In May 1942, the Chinese and British allied forces lost the defensive battle in Myanmar, and the British army retreated to India.
Most of the Chinese expeditionary army returned to Western Yunnan and one entered India through the cross-country mountain in northern Myanmar.
In June, the Japanese army occupied the whole territory of Myanmar.
In order to open up the China India highway, China officially began the counter offensive in northern Myanmar from October 1943 in accordance with the operational plan put forward by the Southeast Asia theater command of the allies on the first counter offensive in northern Myanmar.
On October 24, 1943, the Chinese Army stationed in India began to launch a counter offensive.
The new 38th division moved from tangjiaka and Karaka in the Yeren mountain area of northern Myanmar to xinbeiyang and Yubang in three ways.
On October 29, the first and second regiments conquered xinbeiyang.
On the 22nd day of the 11th, the Japanese garrison attacked the main force of the Japanese garrison, which was surrounded by the Japanese garrison and the Japanese garrison.
On the 22nd day of the 11th, the Japanese garrison was surrounded by the Japanese garrison.
The new 38th division reinforced Yubang with the 14th regiment and the 1st artillery battalion.
The commander in chief of the Chinese army in India, Stilwell, and the commander of the new 38th division, sun Liren, went to the front line to command.
With the support of the US air force, they finally captured Yubang on December 28.
The second battalion of the 56th regiment of the Japanese army was annihilated, and the rest of the Japanese army retreated to the left bank of the Dalong river.
On December 28, the garrison in India took the new 38th division as the left column and attacked the line of Taibai family and Gan family.
The 65th regiment of the new 22nd division was the right column and attacked Daluo.
On January 31, 1944, the right column conquered Daluo.
More than 700 people under major Okada, the third battalion commander of the 56th regiment of the Japanese army, were annihilated, and the remnants retreated to mengguan.
At this time, all the main forces of the new 22nd division have reached the battlefield.
The left column captured Taibai’s house on February 1, 1944.
So far, the two-way military front of the garrison in India pointed directly at mengguan.
Mengguan is an important military town in northern Myanmar.
It is located in the hub of the hukang River Valley.
The 18th division of the Japanese army has concentrated the main force of the 55th and 56th regiments in mengguan area, including seven infantry battalions, two mountain artillery battalions, one heavy artillery battalion and one anti tank artillery battalion.
It has built a solid defensive position in mengguan and its peripheral strongholds in an attempt to defend it according to risks and make lasting resistance, Block the attack of the Chinese garrison in India to cover the operation of the “Wu” launched by its 15th group army against inpar and undermine the plan of the Chinese garrison in India to open the China India highway.
On March 3, the US military detachment of the general command of the army stationed in India made a detour from the east of mengguan to waruban.
The main force of the new 38th division made a deep detour to the East, successively conquered the peripheral strongholds of the Japanese army in mengguan such as Yuka and lashuka, wedged into the area south of waruban, and formed a deep encirclement of the Japanese army in mengguan.
The new 22nd division immediately launched a fierce attack on mengguan.
The Japanese army resisted dangerously and fought fiercely until March 5 to conquer mengguan, the core stronghold of the Japanese army in hukang River Valley.
Most of the main forces of the two regiments of the 18th division of the Japanese army were annihilated, and only one of them broke through and retreated in the direction of varuban.
The new 22nd division immediately pursued south, conquered varuban on the 9th and gaoshakan on the 15th.
So far, the Japanese army in hukang River Valley has been eliminated by the army stationed in India.
The remnant of the 18th division of the Japanese army retreated to the Jabu mountain pass to prevent the advance of the garrison in India.
On March 9, after the Indian garrison captured waruban, Stilwell immediately ordered to advance to Jabu mountain.
In mid March, he arrived in Laban, south of Shadu dregs, and immediately attacked the Japanese army’s side back of jebu mountain in the north.
The main force of the new 38th Division advanced along the Danai River Valley and continued to advance towards Gaoli after reaching dakri.
The new 22nd division attacked Jabu mountain pass along the front of the road with two platoons of tanks attached to the 66th regiment.
After fierce fighting, the Japanese resistance in the pass was broken one by one.
The 66th regiment also suffered heavy casualties.
On the 26th, the 65th regiment took over and continued the attack.
In addition, the 66th regiment attacked the side of the Japanese army from the high mountains to the east of the highway.
The new 22nd division, with the support of the 11th regiment of the new 38th division, attacked from north to South and captured Sadu dregs on the 29th.
Jeb mountain pass was occupied by the Chinese Army stationed in India.
So far, the Chinese garrison in India has opened the door to the menggong River Valley and pushed the front to the menggong River Valley.
