we witnessed the massacre of unarmed innocent people. I quietly turned my head and covered my face with my hands to avoid the Japanese soldiers seeing me vomit. I will never forget such atrocities, which still haunt me today. I asked myself again and again, “am I living to be slaughtered? Today is not my turn, so what about tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, the day after tomorrow? How long can I endure such atrocities?”

a preface to the book is attached:

I decide not to be silent. I want history to give us justice!

surrender is not something to boast about. We have always been tight lipped about these shameful things. But many years later, I realized that Badan’s death march was about to be forgotten by the Chinese people, so I couldn’t keep silent about the physical and psychological torture I suffered in the Japanese prisoner of war camp and the long-term physical and psychological sequelae caused by these abuses. I no longer think my surrender is an embarrassing thing for me. I decided to open the door to the dusty memory… It should be noted that this is not a Book encouraging revenge against Japan. Revenge is not pleasant, but what I say is the truth. I’m just a representative of my lucky brothers. What I want to tell is a story of struggling to survive for ideals and beliefs. I want to tell the story of those fresh lives who fought for freedom. I want history to give us justice

you may ask why I decided to tell my story to the world. I have four reasons

this book was completed by me independently. I am fully responsible for the historical facts and the errors and omissions in the description in the book.

… More

April 9 is the beginning of a nightmare for me. Yesterday, we were still fighting to defend Badan, but today we have become prisoners of the Japanese army. Bob Martin, Jim bashleban, orry t. Malholland and I sat on the bunk, talking about what to do when we got home. The partners believed that when we exchanged prisoners of war, we could go home. I closed my eyes and thought of my dear Laura. I also believe that I can go home soon. With the thoughts of Laura, I fell into a sweet dream.

the next morning, I was awakened by a harsh gunshot. A group of Japanese soldiers carrying rifles and machine guns broke into our camp. They howled ferociously. My legs began to tremble, my hands were cold, and cold sweat came from my head and neck. What are they doing? Will they screen us with machine guns? Anyway, they have no good intentions! I suddenly remembered the description of my brothers who had escaped from the Japanese prisoner of war camp, and my heart was cold Before the surrender, these guys suffered a great loss in our hands. Will they raise their butcher knives to the enemy soldiers who gave up resistance in retaliation, as they did in the Nanjing Massacre? I pray that this group of Japanese soldiers does not belong to the troops confronting us, but only to receive prisoners.

before we could react, the Japanese soldiers rushed over. Politely put your two fingers together, put them to your mouth, smoke and beg for cigarettes; Rudely raised the long bamboo pole used as a walking stick, hit us head to face, turned our beds, searched our bodies and took everything they wanted. This is a group of savage winners.

a Japanese soldier came up to me and made a smoking gesture. I understood what he meant and shook my head because I didn’t have cigarettes. He smiled and immediately swung the butt of his gun and hit me hard in the face. My nose was broken, my cheekbones were torn, and blood gushed out. He laughed proudly, and the other Japanese soldiers laughed. He walked up to the comrade in arms standing on my right and made the same gesture. The brother on the right had a cigarette and gave him one. He raised his hand and grabbed the whole pack of cigarettes. Unexpectedly, he took the other Japanese soldiers to beat my companion with bamboo poles and gun butts and knocked him to the ground. At this time, they left with a contented laugh, laughing at the defeated and weak Americans.

God! What happens next? How long can I stand up in the face of such punishment? If we know what kind of torture we will suffer in the future and how long it will last, we will fight to the end in Bataan Peninsula, fight to the last person, and drag more enemies to be buried with us, rather than endure three and a half years of devastation, hunger, abuse and all kinds of inhuman atrocities.

we witnessed the massacre of unarmed innocent people. I quietly turned my head and covered my face with my hands to avoid the Japanese soldiers seeing me vomit. I will never forget such atrocities, which still haunt me today. I asked myself again and again, “am I living to be slaughtered? Today is not my turn, so what about tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, the day after tomorrow? How long can I endure such atrocities?”

the Japanese plan to transfer prisoners is based on three groundless assumptions, which is too unfortunate for us. First, the Japanese believe that there are only 25000-35000 combatants on the Bataan peninsula. I don’t know the exact number, because on the eve of the surrender, dozens of soldiers were killed, and a large number of officers and soldiers hid in the jungle or tried to go to creguido island. Leaving aside the combatants, 25000 Filipino civilians went to the Bataan Peninsula to seek safe asylum. The number of combatants is even larger. There are about 65000 Philippine officers and soldiers, 28000 Philippine civilians and 12000 Americans, with a total of 105000, which greatly exceeds the Japanese army’s estimate.

second, the Japanese army took it for granted that the officers and soldiers of the US Philippine coalition army were in good health and could carry out forced military operations without food and water security. On the contrary, those of us who stick to Bataan in the pastFor 45 days, I ate less than 800 calories a day. In addition to rice, we only have a spoonful of C rations (field rations, special bagged meat) every day. Sometimes we have to use snakes, monkeys and even iguanas to strengthen nutrition. All officers and soldiers on the front line can only eat two meals a day. Hunger leads to scurvy, pellagra, beriberi, malaria and other infectious diseases, making our originally weak body weaker. Besides, we were unprepared for a long march. We had no water or food. Those of us who can walk look like patients, and the patients lying in the hospital look like dead people.

