on our blue planet, there is no place like Egypt that hides so many treasures in a 1000 kilometer radius. Therefore, human greed for property is particularly strong here, so that the most shameless theft “Tomb digging” has become a tradition. This is indeed a tragedy for those monarchs and nobles who still want to enjoy great wealth after death. The monarchs of ancient Egypt began to build huge and luxurious tombs as early as the beginning of the ancient kingdom, that is, in the 27th century BC. This is the world-famous pyramid. The pyramid is composed of two parts: the tomb deep underground and the tower body on the ground. The middle is connected by a vertical tomb passage. Ancient Egyptians believed that the soul did not die, and luxurious tombs and rich treasures could bring happiness and privilege to the survival of the afterlife. Therefore, many treasures were buried in the pyramids together with the body of the monarch. Although these pyramids symbolizing the eternity of divine power are solid buildings made of tens of millions of tons of rough processed stones, and despite how the ancient Egyptian monarch claimed to be the son of the sun, the thieves still stole the treasures in the tomb, destroyed the tomb chamber, and even removed the names of the dead – which was the most blasphemous thing in the eyes of the ancient Egyptians, Because it will bring irreparable harm to the peaceful soul. In order to prevent theft, the architects of the pyramids of the fourth dynasty of the ancient kingdom of Egypt racked their brains and began to build falling organs and false passages with stone slabs to cover the real entrance of the tomb. However, this has stimulated the greed of grave robbers. They had to find the way to mummies, sarcophagus and treasure anyway. With the decline of the ancient kingdom, it entered the first turbulent era in Egyptian history at the end of the sixth dynasty. After the death of piopi II, who ascended the throne at the age of 6 and lived to 100, the country fell into chaos. The complex management machine without the support of the people finally stopped working. In this way, the wandering bandits took the opportunity to rush to the sacrificial temple and mausoleum. As a result, they all had good luck and returned with a full load, and became rich in one fell swoop. The tower bodies and tombs of the pyramids of the ancient kingdom were robbed by armed gangs and ubiquitous habitual thieves. By the beginning of the first middle period (about the early 22nd century BC to the middle of the 21st century BC, the turbulent era mentioned above), almost all the tombs of monarchs, successors to the throne and senior officials were empty. It is true that treasures are hard won, but it is not difficult to find them, because huge buildings such as pyramids have pointed out the location of attractive treasures; In addition, the watchman knows the way to them. The Middle Kingdom, which was established around the middle of the 21st century B.C. (ended at the beginning of the 18th century B.C.), restored Egypt’s unity. The two powerful rulers of the Kingdom, amenemhart and semsret, also built pyramidal tombs, but they did not use hundreds of thousands of construction troops like the monarchs of the ancient kingdom, But use the buildings of predecessors, which can save human and material resources. For example, the pyramids of Amenemhat were built from the materials of the pyramids of Giza. However, no matter how you build it, tomb diggers have long paid off craftsmen and made dark holes in the tomb chamber. Therefore, it is no wonder that almost all the pyramids in the Middle Kingdom were looted in the second middle period (about the early 18th century BC to the 1660s BC), an era of disintegration and foreign invasion. In the 1660s BC, the founder of Egypt’s 18th dynasty, yahmos, led to quell the domestic riots and expel the hiksos who invaded Egypt. Egypt was reunified and the New Kingdom period began (about 1660s BC to the early 11th century BC). The capital was set in Thebes across the Nile River in Upper Egypt.   ; In view of the fact that the tombs of the kings of the ancient and middle kingdoms were all stolen, how to make their tombs safe and reliable has become the most worrying problem for the rulers of the new kingdom. They finally realized that the cemetery itself should also be a barrier against theft. So the Pharaoh’s tomb was moved from the usual Nile Valley to the uninhabited valley of Thebes, 10 kilometers west of Thebes. This place is called Bibang El morok Canyon in Arabic, which means “the king’s gate” or “the king’s yard”. In Chinese, it is translated as “the king’s Valley”, which is also the famous “city of the dead”. So far, the Pharaoh’s Mausoleum and sacrificial temple were built separately. The sacrificial temple was built in the Nile Valley, and the mausoleum was dug in the deeper and farther Canyon to prevent theft. Almost all the Pharaoh’s Mausoleums in the new kingdom were built here, with a total of 62. These tombs are characterized by abandoning the luxury buildings on the ground and replacing them with natural peaks. The sharp Rogge peak of the lyzia mountains stands towering above the tombs, like a natural pyramid. Pharaoh toutemos I of the Eighteenth Dynasty was the first of the rulers of ancient Egypt to wisely abandon the luxurious tomb buildings. So far, many small tombs can be seen in the cemetery of Dale El medineh on the western slope of the Libyan mountains. This is the tomb of low-level helpers, stonemasons, sculptors and painters who used to work in cemeteries. These tombs were built by themselves. They also hope to lay a happy foundation for the afterlife by building beautiful tombs. Perhaps they think that the afterlife will prosper if they are buried with the Pharaoh! They can count the great buildings of the 18th dynasty by the number of pharaohs. Among them are the Amun temple in Luxor, the sacrificial Temple of Thutmosis III and the stepped pyramid of Queen Hatshepsut. The other buildings in the west of Thebes on the left bank of the Nile, which have no luxurious appearance decoration, but hide incredible treasures in the dark basement. The acquisition of great and amazing wealth during the Eighteenth Dynasty and the early nineteenth Dynasty was the result of successful wars and expeditions to neighboring countries. Hunts and tribute from conquered peoples. More for the construction of overly luxurious cemeteries and sacrificial temples. Thousands of craftsmen and jewelers work here. They all know the treasures deep in the mountains. Although the loyal officials kept their mouths shut, the result was hard to hide. Because there are so many hidden treasures here, rumors about them are like a baton from generation to generation. And when grave diggers do their business, this