is no stranger to Abe. Right wingers, hawkish representatives, Abe economics, Abe’s theory of constitutional amendment… For better or worse, there are countless labels around the Prime Minister of the neighboring country. On November 20, 2019, Abe has become Japan’s longest serving prime minister. Without skill, how can we be as stable as Mount Tai in Japan’s political arena where the change of prime minister is like a horse lantern? However, how much do we know about Shinzo Abe, his family and the hereditary pattern of Japanese politics it represents? Today, Xiao Bian will take you to talk about Abe and his family and half of Japan’s modern history.

Shinzo Abe

1. The counter attack from Changzhou wine merchants to political giants

Kyodo news reporter Gu Zexiang, after searching for historical records, believes that the ancestor of the Abe family is the late descendant of the Austrian warrior Abe in the Heian era of Japan, His third son, Abe Ji renliu, transferred to feiqianguo to become the son-in-law of the Matsuura family, alias Matsuura (Doctor Saburo). His descendants passed on to Gao Jun of Matsuura and were exiled to Yougu, changmen City, Shankou County, because he supported the Ping family in the war of yuanpinghe. Later, Ping Zhizhen, who was born in the Ping family, married Gao Jun’s daughter and became the adopted son of Abe’s son-in-law in order to avoid the persecution of the yuan family, Change your surname to Abe. The family pattern of Abe’s family is “the inside of the pill stands the leaf” (pill stands the leaf ~).

pill stands for

. It is unknown whether it belongs to the Abe family, bringing up relatives to their ancestors and decorating the family facade with celebrities. However, at the end of the curtain, the Abe family was indeed a big family of Chang Zhou fan. By the way, Changzhou vassal was indeed a place of great influence in Modern Japan. At the end of Edo, takasugi jinzuo, ITO Bowen, Yamashita Youpeng and other dignitaries were born in Changzhou. They formed the main force of the downfall with Samo vassal. In the important role of Meiji government in the future, most of them were born in Changzhou vassal. After the Meiji government withdrew its vassal and set up a county, Changzhou vassal changed its name to Shankou county. Later, the Sino Japanese war was defeated, which was the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed in Xiaguan, the largest city in Shankou county. This Yamaguchi county has also been the political base of Abe family for a long time.

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Abe’s family has been a big house engaged in wine and soy sauce brewing since the Edo era, with considerable economic strength. At the same time, Shintaro Abe of the Abe family also became an elected member of the first Yamaguchi County Council in the Meiji era. Unfortunately, Shintaro Abe died young at the age of 32 in the 15th year of Meiji (1882). In the early Meiji era, when you sang and I came to the stage, the influence of the family will soon subside if there is no strong spokesman in the family. In fact, Abe’s family is not too helpful to support Abe’s family. At the same time, Sato family, another rich family in Changzhou and the real noble of Abe family, is constantly accumulating strength. As an in laws in the future, the Sato family has too many similarities with the Abe family. They also accumulate wealth by making wine and get involved in politics. In the early Meiji period, Sato clan had served as Shimane magistrate, and Sato Xiuzhu, a key figure of Sato family, was also a civil servant in Yamaguchi county.

Hideki Sato helped himself. It is said that there is only one local tyrant, and there is no great achievement. But he has to admire his ability to give birth to a son. His eldest son later became lieutenant general, but what surprised people was his second and third sons. They both became Japanese prime ministers in the future, which was nobuke Kishi and Rongzuo Sato. As for kishike’s refusal to follow his father’s surname, it is because Xiuzhu Sato is the door-to-door son-in-law of the Sato family, so Xiuzhu Sato passed it on to his own family, the kishiko family. Regardless of the surname, Sato’s achievements in raising the two prime ministers are unprecedented in Japanese history.

