The most legendary thing about
Yixiu’s life probably belongs to his love with a blind girl named sen in his later years. In the daily practice, he doesn’t give up female sex after a break, and publicly claims that he “indulges in wine, sex and poetry”. He eats meat and drinks, goes in and out of Fengyue places, and the number “dream boudoir” comes from it.
“brother Yixiu!” “Hey ――”; “Rest, rest.” This round headed little monk from Japan has a clear and playful childlike voice, accompanied by the growth of countless Post-70s and post-80s. Whenever you encounter difficulties, you will draw a circle on your head and give a tinkle. Your cute and charming image of wisdom will conquer the hearts of thousands of Chinese audiences.
on June 30, 2012, the live action version of the mini drama “smart rest” projected by Fuji television was released in Japan. But adapting classics has always been risky. The break from the Japanese child star Suzuki Fuku attracted China’s netizens make complaints about it. “This is not smart enough.” The real-life version of Yixiu challenges people’s imagination, and the real image of Yixiu in history may subvert more people’s imagination. His words and deeds are unrestrained. Zang has no words to hide. He despises dignitaries and is close to the common people. He is not only a Zen master with profound Buddhism, but also does not shy away from men’s love for women. Has he written amazing erotic poems? This brother Yixiu, who is listed as one of the three most amazing monks in Japan in the name of “crazy monk”, is taking an unusual path of cultivation. In the dispute over
, the prince was exiled among the people. The full name of
was Yixiu zongchun, and Yixiu was his Taoist name. Xiaoyixiu in the cartoon is set as the son of his opponent who died fighting for power with Zuli general. The real-life version of Yixiu restores his identity as Prince. In the decades before Yixiu was born, Japan was experiencing the pain of splitting the northern and Southern Dynasties.
in 1333, Emperor min sent troops to destroy the Kamakura shogunate. He carried out the restoration of the king’s government and tried to revive the royal family, which was known as “Jianwu Zhongxing” in history. However, the weight of the Jianwu New Deal used the Gongqing aristocracy in Kyoto to take preventive policies against the majority of samurai class, which aroused the dissatisfaction of samurai everywhere. In 1336, the fallen general tsuri Zun led his army into Kyoto. Then he held Prince Fengren of the Ming court as emperor of the light and established the murmachi shogunate. Empress min fled to Yoshino mountain and ascended the throne again. It was called the “Southern Dynasty” in history, and the Northern Dynasty in Kyoto was called the “pseudo Dynasty”. Japan entered the northern and Southern Dynasties.
in 1358, zulizun died of illness, and his son zuliyiquan took office as the general of the Yi expedition. Born this year, Sun Tzu tsuri Yiman is the prototype of general tsuri, who is always making trouble in cartoons and mini dramas. In 1367, Yiquan died, and 10-year-old Yiman succeeded the general. He was courageous and resourceful. Finally, he surpassed his grandfather and father and was promoted to interior minister and left minister successively. In 1382, empress Yuanrong, who was then the emperor of the Northern Dynasty, abdicated, and empress Komatsu, who was full of Pro righteousness, ascended the throne. At this time, the real power was in the charge of Yiman, and there was almost no force against him in the court.
although the Ming Court of the Northern Dynasty lived in Kyoto, the “three artifact” symbolizing the divine power of the emperor was in the hands of the Dajue Temple sect of the Southern Dynasty, so it considered itself orthodox. With the passage of time, the power of the Southern Dynasty continued to decline, and the unification of the north and the South has become a trend. In 1392, tsuri Yiman sent a letter to the empress Guishan emperor of the Southern Dynasty, proposing three conditions for unification: the Southern Dynasty returned the artifact to the Northern Dynasty; From now on, the throne will be inherited by the Dajue Temple School and the holding Ming Court school in turn; The territories of various countries are under the jurisdiction of two royal families. Finally, after the successful negotiation, Emperor Guishan handed over the “three artifact” and entered the Kyoto Dajue temple as emperor. However, full profit and righteousness have not fulfilled their promises. After emperor Komatsu announced that he would inherit the throne of emperor Komatsu. The descendants of emperor houguishan found that they had been deceived, but it was too late. The northern and Southern Dynasties, which had faced off for 56 years, completed reunification. The history of
has something to do with rest. According to the chronology of Yixiu monks, Yixiu’s biological father was Emperor Komatsu, and his mother was the descendant of the aristocratic family of the Southern Dynasty. One is Fujiwara’s daughter, Akiko Fujiwara, and the other is yoshiju, the daughter of Nayan in Hino. After Yixiu’s mother came into the palace to serve emperor Komatsu, he was very considerate. The emperor also doted on her, which aroused the jealousy of some people. So rumors began to spread in the palace that she “had a southern ambition”. There was a small sword hidden in the sleeve of the Japanese robe, trying to assassinate the emperor. The emperor was also suspicious. At last, his mother was expelled from the palace.
