on January 24, 1940, the British chief of general staff, general Alan SID, presented a memorandum entitled “the main strategy of war” to the British wartime cabinet, He pointed out: “I think we can effectively assist Finland only if we attack the Soviet Union from all directions, especially the oil producing areas in Baku, causing a serious economic crisis to the Soviet Union.”

it is well known that Nazi Germany and its servant countries suddenly attacked the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. From this day on, the Soviet Union began the Great Patriotic War. However, little is known that more than a year ago, the British and French armies planned to attack the Soviet Union. The weekly newspaper of Russia’s independent military review published an article by Russian historian hirokolad, revealing the secret war plan that almost affected the whole process of World War II.

on November 30, 1939, a part of the Soviet Red Army crossed the Finnish border in order to compete with Finland for the strategic Karelia isthmus, which broke out a “non famous” winter war. At that time, Britain and France immediately declared the Soviet Union an aggressor. London and Paris first took diplomatic action to withdraw their ambassadors from Moscow, and then began to plan military plans to attack the Soviet Union.

however, Britain and France do not want to really assist Finland. Their real purpose is to take this opportunity to put the important natural minerals of the Nordic countries under their own control, so that Germany cannot obtain the much-needed war resources. As a result, the British planned to send expeditionary forces to northern Norway, because if they occupied the coastal ports of Norway, they could cut off Germany’s channels for transporting iron ore, nickel and other strategic minerals from Sweden. Winston, then British admiral, said on the spot: “if the Allies occupy the northern Norwegian port city of Narvik, it is not difficult to prevent German ships from loading ore there, and the allied fleet can sail into Germany along Norwegian waters without obstruction.”

at the same time, the allies also decided to directly attack the southern Soviet Union and planned to bomb Baku, the oil producing area of the Soviet Union, in order to prevent Caspian oil from being transported from the Soviet Union to Germany. In addition, Britain and France are also preparing to control the Black Sea Strait and Romania’s oil fields.

on December 31, 1939, British general Butler arrived in Ankara, the capital of Turkey, to discuss military cooperation with Turkey, mainly allowing Britain to use airports and ports in eastern Turkey to launch the war of aggression against the Soviet Union. On January 15, 1940, the Secretary General of the French Ministry of foreign affairs Le Lei informed the US ambassador to France William Britt that French Prime Minister dalaidi proposed to send a fleet to the Black Sea, block the traffic lines of the Soviet Union, bombard the Black Sea port city Batumi of the Soviet Union, and carry out air strikes on the oil wells in Baku. Obviously, the purpose of these actions by France is not just to prevent oil from being transported from the Soviet Union to Germany. “France will not sever diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union or formally declare war on the Soviet Union, but if necessary, France can use artillery to eliminate the Soviet Union,” Liere said

on January 24, 1940, the British chief of general staff, general Alan SID, presented a memorandum entitled “the main strategy of war” to the British wartime cabinet, He pointed out: “I think we can effectively assist Finland only if we attack the Soviet Union from all directions, especially the oil producing areas in Baku, causing a serious economic crisis to the Soviet Union.”

on February 3, the French general staff issued an order to prepare an air attack on Baku to general Juno, commander of the French air force in Syria.

on February 7, the British wartime cabinet meeting discussed the plan to bomb the Soviet oil fields. The meeting concluded that the successful implementation of this plan could seriously hit the Soviet economy, including agriculture. In order to attack Baku, Britain dispatched several brigades of the latest “brenheim” MK. IV bombers to the Middle East.

on March 8, the British Committee of Chiefs of staff submitted a report to the government entitled “the consequences of military action against the Soviet Union in 1940”. The report set out three main directions for attacking the Soviet Union: the northern part of the Soviet Union (petsamo, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk), the Far East and the southern Caucasus. The last direction is considered the most important. The report stressed that “the most vulnerable targets in the Caucasus are the oil producing areas of Baku, Grozny and Batumi.” The report also urged the British navy to participate in the battle against the Soviet Union, because “the British aircraft carrier in the Black Sea blew up the oil refineries or port facilities in Batumi and tuapuxie, which will be a very useful supplement to the air attack on the Caucasus and can collapse the Soviet defense system faster.”

while formulating the battle plan against the Soviet Union, the British Air Force conducted a series of reconnaissance flights on the territory of the Soviet Union. Since the end of March, the British air force has adopted the latest “lockheed-12” made in the United States А” High speed reconnaissance aircraft (equipped with three high-resolution cameras) frequently took off from habaniya airport near Baghdad, Iraq, and went deep into Soviet airspace for reconnaissance. Soon, the details of Baku’s oil field, Batumi’s refinery and other important strategic objectives were in the hands of the British. During this period, the Soviet anti-aircraft guns fired on the British reconnaissance aircraft twice, firing 34 76 mm shells, but failed to hit. Subsequently, the allied command set the date of the first bombing of Baku as May 15, 1940, and the shadow of the war quickly approached the Soviet Union.

however, just as Britain and France were preparing for the war against the Soviet Union step by step, the situation changed. First, on March 12, 1940, the Soviet Union and Finland signed a peace treaty, and the “winter war” officially ended. In this way, Britain and France lost the best excuse to launch the war against the Soviet Union. Then, Soviet intelligence personnel informed Moscow of the Allied war plan in time. Faced with the threat of war, it was determined to “entertain” Allied aircraft over Baku. The Soviet command quickly adjusted its strategic deployment and concentrated one-third of the air defense firepower of the whole Soviet Union and hundreds of fighter planes in Baku area. At the same time, the Soviets fought back