the Communist Party of Japan not only held an anti war position in the war of aggression against China and the Pacific War, but also adhered to this position after the war. From the beginning of opposing the Vietnam War to the present, it is opposed to the war in Afghanistan and Iraq, not only the war planned by the United States, but also the war planned by the Soviet Union or the Russian Federation.

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a political party will always make mistakes. Even if it has no experience in governance, the opposition parties who just keep their mouths open and don’t do anything will also say the wrong words and support the wrong moves. But there are exceptions to everything. There is a political party in the world that has not made any big mistakes in nearly 90 years of history since the founding of the party. It is the Communist Party of Japan.

the Communist Party of Japan was founded in July 1922. It is exactly one year younger than the Communist Party of China, but it is now the oldest of all political parties in Japan. Since its founding, the Communist Party of Japan has been trying to oppose the politics of big landlords and big chaebols in Japan at that time, Japanese militarism and war, which has been illegal before the war.

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the general secretary of the Communist Party of Japan, Takeichi Tokuda, has been in prison for 18 years since 1928, while another leader, samzo nodaka, had to go abroad. He spent most of the war in a cave in Yan’an. The Communist Party of Japan did not become a legal party until it occupied Japan, and won five seats in the first post-war election in 1946, By the time of the general election in 1949, the number of seats of the Japanese Communist Party had increased to 35.

but this caused the conflict between the Japanese Republic. On January 6, 1950, the Comintern intelligence agency suddenly published a paper “the situation in Japan”, which began to criticize the “right capitulationism” and “parliamentary struggle” line of the leaders of the Japanese Communist Party. Unfortunately, the Korean War broke out on June 25. Despite the internal struggle of the Communist Party, MacArthur thought that since the Korean War was being fought, the Communist Party of Japan must be the fifth column. Therefore, he turned his face with the Communist Party of Japan, deprived the leaders of the Communist Party of Japan of their public office and made preventive arrest. In other words, although there is no solid evidence of your crime, in order to prevent you from committing a crime, you should be arrested first. In 1952, a law on the prevention and control of sabotage activities was simply formulated to deal with the Communist Party of Japan. This Takezo onosaka and Takeichi Tokuda can only go to China again.

Tokuda Qiuyi later died in Beijing on October 14, 1953. Two years later, on September 13, 1955, a large-scale memorial service attended by 30000 people was held in Beijing. Liu Shaoqi was the chief priest and personally inscribed “the immortality of Comrade Tokuda Qiuyi”. The restrictive measures imposed by

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on the Communist Party of Japan were not lifted until the San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed in 1955. The Communist Party of Japan once again abandoned the military policy imposed on them by Stalin and confirmed the action program of “parliamentary struggle”. In this way, Khrushchev’s criticism of Stalin in 1956 and the Hungarian incident did not bring great difficulties to the Communist Party of Japan, The fact that the Communist Party of Japan was hit by Stalin proved its foresight.

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first, the Communist Party of Japan has been suppressed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union for a long time. Second, the Communist Party of Japan has always had a close relationship with the Communist Party of China in history. Therefore, when there are contradictions and conflicts between the two parties, the Communist Party of Japan naturally sided with the Communist Party of China. Around 1964 was the best period of bipartisan relations between China and Japan. At that time, there was an upsurge of learning Chinese among the members of the Communist Party of Japan, and it was even popular to read their own names in Chinese. However, two years later, this best friend actually became one of the “four enemies” of the Communist Party of China.

in July 1966, Mao Zedong clearly proposed in a speech that there were four enemies, “Soviet modern revisionism, American imperialism, Miyamoto revisionist group and Sato Rongzuo reactionary cabinet”. The reason behind this is that the speaker of the Japanese Communist Party, Xianzhi Miyamoto, who visited China in March 1966, rejected Mao Zedong’s personal request in Shanghai. The Japanese Communist Party clearly supported the Chinese Communist Party in the Sino Soviet debate. In this way, the Japanese Communist Party has become an enemy equal to the Soviet Union and the United States, and even more dangerous than the cabinet of Sato Rongzuo, who is hostile to China. The relationship between the Communist parties of China and Japan became very tense. After that, in August, the Communist Party of Japan withdrew the representatives of the Communist Party of Japan in China and the reporters of the red flag newspaper from Beijing. However, the representatives of the Communist Party of Japan in China and the reporters of the red flag newspaper were besieged by the red guards at the capital airport, beaten and seriously injured. In this way, the relationship between the two parties was completely cut off. The severance of the relationship between

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is not a bad thing for the Communist Party of Japan. After China’s “Cultural Revolution” eliminated the mysterious aura and exposed that it was only a torture and robbery of its own nation, the Communist Party of Japan once again respected people with “far-sighted” eyes.

