In Guangdong, the largest guerrilla group is active in Dongjiang area.
On December 2, 1943, according to the instructions of the CPC Central Committee, the Guangdong People’s Anti Japanese guerrilla Corps fighting in Dongjiang area was renamed the Dongjiang column of the Guangdong People’s Anti Japanese guerrilla Corps.
Zeng Sheng was appointed commander and Lin Ping was appointed political commissar.
In order to play the role of two transit stations in Guangzhou and Hong Kong, the Japanese army launched an offensive in mid November 1943 and opened up the Guangzhou Kowloon Railway.
After the establishment of Dongjiang column, it continued to attack the Guangzhou Kowloon Railway and the Japanese troops on both sides.
In January 1944, he attacked Changping Station on guangjiu Road, annihilated a company of the puppet army, and then successively attacked Dongguan, Anbu, Hengli, Bao’an and Pinghu station.
In February, the Japanese army’s material collection team attacked lincun station of guangjiu railway.
On February 13, they attacked Xiaobian on Baotai highway and completely wiped out a heavy machine gun company of the puppet army.
In March, Shitan on the guangjiu railway was attacked.
In mid April, it launched a full-scale attack in Hong Kong and Kowloon, successively attacking the Japanese army in Tai Po, between Yuan Wang and ji’ao, and attacked the urban area of Kowloon and blew up the railway bridge.
After the Japanese army was attacked, they plotted revenge.
On May 7, the Japanese and puppet troops stationed at Zhangmutou station of Guangzhou Kowloon Railway rushed all the way to Meitang, Dongguan, where the leading organ of Dongjiang column was stationed.
After fierce fighting, Dongjiang column killed and injured more than 100 Japanese and puppet troops, forcing them to retreat.
In the summer of 1944, the Japanese attacked Hunan.
On July 25, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China pointed out in its instructions to the Guangdong military and political Commission and the Guangdong provisional Working Committee: Although the enemy cabinet has changed, it is still imperative to open up the Yuehan road.
Your work should be accelerated according to the policy of carrying out guerrilla warfare behind the enemy.
As long as the enemy wants to occupy the area to the north for a long time, your office should send competent cadres or armed teams to the area to get in touch with local Party members and try their best to develop armed struggle against the enemy.
At the same time, when the enemy moves to the north, the Delta and its western region may also expand our existing armed forces.
It is hoped that our party’s armed forces in Guangdong will double and improve their combat effectiveness.
The armed struggle in guangjiu city has made achievements, but it should not be carried out often, so as not to cause excessive retaliation and attack from the enemy, and hinder the city’s secret and rescue work.
At the same time, it also instructed to communicate with QiongYa, Chaomei and southwest Fujian.
In order to implement this instruction of the CPC Central Committee, the Guangdong provisional Committee and the military and political Commission of the CPC held a joint meeting in Tuyang village on the Dapeng Peninsula in August 1944.
The meeting decided that while consolidating the existing anti Japanese guerrilla zones and base areas, the Dongjiang column should establish Anti Japanese base areas north of Luofu Mountain, south of Wengyuan, between Dongjiang and Beijiang, extend between Dongjiang and Hanjiang, and then prepare to carry out work on the Fujian Guangdong border, Guangdong Jiangxi Hunan border and Guangdong Guangxi Hunan border.
The troops of the central region first achieved general development, and then advanced to Xijiang, Guangdong Guangxi border and South Road.
The Dongjiang column and the central region troops should cooperate with each other to obtain the situation of encircling Guangzhou and meet on the border of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hunan in the future.
We should vigorously develop the armed forces.
By the first half of 1945, the Dongjiang column should be expanded by four times and the central region troops should be expanded by six times.
According to the decision of the Tuyang village meeting, Dongjiang column formed an anti Japanese advance team in the north with the troops in Dongguan and the troops in Zengcheng.
Its main task is to find out the enemy’s trend, adopt the policy of the enemy’s advance and enter Beijiang.
