“Crack down on drug smuggling” and “self defense” and

— the United States invaded Panama in 1989.

at 1 a.m. on December 20, 1989, the town of Rio Alto, southwest of the capital of Panama, was silent. The 6th and 7th infantry companies of the Pakistan defense forces are stationed not far from the town. Although there have been several shooting incidents between the Pakistani army and the US military stationed in Pakistan in recent days, at this time, the officers and soldiers of the two companies are not ready to meet the enemy.

the F-117A stealth fighter

that participated in the war did not know that the invasion plan codenamed “operation just cause” of the U.S. military had been quietly implemented. The F-117A stealth fighter bomber far away from the topano air force test base in Nevada has already broken the tranquility of the night sky. At this time, it has sneaked into the sky over the town of barnamario ATO. A deafening explosion tore through the silence of the night sky in the town of Rio Alto, and air waves and smoke swallowed up the barracks of two companies. At this time, the Pakistani army found that the US military had launched a sudden attack on them.

at the same time, some members of the US Navy “seal” team attacked the small private airport of Noriega, commander of the Pakistani national defense force and head of government, and blew up Noriega’s plane. Another part of the “seals” attacked the guards guarding Noriega’s special ship and sank the ship, thus cutting off Noriega’s air and sea escape routes.

then, the US Army was divided into five routes and launched attacks on important targets of the Pakistani army at the same time. The first route was the “red task force” composed of us special forces and a commando battalion. Using the bombing effect of “stealth” aircraft, it carried out low-altitude parachuting, first destroyed the 6th and 7th companies that rescued Noriega in the Palestinian coup, and then occupied Torrijos International Airport. The second route was the “sharp knife task force” composed of two army battalions and the navy “seal” unit, which attacked and occupied the building of the Pakistani army headquarters and annihilated the 5th company of the nearby Pakistani army. The third route is the “Pacific task force” composed of the first division of the 82nd Airborne Division and other mobile forces, which blocked and thwarted the attempts of the “2000 battalion” and other Pakistani troops to reinforce Panama City. The fourth route is “always loyal to the task force” composed of two infantry companies and some gendarmeries, which is responsible for seizing the Pan American highway bridge across the canal and defending the US Howard air force base. The fifth route is the “Atlantic task force” composed of two infantry battalions. With the support of special operations forces, it defeated the eighth company of the Pakistani army and the coastal guard force and captured Cologne, Panama’s second largest city.

the above picture shows the US military Hummer Jeep patrolling in the Panama Canal area, and the following picture shows the US special forces carrying out simulation training before the war.

in the face of the strong offensive of the US military, although the Pakistani army carried out tenacious resistance, the US military plot succeeded because it was outnumbered. By the 22nd, the US military had destroyed all the main military facilities of the Pakistani army, occupied most of the barracks of the Pakistani army and controlled most of the areas of Pakistan. Endara, the presidential candidate of the opposition party, took office as president of Panama under the custody of the United States. Former president Noriega fled to the Vatican embassy for refuge on the 24th, but the Vatican had to ask him to leave the embassy under the pressure of the US government. On January 13, 1990, the desperate Noriega had to choose to “voluntarily surrender” to the US Army. Subsequently, Noriega was taken to Howard air force base with a “Black Hawk” helicopter. Finally, he was escorted to Miami prison and became a prisoner in the United States.

under the condemnation of world public opinion, the United States withdrew most of the invading US troops in February 1990. In this invasion war of bullying the small with the big and bullying the weak with the strong, the U.S. military suffered only 357 casualties, destroyed one combat helicopter and injured 14 transport aircraft. There were 3406 casualties and captives of the Pakistani army and more than 2000 civilian casualties, resulting in losses of more than 10 billion US dollars.