The Chinese garrison in India is determined to quickly wipe out the Japanese army before the rainy season, that is, the first battalion of independent tanks attached to the new 22nd Division will break through the Japanese army’s deep position along the highway and seize kamayin.
The new 38th division made a detour from the east to the enemy’s rear, attacked and captured Meng Gong.
The Chinese garrison in India began to march in early April.
In late April, the new 22nd division arrived in the north of yingkaitang to form a confrontation with the Japanese army.
On May 3, the new 22nd division and the first battalion of independent tanks, supported by 36 US aircraft, launched a fierce attack on the Japanese troops stationed in yingkaitang, destroying all Japanese positions.
On the 4th, the Japanese army captured yingkaitang, fled south along the road and retreated to malagao.
At the same time, the new 38th Division has successively captured Gaoli and Malan, and occupied Manping in early May.
In May, the rainy season in northern Myanmar began.
In order to quickly open up the China India highway, the Chinese garrison in India advanced along the highway with the main force of the new 22nd division under bad weather conditions, and captured the Japanese stronghold of Mala high in late May.
At this time, the 149th regiment of the 50th division, which was airlifted into India by domestic air, had arrived at the battlefield, and the general command of the PLA stationed in India assigned the regiment to the new 22nd division.
In early June, the main force of the new 22nd division arrived near ganmayin.
After the new 38th division captured Japanese strongholds such as Malan, its 113th regiment captured Zhizun on June 9.
The 113th regiment opened its way in the dense forest of Chongshan mountain, made a deep detour to the south of ganmayin, crossed the menggong River on May 26, secretly detoured back to Xitang in the south of ganmayin, raided and defended the enemy, captured the place on May 27, cut off the traffic from ganmayin to menggong, and surrounded the ganmayin Japanese army.
The Japanese army mobilized the first part of the fourth regiment of the second division and the 128th regiment of the 53rd division for reinforcement, and carried out 14 counter attacks successively, all of which were repulsed.
On the 19th, with the support of heavy artillery and tanks, the garrison in India attacked kamayin, and Tanaka Xinyi, the commander of the 18th division of the Japanese army, led the remnant to the south.
At this time, the Chinese expeditionary army has begun a counter offensive in western Yunnan, entering Gaoligong Mountain and attacking Songshan and Tengchong.
Before conquering the battle of Camin, the headquarters of the Indian army headquarters attacked the Myitkyina for the Sino US mixed assault detachment.
That is, on the 11 day, the new thirty-eighth team coordinated the thirty-sixth divisions of the British India army and the seventy-seventh brigade attacked the Japanese army in Meng Meng.
At this time, the Japanese army guarding Meng Gong was the remnant of the 18th division andThe second, fifty third and fifty sixth divisions each have a total force of about two regiments.
After being ordered, the new 38th division took the 14th regiment as the leading force, braved the rain to advance secretly along the menggong mountain on the east side of the highway, repulsed the Japanese Guard troops along the way, and arrived at Kangdi and its south area on the northeast side of menggong on June 15 to capture baling forest in one fell swoop.
The main force of the first thirteen regiments went south from Zhizun and cooperated with the first fourteen regiments to besiege Meng Gong.
The first and second regiments went south from Xitang, and after eliminating the remaining enemy between menggong and ganmayin, they flanked from the northwest of menggong.
On June 18, while preparing to detour southward from the east side of menggong, the 114th regiment met the 77th brigade of the 36th division of the British and Indian army, which was chased by the 24th brigade of the Japanese army, and was surrounded in nanketang, about 35 kilometers south of menggong.
Brigadier general Calvert, commander of the brigade, immediately sent for help to the 114th regiment.
Sun Liren, the commander of the new 38th division, ordered the 11th regiment to forcibly cross the nangaojiang River to rescue the 77th brigade of the British and Indian army.
Sun Liren, the headquarters, completed the siege of Meng Gong on the 23rd.
On the 24th, he conquered the strongholds around menggong and broke into a corner of the city wall.
After two days and nights of fierce fighting, on the 25 day, the Japanese army was largely annihilated by the Japanese army, and the Japanese army was evacuated to Myitkyina and the direction of the sand.
The monarch city was attacked by the new thirty-eighth division, and the first 13 regiment moved eastward along the mon Mi railway and captured the South Embankment on the 28 th.
In July 5th, Zheng Dongguo, the new army commander of the first army of China’s Indian army, and Sun Liren, the new thirty-eighth division commander, arrived in Myitkyina to direct the thirtieth, fiftieth division and fourteen division to continue their attack.
