Jewish New Year Jewish New Year is called “Rosh Hashanah” in Hebrew, which is generally in September of the Gregorian calendar.

Although the festival mainly celebrates God’s creation of the world, many Jewish New Year rituals – blowing the sheep horn.

Jews also believe that this day is the day when God examines the “book of life”.

Everyone’s behavior is recorded in the book of life, and those who do evil will be judged and punished.

Therefore, the new year is more important as a day of repentance and atonement.

People should review their words and deeds in the past year and reflect on the sins they may have committed.

The way to celebrate the new year is to go to the synagogue to participate in the religious ceremony of the new year.

People should pray and sound the horn to show their awe of God.

Devout believers also have to hold a atonement ceremony.

They have to go to the water to pray, and then shake their clothes in the water three times, indicating that they “throw all our sins into the deep sea” according to the Bible.

The Jewish New Year is both a solemn and awe inspiring day and a festive occasion.

The whole family get together on this day, have a new year dinner together, and people also send New Year gifts to each other.

However, in the Bible, it stipulates that the month of nissa is the first month of the year to commemorate the successful escape of Jewish ancestors from Egypt this month.

Therefore, the Jews had two new years.

Yom Kippur, the tenth day after the Jewish New Year.

This is the holiest and most solemn festival of the Hebrew people in a year.

It is a day for Jews to communicate with the Hebrew people who repent before God on the Lord’s atonement day.

Its source is that according to the records of the Bible Leviticus, the Israelites committed a sin before God.

God told Moses to hold a ceremony to redeem the sins of the Israelites and “make atonement for you and cleanse you on this day”.

On Yom Kippur, religious ceremonies are held in the synagogue all day to kill “scapegoats”.

Devout believers have to fast, not work, wear special clothes, pray in the synagogue all day, participate in ceremonies, and express their fear of God and desire for atonement.

At the end of the ceremony, the horn should be sounded to show that God has forgiven the sins of the Jews.

Yom Kippur is a festival with Jewish characteristics.

It has two meanings: one is to warn people that everyone is guilty and repent for it.

Second, through repentance activities, show that they have corrected their mistakes with practical actions and will not make the same mistakes in the future.

Passover and unleavened bread Passover is the oldest festival of the Jewish nation.

It is a festival to commemorate the successful escape of Jews from Egypt under the “help of the Lord” and to thank God for his salvation.

From the evening of the 14th day of the first month in the early spring of each year, the Jews began to celebrate the Passover.

People will kill a male lamb that has not been injured, put sheep’s blood on the door frame and lintel of the house, roast the lamb over fire, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

They should tie a belt around their waist, put shoes on their feet, and hold a staff in their hands.

Exodus records that when the Jews left Egypt, because they were in a hurry, they carried on their backs the dough that had no time to barbecue and unfermented, and baked them by the sun.

The move out of Egypt commemorated by the Passover is a sign that Jews get rid of slavery and get a new life.

Therefore, from the evening of the 14th to the evening of the 21st, Jews can only eat unleavened cakes made of newly harvested barley, which shows their purity to God and that there is no food from the previous year.

Eat bitter vegetables at the same time, which symbolizes that the Hebrews suffered in Egypt.

Later, the Jews called the 10th to 14th day Passover and the 15th to 21st day unleavened bread, which has continued to this day.

Pure Temple Festival is also known as Hanukkah, which means reconstruction in Jewish.

It is another important Jewish festival.

A Jew in Egypt smeared sheep’s blood on the lintel of the door so that he could “pass” by.

Hanuka lamp, used by Egyptian or Asian Jews in the “hanuka Festival” from the 12th to 13th centuries, is made of bronze.

In 167 BC, Antiochus IV, the Greek ruler in Syria, openly despised the Hebrew tradition of not worshipping idols, built a new altar in the temple and forced the Jews to sacrifice to the pagan god.

This became the fuse of the makabi uprising.

Five years later, the uprising led by Judah makabi won and occupied Jerusalem.

He ordered the demolition of pagan altars and God’s family, the removal of all non Hebrew traditional objects in the temple, and the re establishment of Jewish altars.

From September 25 of that year, that is, kisliu month, the Jews celebrated the re offering of the Lord’s altar with great joy for eight days.

