Combating terrorism

— 1986 US air raid on Libya

on March 23, 1986, a military action plan codenamed “prairie fire” was launched in an orderly manner. At about 1100 hours, three aircraft carrier formations of the US military lined up at the mouth of Sidra Bay, and various other ships lined up to enter the waters south of the “death line”. When night came, American ships and aircraft directly crossed the “death line” and drove into Sidra Bay, only 64 kilometers from the Libyan coast. The purpose of the US military was to provoke Libya.

F-111 fighter bombers were the protagonists of the air raid.

as expected, Gaddafi was indeed angered. At 2 pm on the 24th, two US warplanes flying close to the Libyan coastline were found by Libyan radar, and Gaddafi immediately ordered an attack. The Libyan army launched sam-5 missiles to try to intercept the US aircraft, but due to electronic interference, sam-5 missiles finally fell into Sidra Bay. The US military immediately claimed that it was “attacked” by Libya and carried out “self-defense counterattack” against Libya. The US military sank a Libyan patrol boat, severely damaged three Libyan gunboats, destroyed Libyan missile bases and radar facilities, killed 150 people on the Libyan side, and the US military suffered no loss.

U.S. President Reagan thought that this head-on attack would make Gaddafi “learn”. Who knows that Gaddafi not only did not yield, but held a “celebration meeting” in the capital Tripoli. Gaddafi announced at the conference: “we have driven the 6th fleet out of Sidra Bay, and we have won!” Gaddafi said: “the Yankees threatened to come here to conduct exercises. We will defend Sidra bay with blood and life. When the Yankees come, we will fight! We will fight to the end!”

Reagan was angered this time. He decided to carry out a larger military attack on Libya and named the operation “golden Canyon”.

on April 6, an explosion occurred in a dance hall in West Berlin, killing dozens of American soldiers. History once again gave Americans an excuse to invade other countries. President Reagan didn’t want to miss it. The United States, without any basis, identified the move as retaliation by Libyan terrorists against the Americans. Immediately, the United States began the “golden Canyon” war of aggression under the pretext of combating Libyan terrorist activities against the United States.

the aircraft carrier

that launched an attack on Libya on the evening of April 14, 30 fighter bombers taking off from the British base, supported by several tankers and electronic warfare aircraft, flew 10380 kilometers continuously through four air refuelings, bypassed France and Spain, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean Sea, Carry out a long-range attack on Liberia. In the early morning of the 15th, the US raid formation gathered more than 70 types of carrier based aircraft and electronic early warning aircraft taking off from the US aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean to attack five military targets in Libya in two ways. Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi’s residence was seriously damaged by 12 bombs in Libya, and more than 100 people were killed in the bombing. Fortunately, more than 100 Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi’s residence was seriously damaged in 12 minutes. A US F-111 aircraft was shot down by anti-aircraft fire and fell into the sea, killing two pilots.

on the surface, the two air strikes by the United States against Libya are to combat terrorism and protect the safety of American citizens. In essence, they are to maintain the military, political and economic hegemony of the United States in Libya and want to make Gaddafi obey the United States through military strikes. Because the United States has huge economic and military interests in Libya. Libya relies on the United States for oil exploration, production, technology and equipment, and more than 40% of its crude oil is exported to the United States. The United States has 2000 technicians working in the Libyan oil system, six oil companies in Libya, leased land worth $7 billion and an annual turnover of $20 billion. The United States and Libya have signed a number of economic, technological and military agreements. There are military bases in Libya, with 6000 military personnel stationed. 44 Libyan students study in the United States.

in fact, Libya was originally a pro american country, and everything followed the will of the United States. By September 1, 1969, everything had changed. Captain Gaddafi, 27, launched a coup to overthrow the Idris Dynasty and establish the Libyan Arab Republic (renamed the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in March 1977). He has been the head of state since then.

Gaddafi worships Nasser (president of Egypt) and his political proposition of “Arab unified socialism”. After he came to power, in order to restore Libya’s independence, he announced the withdrawal of the Libyan wheelers Air Force Base leased by the United States and asked the U.S. troops stationed in Libya to leave immediately, which suddenly strained the relationship between the United States and Libya; In 1972, Gaddafi announced the abolition of the military and economic cooperation agreement signed between the old Dynasty and the United States, which was considered to be a “traitorous treaty”. Gaddafi’s actions not only mean that the United States has lost its largest military base in Africa, but also its control over Libya.

in 1979, the “Islamic Revolution” broke out in Iran, and King Pahlavi was overthrown. Gaddafi immediately announced his recognition of the Iranian Revolutionary government and called on the Libyan people to march in support of Iran’s “Islamic Revolution”. The parade stormed the US agency and burned the simulacra of Carter and Pahlavi, further deteriorating US Libya relations.

Reagan implemented a tough policy towards Libya after he came to power. Reagan announced to cut off diplomatic relations with Libya in 1981. In 1982, the United States stopped importing Libyan oil and imposed political and economic sanctions and arms embargo on Libya, which dealt a great blow to Libya’s economy.

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not only failed to make Gaddafi yield, but inspired his indomitable personality, more fiercely opposed the United States, and actively approached the Soviet Union to develop relations with the Soviet Union. Libya bought Soviet weapons and equipment and hired Soviet UnionThe military adviser of the United Nations supported the Soviet Union’s Middle East Policy and reached a principled agreement with the Soviet Union on the conclusion of a treaty of friendship and cooperation, which further annoyed the American people and exacerbated the further tension between the two countries.

by 1986, the relationship between the United States and Libya had deteriorated to the extreme. On January 7, US President Reagan ordered more than 1500 US citizens in Libya to leave Libya. The United States has completely suspended all trade exchanges with Libya and frozen all Libyan assets in the United States. On January 26, Gaddafi announced that if his country was attacked, Libya was ready to attack American military bases across Europe.

just as the United States was struggling to find a good reason to teach Libya a lesson, at the end of December 1985, two terrorist attacks on the Civil Aviation Office occurred at Rome and Vienna airports. Among the 20 people killed, five were Americans, which could provide the United States with an excellent excuse to insist that Libya supported these two terrorist events. Therefore, the United States carefully prepared and formulated the “prairie fire” battle plan. There was the first scene.

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the air raid of the U.S. military is to safeguard the military, political and economic hegemony of the United States in Libya and the “dignity” of the superpower, and to crack down on Pro Soviet Gaddafi, who is directly supported by the Soviet Union, so as to receive the effect of warning the Soviet Union. As for cracking down on terrorism, it is more an excuse.