In July 11th, the new thirty-eighth division and the new thirtieth division joined the railway and highway traffic from gengmon to Myitkyina.
Myitkyina is the main town of Burma, and the end point of the Delle (Zhi Na) railway.
The road between China and India is only one mountain apart from the western Tengchong, and its strategic position is extremely important.
In the early days of March, the Japanese army lost Luban’s defensive strength against Myitkyina.
At this time, the headquarters of the Indian army in order to support the Sino US strike team to attack Myitkyina, decided to take the new thirtieth division eighty-ninth regiment and the fourteenth division forty-second regiment, and organize them into air commandos, and India to join Myitkyina by air.
From the 13th, the garrison in India attacked again, Lien Chan for three days, and approached the urban area on the evening of the 16th.
In July 17th, the second column of the Sino US strike detachment launched a surprise attack on the western suburb of Myitkyina, capturing the airport in one attempt to cover the landing of the air transport forces.
The eighty-ninth regiment, the forty-second regiment and the Artillery Force arrived in Myitkyina on 18, 19 and two days.
The first column of the Sino US strike detachment is confronting the Japanese army on the northern side of Myitkyina.
On the 18 day, under the support of the powerful air force and artillery firepower, the Indian armies attacked the Myitkyina city and launched a battle between the Japanese and the Japanese.
To 26, close to downtown Myitkyina.
On the day, the new thirtieth division ninetieth regiment arrived by air, and the first 49 regiment of the fiftieth division quickly rushed to Myitkyina after conquering Meng’s arch.
In August 5th, the Indian army occupied Myitkyina and the Japanese army was trapped in the dense branch of the city.
* * the remnant Japanese troops took the bamboo raft and swam along the Irrawaddy River to Bhamo.
On October 10, the general command of the Chinese Army stationed in India issued the operational order for the second stage of the counter offensive in northern Myanmar.
Its deployment is to take the 36th division of the British Indian army as the right column, eliminate the enemies of peace before October 19, occupy and ensure the areas of Jessa and yingduo, and prepare to continue to advance thereafter.
The new 22nd division of the new Sixth Army is the central column.
It arrived at peace on October 19.
Before October 22, it eliminated the enemies of peace, moved forward through Moses, occupied the ruigu area south of the Irrawaddy River, and was ready to continue to move forward.
The new first army is a left column, which quickly advances to BAMO, annihilates or encircles the enemy from BAMO to Mansi, and is ready to continue to advance.
The 14th and 50th general reserve divisions of the US Army are the first and eighth divisions.
After being ordered, the new first army immediately advanced to Dan BangYang with the new 38th division as the first-line Corps.
The new 30th division is still in the original area as the second line corps, and decided to attack southward along the China India highway with the main force, and the other one is supported by the detour of the left wing.
BAMO is an important stronghold of the Japanese invasion of Western Yunnan and the second largest city in the Irrawaddy River basin after Mandalay.
After the Japanese army’s defeat in Myitkyina, the second division search group, the sixteenth regiment Second Battalion, the mixed artillery battalion and the Japanese army retreated by Meng Gong and Myitkyina were dispatched from nangkan.
The total strength of the Japanese troops was around 5000.
They deployed defense around Bhamo, and the main force of the second Division was pushed into the market in August 28th.
In an attempt to prevent the Chinese garrison in India from joining up with the Chinese expeditionary force, he later ordered the main force of the 18th division to move to montmit, left the 55th regiment to defend Nankan, and ordered the main force of the second division to move to Mandalay.
On October 21, the new 38th division attacked southward under the guidance of the 113th regiment, with the main force advancing in two columns.
Its right column captured the temple embankment on October 29 and cleared the Japanese army on the right (North) Bank of the Taiping River.
The left column made a detour from the mountains to the south, crossed the river at the tiesuoqiao in the upper reaches of the Taiping River, arrived in bulandan on November 1, and captured baihang and xinlongkaba on November 3.
The right column, the main force of the division, remained on the north bank due to the dangerous situation of the river.
Therefore, sun Liren, the commander of the new first army, immediately changed the deployment, transferred the 112th regiment of the right column to the left, and attacked Mansi in the south of BAMO from xinlongkaba to cut off the rear traffic line of BAMO Japanese army.
At the same time, the 113th regiment cooperated with the 114th regiment to carry out a frontal attack on MoMAK and BAMO.
With the support of the air force, after a fierce battle on the 10th, they captured Momac on the 14th and Mansi on the 17th.
The remnant of the Japanese army is about 1500 people, with more than 30 guns and about 10 light tanks.
They still stick to BAMO and try to wait for Japanese reinforcements from Nankan.