Then Judas and his brothers announced that eight consecutive days from the 25th of that month each year would be a happy festival to celebrate the re sacrifice of the altar, which was the Jewish Temple purification Festival.

Later, in order to commemorate the restoration of Jerusalem and the renovation of the temple by the makabi rebels and restore their dedication to the Lord, the Jewish nation always maintained the tradition of celebrating the temple purification Festival.

During the eight day festival, people hold palm branches and leaves and sing the hymn “Hallelujah” in the temple or synagogue.

In addition, from the first day, each household lights in front of the door, and then adds a lamp every day.

On the eighth day, there are lights everywhere, which is very lively.

Therefore, Jingdian Festival is also known as “Lantern Festival”.

On Pentecost, after the Hebrews were freed from slavery in Egypt, they regained their land, and the Hebrews were able to cultivate and produce crops by themselves.

In order to commemorate how the LORD helped them to regain their freedom from slavery in Egypt, the Hebrews will offer the best harvest to God on the last day, that is, on the fiftieth day of the harvest after the passover, and celebrate the harvest greatly, thanking the Lord for his gift.

In addition, the Hebrews also believe that God issued the ten commandments and laws to them through Moses on the fiftieth day after the Passover.

Therefore, the fiftieth day after the Passover is a major day for the Hebrews.

By the time of Jesus, this day had been called Pentecost.

Ten days means ten, and fifty is fifty.

On Pentecost, people took fine flour from their homes and made unleavened cakes as gifts to the Lord.

Seven lambs a year old without blemish, one young bull and two rams shall be offered at the same time as a drink offering and an offering made by fire to God.

Take one male goat as a sin offering and two one-year-old rams as a peace offeringThey sent messengers to ask the king of Moab to allow them to pass, but he did not agree.

Therefore, the Israelites had to stay in Kadesh.

Then they went on through the wilderness, bypassing the territory of Edom and Moab, and came to the east of Moab.

They camped on the other side of the Arnon River and did not cross the river, because that was the border of Moab.

The Israelites sent messengers to Sihon king of Heshbon, the king of the Amorites, asking him to allow the Israelites to pass through his territory and return to their land.

But Sihon not only refused, but also led his troops to camp in Jaza and attack Israel.

The Lord, the God of Israel, gave Sihon’s army into the hands of the Israelites, who defeated the Amorites and occupied their territory.

The Israelites occupied all the land of the Amorites, from the Arnon River in the south to the Jabbok River in the north, from the wilderness in the east to the Jordan River in the West.

So it was the Lord, the God of Israel, who drove out the Amorites for his people.

Do you want to take back this land? You can own the land given to you by your God Chemosh.

But we will keep all that the Lord has given us.

Do you think you are better than Balak son of Zippor king of Moab? He never dared to challenge Israel, let alone attack us.

Israel has occupied Heshbon, Aroer and the surrounding villages and towns, as well as all the cities on both sides of the Arnon river for 300 years.

During this time, why don’t you take back this land? I have nothing wrong with you, but you attacked me and challenged me.

The Lord is the judge.

Let him judge right and wrong between the Israelites and the Ammonites today.

” But the king of Ammon ignored Jephthah’s message.

Then the spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manasseh, and returned to Mizpah in Gilead, and then went to Ammon.

Jephthah vowed to the Lord, “if you make me overcome the ammonites, when I return triumphantly, I will offer you the first man who came out of my house to meet me as a burnt offering.

” Jephthah crossed the river and fought against the ammonites.

The LORD made him win the war.

He attacked the Ammonites from Aroer to Minnith as far as Abel keramin.

He captured twenty cities and slaughtered them.

So the Ammonites were subdued by the Israelites.

When Jephthah returned to his home in Mizpah, his only daughter came out to meet him with a hand bell and drum.

When Jephthah saw his daughter, he tore his clothes sadly and said, “my daughter, you have made my heart ache! Why are you? I have solemnly vowed to the Lord and can’t take it back!” His daughter said, “since you have made a vow to the Lord, treat me according to your vow, for the Lord has avenged you on the ammonites.

” The daughter said, “I only ask you one thing.

Please allow me to leave home for two months.