Kishi graduated from the law department of Imperial University of Tokyo in 1917 and went to the Ministry of agriculture, commerce and industry. With his excellent ability, kishisuke was transferred to the puppet Manchukuo under the control of Japan. After 1936, he successively served as director general of the general affairs department of the Ministry of industry, deputy director of the Ministry of industry and deputy director of the general affairs department of the puppet Manchukuo government. Kishisuke, who is good at drilling, made friends with various leaders in the puppet Manchukuo. He and Hideki Tojo, chief of staff of the Kwantung Army, Naoki Xingye, director of the general affairs department of Manchukuo, Yoko Matsuoka, President of Manchukuo railway, and Yoshisuke Nishikawa, President of Manchukuo Heavy Industry Development Co., Ltd., were called the five giants of Manchukuo. Nikzawa and hideko Okawa are the founders of Nissan, while nikzawa and hideko Matsushita have considerable economic strength. During his tenure in the puppet Manchukuo, kishinsuke was known as the “demon of Showa” for his debauchery, eccentric personality and ugly appearance.

after Kishi’s

was transferred back to Japan, Kishi served as Deputy Minister of Commerce and industry of Japan in 1950 and Minister of Commerce and industry of Hideki Tojo’s cabinet in 1942, and countersigned the Imperial edict of Showa emperor declaring war on the United States. But later, because it was inconsistent with the idea of Dongtiao, kishisuke and it, but this just constituted the foreshadowing of his soaring fate after the war. After Japan’s defeat, kishisuke was detained as a class a war criminal in Tokyo’s nest duck prison for three and a half years. However, the rapid growth of the left-wing forces such as the Communist Party of Japan and the socialist party after the war deeply disturbed the United States, the actual controller of Japan, so the “demon of Showa”, who had a bad record with Dongtiao, was released from prison and was in politics. In the 1950s, Kishi was elected to the house of representatives of Japan. He was appointed Secretary General of the Democratic Party of Japan in 1954 and Secretary General of the newly established Liberal Democratic Party in 1955. In 1956, he served as Minister of foreign affairs of Shiqiao Zhanshan cabinet. In February 1957, Shiqiao resigned due to illness. Kishisuke acted as the prime minister in the capacity of foreign minister. He became a political figure who never left Japan’s political power center during the war and after the war. He also became the most powerful political figure of the Liberal Democratic Party. Kishisuke’s ruling strategy is completely biased towards the right wing. He uses a large number of pre war right wingers and even underworld figures. While closely interacting with the regime, he also frequently obstructs the development of good Sino Japanese relations and creates friction with the people’s Republic of China. In 1960, due to the good day of the United States and JapanIn the storm of amending the treaty, kishisuke failed to deal with it and stepped down bitterly.

but Kishi’s resignation does not mean the loss of power of the family. His brother Sato Rongzuo began to work in the Ministry of Railways after graduating from the law department of Imperial University of Tokyo in 1924. We don’t know how Kishi helped Sato during this period, but by the early 1950s, Sato had become a favorite student of Yoshida, Japan’s most powerful politician after the war. In 1964, Sato took over as prime minister after Yoshito Ikeda died of illness. During his term of office, he promoted the continuous growth of Japan’s economy and put forward the famous “three non nuclear principles”, which won the peace prize. However, Sato is also a hawk in China relations. He repeatedly refused the visit of representatives of the people’s Republic of China to Japan, hindered the development of bilateral trade relations, and finally stepped down because he failed to adjust his China policy in time.

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are much higher in appearance than brother Nai.

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. So far, kishike’s family has become an important force in post-war Japan and can be called a political powerhouse. So how did the Abe family develop at that time?

II. The charm of marriage – the rise of the Abe family

Shinzo Abe’s grandfather, Abe Kuan, was an anti war figure who ran around during the Showa period and had close contacts with future prime Minister Takeo Miki, who once served as a member of the house of representatives of Japan. But in the early post-war period, Abe died in 1946. Abe’s family is actually an elite class, but it is obviously not enough to see compared with kishiyuki’s family. After Abe’s death, his eldest son Shintaro Abe was alone and helpless. But with a matchmaking, the fate of Shintaro Abe and his whole family has changed.

