the latest secret files show that when the Soviet Union was about to collapse, Gorbachev, who was in despair, worked hard to save his power and repeatedly begged Germany for economic assistance to save the country.

Gorbachev (data picture)

on August 19 20 years ago, the hardliners of the Soviet Communist Party launched a military coup against Gorbachev. Shortly after that, the Soviet Union collapsed.

since then, Gorbachev has been recognized by a considerable number of people as the “culprit” for the collapse of the Soviet Union.

recently, Christine niff, a reporter of Der Spiegel magazine, found previously unknown documents. This newly disclosed file shows that Gorbachev, who was in despair when the Soviet Union was about to collapse, tried hard to save his power and repeatedly begged Germany for economic assistance to save the country.

the dusty 20-year file

Mikhail Gorbachev, his wife Raisa, and many close associates survived the attempted coup launched by the KGB, the military leadership and the interior minister. Gorbachev was the leader of the Soviet Communist Party at that time and the first and last president of the Soviet Union.

on August 22, 1991, they returned to Moscow and ended their three-day house arrest in their vacation villa on the Crimea island. At 2:15 a.m. local time, the plane arrived in the capital Moscow.

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60000 people gathered in front of the Russian White House. This is the parliament building of the former Russian republic in the Soviet era and the seat of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Republic. The White House has become a battleground for Gorbachev supporters. When the radio came the news that Gorbachev had been released from house arrest, the people cheered and shouted “president, President”, waiting for the 60 year old Gorbachev to appear in front of them.

however, Gorbachev disappointed his supporters in the joy of victory. He did not run directly from the airport to the White House supporters, nor did he celebrate the victory and the defeat of the conspirators with the supporters.

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Gorbachev was released only because the coup makers were afraid of people’s blood, so they were unwilling to attack the White House rashly, which aborted the “state of national emergency”, rather than the politicians who opposed the coup firmly expressed their loyalty to Gorbachev.

Gorbachev ordered the driver to drive to the official residence and worked nonstop until the early morning as soon as he arrived at the official residence. Early the next morning, he drove to the Kremlin and continued his work.

Gorbachev’s failure to meet his supporters must be “impolite” in public relations by today’s standards. However, the three-day house arrest on the Crimean Peninsula not only messed up the whole country, but also made Gorbachev lose his inner balance, especially the inner balance of his beloved wife Raisa.

first lady Raisa paid a heavy price for the three-day nightmare. She returned to Moscow lying down on the flight. She had a hematoma in her eye membrane, slurred and lost consciousness in half of her body. Doctors first diagnosed a stroke and then a severe reaction to high blood pressure.

after almost 69 years of existence, the Soviet Union suddenly fell into a dead end. Gorbachev was overwhelmed by the pressure of those days. It is not the former Kremlin master but his former disciple Boris Yeltsin who is being supported as a political star today. Shortly after the coup of

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, Yeltsin ordered to ban all activities of the Soviet Communist Party. At that time, Gorbachev was still the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. With the exception of the Russian Soviet Republic, separatist movements in other republics soared, and Gorbachev soon became a stateless president. Soon, Gorbachev lost control of Russia, the only remaining core Republic of the Soviet Union.

Raisa spent her lonely days after the coup in the corridor of the presidential residence. In those days, she burned 52 private letters her husband wrote to her when he was away. In this way, she erased part of her memory of the past.

Gorbachev often said later that those were letters from “our youth” and love letters cherished by his wife all her life. After the Crimean nightmare, she became frightened, including those who would one day be in power. She burst into tears when she threw the carefully collected letter into the fire.

Raisa told her husband that she wanted to prevent outsiders from prying into their lives.

Gorbachev was as dazed as he did not know what would happen to his family and country in the coming weeks. He followed his wife’s advice and began burning other documents.

a total of 25 notebooks were thrown into the stove. Some notebooks were written by him in his office to record his daily political life, sketch records of political figures and descriptions of various plans and schemes. He left only one note, which was his pure personal diary. When “spekds” and “spkds” of the past 20 years, it’s almost gone. In February this year, in an interview with a newspaper he founded, he told the history that had been erased. Although

destroyed private letters, Gorbachev retained official documents. At the end of that year, Gorbachev announced his resignation as the president of the Soviet Union with the official archives around him, and donated the documents to the foundation named after him as the custodian. About 10000 documents of

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are secretly stored in the headquarters of the foundation in Moscow. All the official documents of Gorbachev’s six-year reign have been preserved, and few people have access to these documents.

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are the meeting records of foreign leaders and the opinions of consultantsMy brother. Most help is often a promise of huge financial aid. Gorbachev also asked Kohl from time to time to mobilize western countries to assist the Soviet Union. He described to Cole the disaster that the Soviet Union would bring to the West and the world if it fell.

since 1980, the Soviet Union has fallen into 10 years of economic stagflation. Without foreign investment, the economy is difficult to improve.

on February 20, 1991, Kohl called Gorbachev. At this time, Gorbachev was being asked by his political opponent Yeltsin to resign.

Cole: “Hi, Mikhail! Will you resign as Yeltsin asked?”

Gorbachev: “I think he feels that he is losing power and being more isolated. Yeltsin is essentially a destroyer and can’t put forward anything constructive. He is taking advantage of the current difficult situation to try to start a political struggle.”

Cole: “that will be good for you.”

however, four months later, 40 million voters elected Yeltsin as the first president of the newly established Russian Federation. On the territory of the Soviet Union, there were two equally matched leadership.

soon, Cole called and said that he was sparing no effort to solicit western support for Gorbachev. Kohl promised that he would visit the United States soon and that he would also get constant support for Gorbachev from American leaders.

cole finally said, “Mihai, you can rely on me.”

in July of that year, Yeltsin became the de facto leader. The news of Yeltsin’s visit to Germany reached Gorbachev, and they had another telephone diplomacy.

Cole: “if Yeltsin comes to Germany, it’s just a work visit. My most important goal is that you don’t attack each other.”

Gorbachev: “if you don’t invite him to visit, I’m afraid it’s a good idea for the prime minister. If someone else may invite him, the prime minister just happens to have a meeting?”

Cole: “OK.”

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knew that the general situation was over, but Gorbachev still seized Kohl, in order to keep his power and try to block Yeltsin’s opportunities for political exchanges. From a political point of view, this is absurd.

surprisingly, at a time when the Soviet Union was about to collapse and Gorbachev had in fact been robbed of the light by Yeltsin and other political stars, Gorbachev was still satisfied with his glory as a “leader of great powers” and attended the “club of seven” meeting paved for him by Cole.

at that London conference, Gorbachev begged western countries to give him at least $30 billion in aid to help the sick Soviet Union and its president. During the period of

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, many official reports were written, but none of them was made public by Gorbachev later. When trying to salvage the situation after being messed up by the coup, Gorbachev said that his friend Cole “will try every means to help us become a modern superpower”.

Gorbachev told Kohl’s Secret envoy genschel: “we urgently need the money we spend now. With money, the country can survive. We need $2 billion.”

genschel glared: “I don’t have the authority to discuss such a large amount of aid, Mr. Gorbachev!” After

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, Gorbachev sent telegrams and private letters to Cole, but Cole was no longer like Cole before. All assistance was only promised but not recorded.

then the Soviet Union was finished. Gorbachev withdrew from the stage.