on August 31, 1962, borisakov was invited to the White House. It turned out that the president wanted to take advantage of his home leave to hand over a letter to Khrushchev. “For me, the bright prospects for the improvement of Soviet US relations have been clearly presented in front of me. Moreover, I am convinced of their reality. In my view, the conclusion of a nuclear test ban agreement may be the latest achievement on this road…” concluded the “farewell conversation” with high eyebrows.

in the Cuban Missile Crisis 50 years ago, the nuclear confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union almost dragged the world into the abyss of disaster. Little known is that before and after the exciting confrontation, there has always been a secret “hotline” between the top leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union. This communication channel is considered to have played a significant role in the whole process from the emergence to the end of the crisis, and this important task is shouldered by a Soviet “gruu” (general intelligence service of the general staff) agent named borisakov.

establish contact with the “No. 2” figure in the United States.

bolisakov was born in 1922. He began his intelligence career in 1942 and experienced the baptism of the patriotic war. In 1951, he was sent to the United States for the first time as a reporter of TASS to the United Nations. Eight years later, borisakov, who was already Colonel gruu, went to the United States again. His cover identity was the deputy editor in chief of the English magazine Soviet Union (hosted by the Soviet embassy in the United States). He soon won the favor of American politics, press and cultural and art circles with the sincerity and boldness of Russians, and was even closer to Holman, a famous reporter of the New York Daily News.

on April 29, 1961, Holman suggested to borisakov that if he could establish contact and obtain information from President Kennedy’s brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, it would be of great benefit to his future. However, due to the negative attitude of the direct leader, borishakov informed Holman the next day that he could not meet with the proposed object. However, on May 9, the Soviet victory day in World War II, Holman facilitated the first conversation between borisakov and Robert.

Robert said to borisakov, “my brother believes that the tension between our two countries is mainly due to mutual ignorance and failure to correctly explain each other’s intentions and actions.” “Now we are not going to repeat the mistakes of the past. We understand that neither you nor we are willing to press the nuclear button first,” he said At the end of the conversation, it was nearly 11 p.m., but borishakov stayed awake all night. He knew that he had crossed the golden rule of the intelligence Press – the confidentiality of his identity. The next day, the meeting report was sent to Moscow. After reporting level by level, Khrushchev learned about this special event. At that time, political intelligence from the United States was in a state of “hunger”, and the proposal of establishing informal communication channels put forward by the “No. 2” figure of the United States hit the heart of the Kremlin. On May 16, 1961, the meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee specially examined and approved the major issue of establishing the Khrushchev bolishakov Kennedy secret line.

borisakov began to carry out work in accordance with Moscow’s instructions. A few weeks before the Vienna summit in June that year, he met with Robert very frequently. In the autumn of the same year, when borisakov accompanied a Soviet delegation to the White House, President Kennedy suddenly walked up to him and took his arm to the hall. The president said he thanked him for his hard work on the eve of the Vienna meeting… If the Soviet side does not object, he will continue to contact Khrushchev through him in the future. However, according to the “position”, borisakov is only the 40th among the 67 people in the entire Soviet embassy in the United States.

extended reading:

in the Cuban Missile Crisis 50 years ago, the nuclear confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union almost dragged the world into the abyss of disaster. Little known is that before and after the exciting confrontation, there has always been a secret “hotline” between the top leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union. This communication channel is considered to have played a significant role in the whole process of the crisis from its emergence to its end, and the Soviet “gruu” (general intelligence service of the general staff) agent named borisakov is responsible for this important task.

establish contact with the “No. 2” figure in the United States.

bolisakov was born in 1922. He began his intelligence career in 1942 and experienced the baptism of the patriotic war. In 1951, he was sent to the United States for the first time as a reporter of TASS to the United Nations. Eight years later, borisakov, who was already Colonel gruu, went to the United States again. His cover identity was the deputy editor in chief of the English magazine Soviet Union (hosted by the Soviet embassy in the United States). He soon won the favor of American politics, press and cultural and art circles with the sincerity and boldness of Russians, and was even closer to Holman, a famous reporter of the New York Daily News.

on April 29, 1961, Holman suggested to borisakov that if he could establish contact and obtain information from President Kennedy’s brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, it would be of great benefit to his future. The next day, due to the negative attitude of sulikov, he could not directly notify the leader. However, on May 9, the Soviet victory day in World War II, Holman facilitated the first conversation between borisakov and Robert.

