says

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. The core hint: North Korea’s domestic missiles are mainly imitation. As early as the early 1960s, North Korea was able to produce multiple rocket launchers. At that time, the former Soviet Union provided North Korea with some frog rockets, surface to air missiles and anti-ship missiles, which enabled North Korean engineers to directly understand the basic technologies of missile propulsion, guidance and other systems.

North Korea began to study “Taepodong I” and “Taepodong II” missiles in the late 1980s or early 1990s. At that time, the U.S. intelligence agencies did not know the naming of these two missiles by North Korea. The current names of “Taepodong I” and “Taepodong II” are named by foreign countries according to the place name of Taepodong, Huatai County, Hamgyong Beidao, where the North Korean missile launch site is located. Among them, “Taepodong I” is a multi-stage propulsion ballistic missile with a range of more than 1500 kilometers. It was tested in August 1998, and part of it crossed Japan and fell into the Pacific Ocean. The missile is a two-stage missile, which is composed of the first stage of the “labor” missile and the second stage of the “Scud” missile. At that time, North Korea said it had launched the “Guangxing I” satellite, which was also confirmed by James Rubin, a spokesman for the US State Department.

: “Beijing Daily”, 14th edition, December 7, 2010, author: Li Daguang, original title: “how powerful are North Korea’s weapons and equipment?”

news background

the shelling of North and South Korea put the Korean Peninsula on the brink of war. According to South Korean military sources, in the shelling incident on Yeonpyeong Island, North Korea used a special shell that can penetrate concrete and cause fire, that is, hot pressure bomb. Hot pressure bomb can produce high heat and high pressure, causing greater casualties and even damaging protective facilities. The South Korean military side also explained that unlike ordinary high-altitude shells, the shells used by North Korea this time will have a second explosion after the first explosion, producing large-scale flames.

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have different views on North Korea’s military strength.

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about North Korea’s military strength level is a question that many people care about but few people can accurately answer. The international defense community still lacks a unified opinion. Theoretically speaking, the number of spekds is the number of spekds; However, in terms of quality, modernization and informatization, South Korea is far ahead of North Korea. However, in the land environment, especially the large caliber artillery on the North-South dividing line, North Korea may have certain advantages. In terms of medium and short-range missiles and large caliber artillery, South Korea is far inferior to North Korea.

on October 10 this year, North Korea held a military parade for the 65th anniversary of the founding of the workers’ party, which was broadcast live to the outside world for the first time. In the equipment array, wheeled and tracked armored vehicles, tanks, rockets, short-range, medium-range and long-range missiles and their radar command vehicles were displayed, including the medium and long-range surface to surface missiles for the first time. From the various vehicles, low and high air-to-air missiles, armored vehicles, combat vehicles, rockets (multiple mounted guns), ballistic missiles, air-to-air missiles and other weapons and equipment appearing in the military parade, it can be seen that the development of North Korea’s weapons and equipment does have its own characteristics.

artillery and light weapons self-sufficiency

due to national self isolation and long-term international sanctions, North Korea’s technical ability in the field of weapons and equipment research and development has been greatly limited. However, North Korea has almost fully met its military’s demand for artillery and light weapons through upgrading and improving its military equipment and developing new weapons and equipment.

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rely on self-reliance to develop and produce some weapons and equipment, which is the main source of North Korea’s weapons and equipment. In terms of surface ship construction, the North Korean navy is divided into “speedboat faction” and “submarine faction”. During Kim Il Sung’s period, the “speedboat faction” seemed to have an advantage and produced a large number of torpedo speedboats, missile speedboats and high-speed patrol boats. However, these large numbers of various types of speedboats, both in design and firepower, were outdated and unsuitable for modern naval warfare. Therefore, North Korea has rarely manufactured such small speedboats and removed the old speedboats from service year by year.

in the later period of Kim Il Sung’s administration and after Kim Jong Il took office, North Korea was committed to manufacturing Submarines (boats) and hovercraft, which showed that there had been significant changes in its navy strategy, tactics and ship building policy. There are about 26 to 30 seagull class submarines, which have been built by North Korea since 1991.

