On October 30, 1882, Halsey was born in a naval family.
He wanted to be a naval soldier for a long time.
In 1900, Halsey entered the military academy.
In February 1904, Halsey graduated four months ahead of schedule.
At that time, US President Theodore was vigorously expanding the Navy, which needed a large number of new officers.
Halsey left school to join the Navy.
His first service was on a coal-fired Missouri.
After the outbreak of World War I, halsi showed outstanding military talent, made meritorious service, was appreciated by his superiors and was promoted to colonel.
Halsey was really fascinated by the Shanghai army in February 1927, when he was the captain of the training ship of the U.S. Naval Academy.
It happened that the first official flight brigade of the school took the ship as the training base, which unexpectedly gave Halsey the opportunity to learn aviation knowledge.
The God of fate began to care for Halsey, and soon he was transferred to the army war Academy for training.
Here, he met Bradley, Wainwright and others.
Upon graduation, Knox king, then director of naval aviation, asked Halsey to be the captain of the aircraft carrier Saratoga, which was refitted from a cruiser.
But king put forward an additional condition: Halsey must pass the training of “aviation observers”.
Halsey was overjoyed by this decision.
He was finally able to participate in flight training.
In 1938, Halsey officially became the captain of the aircraft carrier Saratoga and became one of the earliest aircraft carrier commanders in the United States.
By 1939, two of the five aircraft carriers of the United States had been commanded by Halsey.
At this time, aircraft carrier tactics have developed greatly and gradually become mature.
But Halsey still believes: “to make proper use of this great naval warfare tool, you must know its power and limitations.
Through six years of aircraft carrier experience, I am confident that I know a lot about them, but I still feel not enough.
” Since then, Halsey has been continuously studying aircraft carriers.
In April 1940, Halsey joined the Pacific Fleet in Hawaii.
At this time, he had a hunch that Japan might attack the United States, so he devoted himself to studying countermeasures.
In order to make his aircraft carrier fleet more effective after the war, Halsey tried every means to improve the tactical and technical level of pilots and organized many exercises similar to actual combat.
Through the exercise, we further studied the cooperative attack tactics of Shipborne aircraft, which further improved the combat capability of the troops.
After the outbreak of the Pacific War, the eighth task force commanded by Halsey became the most effective aircraft carrier task force of the Pacific Fleet.
One month before the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, Halsey served as the commander of the eighth task force of the Pacific Fleet and was promoted to lieutenant general.
At this time, the atmosphere of war was quite strong.
In order to effectively resist the Japanese attack, Halsey advocated the immediate strengthening of the defense forces of several outpost islands of the US Army, and suggested that 12 marine f-4f fighters be transported to Wake Island to replace the army aircraft.
His ideas were adopted and he was responsible for directing the transportation.
At 19 p.m. on November 28, 1940, Halsey’s task force set out from Pearl Harbor.
Before leaving, he asked Kimmel, the then commander of the Pacific Fleet, “how far do you want me to go?” What he meant was that if he ran into a Japanese submarine, he might start a war.
What should he do about it.
Kimmel replied meaningfully, “use your common sense.
” In Halsey’s view, Kimmel has actually authorized him to act according to circumstances, which means that the fate of the country falls on his own shoulders.
Before leaving, in order to paralyze the Japanese spies in Hawaii, Halsey pretended that the operation was a routine training, and his three battleships could not accompany him.
Only three people knew the real purpose of the operation.
However, as soon as the fleet left Pearl Harbor, Halsey issued the first battle order on the flagship.
He asked the fleet to enter the combat state immediately.
He told all the staff that “it is now operating under the condition of war”, and he also ordered all aircraft and warships to be in full combat readiness.
Once “any” ships and aircraft are hit, they should be sunk or shot down immediately.
Before the war between the United States and Japan, Halsey’s No.
1 battle order confused his staff.
At that time, a staff member protested: “do you know that this order means war?” Halsey replied calmly and decisively, “I’m responsible for everything.
We shoot first and then reason.
” Subsequently, halsi ordered to stop all radio communications.
During the day, anti submarine patrol aircraft are on alert, and aircraft are dispatched to search at night.
At that time, only Halsey’s fleet in the Pacific maintained a high degree of vigilance.
Fortunately, Halsey’s fleet did not collide with the Japanese fleet.
A huge Japanese joint fleet left the base on November 26.
On the morning of December 4, Halsey’s fleet successfully reached about 200 nautical miles from Wake Island.
