funeral was held on April 26. Among the 10 coffin bearers, in addition to lubak and a priest of Westminster Abbey, the president of the royal society represented the scientific community, a count and two Dukes represented the government (one of whom was the president of Darwin’s alma mater, Cambridge University), the representative of the American ambassador, foreign guests, and three of Darwin’s closest friends who were still alive.

Darwin stopped breathing in his wife Emma’s arms at 4 p.m. on April 19, 1882. Emma and her children began to prepare for the funeral while sending out obituaries to relatives and friends. Darwin’s last wish was to be buried in the family cemetery in Downe village, together with his brother Erasmus and his eldest daughter Anne. His family and villagers also hope that he can sleep on the land where he has lived for more than 40 years.

but others believe that Darwin’s achievements should be buried in Westminster Abbey, the ancestral temple of the British sages. The next day, British newspapers published comments calling for the “greatest Englishman since” to be buried with Newton and others for future generations. One newspaper also pointed out that as early as 15 years ago, the king of Prussia had granted Darwin the title, but the queen of England did not do so. As a result, Darwin was still a civilian when he died and could not be buried under the title of “Jazz”. Shouldn’t it be used to worship in ancestral temples to make up for the unfair treatment of his “first son” in Britain? (later, Darwin had three sons who were successively awarded Jazz titles) some newspapers commented that Darwin belonged there more than many politicians who had been buried in Westminster Abbey, because “compared with the great impact of the achievements of this world shaking thinker, most of the noise of daily politics is just dusty poverty”.

in the appeal of the media, the president of the Royal Society sent a letter to Darwin’s family asking them to agree to Darwin’s burial in Westminster Abbey. John lubak, Darwin’s neighbor, President and member of the Linnaeus society, collected the signatures of 28 members of Parliament and petitioned the bishop of Westminster Abbey. The bishop of Westminster Abbey, who is visiting France, has telegraphed his consent to let Darwin into the temple before even receiving a petition from Parliament.

funeral was held on April 26. Emma didn’t attend the funeral and stayed at Donne’s house. Among the 10 coffin bearers, in addition to lubak and a priest of Westminster Abbey, the president of the royal society represented the scientific community, a count and two Dukes represented the government (one of whom was the president of Darwin’s alma mater, Cambridge University), the representative of the American ambassador, foreign guests, and three of Darwin’s closest friends who were still alive.

botanist Joseph Hooke. After Darwin returned from his voyage around the world with the Beagle, he studied the theory of evolution secretly for a long time. Only some friends knew that he was studying the theory that would subvert the world, and Hooker was one of them.

co discoverer of natural selection theory Wallace. Darwin was prepared to publish his manuscript of evolution after his death. As a peaceful person, he doesn’t want to see the controversy caused by the publication of this theory in the society. However, in the summer of 1858, after receiving a letter from Wallace and knowing that Wallace had independently discovered the theory of natural selection, he was forced to publish a paper on the theory of natural selection together with Wallace after consulting Hooke and others, and publish the origin of species the following year. Since then, the theory of natural selection has also been called Darwinism – a term first used by Wallace.

paleontologist Thomas Huxley. As expected, the publication of the origin of species caused an uproar. Darwin himself avoided participating in social disputes. Huxley defended the theory of evolution instead of him, so he won the title of “Darwin’s fighting dog”.

mourners include the mayor of London, members of the Royal Society, Linnaeus society and other scientific societies, as well as representatives from all countries and all walks of life. In the hymn of “Blessed is the man who gets wisdom and wisdom”, Darwin was buried under Newton’s tombstone.

no one thinks it’s wrong to bury the people who put forward the theory that shook the Christian world in the cathedral. The times even commented: “the cathedral needs this funeral more than the funeral needs the cathedral.” The conflict between evolution and Christianity seems to have become history. British Christian leaders took the opportunity to show their tolerance in front of the world. “True Christians can accept the main scientific facts of evolution as well as astronomy and geology, without prejudice to more ancient and precious beliefs,” the banner declared “We can’t appreciate all of his theories, but we can admire his life,” said the morning post, a high church newspaper The church times simply said Darwin was a “Christian gentleman”. A few years later, rumors began to appear that Darwin had confessed on his deathbed and abandoned the theory of evolution, which can still be seen in missionary propaganda.

in fact, when Darwin died, he not only did not believe in God, but even was extremely disgusted with Christianity. During his lifetime, he was reluctant to disclose his religious position, on the one hand, because he was unwilling to participate in disputes, on the other hand, because he believed that the position of not believing in God was only suitable for educated people, and the time was not ripe for the general public to accept atheism. But in private, Darwin did not hide his opposition to Christianity. This is evidenced by his autobiography written in his later years. In his autobiography, he devoted a chapter to expound his belief, refuted all kinds of evidence about the existence of God, believed that there was no reason to believe in the existence of God, and introduced the process of his spitting on Christianity. He even attacked the doctrine of Christianity as “really a cursed doctrine”.

Darwin’s autobiography was shown to his children and was not intended to be published, so it was written very frankly, so that when it was published after his death (1887), a lot of abridgement was made at the request of Emma (a devout Christian), and it was not fully published until 1959. If DarwinThe attack on Christianity was made public before his death. Will British Christian leaders still be so tolerant of him and whether he can be buried in Westminster Abbey? In any case, Darwin was probably the first “sinner” enshrined in the cathedral.