The formation period of

Yellow River civilization was roughly between 4000 BC and 2000 BC, which lasted for 2000 years. During this period, many regional civilizations appeared in China, such as Chengdu Plain civilization, Jianghan civilization and Taihu civilization in the Yangtze River Basin. Its representative archaeological cultures include Daxi Culture, Qujialing culture, Shijiahe culture, Songze culture, Liangzhu Culture and so on. There are Gansu Qinghai civilization, Central Plains Civilization and Haidai civilization in the Yellow River Basin. The representative archaeological cultures include Yangshao culture, Central Plains Longshan culture, Dawenkou Culture, Shandong Longshan culture, Majiayao culture, etc. There is Yanshan civilization in the northeast, and its representative archaeological culture is mainly Hongshan culture. Full of youthful spirit, the academic circles all praised highly the various regional civilizations. However, some civilizations were interrupted and some civilization went to a low level. Only the Yellow River civilization was like a pillar of the mainstay, full of vitality, absorbing and integrating the essence of all civilizations and developing at a higher level. Corresponding to the above archaeological culture is the era of the five emperors in Chinese history, namely the Yellow Emperor, Zhuanxu, Dihu, Tang Yao, Yu Shun and Taihao and SHAOHAO in Haidai area. According to documents, their ethnic groups mainly multiplied, lived and developed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, creating a brilliant early civilization of the Yellow River. At this time, there were many countries, including city walls, socialization of agricultural production, specialization of handicraft industry and standardization of etiquette system. The polarization between the rich and the poor, the emergence of classes, and the rapid development of culture and art. At this time, the Yellow River civilization was in the formation period of great integration, which can be called the state civilization or the primary stage of Chinese civilization.

the development period of the Yellow River civilization is its sublimation stage. In terms of times, it is mainly Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. At this time, the Yellow River civilization was mainly concentrated in the Great Central Plains in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, and the culture of the Great Central Plains was the center of the Yellow River civilization. The culture of Heluo area in Dazhong original region is the core of the Yellow River civilization. Heluo area generally includes the inner and outer Jiaozhou at the intersection of the Yellow River and the Luo river, as well as southern Shanxi and Northern Henan on the North Bank of the Yellow River. Heluo cultural circle can reach Guanzhong in the West and East Henan in the East. In the Heluo cultural circle, there are not only rich legends and relics of the five emperors, but also the capital of Xia, Shang and three dynasties. Archaeological discoveries of the imperial capitals include the ancient city of the original Bafang site of Dengfeng Wangchenggang, the ancient city of Xinmi Xinzhai, the city site of Erlitou in Yanshi, Zhengzhou mall, Yanshi shixianggou mall, Anyang Yin Ruins and Huanbei mall, as well as the capital relics of the western and Eastern Zhou dynasties found in Shaanxi and Luoyang. The capitals of Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties were all in Heluo area. Therefore, Heluo culture is not only a regional culture, but also a Wangdu culture lasting about 2000 years. It is the core carrier of the Yellow River civilization. In this historical stage, the political power system of the father passing on the son to the world has emerged, a relatively mature national institution has been formed, a relatively perfect ritual and music system has been formulated, and a relatively standardized text has emerged. Science and technology, agriculture, handicraft industry and commercial trade have developed rapidly, and the epoch-making bronze culture is famous at home and abroad. Around Heluo culture, Bashu culture, Wu Yue culture, Chu culture, Yan Zhao Culture and Qilu culture have emerged, which has injected vitality into Heluo culture through exchange, absorption and integration. On the historical stage, it appears that