Robert said to borisakov, “my brother believes that the tension between our two countries is mainly due to mutual ignorance and failure to correctly explain each other’s intentions and actions.” “Now we are not going to repeat the mistakes of the past. We understand that neither you nor we are willing to press the nuclear button first,” he said At the end of the conversation, it was nearly 11 p.m., but borishakov stayed awake all night. He knew that he had crossed the golden rule of the intelligence Press – the confidentiality of his identity. The next day, the meeting report was sent to Moscow. After reporting level by level, Khrushchev learned about this special event. At that time, the political intelligence from the United States was in a state of “hunger”, and the “No. 2” figure of the United States proposed to establish a non positiveThe proposal for a new type of communication channel is right in the Kremlin’s arms. On May 16, 1961, the meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee specially examined and approved the major issue of establishing the Khrushchev bolishakov Kennedy secret line.

borisakov began to carry out work in accordance with Moscow’s instructions. A few weeks before the Vienna summit in June that year, he met with Robert very frequently. In the autumn of the same year, when borisakov accompanied a Soviet delegation to the White House, President Kennedy suddenly walked up to him and took his arm to the hall. The president said he thanked him for his hard work on the eve of the Vienna meeting… If the Soviet side does not object, he will continue to contact Khrushchev through him in the future. However, according to the “position”, borisakov is only the 40th among the 67 people in the entire Soviet embassy in the United States.

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responsible “microphone”

on August 31, 1962, borisakov was invited to the White House. It turned out that the president wanted to take advantage of his home leave to hand over a letter to Khrushchev. “For me, the bright prospects for the improvement of Soviet US relations have been clearly presented in front of me. Moreover, I am convinced of their reality. In my view, the conclusion of a nuclear test ban agreement may be the latest achievement on this road…” Kennedy concluded the “farewell conversation” with a beaming smile. When he stepped onto the Boulevard, Robert, who had not said a word before, broke the peace: “please believe that my brother is sincerely eager to achieve what he just said… You know, ‘they’ can do anything under the impulse of blind hatred…

Khrushchev’s reception with bolisakov was arranged by the swimming pool of the resort villa, He asked the latter to tell everything “without concealment, restraint” and told Kennedy, “we positively evaluate the steps he has taken to reduce tensions and normalize relations between the two countries…

from May 1961 to November 1962 (including the Cuban Missile Crisis from October 15 to 28, 1962), Borisakov met with Robert Kennedy about 50 times. Neither of them mentioned the overthrow of Castro’s plan by the CIA code named “operation meerkat” and the “anadel” operation by the Soviet Union to deliver medium-range missiles to Cuba, which are precisely the key reasons for the Cuban missile crisis known to the public. In fact, when Robert showed borisakov the photos of the missile launch site taken by the U-2 aircraft, he didn’t believe it. In any case, their discussions on various issues, the formation of various views, and the friendly conversation about drama, space flight and works may have a cultural function that can not be ignored for the deep influence of the two heads of state and the positive progress of the current situation. According to the views of the Soviet authorities and some scholars, borisakov made more contributions than the diplomatic department in this process. Objectively, with his great influence, he provided “strategic cover” for a series of “strategic deception actions” taken by the Soviet Union.

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right and wrong merits and demerits. After the crisis of

, Robert invited borisakov to meet and pointed out: “Now we need to forget what happened in these 13 days as soon as possible and act in a new way, as suggested by the President… It is our two sides that win, and the world that wins. We should start from here. We should weigh everything carefully, think about everything, and move forward along a new path, so as not to lose Repeat the mistakes of the past. ”

the US and Soviet leaders were indeed more cautious in their actions since then. In the last year of Kennedy’s life, the tension between the two countries was eased. The “hotline” connecting Moscow and has finally been opened, and the leaders of the two countries can have direct and rapid dialogue. But for borisakov, the future is far from bright. Gruu has always been dissatisfied with his unauthorized establishment of contact channels with Robert Kennedy, and has all kinds of doubts about the Americans choosing him as secret envoy. In the last few years of his life, borisakov even experienced another desolation: living in a 12 square meter apartment and living on the mercy of his neighbors and memories of the past. The “five flavors” that are difficult to dispel can not bring him “comfort”: he has no intention of “lying” and does not know the secrets related to missiles; He did his duty, but he has been “slandered”. When he died, his wife was insane and his only son had already died…

time is the mother of truth. In 1997, ya fulchenko, an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, published the extraordinary fate of agent g bolisakov, which, like a heavy bomb in the intelligence and history circles, contributed to the restoration of bolisakov’s reputation. In the academician’s works, this is an intelligence officer with good conduct, open mind and outstanding ability, which has made great contributions, which can hardly be compared with any other Soviet agent. In May 1999, with the assistance of primakov, kokoshin and Putin, borisakov received the medal of honor ten years after his death. This year, kokoshin, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences and former Secretary of the security conference, and others affirmed the secret communication channels. Radkin, former director of the General Administration of “gruu”, also began to disclose the long materials of the “intelligence hero” to the media on October 18.

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