[biography] Asoka, transliterated as Azuka, translated as “worry free king”, the third generation king of the Peacock Dynasty in the ancient Indian state of Mogadishu, and the unifier of the South Asian subcontinent.
Around 268 B.C., Asoka ascended the throne.
He inherited the legacy of his ancestors and father and continued to expand abroad.
Around 262 B.C., after conquering shivasa, Asoka launched an attack on Kalinga in the south of the South Asian subcontinent.
According to the literature, the war was very destructive.
After sweeping Kalinga, except for Mysore at the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula, Asoka unified the whole South Asian subcontinent, and the peacock Empire reached its peak.
After unifying India, Asoka converted to Buddhism and used Buddhism to strengthen his spiritual rule over the Empire.
In the 17th year of his accession to the throne, King Asoka convened and presided over the famous third “gathering” in the history of Buddhism in the capital Huaxu, that is, the compilation of Buddhist scriptures, so as to finalize the ancient Buddhist scriptures.
Since then, King Asoka built temples in India and sent people to vigorously promote Buddhism, which spread all over India and spread in Persia, Sri Lanka and lower Myanmar.
Buddhism began to spread to the world and developed into a worldwide religion.
In 232 BC, Asoka died, and soon the Peacock Dynasty perished.
[influence] Asoka was the great unifier of ancient India.
Following the power of his ancestors and fathers, he conquered East and West and basically included the whole South Asian subcontinent into the territory of the peacock Empire, making India an unprecedented powerful empire.
Asoka was the first person in the history of India in the creation of the Empire and the unification of the country.
In this regard, he will be immortal beyond India’s more than 4000 years of history.
In 268 BC, Asoka inherited the throne and became the ruler of a powerful empire.
Ashoka, who ascended the throne, inherited his grandfather’s legacy of unifying ancient India.
Just like the reign of King Qin in the East swept Liuhe and swept the world half a century later, Ashoka also began his campaign and reunification activities in the South Asian subcontinent.
An era has quietly arrived.
The war of conquest is cruel.
It is the so-called “one will succeed and ten thousand bones will wither”.
Every inch of land must be won through bloodshed and sacrifice.
War is a good recipe for emperors and generals in history, but why should thousands of people be slaughtered? The great Alexander the great marched eastward and repeatedly slaughtered cities in Asia Minor, the Middle East and other places.
In the battle of Changping, 400000 soldiers of the state of Zhao were killed in the pit.
The ancient Romans killed and sold the inhabitants of the conquered cities, all of which were full of blood.
When we appreciate the great achievements of those famous commanders and military talents in history, we should not forget that the war is ruthless.
Behind the immortal deeds are tens of thousands of bones and tragic scenes of blood flowing into a river.
Asoka’s war of Conquest could not escape the blood.
It can be said that he watered the status of the first man in ancient India with the blood of the conquered.
According to historical records, in the age of Asoka, the largest conquest of the Empire was the conquest of Kalinga on the Indian peninsula, which was also the most influential conquest war of the peacock empire.
The kingdom of kalingka depended on foreign trade and was very rich.
They tenaciously resisted the conquest of Asoka.
But Asoka finally conquered the kingdom of Kalinga.
Asoka adopted a policy of destruction against Kalinga, where he slaughtered 100000 people and abducted 150000 people.
After conquering Kalinga, Asoka has basically completed the war against the South Asian subcontinent, and Asoka has been written into history because of his unification.
Since then, an unprecedented unified and powerful empire has emerged on the whole land of India.
Asoka sits high on the throne of the Empire and looks down on the hundreds of millions of subjects crawling under his feet.
In the history of Asia, there are often some powerful empires and great conquerors, such as the Assyrian Empire and the Persian Empire before the era, the peacock Empire and the Qin Empire in the east half a century later.
These are all famous and far-reaching empires.
With the emergence of the Empire, great conquerors and rulers also began their activities on the stage of history.
Cyrus, Darius and Asoka are the founders of the Empire and glorious figures for thousands of years.
The most comparable are Asoka and Qin Shihuang.
The founders of the two powerful empires have been in power for a long time, which makes them occupy the center of the historical stage for a long time and make immortal historical contributions.
On the basis of the foundation created by his ancestors, Asoka unified the South Asian subcontinent in one fell swoop, built the first unified empire in Indian history and became the first emperor of India.
Qin Shihuang worked hard for more than six generations, took the world, and built an unprecedented powerful empire on the ancient Chinese land, and became an emperor for thousands of years.
Both of them are brilliant figures.
Through their own activities, they have written an immortal chapter in history and opened a new era.
They are both great men of their own nation and country.
After establishing a unified empire, Asoka used various means to strengthen his rule.
He mastered the highest military, administrative and judicial power of the Empire.
Moreover, Asoka also tried his best to deify himself.
He called himself “the pet of the gods” and a great God in human form, just as Emperor Qin Shihuang called himself the son of heaven, It represents the omnipotent God ruling the world.
It is to find the basis for the legitimacy of their own rule and deify their own rule.
In the period of Asoka, the autocratic rule of the Empire reached the peak.
On the one hand, Asoka deified his rule, on the other hand, he also strengthened the function of the state machine.
Under Asoka, the crown prince assisted in the government, and there were advisers and aristocratic meetings.
In remote areas, there were governors, most of whom were filled by the crown prince.
In addition, spy agencies were all over the country to strengthen control over the people.
The peacock empire was established by military conquest.
Therefore, Ashoka had a huge army invincible at that time, which became an important tool for Ashoka’s internal rule.
After conquering Kalinga, the whole of India basically belongs to the Empire of Ashoka.
He has a huge and invincible army and has no obvious opponent.
Ashoka’s future task is how to govern his empire.
At this time, he thought of Buddhism that has been circulating in India for a long time and can serve his rule.
So Asoka carefully announced that he would use “the sound of Dharma” instead of “the sound of war drums” in the Empire.
He wanted Buddhism to be his tool for ruling and conquering the people.
After the war of kalingka, Asoka vigorously promoted Buddhism and taught Buddhism within his empire.