Section 2 Boeing curse – Introduction to

of Tenerife air crash

on the Atlantic Ocean about 400 kilometers off the sea of Morocco, a country in western North Africa, lies an island – the Canary Islands. The island has a mild climate and charming scenery, which can make visitors forget the harsh winter immediately. It is an ideal place to rest. In the early years, the Roman people gave it the reputation of “Lucky Island”.

in ancient times, volcanic eruptions submerged the Atlantic island into the ocean. It is said that the volcanic eruption was aggressive. In an instant, the magma broke through the earth’s crust, the sea boiled, the sky darkened and the land disappeared. After that, it left a piece of ruins, which is the earliest origin of “Lucky Island”. This is an overseas territory of Spain. It takes only 4 hours to fly south from France. Tourism, a smokeless industry that emerged in the 1860s, promoted Canary’s economic prosperity and social development. The Pearl in the Atlantic Ocean was appreciated by Europeans, and many airlines landed their airliners at the airport on the island. Nowadays, the number of passengers who travel to the Canary Islands by air every year is staggering.

however, on March 27, 1977, people here had the darkest day. By far, the most serious air crash in the world occurred here.

history of disaster

noisy airport

on March 27, 1977, Los Rodeo International Airport, located near the west coast of the African continent, looked ten times busy. This is an important hub of international routes. Flights from North America to Africa and Europe often land here for refueling.

at noon on the same day, the weather suddenly deteriorated, and there was rain in the foggy sky, but the airport was not closed. At 1:15 p.m., a flower shop in the lobby of Las Palmas International Airport, also near the west coast, exploded, injuring eight people. The latter organization claimed that there was another bomb in the airport.

in this case, the air traffic control authorities and local police were forced to close and evacuate the airport, and then conduct a comprehensive search. The air traffic control unit had to transfer all international flights originally scheduled to land in Las Palmas to Los Rodeo airport at the northern end of the adjacent Tenerife Island, which caused a temporary chaos at the airport, The whole airport was crowded with planes forced to turn and land. They can only fly to Las Palmas International Airport after the bomb incident is eliminated.

klm4805, a Boeing 747 airliner “Laiyin” carrying 234 passengers from the Netherlands to the Canary Islands, like many diverted aircraft, landed at Los Rodeo airport, crowded in the temporary parking area composed of the aircraft’s main apron and main taxiway, waiting for the reopening of Las Palmas airport. Another Boeing 747, flight pa1736, Viktor express, carrying 378 passengers, also landed here, joining a fleet of large and small aircraft that was almost full on the ground. At that time, Jacob wigkhutzen van zanton was the captain of Laiyin. He had more than 12000 hours of flight experience and served as a training officer for new pilots for many years. Victor grub, the captain of “Victor express sail”, has 21000 hours of flight experience. Before landing at Los Rodeo airport, he once asked the ground air traffic control to let them hover directly in the sky and wait for the airport to reopen instead of taking off after landing, but he was finally rejected.

computer simulation before the collision

aircraft crash

around 4 pm, Las Palmas Airport reopened, and the crew of each flight began to prepare to take off again. When the airport oiler flack closed the refueling hatch cover for the victor express, the thick fog still didn’t disperse. Victor’s sail began to glide. Flack waved and said to his back, “good luck.” Soon, the outline of the plane disappeared in the thick fog. At the same time, at the other end of the runway, the “Laiyin” passenger plane also began to take off on the runway. Soon, the behemoth accelerated to 300 kilometers per hour. The front wheels left the runway and were about to take off.

however, in an instant, the Viktor express sailed out of the thick fog and blocked the way of the Laiyin. After the “boom”, the “Laiyin” rushed more than 200 meters. Then, a huge explosion occurred, killing all the people on board.

,

,

,

after the impact of

,

,

and

, compared with

,

and

, the “Victor” was lucky. The first half of it was hit, but before the fire spread, 68 people escaped from the crack. Among these people, 61 survived later and 7 died due to ineffective rescue. Other people on the plane who did not escape were then closed in the cabin by a fierce fire and all died. In the continuous explosion, the two airliners were blown apart, and the asphalt of the airport runway turned into liquid. The accident destroyed two passenger planes and killed 583 people. It was a terrible scene. “Before the crash, I saw some parts of the top in front of the cabin were lifted off. The impact knocked me nearly 30 meters away from my seat, and everything around me was burning. Thank God, I got out of the hole in the fuselage,” said a survivor on the

plane, recalling the disaster

accident analysis

this tragedy on the Canary Islands shocked the world. After the accident, the National Transportation Safety Commission sent a team of 41 people to the scene. The next day, experts from the United States, the Netherlands and Spain formed a committee to investigate the cause of the air crash and finally find outI know the truth.