“Panama Canal map

the United States launched this invasion war in order to hide people’s eyes and deceive public opinion, which can be described as deliberate. One excuse for the US invasion of Panama is to “crack down on drug smuggling”. Since the 1980s, drug smuggling has caused the most public indignation. The United States accused Noriega, the head of the Panamanian government, of participating in international drug smuggling and being involved in Colombian drug gangs. In February 1988, the Reagan Administration formally prosecuted Noriega in the name of “involvement in drug trafficking” through the grand jury of the Miami federal court. This time, arresting “drug traffickers” has become an important “reason” for sending troops. Another excuse for the United States to send troops is for “self-defense”. At 9 p.m. on December 16, four U.S. officers clashed with Panamanian Defense Forces soldiers when they drove through the street where the Panamanian defense forces command is located. The two sides pulled out their guns and shot. An officer of the U.S. Marine Corps was killed and three Panamanians were injured. After the incident, the United States accused Panama of provoking the incident, and Panama accused the Americans of shooting first. The US Department of Defense issued a statement for this purpose, threatening to carry out “self-defense” in order to protect “American security”, and US President Bush said he would take “retaliatory action” against Panama. Panama’s foreign ministry lodged a strong protest to the United States. In this way, the two sides deployed troops and were on alert. The killing of an American soldier has become another excuse for the war.

in the final analysis, the United States invaded Panama in order to preserve the vested interests of the Panama Canal. In 1903, the United States forced Panama, which had just achieved independence, to sign an unequal treaty, obtained the right to dig the Panama Canal, and leased the canal and canal area forever. The completion of the Panama Canal in 1914 shortened the voyage from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean by more than 10000 kilometers. The United States has always been the main user and beneficiary of the canal. The total annual revenue of the canal is about more than 300 million US dollars, most of which is obtained by the United States, and Panama can only get a small fraction. The United States designated the 16.1-kilometer area on the West Bank of the canal as the canal area, established the U.S. Southern Command, and did not allow Panamanians to enter, so the canal area became a “country within the country”.

for decades, the Panamanian people have been struggling to recover the sovereignty of the Panama Canal. After long-term efforts, the two countries finally signed a new Canal Treaty in 1977. The new treaty stipulates that at noon on December 31, 1999After that, the canal was completely managed by Panama. Since 1990, the director of the canal area management committee shall be Panamanians (the deputy director shall be Americans), and the U.S. southern command must withdraw from the canal area at the same time. For the United States, the canal is its lifeline. Losing the management power of the canal will bring serious political, economic and strategic consequences to it. Therefore, the United States must do everything possible to preserve its interests in the canal and canal area.

if there is a Panamanian regime under the command of the U.S. government, the United States does not need to deliberately look for excuses, let alone invade Panama, but this is not the case. Since taking office as commander of the Panamanian national defense force in 1983, Noriega has pursued a nationalist policy, firmly demanded the implementation of the New Canal Treaty, and waged a resolute struggle with the United States to recover the sovereignty of the canal.

the Reagan administration regarded him as a thorn in the eye and a thorn in the flesh, and would like to pull it out later. On June 26, 1987, the U.S. Senate passed a bill on the situation in Bamana by 84 votes to 2, requiring the Panamanian government to remove the commander of Noriega defense force, and requiring Panamanian soldiers to “return the government to the people” and “end human rights violations”. As a result, 15000 people in Panama City held a demonstration to protest against U.S. interference in Panama’s internal affairs.

in order to force Noriega to step down, the U.S. government used various means to adopt economic sanctions, diplomatic inducement and military threats against Panama, and supported the domestic opposition in Panama to set off a “wave of overthrowing Noriega”. On October 3, 1989, after the failure of a military coup launched by some middle and lower ranking officers in Panama, US President Bush approved a US $3 million appropriation for the CIA to instigate the second military coup. At the same time, the United States secretly sent 4500 additional troops to Panama and airlifted a large number of tanks, armored vehicles and armed helicopters. The attempt of the United States to invade Panama directly came to light, so there was the first scene. No matter what kind of pretext the United States seeks for the invasion of spekds, it will not be surprised.