After sending the fighter to Wake Island, Halsey immediately turned around and returned to Pearl Harbor.
On the way back, due to the climate, it was delayed in refuelling the destroyer.
However, it was this delay that made Halsey escape from bad luck.
On the morning of December 7, 1941 (Hawaii time), Japan secretly attacked Pearl Harbor.
The US Navy lost 80 aircraft, and only 79 of the 231 army aircraft were still available, with 3681 casualties.
At this time, Halsey’s fleet was still more than 200 nautical miles away from Pearl Harbor.
At 20:12 PM, Halsey received the news: “Pearl Harbor was attacked by air.
This is not a drill.
” In the next 24 hours, Halsey’s fleet kept searching in the possible retreat direction of the Japanese fleet, intending to revenge, but found nothing.
It was not until the fuel was running out that Halsey had to return to Pearl Harbor.
When Halsey entered Pearl Harbor, he saw a tragic scene after the robbery.
When his fleet passed the sunk ships, he secretly vowed to personally send Yamamoto, commander of the Japanese joint fleet, to hell.
At this time, his old classmate Kimmel was suffering.
The responsibility for the attack on Pearl Harbor and the loss of the U.S. fleet falls entirely on Kimmel.
Halsey couldn’t stand the criticism of Kimmel.
He didn’t hesitate to sacrifice his future and resolutely stood up for Kimmel.
He believed that the reason why Pearl Harbor was attacked was mainly due to the lack of airPercival saw the battle of Gua island as the key to the battle of the South Pacific theater.
He flew to Henderson airport on the island on November 8 to inspect and encourage the defenders.
On November 14, the US Navy launched a counterattack against the Japanese transport fleet under the command of Halsey.
The next day, in the battle of battleships in Guadao sea area, the Japanese army lost two battleships, one heavy cruiser, three destroyers, 11 transport ships and dozens of aircraft.
The Japanese joint fleet, which suffered heavy losses, is no longer willing to support the army.
In February 1943, the Japanese army in Guadao was forced to withdraw.
Halsey, who got the news, was full of joy and immediately sent a good report to Nimitz.
In order to celebrate the victory of the US military, US President Roosevelt, Secretary of the Navy Knox king and Nimitz sent congratulatory messages one after another.
Halsi immediately conveyed it to the actual combatants and added a concluding sentence to the congratulatory message: “pay tribute to the people who died gloriously in the battle, and may these British souls return to heaven!” In view of Halsey’s outstanding military achievements on Gua Island, President Roosevelt proposed to break the practice of only four admirals in the U.S. Navy and promote Halsey to a four-star admiral.
Guadao’s victory greatly boosted the morale of the US military and broke the myth that the Japanese were invincible.
Therefore, it is absolutely popular to promote halsi to four-star general.
In the third section, the failure of the cross island battle to capture the Gua island of Solomon Islands reminds the Japanese.
Both Japan and the United States are actively preparing for war, and the war is becoming silent.
Only in the South Pacific region under Halsey’s command, the fighting has never stopped.
Due to the needs of the war, halsi entered the command area of the.
In order to promote cooperation, halsi personally went to meet the domineering general.
The brave and arrogant MacArthur once again impressed Halsey.
Halsey said afterwards, “my respect for him that afternoon grew with the passage of time.
” He added, “I can work for MacArthur, but he will never do so to me.
” While Japan and the United States were actively preparing for war, Japanese Navy General Yamamoto decided to visit the front line in person in order to boost the morale of Japanese officers and soldiers.
However, the news was learned by the US intelligence department.
Most American commanders, as well as President Roosevelt, decided to take this opportunity to attack Yamamoto.
The operation was named “revenge”, that is, the Revenge of Pearl Harbor.
On April 17, 1943, Halsey received an order from Nimitz, asking him to organize aviation troops to complete the task of raiding Yamamoto 56.
Halsey immediately assigned tasks to his aviation troops.
The commander is Mitchell, commander of the US Air Force in Solomon region.
The battle is completed by 18 fighters.
On April 18, the ambush of the surprise attack on Yamamoto 56 lasted only three minutes.
Until 9:38 a.m., major general Mitchell reported to halsi that the fighter fleet commanded by major John Mitchell attacked the kashili area.
After 9:30 a.m., two land attack aircraft escorted by “silkworm” fighters in dense formation were shot down, and three “zero” fighters were shot down.
One of my fighters has not returned yet.
April 18 seems to be our victory day.
Halsi, who received the report, was very satisfied and immediately called back to congratulate him.
