Ethiopian Jews suffered a lot and were finally allowed to become the “ideal country” in the eyes of immigrants. However, the compulsory birth control measures implemented by the Israeli authorities against women of African descent show that the discrimination against “black” Jews continues.

Ethiopian Jews are preparing to go to Israel

to show that the queen of Sheba met with King Solomon’s oil painting

at the end of 2012, Israel education television news investigation column “vacuum” threw a “blockbuster”: in the past 10 years, the Jewish Agency for Israel, which is responsible for managing immigrants, forcibly injected contraceptives into Ethiopian Jewish women without their knowledge, depriving them of their reproductive freedom.

the racist practices of the Israeli government have set off a wave of shock and anger in a country regarded by Jews all over the world as an “ideal destination”. More than a month later, as the experiences of more parties were exposed one after another, these “black” Jews, who had a wandering past but had long been despised by mainstream public opinion, became the protagonists in the media spotlight.

the black skinned descendants of King Solomon

Why are there black skinned Jews in Israel? This has to start with a love affair between the Jewish king Solomon (1000-930 BC, about 960-935 BC).

according to the records of the Bible and the book of kings, MAKNA, the queen of Sheba who once dominated the North African Arab region, is considered to be a black from sub Saharan Africa. She admired King Solomon’s talent and wisdom, so accompanied by her entourage, she came to Jerusalem with a camel carrying spices, precious stones and gold. During the drinking, she put forward various problems for Solomon to answer, in order to test whether the latter is as wise as it is widely rumoured.

the erudite King Solomon answered “everything she craves, anything she asks”. Not only that, the luxury of its palace, the abundance of banquets and the exquisite costumes of its servants “surprised the queen of Sheba.”. She praised Solomon without stinginess and dedicated all the gifts she brought to the latter. King Solomon was overjoyed and returned many gifts.

Jewish documents and legends say that during their visit to Israel, the two “couldn’t help” spending a good night together. So the queen of Sheba conceived the flesh and bones of Solomon. On her way home, she gave birth to baby boy EBNA Hakim (meaning “the son of wisdom”) by a stream in what is now Eritrea’s Hamasen province. Hakim later succeeded to the throne and was named Menelik I. after he became king, he went to Jerusalem to pay homage to his biological father. When the father and son were parting, King Solomon ordered a group of young Israelis to escort them. These Israelis later settled in the kingdom of Sheba and intermarried with the local people. Menelik I and the descendants of these Israelis became the ancestors of “beta Israel”.

in the 4th century, the emerging Aksum Kingdom unified northern Ethiopia and defined Christianity as the state religion. The Jewish “beta Israel” was persecuted and killed, and its population fell sharply. In the face of political oppression, “beta Israel” gradually began to divide: some insisted on believing in Judaism, so they were ridiculed as “farasha” (meaning exiles or strangers); Another group was forced to convert to Christianity and changed to “farashmla” (Israel once did not recognize its Jewish identity).

in this way, the Jewish nation united by common belief has its own branch in black Africa.

Israel opens its arms to them

wars have been frequent in Africa in recent times. Compared with their compatriots in Central East Asia, the life of “black” Jews is more difficult. In 1974, Ethiopia’s Last Emperor Haile Selassie fell, and a large number of farashas fled abroad due to political turmoil.

the Jewish people believe in the value of life, and the Israeli government has publicly promised: “even if the whole world abandons us, we will never abandon our own people.” In view of the difficult situation of the farasha people, Israel extended a helping hand and began to receive African immigrants.




in fact, there are deeper considerations in the government’s move: to solve the problem of insufficient labor and military personnel, increase the number of Jewish residents, ensure that the proportion of Jews and Arabs in China is not unbalanced, and lay a foundation for the survival and development of the country.

in the early 1980s, the Ethiopian authorities banned the farasha people from spreading Judaism and teaching Hebrew, and then accused the farasha people of being “Zionist spies”. Aware of the urgency of the situation, Mossad, an intelligence agency, launched Operation Moses from November 1984 to January 1985. Within a few months, 8500 Falasha people (mainly young and middle-aged men) left Ethiopia in cattle carts, traveled a long way to Sudan, and then were secretly picked up and sent home by the Israeli army. After the exposure of




, it aroused dissatisfaction in Arab and African countries. According to the “Moses plan”, 15000 farasha people failed to leave Ethiopia in time, resulting in a large number of farasha people living separately from their relatives and friends who arrived in Israel earlier.

unwilling to give up, Israel urged the Ethiopian authorities to allow the farasha people to leave the country freely. In the second half of 1989, the two governments finally reached a deal under the table: Israel provided military assistance to Egypt in exchange for Egypt’s consent to the immigration of farasha people to Israel. According to the New York Times, the Israeli government provided a large amount of military assistance to the Ethiopian authorities the following year (including 100 tanks, 150000 firearms and some cluster bombs)

nowadays, the reality that “black” Jews are deprived of reproductive freedom by the authorities is obviously contrary to these two purposes.