Starting from Dongguan, the Ministry went north through BOLUO, Conghua and other places, attacked the Japanese puppets along the way, intercepted the follow-up troops of the Japanese army attacking Guangxi, and once liberated Qingyuan County.
And then decided to return to Zengcheng.
From September to October 1944, Dongjiang column reorganized the army and established the detachment establishment.
It reorganized the army into the first, second and third detachment, independent the first, second, third and fourth brigade, and the advance team of going north to resist Japan.
Later, it successively established the fourth and seventh detachment, Beijiang detachment and northwest detachment.
While the Dongjiang column achieved great development, the Anti Japanese guerrillas in other parts of Guangdong also made great development.
The people’s Anti Japanese armed forces fighting in the Pearl River Delta, after advancing into Wuguishan District of Zhongshan County in February 1943, actively attacked the Japanese puppet army, expanded their troops in the battle, and consolidated and developed the Wuguishan Anti Japanese base area.
On October 1, 1944, according to the decision of the Guangdong provisional Committee and the military and Political Committee of the Communist Party of China, it was announced that the central column of the Guangdong People’s Anti Japanese guerrillas was established.
In mid October, under the leadership of Lin Qiangyun and Luo fanqun, the main force of the central column crossed the Japanese, puppet and Kuomintang ruled areas, crossed the Xijiang River in Hetang, Xinhui, and arrived in Xinhui District 5.
It joined the guerrillas led by the underground Party of the central region of the Communist Party of China to open up the Anti Japanese base area behind the enemy in central Guangdong.
In November, the establishment of the Guangdong People’s Anti Japanese Liberation Army was publicly announced in Jing Village, Heshan county.
After the main force of the Pearl River Delta troops marched westward with the headquarters, the strength left by Zhongshan was relatively weak, and only more than 50 main forces remained around Wugui mountain.
Later, Lin Qiangyun and Xie bin, who had advanced into central Guangdong, were brought closer to the Pearl River Delta.
On December 5, they publicly announced the establishment of the Pearl River column of the Guangdong People’s Anti Japanese guerrillas in Wuguishan, Zhongshan County.
In the spring of 1944, according to the instructions of the CPC Central Committee, the CPC QiongYa special committee reorganized the independent corps into the Guangdong QiongYa people’s Anti Japanese guerrilla independent column, under the jurisdiction of the first and fourth detachment, with a total of more than 4000 people.
At this time, the first detachment was active in Qiongshan, Wenchang, Chengmai and other counties in Northeast Hainan, the second detachment was active in Changjiang and Thanksgiving areas in southwest Hainan, the third detachment was active in southeast Hainan music club, Wanning and other counties, and the fourth detachment was active in Danxian, Lingao and other counties to actively crack down on the Japanese puppets.
The first detachment ambushed the enemy and attacked the enemy strongholds in Fushan Huachang, Yongxin Xinqiao highway and CAIPO in Chengmai County.
The second detachment attacked Japanese puppet strongholds such as Baoban, Donghao and gangmen.
The third detachment ambushed the Japanese puppets in Wanning’s Nanqiao, Liugong and other places, and attacked Xiaonan stronghold.
The fourth detachment defeated the invasion of the tenacious Kuomintang army in the area of Nanyan village, Dongcheng Township, Xin county.
In addition to the central area of Wuzhishan, QiongYa column activities are held all over QiongYa.
On August 4, 1943, the Li people in Baisha County, under the leadership of Wang Guoxing and Wang Yujin, revolted because they could not bear the oppression and ravage of the Kuomintang.
In the past month, the uprising storm swept the whole Wuzhi Mountain area.
After the uprising was suppressed, the Li people sent people across mountains and rivers and went through hardships.
In the spring of 1944, they found QiongYa column in Chengmai County and asked QiongYa column to march into Baisha County to rescue Li and Miao compatriots.
The important working conditions of Qiongshan special committee have been confirmed immediately.
QiongYa column sent a working group to Wuzhi Mountain area to carry out work and help Cheng.