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you know, at that time, even some LDP members praised China’s “Cultural Revolution”, not to mention the socialist party and other left-wing parties. The only party that never agreed to the “Cultural Revolution” was the Communist Party of Japan. The same is true of

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on the Korean issue. After the beginning of China’s “Cultural Revolution”, the Communist Party of Japan also stopped its exchanges with the DPRK. After the doubts about the abduction of Japanese citizens by the DPRK surfaced, the Social Democratic Party and the Democratic Party, which are related by blood with the social party that has always supported the improvement of relations with the DPRK, were very passive on many occasions, But the Communist Party of Japan, which initially supported the pursuit of the North Korean kidnapping, had nothing to do with it.

the Communist Party of Japan not only held an anti war position in Japan’s war of aggression against China and the Pacific War, but also adhered to this position in its post-war political activities. From the beginning of opposing the Korean War and the Vietnam War in the past to the present, it opposes the Afghanistan war and the Iraq war, both against the war masterminded by the United States, It also opposes the war planned by the Soviet Union or the Russian Federation. In Japan, there is only one political party that can take such a clear-cut stand and consistently adhere to the anti war position for a long time.

why can the Communist Party of Japan consistently take a correct position on major issues? For a long time, he has successively served as the Secretary, director, chairman and speaker of the Communist Party of Japan, following yoshiichi Tokuda and Hideki MiyamotoThe memoir “testimony of the times” published three days ago by the third generation of leaders of the Communist Party may provide some answers.

is a typical Japanese aristocrat who entered Dongda after a high school. However, the elite who joined the Communist Party at the age of 16 finally refused the invitation of the mainstream society and worked in the Communist Party and was elected to the house of representatives for 11 consecutive times. An important feature that distinguishes the Communist Party of Japan from other communist parties is that the leadership of the Communist Party of Japan has always been composed of elites from the intellectual community. The current Secretary of the Communist Party of Japan, Hiroshi Shigeo, graduated from the University of Tokyo. The early leaders of the Communist Party of Japan, such as Kawakami and Miyamoto, were also graduates of Imperial University of Tokyo. The origin of this phenomenon is that the original Imperial University of Tokyo is a special zone that can’t even get into the hands of the super high police. Even in wartime, Tokyo Imperial University can still openly study Marxism. Therefore, the graduates of Tokyo Imperial University are somewhat leftist. At least they are not unfamiliar with Marxism. It’s natural to have a few Communists.

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in addition to his own experience, there are many very precious materials. He is one of the few living people who have seen Mao Zedong, and he is the witness of the famous Miyamoto Xianzhi’s “no” talk to Mao Zedong.

since then, the international situation has been changing. Nixon and Tanaka’s visit to China made the US and Japanese governments no longer enemies of China. Chinese leaders after Mao Zedong also took a series of measures to ease the tense relations between China and the Soviet Union. However, until 1997, among the four enemies of China, One Japanese Communist Party still wears the crown of “enemy”.

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in fact, as early as 1985, the Communist Party of China had expressed its proposal to restore relations to the Communist Party of Japan through the Communist Party of Romania, but the Communist Party of Japan refused to make concessions and insisted that the Communist Party of Japan admit its mistake and suspend its contact with the anti Communist Party of Japan organization. It was not until the end of 1997 that Dai Bingguo, Minister of the Foreign Liaison Department, clearly regarded “normalization of relations between the two parties” as one of the tasks of 1998 in an interview with the people’s daily. Only in this way could the relations between the Communist parties of China and Japan be normalized.

due to the special position of Japan, Japan played the role of the direct military supply base of the United States in the two direct wars between the capitalist camp and the socialist camp, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Many people are interested in how the anti war Communist Party of Japan acted in these two wars, which is mentioned in Bu zhesai’s memoirs.