At the same time, after the new Sixth Army of the central column of the PLA stationed in India eliminated the Japanese army near peace in late October, it divided its troops in two ways.
The main new 22nd division pointed to ruigu from peace, and the 50th division worked with the new 22nd division to besiege the Japanese Army of ruigu from peace through Jiesha.
After the vanguard troops of the two divisions annihilated the 16th regiment of the second division of ruigu Japanese army in early November, the new 22nd division connected kemansi and Daman on November 12 and immediately attacked BAMO with one unit.
On November 25, the new 38th division occupied BAMO.
At this time, the British and Indian ArmyThe 36th Division has arrived near NABA without resistance.
The expeditionary army in western Yunnan captured Zhefang on December 1, and is advancing towards wanting along the Yunnan Myanmar highway.
Nankan is located on the South Bank of Ruili River, near which is a long and narrow valley.
It connects BAMO in the northwest, Longling in the northeast and Lashio in the south.
There is a highway connected with Yunnan Myanmar highway, so the transportation is very convenient.
Since the invasion of northern Myanmar, the Japanese army has stored grain bombs, built roads and built semi permanent fortifications here.
At this time, Nankan was stationed with one Japanese 56th division and one Japanese 2nd division retreating from western Yunnan, with a total force of about one division, under the command of lieutenant general Matsuyama Yousan, the commander of the 56th division.
When the new 38th division besieged BAMO, the new first army ordered the new 30th division of the second front corps to bypass and attack Nankan.
The division made rapid progress towards Nankan in three ways.
On November 30, the Japanese army sent Colonel Shiro Yamazaki, the head of the 55th regiment of the 18th division, to lead the headquarters and the 168th regiment of the 49th division, together with another battalion of artillery, engineering and baggage troops, to the north from Nankan to rescue BAMO.
On December 3, the Yamazaki detachment met with the main force of the new 30th division of the PLA stationed in India and launched a fierce battle near baijiatang and Kangma.
The new first army was dispatched by BAMO to intercept the Japanese rear from the east of baijiatang.
On the 17th, the new 30th division broke through the Japanese resistance, and the Japanese Yamazaki detachment withdrew to Nankan to prepare for defense.
On the 18th, the new 30th division captured katik and took Nankai on the 21st.
At this time, the 112th regiment of the new 38th division was on the left side of the road, heading south and northwest.
The new 22nd division of the central column of the Chinese Army stationed in India captured Manda on November 13 and Xikou on November 14.
On December 29, the advance troops of the division sneaked into Ruilijiang and successively captured the main points of Munka and RASI.
The main force of the division was preparing to cross the river.
Suddenly, it was ordered to assemble.
Soon, it was urgently airlifted home with the 14th division in December.
The 50th division guarded the areas of Laxi and Munka with the 148th regiment.
The main force went south from Donggua on New Year’s day, 1945.
On January 8, it fought with the Japanese army in Wanhao and defeated the Japanese army on January 14.
After occupying Wanhao, it continued to pursue and attack Nandu.
The 36th British Indian division of the right column is advancing towards Marseille.
In this regard, the Japanese resistance is weak, and the 36th British Indian division is progressing smoothly.
In addition, the main force of the 14th group army of the British Indian army on the Myanmar China battlefield is fighting with the main force of the Japanese Myanmar front army near Mandalay.
On January 5, 1945, the new first army attacked the old farmers from Nakang with the 14th regiment of the new 38th division, and the 69th regiment of the new 30th division attacked the southwest suburb of Nankan from Kanan, forming a double siege on Nankan.
The rest of the two divisions and the first battalion of independent tanks, supported by artillery, carried out a frontal attack on Nankan along both sides of the road.
By the 14th, all the encirclement troops had reached the ancient wood sheltered forest on the southwest side of South Kamchatka.
On January 15, with the fire support of tanks, artillery and air force, all departments of the new first army of the Chinese garrison in India launched an attack on the Japanese army in Nankan.
Although the Japanese troops stationed in the peripheral strongholds and urban areas of Nankan fought desperately, they were still unable to stop the fierce attack of the troops stationed in India, resulting in heavy casualties.
On the same day, the new 30th division occupied Nankan, and the remnants of the Japanese army fled to the northeast and southeast of Nankan.
On the 16th, the new 30th division confronted the Japanese army near Tangkang and Basong.
In the Nankan campaign, the Chinese Army stationed in India killed 1780 Japanese officers and soldiers and captured 12.
After the capture of Nankan, both China and the Allied forces attached great importance to it and ordered the expeditionary force to quickly capture wanting at the junction of Western Yunnan and Myanmar, so as to open up the last obstacle of the China India highway.