In 1937, five years after the Nazis came to power, Germany’s strength and armaments had taken the lead in the European continent.

Nazi leaders believed that Germany’s future could not be guaranteed by economic self-sufficiency or by increasing its share in the world’s industry and commerce, but by relying on regional expansion to strive for “living space”.

Therefore, the solution is to expand the boundaries of the German Empire.

On the afternoon of November 5, 1937, a secret meeting was held in Berlin to decide Germany’s future policy.

The meeting concluded that the first step of expansion was to immediately adjust Nazi Germany to expand to central Europe.

Because Germany can obtain food supply, raw materials and manpower from there as preparation for further military aggression to the East and to the rich land of Poland and Ukraine.

Therefore, Austria and Czechoslovakia must be acquired as a prerequisite for further aggression.

In March 1938, Germany annexed Austria in a so-called “peaceful” way without firing a shot, and classified it as a German province.

The annexation of Austria expanded Germany’s territory by 17%, increased its population by 10%, increased its industrial production capacity by 4-5% and increased its sowing area by 30%.

Germany thus controlled the strategic areas of central Europe, and achieved military and economic control over the traffic of the whole southwest Europe in terms of roads, shipping and railways, forming a strategic encirclement of Czechoslovakia.

When Hitler easily achieved strategic success, Britain, France, the United States and other Western powers did nothing about it except pretending to be weak protests.

By early April, Britain, France and the United States inherited and recognized Germany’s annexation of Austria and withdrew their embassy in Austria and replaced it with their consulate in Vienna.

The reaction of the western countries encouraged Hitler’s ambition.

He pointed the next goal of expansion directly to Czechoslovakia.

Moreover, the breakthrough point selected by Hitler was the issue of Germanic minorities in Sudetenland.

Czechoslovakia is a multi-ethnic country.

Among the more than 14 million people, there are more than 9.

5 million Czechs and Slovaks.

In addition, there are more than 5 million ethnic minorities in China, mainly Germanic.

At that time, there were about 3.

5 million Germanic people in the Czech Republic, mainly living in the Sudetenland region bordering Germany in the west of the Czech Republic.

Sudeten region is located at the border between Bohemia and Moravia.

It is a mountainous area, inhabited by nearly 3 million German speaking germanes.

The Germanic people living in this area have never been under the rule of the German Empire except that they have been subjects of the Roman Empire in history.

After the first World War, the territory was re divided and the region was assigned to the Czech Republic.

Although there was no rule of the German Empire in history, the identity of Germanic national identity was still stimulated.

After all, unlike the Austro Hungarian Empire dominated by Germans, they have become a minority in Czechoslovakia.

But even so, in the first 15 years of Czechoslovakia, the Germans in Sudeten rarely caused trouble.

They have indeed received better treatment than other ethnic minorities in central and Eastern Europe.

However, since Hitler came to power, the superiority of the Germanic nation and the infiltration of Nazi thought have made the original dissatisfaction erupt like a volcano.

The Sudetenland German Party and its leader Hanley abandoned their identity with Czechoslovakia because they regarded Nazi Germany as the protector of all Germans.

At the same time, in front of Berlin, he disguised himself as the guardian of the oppressed ethnic minorities in the Czech Republic, and then put forward the request of Sudeten Germanic autonomy.

This coincided with Hitler’s expansion policy and provided the best excuse for Hitler’s annexation of the Czech Republic.

On March 28, 1938, Hitler received Han lein in Berlin.

During this meeting, Hitler and Han lein discussed the basis of the new action.

Hitler said: “The German Party must now realize that it has won the support of a Germanic nation with 75 million people.

75 million people cannot tolerate the Czechoslovak Government’s continued oppression of the Germanic people in Sudetenland.

Therefore, the German Party must recognize its responsibility and play its role in the great liberation movement.

The task of the German party is to report to the people’s Republic of China The rag government made the necessary demands to ensure that the party received the privileges it aspired to.

” On April 24, hanlain put forward the “reasonable request” of the Germanic minority in Sudeten Region – the Karlsbad program in Karlsbad.

This program not only includes the harsh conditions for German autonomy in the Sudetenland region, but also lays a foundation for further territorial claims to Czech Republic.

Its main points include: not recognizing the minority status of Germans in Czechoslovakia and requiring the complete equality of Germans and Czechs.

Establish a German region in Sudetenland through legislation and implement complete autonomy.

All official positions in the German region are held by Germans.

End the unfair treatment suffered by the Sudetenland Germans since 1918, and release the Nazi political prisoners.

Moreover, hanlein also said in his later speech that Czechoslovakia must completely change its foreign policy of alliance with France and the Soviet Union, abolish the treaties it signed with France and the Soviet Union, and turn to be completely dependent on Germany.

Hanlein made it clear that “the Czechoslovak Government must completely change its foreign policy.

” Because he believed that “the Czech foreign policy so far has placed the country as an enemy of the Germanic nation”.

These so-called “reasonable demands” were put forward by the Germanic minority in Czechoslovakia, not directly by Germany.

This was very important to Hitler.

Because in this way, once the Prague government rejects these demands, Hitler can appear as “the protector of all Germans” to realize his expansion plan.

However, Czechoslovakia will not agree, even as a basis for negotiations.

The concessions that the Czechoslovak Government could make to hanlein could not satisfy Berlin, which Hitler had expected.

Therefore, after the issue of Sudetenland was first raised in late March, Germany has not given up its determination and preparation for military occupation of the Czech Republic.

Since May, Hitler’s intention and action to assemble troops on the border between Germany and Czech Republic have become increasingly obvious and strengthened, and the situation in Central Europe has suddenly become tense.