China’s “bombing” of the Liutiao Lake Railway

— Japan invaded Northeast China in 1931.

there is an anti Japanese song that has been widely sung among the Chinese people for more than half a century, called “on the Songhua River”. The song sings: “nine eighteen, nine eighteen, from that tragic time…” this is accompanied by the song of blood and tears, It is an accusation against the criminal history of the “September 18th Incident” launched by Japanese imperialism in 1931. On September 18, 1931, a loud noise from Liutiao Lake in Shenyang, China, opened the prelude to the Japanese fascist occupation of Northeast China and then launched an all-round war of aggression against China!

Japan’s ambition to invade China has a long history. As early as the Zhifeng era, he dreamed of becoming an emperor in China. In the late Edo era, the thought of invading China has become a system. In 1887 during the Meiji Restoration, the General Staff Headquarters of Japan’s highest military organization formulated the earliest plan of invading China – the general plan of the Qing Dynasty. At the end of the 19th century, Japan successively launched the Sino Japanese War of 1894-1895, participated in the invasion of China by the Allied forces of the eight countries, and carried out the Japanese Russian war aimed at competing for Northeast China. It successively occupied Chinese territory and Penghu Islands, and obtained the right to garrison troops along Beijing and Beijing Shanhaiguan railway, the right to lease Lushun Dalian, the ownership of Changchun Dalian railway and the right to garrison troops in “affiliated places”. In the first World War, under the pretext of declaring war on Germany, Japan invaded China’s Shandong, occupied Qingdao and Jiaoji railway, and proposed to the Chinese government the “21 articles” that would almost destroy China in 1915, eager to turn China into its colony.

from June to July 1927, fascist militarists and new Japanese Prime Minister Ichi Tanaka held an oriental conference and formulated the outline of China policy. After the meeting, in his memorial to the emperor, ichiichi Tanaka put forward the aggression and expansion program of “only if you want to conquer China, you must conquer Manchuria and Mongolia First; if you want to conquer the world, you must conquer China first”. This is the notorious Tanaka Memorial.

the Japanese attacked Shenyang City

. Tanaka believed that China was in a “difficult period” without a leader after launching the “four one two political changes” to betray the revolution, which was a good time for it to monopolize China. Chiang Kai Shek hit it off with Tanaka on the anti Communist issue and won Tanaka’s trust. Finally, Tanaka recognized Chiang Kai Shek’s “Northern Expedition” under the condition that Chiang Kai Shek guaranteed that the “Northern Expedition” would not pass through the customs, that “reunification” would not oppose Japan, and that the Northeast was “at the disposal of Japan”, which was also the beginning of Chiang Kai Shek’s “non resistance policy” against Japan. Japan should take advantage of the defeat of the northern expedition to “dispose” the northeast. Therefore, Zhang zuolin was killed and wanted to send troops to occupy the Northeast in the name of “maintaining public security in Manchuria”. However, there was no unrest in Northeast China due to Zhang zuolin’s bombing, and the Japanese army had no opportunity to take advantage of it.

in early 1930, the severe economic crisis sweeping the capitalist world hit Japan, and reached its peak in 1931. The economic crisis has sharpened the class contradictions in Japan and caused social unrest. Japanese fascist militarists are eager to find a way out from expanding foreign aggression and seize new colonies and spheres of influence. In the second half of 1930, the military headquarters began to formulate a new plan to invade China. By April of the following year, it drafted the judgment of Showa’s six-year situation and made up its mind to “solve the Manchu Mongolian problem”. In June, the outline of strategies for solving the Manchu Mongolian problem was formulated, which clearly stated that “if the Anti Japanese movement becomes fierce, it is necessary to take military action” within one year.

the Japanese Kwantung Army was still deeply dissatisfied with this. They proposed that “we should not wait for the chance opportunity, but take the initiative to create opportunities” to solve the “Manchuria Mongolia” problem. On August 4, Japanese Prime Minister nanjiro delivered a speech at the meeting of Japanese military commanders and division heads, pointing out that “Manchuria and Mongolia” must be occupied by force. The war of aggression against China is inevitable.

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have decided to invade China, and “creating opportunities” is not difficult. As early as the end of June 1931, with the participation of senior staff of the Kwantung Army, Shigeru Ishigaki and Ishihara, the specific plan for blowing up the railway near Liutiao lake was formulated. Later, Lieutenant Shintaro Honda, an assistant officer of Chaishan and shigero (the Japanese consultant), issued a secret order to lieutenant kawamoto, who was an engineer and was familiar with the blasting technology.

at about 22:20 on September 18, Heben led seven or eight subordinates to Liutiao Lake (between Shenyang and civilian Tun), which is 600 or 700 meters south of Beidaying, the garrison of the Northeast Army of China, and lit the explosives pre buried under the railway track. With a loud bang, the bombed tracks and sleepers scattered everywhere. This is the “wicker Lake incident”. After the

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incident, the Japanese aggressors shouted to catch the thief and shamelessly declared that “three or four hundred Chinese regular troops blew up the Manchurian Railway line near Liutiao Lake”. On this pretext, three hours after the incident, that is, at 1:20 a.m. on the 19th, the commander of the Japanese Kanto army, Benzhuang fan, issued an order for an all-round attack to the Japanese troops stationed in Manchuria. Before the order was officially issued, the Chuandao squadron ambushed in wenguantun, about 4 kilometers away from the blasting point. After the explosion, it launched an attack on the North Camp according to the pre plan; The Japanese garrison stationed in Shenyang used long calibrated artillery to bombard the Chinese garrison in the North Camp. At 2240 hours, the 29th regiment of Japanese infantry also began to attack Shenyang as scheduled. The “September 18th Incident” deliberately created by the Japanese aggressors broke out. When the

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and “September 18th Incident” took place, there were only more than 10000 Japanese Kwantung troops, while at that time, there were more than 400000 Chinese troops throughout the northeast. However, due to the traitorous non resistance policy adopted by the Kuomintang Chiang Kai Shek government, the Japanese aggressors easily occupied Shenyang overnight and attacked more than 20 cities in a day, covering a little more than a thousand miles, In the following four months and 18 days, he occupied the whole territory of Northeast China and swallowed more than three times the land of China equivalent to Japan in one breath. In March 1932, the puppet regime “Manchukuo” concocted by Japan was established, and the three northeastern provinces became Japanese colonies.

it can be seen that the “September 18th Incident” was an aggressive event deliberately created by Japanese imperialism. Its purpose was to occupy Northeast China, and then use it as a base to occupy all China and realize its so-called “Continental politics”