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in terms of artillery, tanks and other armored weapons and equipment, such as the m-1989 self-propelled artillery displayed by North Korea at this year’s military parade is an improved version of m-1978. The main difference from m-1978 is the use of a new chassis. The US military in Iraq once found a 170 mm m-1978 self-propelled gun produced by North Korea. This gun was originally sold to Iran by North Korea in 1987, but was captured by Iraq in the Iran Iraq war.

at present, North Korea has begun to produce new M2002 tanks. Although no one except North Korea has even seen pictures of such tanks, it is reported that North Korea can produce nearly 100 M2002 tanks every year, which is based on Russian T-72 tanks obtained from middle East countries, equipped with 125mm smooth bore guns and kpvt anti-aircraft guns, The use of multi-layer armor and reactive armor has stronger power performance and improved battlefield mobility and flexibility.

give priority to the development of nuclear weapons and missiles

it should be noted that the main priority direction of the development of weapons and equipment of the Korean army is nuclear weapons and missile weapons, which have become the basis of the combat effectiveness of the Korean army. The beginning of the North Korean missile is the former Soviet Union’s tactical missile “Moon” (with a range of 50 kilometers) and the r-17 “Scud” campaign tactical missile (with a range of about 300 kilometers), of which three sets of “Scud” were obtained from Egypt in 1980. On this basis, North Korea’s missile strength has been strengthened.

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through the continuous upgrading and improvement of “Scud”, the missile size is increasing and the range is increasing. North Korea has developed the ballistic missile “labor-i” with a range of 1500 km, with a warhead weight of 1200 kg, and then developed a range of 1500 km”Taepodong I” in and “Taepodong II” with a range of 7000 kilometers, which can even destroy targets in Alaska.

in terms of space equipment, North Korea has independently produced GPS jamming devices. Not long ago, less than a month after South Korea decided to introduce the GPS Guided jassm joint defense zone outer space ground missile made by the United States, North Korea launched a powerful counter-measures. According to South Korea’s Chosun Ilbo, North Korea has independently developed jamming devices for global positioning system GPS and plans to export them to Iran, Syria and other Middle East countries.

as the main missiles equipped by the US and South Korean forces rely on GPS guidance, they are very worried that North Korea’s jamming equipment will make us and South Korea precision guided weapons “blind”. Take the joint guided attack weapon as an example. It is one of the weapons most widely used by the US military in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The South Korean military also plans to buy 900 such missiles by 2012.

imitation and introduction of

affected by World War II and the Korean War, the already weak Korean industry was seriously damaged. Based on this reality, North Korea mainly takes the road of imitation in the development and production of weapons and equipment.

North Korean made missiles are mainly imitation. As early as the early 1960s, North Korea was able to produce multiple rocket launchers. At that time, the former Soviet Union provided North Korea with some frog rockets, surface to air missiles and anti-ship missiles, which enabled North Korean engineers to directly understand the basic technologies of missile propulsion, guidance and other systems.

North Korea began to study “Taepodong I” and “Taepodong II” missiles in the late 1980s or early 1990s. At that time, the U.S. intelligence agencies did not know the naming of these two missiles by North Korea. The current names of “Taepodong I” and “Taepodong II” are named by foreign countries according to the place name of Taepodong, Huatai County, Hamgyong Beidao, where the North Korean missile launch site is located. Among them, “Taepodong I” is a multi-stage propulsion ballistic missile with a range of more than 1500 kilometers. It was tested in August 1998, and part of it crossed Japan and fell into the Pacific Ocean. The missile is a two-stage missile, which is composed of the first stage of the “labor” missile and the second stage of the “Scud” missile. At that time, North Korea said it had launched the “Guangxing I” satellite, which was also confirmed by James Rubin, a spokesman for the US State Department.

North Korea still needs to purchase raw materials and parts from abroad in the process of researching and manufacturing ballistic missiles. According to public information, North Korea can manufacture oxidants, rocket fuel, cables, integrated circuits and special steel for missiles. However, North Korea still relies on the outside world to obtain the advanced electronic components and other advanced hardware used in the guidance system. In addition to being unable to produce advanced semiconductor components, North Korea can manufacture almost all parts of the Scud missile. However, considering the technological level of North Korea, it is difficult to manufacture “labor” missiles by relying on its own ability. North Korea has obtained a large number of “spekds” or “spkds” ballistic missile procurement licenses from foreign intelligence agencies, which is more similar to that of “spekds”. Generally speaking, it takes 7-10 years to develop a new missile system. During this period, it needs to go through 10-20 flight tests. In addition, it also needs to build a launch platform for 3-7 launch tests before it can be deployed and used in actual combat. However, according to public information, in the absence of foreign assistance, North Korea has successfully developed the scud-b missile in reverse with only a few live ammunition in a few years, which can not be said to be a miracle.