is not worthy of worship Che Guevara




for half a century, Che Guevara has won countless sacred auras all over the world, such as “Jesus on earth”, “the banner of freedom and justice”, and “the most perfect and incorruptible person of our time”, Its revolutionary passion and Puritan lifestyle are still worshipped by many young people.

however, the Real Che Guevara is not as perfect as described in public opinion and literary works, and it is not worth worshiping at all.

1. In Cuba, Che Guevara made a mess of the economy and people’s lives. After the success of the Cuban revolution, the revolutionary Che Guevara became the person who controlled the economic lifeline of the country. However, this economic manager has made a mess of the Cuban economy and tossed the Cubans badly.

1. Time magazine: Che Guevara was the main person in charge of turning left in Cuba.

when the Cuban Revolution was successful in 1959, although Castro fought side by side with Che Guevara, he only sought national independence and did not support communism. He believes that his policy is not communism, but “humanitarianism. Cuba does not want autocracy on the right or on the left. Now it is a humanitarian revolution”. When Castro visited the United States as Prime Minister of Cuba in 1959, he also stressed that he would not confiscate private property and even reiterated his anti Communist position.

but as soon as he took office, Che guevalave, who was in charge of Cuba’s economic construction, began to pursue a “left” policy: first, he presided over Cuba’s land reform and declared that it was “a just war against imperialism. Land reform deprived those who forcibly occupied other people’s land, while those who forcibly occupied the most powerful people or the United States government”. Later, Guevara forcibly nationalized more than 160 American enterprises and Cuban national capital. Later, he even “nationalized the barber shops and shoe repair shops on the streets of Havana”. Even Cuba’s “red capitalist” – Cuba’s richest man julirob, who once supported the Cuban revolution, was forced to flee Cuba.

in this regard, Time magazine published on August 8, 1960 in the United States clearly said: “Castro is the heart and soul of Contemporary Cuba; Raul Castro is the fist of the revolution, Guevara is the brain. He is the main person in charge of turning left in Cuba.”

2. Guevara’s economic development has made it difficult for Cubans to eat.

Guevara served as Minister of industry and President of the National Bank in the new Cuban regime. It can be said that Guevara has basically mastered the economic lifeline of Cuba. However, its series of “left” policies have made the Cuban people suffer.

in the economic field, Guevara removed all market mechanisms, implemented a high degree of central planning, and each enterprise had to carry out production under the arrangement of the government. As a result, the administrative procedures were too complex and there were too many red tape, which seriously affected the industrial production. The 1963 survey showed that some production plans need to be approved by more than 20 administrative departments.

at the same time, in order to deal with the economic sanctions and blockade of the United States, Guevara wanted to build a comprehensive industrial system in Cuba. He rashly reduced the output of the sugar industry, the lifeblood of Cuba’s economy, burned half of the sugar cane fields, and rebuilt heavy industries such as oil refining, steel making, power generation and cement. He constantly purchased various machines from the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, But no matter whether there is domestic demand or not, no matter Cuba has no minerals, crude oil needs to be imported, or even professionals… Guevara’s lack of practical twists and turns and the disadvantages of planned economy management, The Cubans have paid a heavy price:

“since 1961, the lack of ordinary household goods has caused a lot of dissatisfaction. The supply of houses is insufficient… Public transport (many people rely on it to get jobs) Decrease. The confusion of production and distribution led those with cars to drive several miles to the countryside to buy food. The food purchase and marketing department of the National Land Reform Commission is authorized to take charge of food distribution, but it lacks trucks and freight vehicles to do this work Even according to official figures, agricultural production fell in 1962. The new sugarcane is 17% behind the plan – 30% behind the sugarcane cooperative. In 1962, the output of rice will be reduced from 300000 tons to 200000 tons, and the output per hectare will be reduced from 17 to 14. The yield of corn also decreased. The output of state farms has fallen faster than that of the remaining private farms‘ The conservative small farmers in mendito village, without irrigation or tractors, grow barren soil on eroded mountains and harvest nearly seven tons of taro per hectare. State farms, with tractors and irrigation on relatively fertile soil, only receive two-thirds (two to four tons) of the above figure. ” The state has acquired most pigs belonging to small farmers; Many died, mainly due to overcrowding. Traffic across the country collapsed on Sunday due to a lack of parts. The food supply is becoming more and more abnormal. The food purchase and marketing department of the National Land Reform Commission is in chaos, and farmers don’t know whether their products will be purchased. The shop is empty. ”

for this reason, due to the lack of food, Castro had to announce the implementation of the food rationing system on March 12, 1962. Many daily necessities such as meat, milk, eggs, rice noodles and so on can only be bought with tickets. Before the revolution, Cuba was one of the four most successful economies in Latin America, and there had never been a lack of food. It was not until Guevara left that Cuba’s sugar production and economic situation improved.

