Hitler was ready to attack the Soviet Union and carefully formulated the “Barbarosa” plan.
In the last few difficult days before “Barbarosa” began, Hitler’s old insomnia began to recur.
As the war against the Soviet Union drew near, Hitler often stayed up until three or four o’clock in the morning to discuss the war against the Soviet Union with Yodel, hald, brouschich, Himmler, Ley, herville, Ribbentrop and others.
Hitler was very worried.
Foreign newspapers reported that Germany would attack the Soviet Union soon.
The Soviet ambassador to Germany jakanosov informed the German Ministry of foreign affairs and asked to meet with the Secretary of state.
Hitler thought, was the Soviet Union aware of anything? What important things will jkanosov present to us? On the evening of June 19, 1941, Hitler first made clear everyone’s responsibility.
He declared that Himmler was fully responsible for solving the “special problems” arising from the struggle between the two opposing political entities, and Himmler’s actions were his own responsibility and not bound by the army.
Goering was responsible for collecting all Soviet resources for German industry.
Rosenberg mainly formulated the issue of the state system of the Soviet Union after the end of military operations.
As for the military action plan, it is still implemented in accordance with the original plan.
Later, Hitler specially pointed out: we must make it clear that everyone from generals to soldiers knows that the war against the Soviet Union is not a knight war.
It is different from any war in the past.
It will be a war of ideological opposition and racial opposition.
Therefore, we must use unprecedented cruel means to carry out this war! When it comes to the last sentence, Hitler waved his hand, then took a few steps forward and continued: the ideology we want to break, eradicate and eliminate is not something in the air.
This ideology is represented by specific people.
They are called political commissars, political instructors, party organization secretaries, officers and instructors of the political department, etc.
In short, no matter what their names are, they must be destroyed physically, all and all.
After issuing his most proud instructions, Hitler began dictating his “Barbarosa” announcement – a letter to the eastern front forces.
At this time, Ribbentrop called and said that jkanosov met with the Secretary of state at 18 p.m. and discussed only some daily affairs.
Hitler was relieved and calmed down a little.
He instructed that the announcement should be printed and distributed secretly to the troops.
In the four page announcement, after explaining Germany’s so-called “peace loving” foreign policy in detail, Hitler wantonly slandered and maliciously slandered the Soviet government.
Hitler claimed that the German people have never harboured malice towards the Soviet residents, but over the past 20 years, the Jewish Bolshevik rulers in Moscow have set fire not only to Germany but also to the whole Europe, The Kremlin is trying to subvert other parts of Europe to believe in communism.
So Hitler called on German soldiers to fight for Germany’s future.
After the night fell on June 21, hundreds of thousands of German troops quietly moved forward, drove about 1km away from the border and entered the final assembly area.
Commandos ambushed only tens of meters away from bridges, guard towers and barbed wire barriers.
In order to prevent accidents, the German army implemented strict noise and lighting controls.
War is imminent, and the atmosphere in Moscow is becoming more and more tense.
Since March, there has been more and more news that the German army will attack the Soviet Union.
Americans, Britons, French and even Germans warned the Soviet government that the German army would launch an attack on the Soviet Union in June.
Stalin thought that this was provocation and a separatist plan of the West.
However, to Stalin’s dismay, the super red spy zorg also sent the same information.
Golikov, director of the general intelligence department of the Red Army, reported that by the beginning of May 1941, the military strength of the German defense force will reach 8 million people, 12000 tanks, 52000 artillery and 20000 aircraft, and most of them have been assembled in the East.
Stalin was anxious and doubted that Germany would attack the Soviet Union.
Because while he received a large number of reports that the threat of war was imminent, he also received a large number of reports that war would not happen.
For example, the German people are unwilling to fight and some soldiers in the German army are unwilling to fight.
There are strong forces in Germany against the war against the Soviet Union, because many Germans believe that the war against the Soviet Union will completely lose the victory just won by the German army.