she was pregnant and was born in Kyoto on January 1, 1394. Yixiu was born with a milk name of qianjuwan. From the emperor, he had only a first name but no last name. Although you are the prince, your mother feels the power of political struggle. Out of love and pain, she sent xiaoyixiu to become a monk. In 1399, Yixiu, who was only five years old, was sent to Anguo temple near Kyoto and became a servant boy of the elder Xiang WAIJIAN, renamed Zhou Jian.
in the animated cartoons and mini dramas of
, Yixiu’s stories take place in Anguo temple. In fact, Yixiu stayed in Anguo temple for only two years and left. During the years from the age of five to twelve, there was no record in the highly reliable chronology of Yixiu monks compiled by Yixiu disciples. But these are the most abundant years of folklore. Yixiu is famous for his wisdom, no doubt. However, the cartoon has 298 episodes, and each episode has an independent story. In fact, most of the things in it did not happen to Yixiu. But people spontaneously attach many witty stories to him out of their love for him. It was pointed out that some stories were actually borrowed from Zen cases in China.
are not only Yixiu, but also the main characters in the film. In addition to the prototype of xinyouweimen and general Zuli, the naive and lovely little leaf, the owner of Kikyo shop and miss maisheng who are happy to fight against Yixiu, are all fictional. The silly and naive quanchuan xinyouweimen really exists in history and is quite literary and artistic. He got to know Yixiu and learned poetry from him. They had a “Taoist song Q & a” together. Xinyouweimen ranks among the “Seven Sages of Liange” in ancient Japan and is known as the first person of murmachi culture。 However, a lot of desk work has been done on this set of animation created by Japan Dongying animation around 1975. The film reflects the war, famine, marriage, tax checkpoints, festival customs, game customs and other aspects of the society in the Muromachi era. It is as comprehensive as an encyclopedia, which has established its position as a masterpiece of teaching in fun.
live action Mini dramas are limited in duration. Seven or eight short stories are selected to show the wit and liveliness of Yixiu. Perhaps it is out of deliberate intention, but they all have deeds that can be tested by public cases. One of the stories of catching tigers is the only intersection of contentment and rest in history. Yixiu doesn’t have frequent disputes with the general in film and television dramas. He only met with general Yiman at the age of eight in Jinge temple. His mother wanted him to avoid the whirlpool of political struggle. After seizing the court platform, zuliyiman became the actual ruler, fearing that the royal family would regain real power. Of course, he is also wary of Yixiu. In cartoons and mini dramas, xinyouweimen was specially sent to monitor Yixiu, but later became his good friend.
in 1393, Emperor Yuanrong died. The next year, Yiman ceded the position of general to his son, Zuli Yichi, and retained the title of Taizheng minister to supervise the government. Later, Yiman became a monk and became a law and morality. This is also to more effectively control the power of the temple society. At that time, many leading figures of the martial arts family and the public followed him to become a monk. Yiman rebuilt a Luyuan Temple of linjizong on the north mountain of Kyoto into his own residence, which was later the famous Jinge temple. When Yixiu was about eight years old, zuliyiman called him to Jinge temple to test him. Yiman pointed to the screen of a tiger in a picture and said to Yixiu, “this tiger runs out to harass the people every night. Please catch it.” Everyone knows that this is an impossible task. But Yixiu smiled and asked the general to order people to prepare ropes for him. He calmly rolled up his sleeves, tied a cloth belt on his head, jumped into the courtyard with a rope and shouted, “drive the tiger out of the screen quickly. I’m ready to catch it alive here!” Pay him back in his own way. Finally, Yiman, who had no way to find the truth, let go.
the growth path of Yixiu’s cultivation in
cartoons and mini dramas, xiaoyixiu often silently tells his endless thoughts to the little puppets tied with his mother’s clothes, which can be called emotional tears. At the end of the mini play, Yixiu’s mother Yiyu Bureau’s wife is set. In order to temper her son’s mind, “let him go his own way”, she concentrates on practice and deliberately avoids Yixiu. The real history is almost the same. After leaving home, I said goodbye to my mother and didn’t see her again for 16 years.
