of Chinese culture itself. Therefore, in the process of China’s development in recent decades, when we see that China has not copied the western liberal and democratic system and that there are problems in China’s development, we naturally frequently draw the conclusion of China’s collapse theory from the theory of the end of history, which has been widely hyped in the western public opinion circles.

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the first round of China’s collapse theory was after 1989, when China’s economy was overheated, inflation was high, fiscal and monetary policies were tight, and the state focused on rectifying “official corruption”. With the drastic changes in Eastern Europe and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the United States actively advocated the “Washington consensus”, and the whole western world was permeated with the judgment of “the end of history”, believing that the next country to collapse must be China. The theory of the second round of China’s collapse stems from the significant decline in China’s economic growth after the Asian financial crisis in 1997. Zhang Jiadun of the United States issued “China is about to collapse” in 2001, which asserted that “China’s current economic system can only last for five years at most”.

the third round of China collapse theory after the international financial crisis in 2008, China’s economy was once again strongly impacted by the outside world, the stock market and economy fell sharply, and social discontent accumulated. The fourth round of China collapse theory originated from the slowdown of China’s economic growth in 2012 and 2013, the accumulation of risks, the downturn of the real estate market, the problem of local debt and the hidden danger of systemic financial crisis. In early 2014, a famous foreign media believed that “there was a rattle of iceberg collapse in China’s financial system”. The starting points of various collapse theories of

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are the extension of the logic of the end of history. They blindly believe that the western concept is the ultimate concept of world development. Anything that does not conform will inevitably collapse, and China will inevitably collapse if it does not copy the end model.

however, China has not only solved the problems it faces after the previous collapse theory, and its social development has continued to climb to a new level, but also continued to catch up with western developed countries at a high speed. After surpassing Japan as the world’s second largest economy in 2010, it still developed at a high speed, opening the gap with traditional developed countries such as Japan, Germany and Britain, The gap between China and the United States, the largest economy, is getting smaller and smaller, and China has become a force in the world. Moreover, the momentum of China’s development is still strong. China, which did not copy the western end model, has succeeded, the theory of the end of history has failed, and the unique and final correctness of the West has failed.

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China’s achievements let the world see the vitality and ability of the Chinese model. China’s unique path is different from the only correct path summarized by Fukuyama 30 years ago, which is widely recognized by the western world and the dream of the western world. China’s development is seen by the world, The Western model advocated by the theory of the end of history is not the only correct way to make a country strong and prosperous. The whole world has seen that the theory of the end of history is not tenable. History has not ended, cultural competition has not ended, history will continue, and cultural competition will continue. The vitality of Chinese culture is emerging, and everything is possible.