I will go to the mountain with my friends and mourn for my death before I get married.

” Jephthah agreed.

So his daughter went up to the mountain with her friends and mourned for her death before she was married.

Two months later, she returned to her father, and Jephthah paid his vow as he had said to the Lord.

Her daughter died a virgin.

Circumcision the eighth day after the birth of a Jewish boy, circumcision is to be performed, that is, the foreskin of his penis is cut off with a knife.

Only circumcised children can become a qualified member of God’s “selected people with silver circumcision knives and other supplies for special circumcision”.

Circumcision is a very ancient custom, which has been practiced among the Hebrews as early as the patriarchal age.

After the emergence of the Bible, it has made clear provisions on this, And called it a covenant between God and Abraham, the father of Hebrew: “And God said to Abraham, you and your descendants will keep my covenant from generation to generation.

All your men will be circumcised.

This is the covenant I made with you and your descendants, which you should keep.

You will all be circumcised, which is the evidence of my covenant with you.

Your men, whether born in their families or with money from outsiders outside your descendants, will be circumcised from generation to generation On the eighth day of their birth, they will be circumcised.

So my covenant will be established in your flesh for ever.

But the uncircumcised man will be cut off from his people, for he has broken my covenant.

” The Hebrew circumcision of infants is so sacred that it is very strict and cannot be violated.

Generally speaking, circumcision cannot be postponed, even if the eighth day after the birth of the child is the Sabbath or the day of atonement.

It can only be postponed unless the child is ill and unfit for surgery at this time.

During circumcision, relatives and friends are usually invited to the scene, and a specially trained person performs the operation.

The circumciser is known as mohel, and he doesn’t have to be a rabbi or a doctor.

The operation is very simple.

Mohael can complete the circumcision operation while the baby’s father recites the prayer “praise God, you sanctify us with the Oracle, and you command the child to enter the covenant of our ancestor Abraham”.

Then, let the children receive the blessings of relatives and friends, name the children, and arrange a family banquet.

Men who convert to Judaism should also be circumcised when they join the church to show a covenant with God.

From the perspective of modern medicine, circumcision is a wholesome and healthy custom.

Circumcision gradually became a religious custom, so it didn’t mean that some Jews did not believe in religion.

When you circumcise your child, you have to name him.

According to the custom of most Hebrews, in addition to taking an ordinary name for the child in the language of the country of residence, it is generally necessary to take a Hebrew name for him.

This Hebrew name is mainly used in religious occasions and should be written on religious documents such as marriage documents.

Bar mitzvah when a boy reaches the age of 13, a bar mitzvah, also known as the bar mitzvah, is held.

In Hebrew, bar mitzvah means “responsible man”.

According to Hebrew tradition, after the initiation ceremony, the child began to be treated as an adult.

From then on, he can participate in various religious activities in the hall with other adults, and at the same time, he should also bear the religious and social responsibilities of an adult.

For 13-year-old teenagers, being able to officially join the ranks of “adults” is a moment that makes them deeply excited.

At the same time, it will naturally make them have a sense of pride and responsibility.

The rite of passage is a major event in Hebrew family life.

The sabbath day is generally chosen for the celebration ceremony in the synagogueHeld in.

The rabbi gave a special sermon for the recipient, blessed him and explained his responsibilities to his family and society.

The recipient should read a passage of Torah and give a speech, thank his parents for their upbringing, and express that he will live in accordance with Jewish doctrine all his life.

Then, the gifted child receives his father’s greetings and gifts.

The ceremony also invited all relatives and friends and hosted a banquet for them.

Relatives and friends presented gifts and blessings to the recipient.

The Jewish Wedding Bible Genesis says, “a man should leave his parents and be united with his wife, and they will become one.

” In the view of Judaism, marriage is also a sacred obligation of people.

The Hebrew wedding in modern England means “God rejoices with you”.

Therefore, it encourages believers to marry and form families, encourage more births and more children, and make Jews “like stars in the sky” and “like sand by the sea”.

The marriage between Jewish young men and women is usually decided by their parents and introduced by matchmakers.

Even if both men and women know each other, they should also ask the matchmaker for a formal introduction, and then the man should give the bride price to the woman.

Jews in some areas also write their engagement in Aramaic at the time of engagement.

