every place where Cossack cavalry fight, German soldiers can avoid death, which is the only reason to favor Cossack cavalry. On November 10, 1943, Nazi field marshal William ketter and German Minister of Eastern occupation affairs Alfred Rosenberg jointly issued an unusual Proclamation.

said: “The Cossacks never recognized the Bolsheviks. The purpose of the Don Cossacks, the Kuban Cossacks and the telecossacks is to seek to establish an independent country. Now, your homes are occupied by the Bolsheviks and looted by the Red Army. Ride on your horses and pick up your sword. The Cossacks should form a united front with the German defense forces and the German army Is your respected and trusted friend. The German government promised to give Cossacks the following rights: 1) protect all the rights and interests of Cossacks; 2) Preserve the living customs of Cossacks; 3) The land of the Cossacks is sacred and inviolable; 4) The German government is obliged to resettle the Cossacks and provide land and necessities so that you can live independently. ”

just two years before the publication of this proclamation, Hitler once said: “we will not allow any Russian to join the German army. This is the highest instruction. Only Germans have the right to take up guns!”

from Hitler’s contempt for the Cossacks two years ago to the establishment of the Cossack cavalry division two years later, the emergence of this proclamation marked a major change in German policy.

reputation from the blade

if the Gypsies are the nation on the caravan, then the Cossacks are the ethnic group on the war horse. “Generally speaking, there are no cowards among them,” said Francisco lannoy, a famous military best-selling author, when commenting on the Cossack cavalry.

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in fact, Cossacks are not an independent nation, but a military group. They first appeared in the mid-16th century and formed 11 major military branches such as Don river, Kuban and Taiwan Railway in the early 20th century. They participated in all wars between Russia and the Soviet Union from the 18th century to the first half of the 20th century, such as the Russian Swiss Northern War, the Crimean expedition, two Russian Polish wars, six Russian Turkish wars, the Russian Japanese War, the first World War and the Second World War.

in 1942, the situation of the Soviet German battlefield changed dramatically: at first, the German army was blocked by the Soviet Red Army under the cold Moscow City, and then, in February 1943, the German 6th group army was completely destroyed in the battle of grad. Six months later, the German army was badly hit by the tank battle in Kursk.

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the highest level of the Third Reich, especially Himmler, began to change their attitude and regarded the Russians who were recruited as one of the means to increase the fresh blood of the German army. The Cossack cavalry was called “legendary soldiers” by the Germans and received special attention.

the betrayal of a major shocked the Kremlin

on August 3, 1941, something happened on the Soviet German battlefield that made Stalin extremely angry: all the 436th automatic rifle regiment of the Red Army surrendered to Germany.

and the commander of this regiment is the Cossack major nikitovich kononov, who should have resisted the 3rd Armored Regiment of the German central cluster in mokirev.

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after the end of the civil war, on the one hand, the Soviet Union continued the policy of Cossack autonomy, allowed them to elect Soviets independently and establish Cossack Military Council, but at the same time, it strengthened the implementation of “non cossackization” and even eliminated the disobedient physically, which triggered a series of Cossack riots.

it is this policy that makes many Cossacks accumulate hatred for the new regime, and kononov is one of them.

kononov was born in 1902. In the Russian civil war in 1918, his parents were executed by the Red Army because they were Cossacks. In order to survive, in 1920, kononov joined the Red Army anonymously; In 1924, he joined the Communist Youth League; Later, he entered the 14th Cossack division of the first cavalry group army led by the famous Cossack marshal bujoni.

in 1927, konov joined the Communist Party; In 1935, kononov became the captain of the cavalry brigade and a cadre at the regiment level, subordinate to the fifth bailinov Cavalry Division; After entering the vorongze military academy, he began to become a staff officer. In 1939, kononov began to command the 436th automatic rifle regiment and was awarded the Red Star Medal.

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this was originally the resume of an excellent Soviet soldier, but kononov was psychologically extremely disgusted with the Stalin regime.

on August 3, 1941, he gathered all the soldiers and called on them: “brave soldiers, I appeal to you from the bottom of my heart. After careful consideration, I will declare war on the tyrant Stalin and autocracy today! I have decided to fight with those who sympathize with our cause. Those who are willing to follow me, please raise your right hand, otherwise raise your left hand.” As a result, the whole rifle regiment followed him, which became one of the most bizarre events on the eastern front battlefield.

in fact, kononov had secret contact with the German army before his surrender. He learned that the Germans responded with great enthusiasm to his surrender. Eight days after his surrender, kononov went to a prisoner of war camp in Belarus, where 4000 Russians were held. With kononov’s mobilization, 500 prisoners of war joined the German army, 80% of whom were donhe Cossacks. In order to appease the Cossacks who defected, German General von shenkendorf violated Hitler’s order and authorized kononov to organize the 102nd Cossack cavalry regiment.

kononov’s betrayal triggered a chain reaction that the Soviet Army Cossacks surrendered to the Nazis. Those Cossacks in exile in Western Europe seemed to see the hope of re founding the country. On December 20, 1941, the military leader of Don Cossacks in exile in Berlin