In the middle of the 17th century, the bourgeois revolution broke out in Britain.
The naspi battle was a famous battle in the process of revolution.
The two sides were the parliamentary army led by Cromwell and the army of British King Charles I.
Charles I was forced to leave London in January 1642 and came to York City in the north.
Here, relying on the power of feudal aristocracy, Charles I organized a powerful army and announced the crusade against parliament, which kicked off the British civil war.
At the beginning of the civil war, Britain was divided into two camps.
At first, the Congressional army was in a defensive position, but since the summer of 1644, the Congressional army has taken the military initiative.
Under the leadership of Cromwell, the Congressional army has made brilliant achievements.
Born in the new aristocracy, Cromwell is the leader of the British bourgeois revolution.
He opposes autocracy and advocates protecting the interests of the bourgeoisie and the new aristocracy.
In 1645, Parliament established the first standing army in British history and named it “New Model Army”.
Cromwell took over the “New Model Army” with his “cavalry” as the core and served as the Deputy commander-in-chief of the new army.
Soon after, Cromwell seized military power from the Presbyterians through military reform and became a true commander of the British army.
In June of the same year, Cromwell led the Congressional army and the king’s army of Charles I met near naspi.
The village on the hilltop is surrounded by wilderness, with some hills in the middle and few trees.
All the infantry of the king’s army were deployed on a small mountain eight kilometers north of naspi.
On the morning of the 14th, Charles I, who did not find any signs of congressional action, felt very impatient and sat uneasy and ordered the search force to go out for reconnaissance.
But he still couldn’t sit still, so he personally drove his horse to a high place on the top of the mountain to observe.
It was amazing.
From a distance, he saw that the Congressional army seemed to be retreating all the way.
This was a great opportunity.
As the saying goes, “lost will never come again”, he rushed back to the camp, led his troops away from the strong defensive position and pursued south.
But in fact, the Congressional army did not retreat.
Only in the early morning of that day, after reviewing the army, Cromwell found that the king’s army, which should have continued to retreat north, did not continue to retreat.
On the contrary, it was still moving south.
Cromwell looked at the enemy in the distance and thought of Rupert’s reckless personality, so he suddenly came up with a bold strategy to lure the enemy in-depth: the whole army immediately turned back to the South and made Rupert think they had begun to retreat, so as to give up their defensive positions and attack on their own initiative.
Cromwell led part of the Congressional army to choose an excellent terrain in the mountains and waited for the arrival of Rupert’s army.
As Cromwell expected, Rupert was right.
He not only led the army to catch up in a hurry, but also left behind many important large-scale equipment.
Cromwell Cromwell is the representative of the bourgeois new aristocracy group in the 17th century British bourgeois revolution, and also the leader of the independents.
From 1642 to 1648, Cromwell led the “cavalry” and the “New Model Army” respectively, and twice defeated the king’s army of King Charles I.
In the battle of naspi in June 1645, Cromwell’s “New Model Army” won a decisive victory over the king’s army.
But in March 1647, the Presbyterian faction in power in Parliament ordered the dissolution of the army, which the soldiers angrily opposed.
After some hesitation, Cromwell finally stood with the soldiers.
On August 6, in order to oppose the autocratic rule of the Presbyterian, Cromwell led his army into London to disperse the Presbyterian members of Parliament.
The next year, Cromwell purged the forces of the elders in Congress.
When the second civil war broke out in the spring, Cromwell reunited the Congress army and soon defeated the king’s army again.
At the end of the civil war, under the pressure of urban civilians and self cultivated farmers, King Charles I was beheaded in 1649, and the Republic was established.
In 1653, Cromwell established a military dictatorship and served as the “protector”.
At about 10 o’clock, Rupert led the king’s army into the wide wasteland and began to march towards the ridge.
By this time, the Congressional army led by Cromwell had already reached the top of the mountain.
Seeing this, Charles I divided the army into three lines.
The first line: the cavalry led by Rupert and nangdari were distributed on both wings, and the infantry under ASTRI’s command was responsible for the center.
Second line: composed of infantry under Howard’s command.
Third line: King Charles I personally led the guard as a reserve.
The Congressional army led by Cromwell took a parallel formation.
Cromwell and illiton commanded the cavalry on two wings, skipen commanded the infantry in the middle, and Cromwell only prepared three regiments in the back reserve.
After the two sides arranged the formation, a fierce battle began.
Before long, illiton, the left-wing General of the Congressional army, was suddenly shot and seriously injured.
The left-wing forces were headless and chaos immediately occurred.
While the king’s right commander Rupert took advantage of the chaos on the left side of the Congress army, led the army to launch an assault, drove illiton’s army out of the battlefield and forced it all the way to naxibi village.
The collapse of the left wing of the Congress army caused heavy damage to the Congress army.
Soon, ASTRI in the middle of the king’s army and Rupert on the right formed a pincer attack, surrounded the Congress corps and attacked fiercely.
Skipen, the commander of the middle of the Congress army, was also injured, but he still clenched his teeth and commanded the chaotic scene.
But the king’s offensive was too fierce, and skipen was gradually overwhelmed.
At the critical moment, Cromwell decisively ordered 3600 cavalry on the right side of the Congressional army to attack the left side of the enemy.
After repeated charging, the cavalry on the left side of the king’s army, nangdari, was defeated.
Then Cromwell commanded the cavalry to move closer to the center and concentrated on attacking the ASTRI cavalry in the middle of the king’s army.
The originally clear situation was reversed in an instant.
There was chaos within the king’s army, and the Congressional army took the opportunity to launch a counterattack.
Charles I, sitting at the foot of the mountain watching the war, saw that the situation was bad and hurriedly mobilized the reserve team to help.
But man is not as good as heaven.
At this time, an unexpected thing happened: when Charles I was about to command the guards to attack, his horse suddenly ran crazy to the right.
The generals next to Charles I didn’t know what had happened and were wonderingWhy did the king neither charge the enemy nor support ASTRI, but when he ran all the way to the right, I don’t know who shouted in the crowd: “follow the king!” All the reserve soldiers had no time to think more and rushed to the right in confusion.
Luton became a lonely army in the king’s army.
Because he could not stop the impact of Cromwell’s cavalry, Luton was defeated in the king’s army.
Cromwell pursued the victory.
The king’s army was defeated because of the loss of command.
It retreated to Leicester with heavy casualties and never recovered.
Why did Charles I’s horse suddenly run uncontrollably at that time? It turned out that a nail fell from the horseshoe nail, which made the horse lose control when running, so it suddenly ran crazy to the right.
It’s a miracle that a nail can turn the Congressional army from defeat to victory.
[cool review] Charles I left a nursery rhyme to future generations: he lost an iron nail and a horseshoe.
Lost a horseshoe and broke a war horse.
Break a war horse and lose a king.
Lost a king, lost a war.
Lost a war and lost an empire.
Once a group of fresh graduates from famous universities went to a large company for internship and visit.
In the face of the company’s secretary who poured water for them, 9 of the 10 students were indifferent.
Only one student smiled and whispered, “thank you!” There is no doubt that the classmate who said “thank you” was hired by the company.
We always think that there are important reasons for failure.
In fact, some small omissions and shortcomings sometimes lead to painful lessons.
As the saying goes, a small hole does not mend, but a big hole suffers.
Every little change, every little amplification, will eventually evolve into an irreparable disaster.
That is, details determine success or failure.