3. “New people” experiment: Guevara wants to transform Cubans into “happy gears on the revolutionary machine”

Guevara is also keen to transform Cubans into so-called “new people”. What is a newcomer? According to Guevara, such people “must completely eliminate individualism” and are “conscious and happy gears” in the revolutionary machine “. (Xu Luga, make Guevara or make Guevara?)

how does he cultivate so-called “newcomers

First of all, he requires people to do unpaid voluntary work in his competent department. For example, in the Ministry of industry of cheguevara, there is a model named Arnett, who has set a record of working nine hours a day for six consecutive months without rest or overtime pay. At the same time, cheguevara insists on using spiritual encouragement in his competent department, even when giving material rewards Avoid using currency when. He also called on Cubans to carry out voluntary labor, which was later institutionalized. Cuba has many famous voluntary labor days and weeks, the longest of which is the “girontan fortnight” (workers and cadres participate in voluntary labor for 2 to 3 hours after work every day for two consecutive weeks). At the same time, there will be many special voluntary labor. For example, in December 1963, due to the lack of manpower for harvesting sugarcane, the government organized a large number of “voluntary” industrial workers to harvest sugarcane.

secondly, in order to prevent workers from slacking off, set up “crime of endangering production” to deal with absent workers. In September 1960, the labor department led by Guevara also came up with a “crime against production” to deal with people who are often absent from work – strike is impossible, and not going to work is the only way to protest. At the same time, Cuba has also established a “labor Tribunal” for those who are dissatisfied with the existing labor system to deal with problems such as failure to complete the scheduled plan, planned lack of work, damage to the state machinery and neglect of duty, and impose various penalties, such as wage reduction, transfer of workplace, dismissal and escort to forced labor camps. (Hugh Thomas, Castro and Cuba, Shanghai People’s publishing house, December 1975)

furthermore, donate the subordinate gold watch chain to the state bank. Guevara’s idea of “new people” has caused great pressure on subordinates. They must participate in voluntary labor, especially when Che Guevara is present. “Be careful, it’s coming,” became their private warning. Once a subordinate of Che Guevara saw that he forgot to bring his watch when he went to a meeting, so he took off his watch with a gold watch chain and lent it to him. When Che Guevara returned the watch to him, the gold bracelet disappeared and replaced it with a leather strap and a receipt: “the National Bank of Cuba thanks you for your donation”. (Cheng Yinghong’s “how the Communist revolution shapes” new people “– a comparative study of the Communist revolution in the Soviet Union, China and Cuba)”

in addition, Guevara demands that the people’s moral life is extremely “pure”, including “those who behave wrongly”, “those who tend to break the law”, “vagrants, unemployed vagrants”, young people with long hair, people listening to western music People who wear tight pants and openly believe in Christianity… Will be regarded as violating revolutionary morality. Once they are found to be all locked up in labor camps, the labor camps where these violators are detained are called “military units to help production”.

in addition, Guevara’s “newcomers” must be literate, and illiterate people must receive literacy education. He ordered to prohibit all industrial enterprises and institutions from employing illiterate people, and illiterate people who have been employed shall not be promoted. Although this will help Cuba’s literacy work, it also makes many people lose their jobs or opportunities for promotion.

4. Guevara’s iron and blood means frightened his comrades in arms and Cubans.

Guevara was not only keen on the spiritual transformation of Cubans, but his iron and blood policy also frightened Cubans.

according to Castro’s personal correspondent Luciano Medina, Guevara “killed as easily as porridge”. “One day we rushed into a small coffee plantation and Che said that the farmer Juan Perez was an agent of the Batista regime. In fact, the unlucky Juan’s only mistake was to shout that he did not approve of the revolution. An hour later, Che shot Juan in front of his wife and children, who were one, three and four years old. Since then, from 1957 to In 1958, a total of 15 people in that area, like Zhu an, were accused of being traitors or spies and were cut off from the body. ”

in January 1959, after the victory of the Cuban revolution, Castro asked Guevara to take charge of the kavania Fort prison. Guevara’s coldness is fully demonstrated here. Father Javier azuga, the priest of the prison at that time, recalled that: “Dozens of people sentenced to death by Che Guevara were innocent. Che never intended to hide his cruelty. On the contrary, the more people asked for his mercy, the more cruel he looked. He was completely addicted to his utopian fantasy. Revolution asked him to kill, he killed. Revolution asked him to lie, he lied. He liked to order on the phone in front of his crying mother Death of her son; When relatives of prisoners come to visit the prison, he will deliberately ask them to pass by the place of execution. The wall is full of fresh blood. ”

a document in the book of Cuban American writer Humbert von TOVA records that the blood in Havard Anderson was drained when he was executed in April 1961. Dr. questa, who escaped from Cuba, and other Cuban exiles in South Florida also proved that the victim’s blood was drawn before being executed. These people were not tortured, but were instructed by Guevara to sell their blood to Vietnam. After the victim’s blood was extracted, it was stored in the blood bank and then transported to Asia. Some victims were carried to the execution ground because of physical weakness, and some victims who were in poor health died during the blood drawing process. On April 7, 1967, the U.S. Human Rights Commission issued a detailed report on this.

sympathizing with the victim will also be threatened, A Cuban lawyer, defending a woman accused of having ties to a past government, thought of what Guevara said in 1959: “I don’t know how you can be so enthusiastic about this man… I must shoot her… If anyone says a good word for the past government, I can shoot him.”