Although this information was not the main aspect, it was in line with Stalin’s wishes and therefore had more influence on Stalin.
Stalin still remembers that at the beginning of the year, he wrote a letter to Hitler asking about the German build-up in Poland.
Hitler clearly pointed out in his reply: these intelligence are reliable.
There are indeed a large number of troops in Poland, but it is not aimed at the Soviet Union, but to avoid British bombing.
Hitler will strictly abide by the signed treaties and guarantee his personality.
However, Stalin was still a little hesitant.
He asked Molotov and others to discuss countermeasures.
Molotov’s advice: you can test Germany.
Stalin decided to issue a statement accusing Germany of not complying with the treaty.
On June 14, TASS issued a statement calling on Germany to reopen negotiations with the Soviet Union on bilateral relations.
The statement of Tass news agency said that newspapers in Britain and other countries spread rumors everywhere that “war between the Soviet Union and Germany is about to happen”.
These rumors are obviously absurd and a clumsy propaganda trick of anti Soviet and anti German forces.
They hope that the war will be further expanded and intensified.
People in the Soviet Union believed that the rumors about Germany’s attempt to tear up the treaty and prepare to attack the Soviet Union were sheer nonsense.
Stalin hoped that Germany would take this opportunity to issue a clarification statement to dispel the doubts of the Soviet Union and negotiate with the Soviet Union.
Stalin believed that if Hitler agreed to negotiate, he could delay the negotiations for a month or a half.
In this way, it was impossible for the German army to attack the Soviet Union in 1941.
Because it is impossible for the German army to attack the Soviet Union in the late summer, let alone in the autumn, so that the Soviet Union can win 7 to 10 months of valuable time.
But the result was the opposite: Berlin ignored the TASS statement at all.
There was also no response to the Soviet note on the violation of Soviet borders by German aircraft.
Molotov met with the German ambassador to the Soviet Union and asked him to explain.
At the same time, the Soviet ambassador to Germany also tried to see Ribbentrop, but oneIt is difficult to achieve the expected effect as a whole.
Although a large number of purged cadres were liberated or reactivated before the war, the commanders were mainly supplemented by fresh graduates of junior military colleges and short-term training courses, as well as the recruitment of reservists.
Even so, on the eve of the war, the army’s command cadres were not fully equipped, and 75% of the army’s commanders served only a few months.
The concentration and deployment of the army and the establishment of the communication command system are also based on the standard of coping with the 1942 war.
The army is not prepared to prevent surprise attacks.
First of all, the concentration and expansion of the army did not begin until February 1941, and the military mobilization plan adopted in February 1941 still needs to be revised by the military regions.
From the end of March to the beginning of April, it was agreed to recruit 800000 reserves as supplementary troops, and the recruitment work was required to be carried out from May to October.
I’m afraid it will be 1942 from the time of recruitment to the time of dispatch to the military regions and meeting the actual combat requirements.
In April, the infantry unit implemented the wartime establishment.
The actual result of the implementation was that no division met the wartime establishment requirements when the war broke out.
By early June, the military command was required to complete the formulation of the plan for covering the border line and submit it to the Ministry of the people’s National Defense Committee for approval.
As a result, the plan was still on the desk of the people’s national defense committee, and the war had broken out.
Therefore, until the war broke out, the Soviet Union did not study the establishment of a wartime strategic leadership system, and did not pre-establish a National Defense Commission and supreme command that would command all state power in wartime.
The long-term war preparation can not be made up for at the moment, but for the Soviet Union, a country with a vast territory and strong strength, as long as it is well prepared for the war, it can still minimize the losses in the early stage of the war.
However, the stubborn Stalin still turned a blind eye to the impending war, and the people around him were afraid to truthfully explain their concerns to him because of fear.
Recalling this period of history, Zhukov reviewed and said: “when the war is approaching, we soldiers do not seem to have done everything possible to convince Stalin that the Soviet German war will inevitably break out recently and prove to him that the emergency measures stipulated in the operation and mobilization plan must be implemented.