In his message, he expressed his happy mood in a humorous tone: “congratulations on your success! It seems that there is a peacock among the captured ducks.
” In June, the war against Solomon Islands was on the US military’s agenda again.
In order to make the battle go smoothly, Nimitz greatly strengthened the strength of the Third Fleet commanded by Halsey.
The third fleet has six aircraft carriers, two battleships, 49 cruisers and destroyers, and is also equipped with the Marine Corps.
On June 30, Haar West carried out landing operations on the island of New Georgia, which was fiercely resisted by the Japanese garrison.
On August 25, the US Army captured the island and annihilated about 9000 Japanese troops.
According to the scheduled plan, halsi’s attack target will be Cologne Bangla island.
The island is heavily fortified by 10000 Japanese troops.
A strong attack will not only cause heavy casualties, but also make the battle protracted.
Therefore, halsi decided to encircle the island but not attack it, and crossed the island to attack Vera Vera Vera, which provided a successful precedent for Nimitz’s “island crossing operation” later.
Moreover, because halsi adopted this tactic, the Japanese army was forced to take the initiative to withdraw the garrison troops on Cologne Bangla and veraveravera.
While the guns of the battle of Solomon were still rumbling, a new battle plan for the Cross Island attack was being formulated, and its target was higanville island.
As the Cross Island Attack adopted by Halsey in the battle of Solomon has achieved initial results, the Joint Chiefs of staff authorized Halsey to occupy higanville island.
Higanville island is the largest island in the Solomon Islands and is located in the northernmost part of the islands.
There are many airports on the island and many good harbor anchorages along the coast.
It is an important barrier on the southeast side of the Japanese defense line, and its strategic position is very important.
There are 33000 Japanese troops stationed on the island.
It was a very difficult operation for halsi.
Moreover, when the battle of Gilbert Islands was about to begin, many ships and troops in Halsey were transferred to Spruance.
Halsey made great efforts to gather more than 34000 people, including the third Marine Division, the 37th infantry division and a New Zealand brigade.
These three forces were combined into the first army of amphibious operations.
In order to win, Halsey carefully arranged the attack on the island of higanville and came up with a careful plan.
At that time, most of Japan’s main forces were concentrated in the kashili Hin area in the south of higanville island and its nearby islands, and some were deployed in the hicka island and wunis area in the north.
According to the experience and lessons of the operation on the island of Vera Vela, halsi plans to bypass the southern important place where the Japanese troops are concentrated and land in the weak defense area in the middle of the island.
After landing, a strong defense line will be established here and an airport will be built.
In order to counterattack, the Japanese army must cross the mountainous and steep terrain and through the primeval forest.
In order to confuse the enemy, Halsey adopted the strategy of attacking the East and attacking the West.
While the Japanese army was confused and lost sight of one thing and the other, Halsey’s troops made a surprise landing in Augusta Queen’s Bay in the waist of higanville island.
By the time the Japanese responded, more than 40000 US troops had landed.
Although the land battle lasted for a long time, the US military has always been in a very active position and made great achievementsTo calm the storm.
Moreover, in order to recognize Halsey’s contribution in the battle of the Philippines, President Roosevelt personally hung the third “Medal of excellent service” on Halsey’s chest.
On January 26, 1945, Halsey once handed over the command to Spruance.
On May 18, Halsey went into battle again with the Missouri as the flagship.
On July 1, Halsey led the ship to set off from Wright Bay and launched the last naval offensive in the Pacific War.
On August 6, the US military dropped its first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
On August 15, Japan announced its surrender.
On September 2, the signing ceremony of Japan’s surrender was held.
The signing ceremony was held on Halsey’s flagship, the Missouri, a battleship named after the hometown of secretary of the Navy Forrest.
Halsey made great efforts to arrange this remarkable ceremony.
When Nimitz signed on behalf of the U.S. government, Halsey stood behind him and got one of the three pens Nimitz signed.
So far, the Second World War ended.
On October 15, halsi returned home and was warmly welcomed by the whole country.
A war reporter reported: “the third fleet of Halsey, the most famous naval force in the war, went home today!” After returning home, halsi was promoted to five-star general and won the fourth “Medal of excellent service”.
Halsey’s experience in World War II attracted the attention of the world.
He started his naval career from the “Missouri” to the end of World War II.
His career reached the peak.
He participated in the surrender signing ceremony of the Japanese government on behalf of the U.S. government, and fixed himself on the warship “Missouri” which brought him the starting point and glory together with history.