the Communist Party of Japan has always been able to change its position flexibly according to the situation. In addition to renouncing the proletarian dictatorship and one party dictatorship in the 1970s, the Communist Party of Japan also abandoned the concept of “vanguard” in 2004 on the grounds that all parties are equal and there should be no concept of “leading Party”.

the flexibility of the Japanese Communist Party was obtained through painful setbacks. Originally, the support layer of the Communist Party of Japan should be larger, but in the struggle against the Japan US security agreement in the early 1960s, the Communist Party of Japan stuck to the attitude of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union towards the so-called “Trotskyites”, believing that the Trotskyites who commanded the movement consciously drew a line with the movement. Thus, the trust of a generation of educated youth was lost, and the educated youth at that time are still basically the important town of various industries. This is the reason why the Communist Party of Japan lacks influence.

learned that lesson. After entering the 1970s, the Communist Party of Japan began to be quite pragmatic. Now many people who do not vote for the Communist Party of Japan in the election also believe that the Communist Party of Japan is an indispensable political force in Japanese politics. There was such a thing: in 1979, the Communist Party of Japan measured the movements of female workers working on the assembly line of Panasonic company every day, and found that the frequency of these movements had exceeded the limit given by physiological science. Physiological experts even denied that people could act like that, but the workers on the production line of Panasonic company did it. This is the periarthritis of shoulder The incidence rate of Myotis is high. After the Communist Party submitted the matter to the Congress, the Congress passed the law on protecting the labor intensity of workers. At that time, the LDP Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira even came to the unbreakable table to thank unbreakable when eating in the canteen of the Congress and said, “your question is very good.”

but when Toyota promoted its “look at board management”, the opposition of the Communist Party of Japan was not heard. The Japanese Communist Party believes that Toyota’s Kanban management is an extremely selfish management method. In fact, this production method is only the behavior of starting from Toyota’s own interests and taking advantage of Toyota’s superior position in the industrial production chain to force other parts suppliers and processing manufacturers to cut part of their interests to Toyota. If this management mode is allowed to continue, Toyota’s profits will increase significantly, but the profits of other parts suppliers and processing manufacturers will decrease significantly, and finally affect the vitality of economic activities of the whole society.

but the proposal of the Japanese Communist Party was not adopted this time. Instead, it was ridiculed by other political parties as “lagging behind the times”. In fact, the decline of Japanese small and medium-sized enterprises, which marked the stagnation of Japan’s economy, did begin when Toyota began to promote “look at board management”. Of course, whether the decline of small and medium-sized enterprises in Japan is directly related to “look at board management” is still a controversial topic in Japan, but “look at board management” has created a way of thinking in Japan that the purpose of an enterprise is only profit and the social contribution of the enterprise is ignored, It is this way of thinking that leads to the hollowing out of Japanese industry, which is now the consensus of Japanese academia.

after the emergence of the Democratic cabinet, in order to adapt to the new situation, the Communist Party of Japan put forward the program of “becoming a constructive opposition party”, saying that it would participate more actively in the country’s political and economic life. In fact, the ideological basis of this change can be found in this memoir. Bu zhesai’s explanation that Japan’s economy has been stagnant for almost 20 years is because of the current Japanese political arenaIn addition to the Communist Party of Japan, it can almost become a “full ruling party”, so that the political intervention and monitoring function of capital will completely disappear, and capital can pursue profit maximization without restraint, which is the biggest reason for the lack of vitality of Japan’s economy.

although the party platform of the Communist Party of Japan has been revised repeatedly, there are still great differences with the reality of Japanese society. There is no possibility that the Communist Party of Japan will become the ruling party in the foreseeable future. However, we must not deny the significance of the existence of the Communist Party of Japan because it is impossible to become the ruling party. In fact, the existence of the “ten thousand year opposition party” of the Communist Party of Japan ensures the existence of a restriction mechanism that can supervise the ruling party, However, whether this restriction mechanism can really play a role requires the further efforts of the Communist Party of Japan itself and the respect of other ruling parties for the opposition parties.

to understand the changing and magnificent era, the Republic of Japan and the Communist Party of China in that era, and the operation of Japanese parliamentary politics, it is very helpful to read this book.