have been extremely intelligent since childhood. At the age of 12, they went to Rensheng baochuang temple to study the VIMA Sutra and poetry with hundreds of adult monks. In Japan at that time, monks could receive the best education, and a learned monk had to learn Chinese culture. Yixiu is one of them. He not only writes good Chinese poetry, but also his freehand ink splashing calligraphy is elegant. At the age of 13, he wrote the famous Chinese poem “spring grass at the gate of changmen”: “in autumn, there is a long letter, the beauty sings, and there is no medium on the path to the Yin of the garden. At present, the joys and sorrows of honor and disgrace are shallow, and the grass is deep.” The “beauty” in the poem refers to her mother. She not only laments the fate of her mother, but also grieves that they cannot meet at the end of the earth.
episode 298 cartoon, Yixiu leaves Anguo temple. He bid farewell to his mother, senior brothers and friends one by one, embarked on the hard road of traveling and studying, and drew a complete end to this cartoon. Yixiu did start to study abroad at the age of 13. He went to Jianren temple to learn how to write poetry from master Mu Zhe. He is intelligent and hard-working. He is familiar with all kinds of Buddhist scriptures and haiku. He writes a poem every day as his homework, and his skills are improving day by day. At that time, the Zen temple, which believed in Linji sect, had a close relationship with the Zuli family and was directly protected by the shogunate, so it became increasingly prosperous. Many samurai and noble children have no intention of turning to the Buddha, but they have become monks here to cling to the dignitaries. As a result, the temple became popular for a while, fighting for wealth compared with birth and family status. Yixiu despised this very much. He often covered his ears and went out of the hall. He wrote many poems to satirize, such as “the name discussion in the Dharma hall is just like Zichen in the dynasty of hundred officials”. Master Mu zhe told him, “it’s not a pillar to support the decline of Zen now, but in 30 years, your words will cause a big shock and bring innovation. First concentrate on practicing well, endure and wait.”
in addition to hard work, master Qian Weng of Xijin Temple practices behind closed doors and never contacts people who seek fame and wealth, “high wind excites the world”. After hearing this, Yixiu, who was 16 years old, suddenly became fascinated and decided to follow master Qian Weng. Qian Weng asked, would you like to leave such a rich temple and practice hard with me? Yixiu’s firm determination moved him and became Qian Weng’s only disciple. He also took the word “Zong” in his name and named Yixiu zongchun. Yixiu followed Qian Weng to study Buddhist scriptures and layman scriptures, and strictly followed the clear rules of Zen “no work for a day, no food for a day”. His life was extremely bitter, but he was extremely full and happy in spirit. Four years later, one day, Qian Weng called Yixiu to him and said, “all my things have been dumped on you.” Then he was bedridden. After a rest, he took good care of his master, but to no avail. Master qianweng soon passed away.
master’s death was a great blow to Yixiu. In the annals, he said that “he had no capital to offer sacrifices, and his heart lost his ears”. He had no money to offer sacrifices, but only heartache. After a break, I closed for seven days in a row, but it was difficult to solve my heart knot. I thought of my suffering life experience, my separated mother and my dead Master?? For a moment, he was ready to sink into Biwa Lake and commit suicide. Perhaps the mother and son are connected. In an extremely urgent moment, the mother suddenly sent an envoy. The messenger advised Yixiu not to do stupid things, destroy the body and lose filial piety. There is still time to understand the Tao. A word awakened the dreamer, Yixiu gave up suicide and went to Beijing to meet his mother. At this meeting 16 years later, his mother encouraged him to pursue pure faith, stop worrying about it, and determined to follow the Chinese master with the strictest practice in Japan. With a sincere heart, he stood at the gate of the mountain in the cold winter, moved the old man in charge of Dade temple and threw himself under his door.
in 1419, I was 25 years old,First enlightenment when listening to the blind playing flat music. The old man used the meaning of “everything is stopped and everything is put down” to give him the Taoist name “Yixiu”. So far, the name Yixiu zongchun was spread and called. One night at the age of 27, he was meditating on the Biwa Lake. Suddenly, he heard crows chirping, so he thought of the harmony song. It was said that crows were dark and did not chirp, and his parents were sincere to love before he died. He suddenly realized that the undivided wisdom before birth was his original reality. The next day, the always harsh old man listened to what he said and felt and admitted that “this is the realm of arhat”.
cynical generation of crazy monks
Yixiu ranks among the three great strange monks, which is not a false reputation. He dismisses the external form and thinks that the form is meaningless. Only the true self is the most real existence. At the age of 29, he took a break to attend a grand Dharma meeting. Everyone wore grand and solemn vests. Only his straw sandals and cloth clothes were as usual. When the old man asked him why he had no authority, he replied, “I only touch up the crowd.” It means colorful clothes and coarse clothes. After the Dharma meeting, someone asked the old man who would be his successor. The old man replied, “although the cloud wind is crazy, he is a red child”, which means that he will call himself crazy cloud son for a rest. After a break, he was not modest at all and wrote a poem: “the descendants of the Chinese people do not know Zen. Who says Zen in front of crazy clouds? Over the past 30 years, one person has shouldered the pine source Zen.” I think the descendants of the old man must belong to themselves.
