core tip: Suharto ruled with an iron hand for 32 years, which also left countless pain to the Chinese. From the great cleansing in 1965 to the “may atrocities” in 1998, Suharto sacrificed more than 500000 Chinese lives to achieve his goal.

on January 28, 2008, the second conference of States parties to the United Nations Anti Corruption conference was held in Indonesia. For this country, the meeting has special significance – just the day before, Suharto, an 86 year old former president of Indonesia and the top of the world bank’s list of corrupt millionaires, died of illness. In the eyes of excited Indonesians, Suharto’s death and the coming Anti-Corruption Conference seem to be a mockery of Indonesia.

more ironically, January 28 is also “world holocaust” day. The world’s major human rights organizations have issued statements calling for “investigating the atrocities of the Suharto regime and commemorating the victims of the Indonesian Massacre”.

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, “corruption” and “massacre” are undoubtedly indelible stains on Suharto’s epitaph.

life ends and liquidation begins

since Suharto was hospitalized for treatment due to anemia and edema on January 4, a political series has been staged outside the ward around the ups and downs of his condition. The political drama reached its climax when the doctor announced on January 11 that he was “unconscious and dying”.

there is a hanging TV in the corridor outside the intensive care unit. The picture continues to broadcast news that Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono called on the people of the whole country to pray for Suharto. Soon, the picture switched to another former president Wahid. He painstakingly persuaded the people: “although Suharto made some mistakes, he also made great contributions to this country.”

while the two dignitaries made “forgiveness” remarks one after another, through the window of the hospital, you can see that a large number of angry people have gathered outside the hospital. Holding the slogan “bring Suharto to justice”, they asked to make up for their wounds and seek justice for their dead relatives.

in these tit for tat disputes, Suharto’s heart stopped beating on January 27.

on January 28, a solemn state funeral was held in the family tomb in Suharto’s hometown, Soro City, Java province, Indonesia. It was a quiet and beautiful cemetery surrounded by trees. A three story mausoleum is located on a hill, where Suharto’s wife, Sidi hattina, is also buried.

Suharto’s life is over, but his liquidation has just begun.

Indonesian politicians told Singapore’s Lianhe Zaobao that the state funeral ceremony is only an obligation to “Suharto, the father of Indonesia’s development”: “we must respect the old man, who enjoys a certain degree of respect among the people. Once the old man dies of illness, the situation will change.” Now, it is time to go after the corruption case of Suharto family. According to Indonesian law, if the suspect dies, his family must continue to accept the prosecution’s accusation against his crimes.

in early January, the Attorney General of Indonesia, hendaman supanji, rejected the request of Suharto’s family and friends to cancel the case. He made it clear that if authorized by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the prosecution can reach an out of court settlement with Suharto’s family, provided that Suharto’s children must repay the proceeds of corruption to the state.

Suharto’s family turned to President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for amnesty, but Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono refused. Lubis, director of Transparency International in Indonesia, believes that Susilo can pray for the safety of Suharto in critical condition, which is not only a thanks to the latter’s contribution to economic construction, but also considering that Suharto has countless students in military and political circles, which will affect the whole body. However, Susilo could not easily say “pardon”, because it would offend the people deeply affected by corruption. Rupees speculated: “Suharto’s six children may be prosecuted.”

were forgiven and investigated. After Suharto became seriously ill and died, sitti hadiyandi rumana, Suharto’s eldest daughter, presided over the overall situation of the family. “My father has returned to Allah. We ask that if he has committed any mistakes, please forgive him for these mistakes and hope you will forgive him for his mistakes.” However, as the vested interest of Suharto’s 32 year dictatorship and the successor of Suharto’s $30 billion embezzlement, rumana’s request clearly failed to receive public response. Her answer was the agitation on the streets of Jakarta. Angry protesters poured in from all over the country and gathered more and more. Slogans such as “punish Suharto” can be seen everywhere.

on May 21, 1998, Indonesia fell into the abyss of financial crisis and suffered heavy economic losses. Suharto was forced to resign with unlimited nostalgia for power. “If I have to step down, well, no problem. But the problem is who can do it?” On November 10 of the same year, hundreds of thousands of Indonesians gathered at the gate of the parliament building in Jakarta and strongly demanded to investigate the property of the Suharto family. Congress was forced to accept the demands of the people. On December 5, the Supreme Procuratorate of Indonesia issued a summons to Suharto for the first time.

with the deepening of the investigation, Suharto’s relatives’ various ways of collecting money shocked the whole Indonesia:

Suharto himself established and led seven foundations. He asked enterprises across the country to pay poverty alleviation funds to these foundations every year, and state civil servants must also contribute to the foundations. Most of the money went into the pockets of the Suharto family.

Sidi hattina, Suharto’s wife, uses various names to raise money for several foundations she controls, and she receives a 10% commission on each donation. Coincidentally, the pronunciation of her name is similar to the English “ten”. Therefore, she has the nicknames of “Commission lady” and “10% lady”.