isWhat sacred revolutionary Che Guevara would be so cruel? “We use the death penalty as a means of social prevention,” explained a close confidant of Guevara

5. Guevara’s policy caused a large number of Cubans to flee.

it was Guevara’s tossing and cruelty under the revolutionary passion that made Cubans miserable. From the day of the victory of the Cuban Revolution, a large number of people fled. Every day, two planes full of exiles fly from Havana to Miami. By March 1961, 100000 people had left Cuba, mostly to the United States, but others had gone to Spain, Mexico and other parts of South America. Middle class Cubans and now many working-class people are also crowded with Pan Am flights to Miami; Skilled professionals have thus increasingly left Cuba. In the three years from 1959 to 1962 alone, 300000 people fled Cuba, and one tenth of the population wanted to leave. (Hugh Thomas, Castro and Cuba, Shanghai People’s publishing house, December 1975) the reason why Che Guevara resigned all his posts in Cuba in 1965 and went to Congo to fight guerrillas is probably related to the failure of governing Cuba.

2. In Congo and Bolivia, Che Guevara is also unpopular.

Che Guevara left senior Cuban officials to do nothing. He picked up his gun and went to Congo and Bolivia to export revolution and fight guerrillas, which has been regarded as a heroic act by countless young people. However, the fact is that the local people did not pay attention to his surging revolutionary passion. They completely ignored or even opposed his revolutionary output.

1. Unlike Castro, Che Guevara is very keen on exporting revolution

. On the issue of exporting revolution, Che Guevara is completely different from Castro. Castro is not very keen on continuing the revolution. In an interview with the New York Times in July 1964, he said: as long as the United States stops its hostility to Cuba, Cuba will stop assisting the revolutionary movement in Latin America.

Guevara is completely different. He has a high enthusiasm for exporting revolution. As early as 1959, one of Guevara’s entourage recorded his “Continental revolutionary ideal”: he planned to launch an earth shaking revolution in his motherland Argentina. After success, he would push the revolution to Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay in South America, and finally to the whole of Latin America. In order to realize this ideal, he established a “zero point” training base not far from Havana, and gathered young people from Venezuela, Nicaragua, Peru and other countries to receive training in 36 camps. Guevara not only taught Soldiers War knowledge and guerrilla tactics, but also explained Marxism to young people.

2. The Congolese are not interested in cheguevara’s export revolution.

cheguevara left the Congo to fight guerrillas, which was doomed to failure from the beginning. Because the Congolese are completely uninterested in his export of revolution and basically ignore his guerrilla tactics.

first of all, Guevara and others have problems with the minimum communication in Congo. They are not interested in Guevara’s revolutionary theory at all. In the view of the guerrillas and leaders in Congo, the revolution is not to overthrow imperialism, but to overthrow the current government leaders and strive for their rights. Some people even think their enemy is white. Once, several soldiers asked Guevara, “why do you white people fight with us? People told us that as long as we eliminate you white people, life will be easier.” At the same time, Congolese soldiers have no intention of training. They drink and drink at leisure, or spend money to get a pass and ferry across the Great Lakes to visit prostitutes in Tanzania. Instead, Guevara needs help to treat people who have sexually transmitted diseases or alcoholism.

secondly, the Congolese completely ignored the guerrilla training of Guevara. Guevara wanted to train the Congolese soldiers, but he couldn’t command them at all. Let them go down the mountain to carry some food. They complain, “we’re not big trucks!” When they were asked to step up their training, they complained again. Guevara wrote in his diary: “the people’s Liberation Army is like a pile of parasites. It doesn’t work, train or fight. It only knows to force the people to provide for them and work for them. In this way, the failure of the Congolese revolution is irreversible.”

most importantly, this time he did not try as hard to “improve the situation of farmers” as he did in Cuba. They had no decent policy platform here, and the Congolese at that time had little incentive to unite to overthrow the current regime. Therefore, Guevara’s revolutionary attempt basically had no impact and effect on the local area.

3. Guevara’s revolution in Bolivia was very wonderful, and he was insulated from the local people.

in 1967, Guevara turned his vision back to Latin America, and he wanted to show his skills in Bolivia. He believes that Bolivia will have a broad mass base, farmers and miners will support his guerrillas, and his guerrillas can integrate with local soldiers. However, because he wanted to control the military leadership of the guerrillas, he fell out with the leaders of the Bolivian Communist Party, lost the mass base based here, and finally died.

monhe, the first Secretary of the Bolivian Communist Party, was dissatisfied with the guerrillas in Guevara’s purchase of land and establishment of bases in his own country from the beginning. He believed that this was a Cuban conspiracy to interfere in Bolivia’s internal affairs. On December 31, 1966, in order to win the support of the Bolivian Communist Party, Guevara met with monhe secretly. At that time, Munch proposed that “as long as the battle is carried out in Bolivia, he demands dual political and military leadership”. But Guevara firmly refused to give in to the issue of guerrilla political and military leadership. He said to munch: “I absolutely can’t accept it. The military commander should be me. I don’t allow ambiguity on this issue.” When the two sides broke down, Munch threatened, “when the people know that this guerrilla is led by a foreigner