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are more active. During this period, there appeared many immortal works such as the earliest collection of poetry in China, the book of songs and the book of changes with rich philosophy. Schools of Taoism,, Mohism, Legalism, strategists and famous scholars that have influenced China for thousands of years have also sprung up in Heluo area, creating a golden era of contention among a hundred schools of thought in Chinese academic circles. Heluo culture enriched the content of the Yellow River civilization and imported fresh blood. The light of civilization lit up the east of Asia. It was not only beyond the north and south of the river and inside and outside the Great Wall, but also enjoyed a high reputation all over the world at that time. The prosperous period of the Yellow River civilization is the historical stage of entering the civilization of the feudal empire. From the Qin and Han Dynasties to the Northern Song Dynasty, Heluo area has been in the core position for more than 1000 years. The imperial capital culture promotes the scientific and cultural progress of the whole country. Unify the six kingdoms, abolish feudalism, establish counties, train on the same track, book on the same text, and unify weights and measures. The Han Dynasty inherited the Qin system and further standardized, improved and popularized the creation of this major civilization. The theories of Confucianism and Taoism in the pre-Qin period have been inherited and carried forward in all dynasties. Sinology is an important school founded by scholars in the Han Dynasty. It has a long history and great influence. Their achievements in the study of Confucian classics have been regarded as classics by later scholars. Neo Confucianism has played an important role in shaping the character of the Chinese nation. Imperial College, the earliest highest institution in China, was located in Luoyang, the capital of the Eastern Han Dynasty, with more than 30000 students at most. After the Cao Wei and Western Jin Dynasties, it trained a large number of talents for all parts of the country and appeared many figures. Astronomical calendar, agronomy, geosciences, medicine, water conservancy, machinery, construction, smelting, ceramics, brewing, textile, papermaking, movable type printing and other science and technology have all created historical miracles; Han Fu, Tang poetry, Song Ci, calligraphy, painting and sculpture all climbed to the peak of culture and art; There are a vast number of historical books handed down to future generations, recording the rise and fall of dynasties and the history of social development. The starting point of the famous Silk Road began in Xi’an in the Western Han Dynasty and Luoyang from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Xi’an and Luoyang were international metropolises for foreign cultural exchanges and commercial trade at that time. Therefore, the civilization of the Han and Tang Dynasties in Chinese history was famous all over the world. This fully shows that the Yellow River civilization has indeed developed to a new historical stage. The core of this highly prosperous Yellow River civilization is indeed within the scope of Heluo culture.

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the main body of Chinese civilization is the Yellow River civilization. The center of the Yellow River civilization is in the Central Plains, and the core of the Yellow River civilization is in the Heluo cultural circle. The biggest characteristics of Heluo culture are shown in the following three aspects: first, the national capital culture is continuous. During the period of the formation of the Yellow River civilization, there were bears in the Yellow Emperor, Emperor mounds in Zhuanxu, Pingyang in Yao and Puban in Shun; During the period of the Yellow River civilization development, the kingdom of Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, the Xia capital Yangcheng, Yangzhai, Chuen and Laoqiu, the Shang capital Bo, J, Xiang and Yin, and the Zhou capital fengho and Luoyi; In the imperial era during the prosperous period of the Yellow River civilization, Xi’an, Luoyang and Kaifeng were the capital from the Western Han Dynasty to the Northern Song Dynasty. The above-mentioned capitals are all within the Heluo cultural circle, which has existed for thousands of yearsThe history of capital construction has formed a national capital culture with great influence. This is the most prominent feature of Heluo culture. Second, the root culture with great and deep roots is another feature of Heluo culture. There are many sources of civilization in this area. For example, the earliest country is here, and the four key

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determined by the civilization source exploration project launched in recent years are also here, including the Tao Temple in Linfen, the ancient city village, Xinzhai and Wangchenggang in Zhengzhou, and the “River map”, “Luoshu” and “book of changes” are known as the source of traditional culture Chinese characters, one of the important ties of Chinese culture, also came into being here. Due to various historical reasons, a large number of people in the Central Plains have moved to all directions and even overseas. According to the study of surname experts, more than 70 of the top 100 surnames in China have ancestral roots or one ancestral root derived from the Central Plains. Now, overseas Chinese, especially overseas Chinese, call themselves “Heluo Lang” and come to seek roots and worship their ancestors. Heluo area has become a holy land for cultural roots and surname roots. Third, the idea of unification is deeply rooted and forms the traditional national gene. The national personality of being good at absorption, inclusion, openness and cohesion is fully reflected in Heluo culture, but the most prominent is the unified national gene. For thousands of years, from the state, Kingdom to Empire, people have been waging unremitting struggle to maintain the unity and strength of the country and oppose division, and have made brilliant achievements. This excellent tradition has become the rock solid cohesion and soul of the whole Chinese nation.