Jewish weddings are generally grand and distinctive.

Weddings are usually held in synagogues, but orthodox sects prefer to be held in the open air.

The day before the wedding, the bride and groom will fast and pray to show that their new life is sacred.

The number of people attending the wedding shall be the same as the quorum for prayer in the synagogue.

There shall be no less than ten people and two witnesses.

The bridegroom will stand under the canopy and put a ring on the bride and say in Hebrew, “according to the law of Moses and Israel, this ring makes you promise me.

” The marriage certificate is read out in public by the rabbi or VIP, and signed by the newlyweds and witnesses.

The bride and groom will drink some wine and receive the blessing of the guests.

The final procedure of the wedding is that the groom steps on a wine glass with his foot, which is said to commemorate the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem.

If a marriage is unhappy, Judaism allows divorce.

Divorce must be agreed by both parties, and a certain ceremony must be held, attended by rabbis, relatives and friends.

The divorced husband and wife should sign the divorce certificate.

Only by holding a valid divorce certificate can both men and women re-establish their families.

In the mysterious system of internal marriage, the marriage affairs of Jews are mostly decided by parents.

Usually, parents choose relatives for their children, or guide or help their children choose relatives.

As for the marriage of Hebrew women, they rely on the orders of their parents.

The “engagement” to protect the slave interests of Jewish women has been used since the 5th century BC.

In order to maintain blood relations, Jews are popular to choose relatives among close relatives.

Although flesh and blood relatives prohibited marriage, marriage between half brothers and sisters was allowed in early Jewish history.

Sarah Abraham’s wife was his half sister.

However, in the law stipulated in the Old Testament Leviticus, this brother sister combination has obviously been prohibited.

Of course, there is no lack of examples of Jews marrying foreigners as wives.

Jews also choose foreign women as their wives from prisoners of war, but according to Deuteronomy, they must go through a specific procedure: if they like a beautiful woman among the prisoners and want to marry her, they can take her home, but they should let her shave her hair, trim her nails, take off the clothes she wore when she was captured, and live in a man’s house to mourn for her parents for a whole month, Then you can marry.

If her husband does not like her later, she should go out at will.

She must not sell her for money or use her as a maid.

Because of the fear that intermarriage with other nationalities will affect the purity of Jewish national religious belief, some Jewish priests have taken severe measures to prohibit intermarriage with other nationalities.

But later, with the changes of the times and the progress of the times, various restrictions on intermarriage with foreigners were gradually broken through.

Mourning funeral according to the Jewish doctrine, as the creation of the LORD God, human life and death is only a natural cycle, and death is only the beginning of another stage of one’s life.

Therefore, compared with the ceremonious birth ceremony after the death of the dying prayer person, the Jewish funeral is relatively simple.

Bury quickly, usually no more than 24 hours.

No sacrifice is allowed at the funeral, only prayer and chanting.

The ritual of cleaning and wrapping bodies for burial Orthodox Jews opposed cremation and believed that incinerating human bodies was a cruel act, but reformers allowed cremation.

The dead are usually wrapped in cloth and buried in a simple coffin.

Because the Bible Genesis says, “you are dust, but you will return to dust.

” Moreover, according to orthodox religious customs, neither flowers nor music are allowed at funerals, because these things are regarded as symbols of joy and are not suitable for the atmosphere of mourning.

Mourning for the dead is an important part of the funeral.

Not only do every family and friend have the obligation to cry, but other people who come to the funeral should also join the ranks of mourning.

This sad cry later gradually evolved into a lament composed according to a certain rhythm.

The memorial service is usually held seven days after the burial of the deceased’s relatives.

Ancient Hebrew tombs.

After burial, the entrance was sealed with stone slabs.

Judaism advocates simplifying funeral, because they believe that people, rich or poor, are equal after death, so everyone should be buried thinly.

Hebrew tombs only set up a tombstone on the flat ground, and people who come to mourn usually only put a small stone on the tombstone of the dead.

Despite its opposition to heavy burial, Judaism encourages relatives of the dead to give alms and donations in memory of the dead.

Therefore, in places where Jews are concentrated, many public facilities and charitable funds are established by their relatives with inheritance and named after the deceased when someone dies.