during the 1911 Revolution, the most important reason why Huang Xing, a member of the Nanjing interim government, reluctantly handed over the * * regime was the lack of sufficient funds to pay the temporarily recruited * * army. The first element of the victory of Russia’s October * * is that it has successfully raised enough * * funds. On this point, Yakovlev, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the Gorbachev era, in his book fog – a record of 100 years of sorrow in Russia, used a large length to list in detail the documents and materials from the declassified archives of the Soviet Union.

more and more evidence shows that the main funds relied on by the October * * came from Caesar’s funds as a reward for withdrawing from the war against Germany. Under specific war conditions, the deal was simple: Germany paid and Lenin worked to pull Russia out of World War I. At first, it was through the disintegration of the army. When the Bolsheviks seized power, it was through the diplomatic negotiations of separate peace by opening up the allies.

as early as the beginning of World War I, the German authorities not only directly contacted the Russian government, but also found a secret way to provide financial funds to Bolshevik internationalists. According to the report of the Russian anti reconnaissance agency, in 1914, the German authorities opened bank offices in many countries as an institution to maintain warm relations with Russia.

among the relevant personnel who provided financial support to the Bolsheviks led by Lenin, Alexander lazarevich balus is the most famous. During his early years living and working in Turkey, he met Dr. zimel. Zimmer is the Plenipotentiary of the German and Austro Hungarian authorities and is responsible for stepping up the anti Russian activities of various nationalist organizations. In January 1915, balus met with the German ambassador to Turkey, And convince the Ambassador: “The interests of the German government are completely consistent with those of the Russian * * s. The Russian Social Democrats can achieve their goals only when the Tsarist system is completely eliminated. On the other hand, Germany cannot win the war if it has not led to the Russian * * before. However, after the * *, Russia will bring danger to Germany if it is not dismembered into several parts An independent country. ”

in February 1915, senior officials of the German Ministry of foreign affairs and the Ministry of defense began to be interested in balus. Balus actually became the general adviser of the German government to spread defeatist views and plan slowdowns and strikes in the Russian * * movement. These views were very to Lenin’s mind. He stepped up his propaganda to win the failure and collapse of the Russian government in the war. In March 1915, balus received the first large sum of 1 million marks for destructive activities in Russia, which was equivalent to 50 million euros at the current exchange rate.

balus established a commercial company engaged in secret transactions with Russia, and all kinds of capital income were continuously remitted to the party’s account. Some goods were handed over to Lenin’s old friend Yakov ganetsky through another specially established company. The representative of balus company in Petrograd is Bolshevik mechslav kozlovsky. The future director of the Peter grad counter insurgency Committee, moysaye Uritsky, is responsible for communication. Bolshevik krasin and vorovsky became balus’s business partners. There are two paid German spies working for Lenin. They are Russian Socialist Qiwen and Estonian nationalist kostra.

balus received another 2 million marks from the German authorities for planning * * in Russia. After receiving the money, balus planned demonstrations and strikes through Lenin’s party in order to further shake the ship of Russia. For example, a general political strike was planned in January 1916. All participants will be paid. Because the general strike failed, Berlin once refused to let balus interfere in Russian affairs. However, after February 1917, balus was resurrected. He convinced the German general staff that the only person who could help realize the established plan to eliminate the eastern front was Lenin who fled in Zurich, Switzerland. Balus’s colleague Georg sklaltz urgently went to Zurich, Switzerland to find Lenin. The German Social Democratic Party took the initiative to plan the return of Lenin to Russia.

on April 3, 1917, two members of the German Social Democratic Party, Robert Grimm and Fritz praten, were responsible for negotiating with the German Embassy in Bern. The two men worked out a seven point protocol to arrange Lenin’s departure from Zurich to pass Germany. The German government agreed not to check the passports of the travelers accompanying Lenin and not to allow anyone to enter the train carriage that sent the * * back to Russia under any pretext. Lenin and others in exile were bound by the contract and had to obtain the release of German prisoners of war from the Russian government equal to the number of Russian exiles repatriated.

on April 8, 32 people, including Fritz platten, Major General Anders (rubanov) and Ehrlich (yegorov) of the German general staff, crossed Germany from Switzerland in lead sealed train carriages. After all these people arrived in Russia, a telegram was sent to Berlin: “general staff, April 21, 1917. To Ministry of foreign affairs No. 551. Shitanvakhs from Stockholm on April 17, 1917: Lenin has successfully entered Russia. He works completely according to our wishes…

April 13, 1917, On behalf of the German government, balus proposed to the Bolsheviks to support their struggle to seize power, while ladik accepted the proposal in the name of plenipotentiary. The huge sum of 5 million marks was transferred to the Bolshevik treasury through ladik, vorovsky and ganetsky. Lenin often mentioned this huge sum of money in his letter to ganetsky.

Bolsheviks have such huge * * funds, and their political strength to publicize and mobilize violence * * is becoming stronger and stronger. As early as October 1917, the Bolsheviks led by Lenin had published 41 kinds of newspapers, of which 27 were published in Russian and 14 in Armenian, GeorgianLatvian, polish, Tatar and other Russian languages are published.

in October 1917, Berlin just got the news of the * * in Russia, so that 15 million marks were secretly allocated from the German military budget on October 27 (November 9 of the new calendar) to support the Bolshevik government. From then on, Germany’s constant financial assistance to the Bolsheviks began. According to the Swiss monetary unit, the total amount of assistance had reached 60 million gold marks by October 1918; At the current exchange rate, it is equivalent to 3 billion euros.

when the overall economy in Russia was paralyzed, it was the huge funds from Germany that supported and consolidated the Bolshevik government led by Lenin…