third, the Japanese Army thought that their withdrawal plan was perfect. All the details were well considered. They knew what to do and how to do it. In fact, the basic units of the Japanese army did not know what they were going to do. This happened many times. The Japanese soldiers of team a asked us to line up and prepare for the March. Soon after, the Japanese soldiers of team B came and told us to wait for orders. There are great differences between the Japanese troops, which makes us at a loss. If we listen to the orders of the soldiers of team a, we will be considered by the soldiers of team B as violating their orders, and we will be beaten; Obey the order of the soldiers of team B again. The soldiers of team a found out and thought we would shoot us if we didn’t obey. Such things happen again and again, which gives them the opportunity to “settle accounts”. They retaliate against us and show the superiority of the Japanese nation again and again. The Japanese soldiers ignored that they had been abroad. They thought all people could understand Japanese. Therefore, when we don’t understand their orders and are slow to respond, or understand the wrong, they hysterically use their power.

therefore, when Badan’s death march began in Mariveles, it ran counter to the “perfect plan” of the Japanese. There was chaos everywhere, with cars, trucks, horses and field artillery filling the roads. The Japanese army transported all their heavy equipment to the Badan Peninsula and wanted to win the krajido fortress at one fell swoop. Obviously, leaving a large number of enemy prisoners stranded on their own positions is not conducive to the complete victory of the Japanese army in attacking the Philippines. Therefore, the Japanese army needs to drive our prisoners out of the battlefield in the shortest possible time. However, the Japanese army seems to have only ideas, but did not arrange senior generals to be specially responsible for the transfer of prisoners. The Bataan peninsula is still a mess.

here I would like to add one point. After the garrison of cregido fortress surrendered, there was no follow-up to the death march of bubadan guards. On May 6, 1942, after the fall of the fortress, the prisoners arrived in Manila by boat, and then arrived in the jiawannatuan prisoner of war camp by truck, which was their first prisoner of war camp. The prisoners of Badan and creguido differ greatly in their health. The prisoners of war in creguido did not experience the torture of the death march, nor did they feel the pain of O’Donnell concentration camp. The number of prisoners of war who experienced Badan’s death march and arrived at O’Donnell concentration camp alive was only half of that before departure. I can say without a doubt that all these survivors are ill, a few suffer from only one disease, and most suffer from two or three diseases. These diseases include malaria, dysentery, malnutrition, hunger, dehydration, pneumonia, beriberi and diphtheria. In addition, the vast majority of survivors were severely beaten and severely overdrawn during the March. After the surrender, we were already depressed, but we suffered great psychological damage during the March. We watched our companions being slaughtered, but we were unable to stop it. We were always worried that we would be the next one.

the guards of creguido fortress ate well until the last minute of the battle. Fort creguido is the location of the general headquarters of the US Philippine coalition forces, where the chief Quartermaster is responsible for the distribution of supplies in the theater. From December 1941 to April 1942, it became more and more difficult to transport supplies and equipment to Bataan Peninsula; So fort creguido has always had plenty of food and ammunition. When the Bataan garrison can only eat 14 to 17 ounces of food a day, the creguido garrison can eat 48 to 55 ounces a day. Creguido fortifications are strong and few people are injured, so they are in good health. Malaria caused little trouble to the garrison of creguido, but knocked down 99% of the garrison and civilians on the Badan Peninsula, because the jungle of the Badan Peninsula has the most infectious mosquitoes carrying malaria virus in the world.

facts have proved that all assumptions of the Japanese plan to relocate Badan prisoners of war are wrong, unrealistic and purely imaginary. In the trial of the military court after the war, these assumptions were used as circumstantial evidence of the atrocities of Badan’s death march. Many senior Japanese generals in the Philippines argued that they did not know Badan’s death march because they did not care about the prisoner’s relocation plan at that time. They said in unison, “I really don’t know about this matter, and I don’t know the treatment of American and Philippine prisoners of war.”

we witnessed the massacre of unarmed innocent people. I quietly turned my head and covered my face with my hands to avoid the Japanese soldiers seeing me vomit. I will never forget such atrocities, which still haunt me today. I asked myself again and again, “am I living to be slaughtered? Today is not my turn, so what about tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, the day after tomorrow? How long can I endure such atrocities?”

I think the Japanese made a huge mistake in the Philippines. Opening the map of Badan Peninsula, it is easy to find that the Japanese army can save them a lot of trouble. As long as they put a few troops on the pilar bagak line, we had to surrender under the leadership of the chief. Later, we often said, “if they don’t beat us, we will surrender with guns and ammunition at the command of the officer.” We have no way to escape. The enemy is on the north and the sea is on the other three sides. As long as the Japanese hold the Northern Line of defense, if we don’t want to starve to death when foreign aid is cut off, we have to surrender. The Japanese can draw out a large number of ground troops to invade Australia two months in advance and seize the territory of the whole Southeast Asia. However, the Japanese are either timid and have to completely defeat the US troops in the Philippines before they dare to carry out the next aggression. They persistently carried out the plan to wipe out all US troops in the Philippines,