in Japan at that time, the temple Presbyterian Council issued a kind of seal certificate to prove enlightenment to the disciples, which was similar to the orthodox meaning of spreading their mantle. If you don’t have a certificate, you can’t build a temple. If you have one, you will be respected and supported everywhere. You can also become an elder in the temple. The old man appreciated Yixiu and wrote a seal certificate for him. He didn’t want to “throw the ground and brush his sleeve”. He felt that he didn’t need this kind of external proof. The old man entrusted him to take good care of it. Unexpectedly, he was still burned after many years.
in 1423, when Zu Liyi was 40, he also gave up the position of general to his son, Zu Liyi Liang. As a result, Yiliang died two years later because he indulged in wine and sex. In 1428, Yichi, who was reinstated as a general, died. The shogunate elected a new general by lot, Yichi’s fourth younger brother Yijiao. Yijiao had become a monk, so he returned to the common customs and became a general. This year, Yixiu’s most beloved master, the old man, died of illness, and the elder martial brother raised the old man to succeed the leader. He built a grand palace in Dade temple and claimed to be the heir of the old man. Yixiu thought that luxury was not in line with the original intention of his ancestors and the doctrine of poverty and austerity, so he left Dade Temple angrily. Since then, he has wandered everywhere with sandals and bamboo sticks, eating wind and dew. He once expressed his ambition in poetry, “there is a breeze in his ragged shirt” and “the body is poor but the road is not poor”. Yixiu mingled with the lower class,. According to the chronicle, “let the child climb on his knee, touch his beard, and even wild birds peck at him.”.
general Zuli Yijiao is grumpy and mean. In 1441, BoMo guard Akamatsu manyou set up an army to kill Zuli Yijiao, known as the Jiaji rebellion in history. Muromachi shogunate sent yamaming Chifeng to fight. Akamatsu was defeated and committed suicide. Since then, it has triggered civil strife across the country. In the social unrest, he wandered between small nunneries and often lived in farmhouses to experience the suffering of the people caused by the war. The following year after the Jiaji rebellion, he temporarily lived in rangyushan Shituo temple in Danbo state. This temple is used to dispose of corpses died of war and epidemic diseases. Yixiu painfully described the miserable scene of hell on earth: “swallowing through the gates of hell, jackals and tigers trace many ancient roads. There is no wind and moon rising at the end of the staff chanting, and the yellow spring is in the current mountain”. He was even more dissatisfied that Buddhist disciples were praying for the longevity and health of dignitaries at this time.
he chose an alternative way to alert the world. On the new year’s day in Kyoto, everyone is celebrating the festival. Yixiu walks through the streets with a skeleton on a bamboo pole, shouting from door to door: “be careful! Be careful!” Merchants felt very unlucky and scolded: “the rare new year’s day has touched a bad luck.” Yixiu replied, “no! Look at this skeleton. Your eyes fly away and become void. That’s what makes you see. Congratulations on the New Year!” “Mu Chu” in Japanese means congratulations. In this way, Yixiu highlights the impermanence of the flow of life and death in the world. It is said that every new year’s day, businesses in Kyoto will close for three days. The custom is related to a holiday.
in 1449, the 13-year-old Zuli Yizheng succeeded to the throne as a general. Instead of doing his job, he indulged in personal hobbies such as wine, sex, literature and painting. In 1460, a nationwide famine broke out in Japan, and the epidemic disease was prevalent. Tens of thousands of people starved to death in Kyoto alone. The nearby Yachuan river was blocked and cut off due to a large number of dead people. However, tsuri Yizheng and his wife, Hiroko Hino, ignored the life and death of the people, built large-scale buildings and entertained Dadan. Seeing this, Yixiu, 67, angrily scolded: “the wind and flood are worrying the people. Who is the night tour of the singing and dancing Orchestra?” He also wrote many poems comparing the righteous government and the rich son to harmony.