after the reopening of Las Palmas airport, the passenger plane parked at Los Rodeo airport began to prepare to take off again. However, due to the wind direction, the aircraft cannot use runway 12 here, but use runway 30 opposite to it. Since the taxiway at this time has been occupied by the aircraft turning to stop, if the aircraft wants to take off, it must first taxi along the direction of runway 12 to the end of runway 30, and then turn a 180 degree turn to take off along runway 30. At 4:45 p.m., Laiyin called the tower to request taxiing, and the tower was in line. At the same time, Victor express was also allowed to follow Laiyin on the main runway and prepare to turn and leave at taxiway C3.

“Laiyin” contacted the tower before taxiing to the waiting area near the starting point of runway 30. At that time, the command given by the tower was “OK, please turn 180 degrees at the end of the runway, and report that it is ready and wait for ATC permission”, but this command was misunderstood by the captain of Laiyin as authorizing them to take off.

at the time of the incident, the airport was filled with thick fog. At this time, the runway central light of the airport failed, and there was no appropriate radar navigation equipment. After arriving at the starting point of runway 30, Laiyin asked the tower for permission to take off. However, due to the strong Dutch accent of the co pilot, the tower personnel at that time did not hear clearly whether he said “we are at the take-off point” or “we are taking off”, so they replied: “OK, stand by for take-off, we will inform you!” But unfortunately, the second half of the wireless communication was just covered by the “we are still taxiing on the runway” signal returned by Victor express, so that the crew of Laiyin only heard the “OK” said by the tower.

although the engineers on the aircraft “Laiyin” had questioned whether the tower had authorized the take-off, the delay of several hours here had made everyone upset and irritable. Since then, the Viktor express sail was too large to turn into the C3 navigation lane. When they gradually approached the C4 navigation lane, the co pilot suddenly found that the landing light of the Laiyin appeared in front of the runway. At first, they thought the Laiyin was stationary waiting for takeoff, but after careful observation, they noticed that it was running fast.

“Victor express” co captain shouted to the captain to drive the plane away from the main runway, but it was too late. Although the captain of the “Laiyin” tried his best to make the aircraft roll over and climb after seeing the “Victor express sail” across the runway in front, so that the tail scraped a 1m long deep ditch on the runway ground, he still failed to save the overall situation. The Laiyin, which had just left the ground, continued to climb more than 300 meters after sweeping the middle of the fuselage of Victor express, then lost control and fell on the ground more than 200 meters away, exploding and burning. The violently impacted “Victor express sail” ignited a fire in an instant and its fuselage was broken into several pieces.

major accidents always make people feel extremely sorry. In addition to the great harm caused by the disaster, the more important thing is that these things could have been avoided. If the pilot had been more serious and more serious in controlling the plane, there would have been no serious disaster at all. Human beings always learn and grow from lessons, but we still hope that this kind of “experience” can be as little as possible.

when the encyclopedia

is in progress, there is almost no chance of survival in a serious plane crash, but sometimes, such as low altitude crash and forced landing, there is still hope of survival. Knowing some knowledge about air crash can minimize the injury in the event of such an unfortunate event.

1. Follow the command of the crew, because they generally have professional training in this field and know how to deal with problems.

2. Fasten your seat belt, hold your head with both hands and protect your chest with both elbows; Cushion the front of the body with blankets and coats that can cushion the impact, focusing on protecting the head, chest and waist; Try to curl up.

3. After landing, leave the aircraft quickly, because the aircraft may catch fire or even explode at any time.

4. If the aircraft lands on the water, the aircraft’s lifeboat will inflate automatically and park on the wing. At this time, follow the command of the crew, pass through the safety door in turn and board the lifeboat.

5. Don’t be greedy for property, but be sure to bring a life bag.

6. If you escape by parachute and fall into an uninhabited area, you should find the wreckage of the aircraft and keep a safe distance from it.

7. If you are going to leave the wreckage and escape alone, you should leave a mark along the way.

8. Try to stay with other survivors.

9. When waiting for rescue, actively establish temporary shelters and properly place the wounded.

10. Use fire light, reflector, smoke, graphics, etc. to send distress signals.