“kdspIn Indonesia, the total amount of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” is about $2 billion, and the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the “three sons” of the ” The eldest grandson of Suharto controls the import of drugs across the country. All drugs have to be affixed with the 500 Dong stamp duty he printed before they can be sold on the market. Therefore, he is ridiculed as the “stamp grandson

Indonesia is a big producer of cloves, but farmers cannot sell cloves directly to the government. Instead, they must sell them to the acquisition department set up by Suharto’s children at a low price, and then sell them to the government at a high price.

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Suharto, who stepped down from the stage, knew that the day of his liquidation was not far away. In order to escape the punishment of the law, he always refused to appear in court on the grounds of poor health. As a result, more and more cases accumulated, his health became worse and worse, and most of the charges against him could only be piled on the judge’s desk. Health problems became Suharto’s” very useful political tool.

and for the family, Suharto’s death is not a good political tool. In the Oriental concept, the deceased is the greatest, and it is easier to forgive a dead person than a living person. For this reason, Suharto’s eldest daughter’s request for forgiveness for her father’s actions is obviously not meaningful.” In Suharto’s hometown of Java, people are generally moved. Locals believe that Suharto made Indonesia one of the “four little dragons of Asia” in one fell swoop. “In the 1960s and 1970s, we can feel that life is improving every day. We all thank him and regret his death.” A Javanese resident said.

however, more Indonesians cannot forgive Suharto’s corruption. A university professor pointed out: “The 1960s and 1970s were an era of collective economic take-off in Asia. Not only Indonesia, but also Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea and Hong Kong, China, took off at that time. This was due to the overall environment, not Suharto alone. On the contrary, if Suharto had not been greedy, the Indian economy would not have collapsed in the financial storm in 1998. His rule was like a triad and criminal society The mafia has destroyed Indonesia’s parliament, legal and political system, turning the army and police into his personal tools, and the people are just the targets of his massacre. The wealth plundered by his family is actually what the Indonesians have lost over the years. ”

with the blood of Chinese as props,

Suharto ruled with an iron hand for 32 years, which also left countless pain to Chinese. From the great cleansing in 1965 to the “may atrocities” in 1998, Suharto sacrificed more than 500000 Chinese lives to achieve his goal.

on September 30, 1965, Colonel Latif and Colonel uthan led a group of army officers, arrested six military generals and forced President sugano to dissolve parliament. Suharto, then commander of the Indonesian army’s strategic reserve force, fished in troubled waters, declared that this was a “Communist coup”, quickly quelled the coup and stole the supreme power of the country. This is the famous “930 incident” in Indonesian history.

on March 11 of the following year, Suharto read out an “order” and announced that he would be the “acting president” of Indonesia “with the support of the military”. Suharto, who holds the military power, declared that the Communist Party of Indonesia was an illegal organization and began to carry out the “anti Communist Movement” throughout the country. The “Qing Communist Party” lasted for three years, 500000 “leftists” were killed, and 600000 people were imprisoned without any trial. During the

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, the Indonesian military falsely claimed that nine Daya elders (indigenous people of Indonesia’s mountains) were killed by the Chinese, provoking the hatred of the Daya towards the Chinese. The vengeful dayans placed red clay bowls filled with chicken blood or dog blood in front of many Chinese homes. This is the sign of Daya people’s revenge. Any Daya people who see the red bowl have the responsibility to drive out all the people in the house.

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how many Chinese were killed in the “red bowl incident”? So far, no one has come up with an exact figure. According to the survivor’s statement, there were at least several “slaughtering village” incidents. “The ditch water turns red”, “Daya people kill Chinese like chickens and ducks”. The CIA once called this tragedy “the worst mass murder of the 20th century”. Since then, Indonesian Chinese have been banned from using Chinese, taking Chinese names, opening Chinese schools and working in government departments… In May 1998, 32 years after

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, Suharto repeated his old tricks on the eve of the death of Suharto’s regime. At that time, some Indonesian college students held a parade calling for democratic reform. The police shot and killed six college students, triggering a large-scale riot across the country. Seeing that the situation was about to get out of control, Suharto once again created racial issues, preached that “Chinese are stealing Indonesian wealth” and instructed his cronies to take the lead in setting off bloody “anti Chinese” atrocities in order to transfer domestic contradictions. A political movement against Suharto immediately turned into a shocking anti Chinese “may atrocities”. More than 1200 Chinese were killed in the riots, and more than 5000 Chinese homes and shops were burned down.

at that time, Nida, a Chinese President of a women’s organization in Indonesia, In an interview with Reuters, he said: “The rape cases in Jakarta occur at the same time. All Chinese women on the same street are raped or sexually harassed. The mob first breaks into the house. If they find two or three women, they will attack the youngest and then set the house on fire. This is organized. Like a collective action, rape cases occur everywhere It’s all like this… The police and the army are close at hand, but they ignore the call for help. ”

to this day, although Indonesia’s general unification said that “the May atrocities are the most inhumane incident in Indonesia’s history” and announced the establishment of an independent commission to investigate the matter, the real instigator is still at large – he is