it is recorded that one day, I was invited to the tea banquet of the general’s righteous government. As soon as Yizheng saw a break, he boasted to him that his ancestor Yiman had built a Golden Pavilion Temple. He wanted to follow suit and build a Silver Pavilion. Then he showed Yixiu the rare and antique tea set he had collected. Yixiu said he also has three treasures: one is the straw mat used by Emperor Tianzhi when watching the moon, one is his walking stick, and the last one is Zhou Guangfang’s tea bowl. The righteous government was overjoyed and decided to go out three thousand at once. Yixiu took the money and scattered it to the people on the way. He asked his disciples to take the straw mats and tea bowls that had been put in the backyard for begging the day before yesterday, and then pull out a bamboo fence and present it to Yizheng. Of course, Yizheng was furious and came here after a rest. After a break, he sternly warned the righteous Government: “today, there are starving people everywhere in the mountain city. You will fight against chaos. You are still interested in the business of tea ceremony. You don’t hesitate to spend tens of thousands of money on antiques. What’s the matter? After a break, you don’t need big money. Three thousand people always want to save the people in the mountain city. Now return it to you. Please make money for relief!” It seems that the righteous government has some enlightenment and leads Yixiu to the throne. But he failed to take the advice after all. In 1467, the ten-year “Yingren rebellion” broke out. After ten years of war, Kyoto has been reduced to ruins.
at the age of 77, his love with a blind girl
the most legendary thing in his life probably belongs to his old age and his friend named SenLove between blind women. In the daily practice, he doesn’t give up female sex after a break, and publicly claims that he “indulges in wine, sex and poetry”. He eats meat and drinks, goes in and out of Fengyue places, and the number “dream boudoir” comes from it. According to the chronicle, when Yixiu was 43, it coincided with the Centennial taboo of Kaishan national teacher. The monks gathered together to chant sutras, and Yixiu took a woman to the nunnery to spend the night talking and laughing. In his opinion, Kaishan national master would not accept those “evil scum” chanting scriptures. It was better to talk with women in line with their true temperament. There was a great uproar among the monks, who accused him of being reckless. Yixiu rhetorical question: “famous prostitutes talk about love, and eminent monks say Zen. It’s really wonderful that different songs have the same effect.”
is nearly seventy-seven years old. Yixiu was deeply moved by the blind girl Sen’s singing performance. Sen has long admired the style of the master. They cherish each other and enjoy each other. Yixiu praised the 40 year old Sen as a romantic beauty of a generation, and wrote many love poems for her enthusiastically, such as: “blind Sen sang with her every night, and was whispered by the mandarin ducks.” “The beauty is in deep love with clouds and rain, and the old Zen in the building chants.” Some poems are openly erotic, and their words are so bold that they are amazing. In Japan at that time, it was a semi public secret for Zen monks to have an affair with women, but they ostensibly wanted to maintain their sanctity. Yixiu hates the hypocrisy and ugliness of Buddhism’s corruption and would rather indulge in singing love. In his later years, Yixiu built a tomb tower in the pay en nunnery, which became the graveyard of him and Sen. At the end of his life, he made a wish to love each other for three lives: “ten years of flowers bury fangmeng, a romantic and infinite love. Farewell to the pillow, children’s knees, clouds and rain at night for about three lives.”
in 1474, Yixiu, 81, suddenly received an imperial edict from the emperor of houtuyumen to serve as the 47th generation abbot of Dade temple. It is about to use the reputation of Yixiu to rebuild the Dade Temple burned down by the war. Although Yixiu devoted himself to repairing Dade temple, he was not satisfied with his high position. He resigned several times without success and still lived in a remote nunnery. In 1481, the reconstruction project of Dade temple was largely completed, and the rest also became ill from overwork. On November 21 of that year, Yixiu passed away in jiaoen nunnery at the age of 88.
once there was a wild saying: “the Buddha world is easy to enter, but the devil world is difficult to enter.” Yasunari Kawabata, Japan’s first literature award winner and writer, loves this sentence very much. He has collected two one-off handwritten manuscripts, one of which is titled this sentence. He himself often wrote with a pen. On the 1968 Nobel Prize podium, Kawabata Yasunari delivered the famous award-winning speech “I am in beautiful Japan”, introducing the beauty of Japanese culture to the world.
on the stage, He mentioned Yixiu several times: “Yixiu not only eats fish and drinks, but also approaches women’s sex. He goes beyond the rules and regulations of Zen, liberates himself from imprisonment, resists the shackles of religion at that time, and is determined to restore and establish human instinct and the nature of life in the hearts of those worldly people who collapsed due to war. After” it’s easy to enter the Buddha world “, he adds” it’s difficult to enter the demon world “. This is Yixiu, who belongs to Zen Moved my heart. Without the “demon world”, there would be no “Buddha world”. However, it is even more difficult to enter the “demon world”. People with weak will can’t get in. ” This is about 500 years later, the spirit of Yixiu has been echoing in Japanese culture.