Shintaro Abe worked at the daily news agency at that time. In 1951, his colleague Keiichi Nagasaka introduced him to Yoko kishiko. They fell in love soon, and Yoko kishiko was the apple of kishike’s eye. Abe’s family is also a political family. In addition, Abe jintaro graduated from the law department of Dongda University. He can be called a young talent. Therefore, the two families in chuyamaguchi realized a political marriage. In May 1952, Shintaro Abe married Yoko an.

Shintaro Abe’s family

subsequently, Shintaro Abe resigned as a journalist and began to serve as the Secretary of his father-in-law kishisuke and stepped into politics. With the support of Lao Taishan, the road to politics is naturally going smoothly. In 1958, Shintaro Abe was elected as a member of the house of representatives for the first time, serving successively as the political undersecretary of agriculture and forestry, the Minister of agriculture and forestry, and the chairman of the LDP Congress; In 1977, he served as Chief Cabinet Secretary of Fukuda cabinet, and then successively served as president of the Liberal Democratic Party, Minister of Commerce and industry, Minister of foreign affairs, President of the general affairs of the Liberal Democratic Party and Secretary General of the Liberal Democratic Party. Due to his doting on his daughter Yoko, Kishi’s political resources were basically inherited by Shintaro Abe. During the Nakasone cabinet period, Shintaro Abe, Takeshita Takeshita and Miyazawa were known as the “three leaders” in Japanese politics after Nakasone Kanghong. After Nakasone left office, the leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party held internal consultations and Takeshita succeeded the Prime Minister first, and then Shintaro Abe took over. However, during Takeshita’s tenure, the famous corruption case “likulut incident” broke out, and Shintaro Abe was also involved. It took him a lot of energy to deal with this matter. At the end of 1989, although Shintaro Abe was weak, he still visited the Soviet Union and the United States nonstop, facilitating Gorbachev’s visit to Japan and lobbying the United States to end the cold war as soon as possible. Shintaro Abe’s all this is to accumulate resources in order to win the prime minister’s election. However, due to accumulated labor, Shintaro Abe diagnosed cancer in 1990 and fell in the last step of becoming prime minister.

Abe family diagram

therefore, the glory of a three prime minister rests on Shinzo Abe, the second son of Shintaro Abe. Shinzo Abe’s performance in his youth was not excellent, so he failed to continue his family’s honor of being admitted to the University of Tokyo, but entered Chengji University. How can it be compared with other people’s political resources and contacts? In 1957, Shinzo Abe, who was 3 years old, accompanied his grandfather Nobuyuki Kishi, who was Prime Minister, to visit India. When he was less than 30 years old, he served as the Secretary of Shintaro Abe, who was then the father of the foreign minister. He officially went into politics and was strongly supported by Takeo Fukuda and Takeshita, former prime ministers.

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. On Abe’s personal issues, the marriage object also provided a boost for Abe’s subsequent development. Shinzo Abe’s wife is Akie Matsuzaki, born in the extremely prominent Mori family. Morinago Co., Ltd. is one of the most influential food manufacturers in Japan. Zhaohui’s father is Akio Matsuzaki, former president of morinago. In Japan, in addition to its appeal, political elections also need a lot of money. With the financial support of his wife and family, Shinzo Abe’s future election can be described as a smooth journey.

the young Abe couple

since then, with the political resources of his grandparents and the financial resources of his wife, Shinzo Abe has held important positions in both Yoshiro Mori and Koizumi Cabinet. On September 26, 2006, Shinzo Abe became the 90th Prime Minister of the cabinet. In Abe’s campaign for prime minister, his mother, Yoko Abe, played an important role. Let’s ask from Kishi to Sato Rongzuo and Shintaro Abe. Who hasn’t received the favor of their family? In the face of the old lady’s personal lobbying, the leaders of the Liberal Democratic Party have agreed to support Abe. Shinzo Abe thus became the youngest prime minister in Japanese history. However, during his tenure, Andouble had successfully restored relations with his neighbours and established a strategic and mutually beneficial relationship with the Chinese mainland. However, there were many controversies in his post. Many of his cabinet members resigned because of scandal and slip of the tongue. During this period, the LDP lost its position as the largest party in the Senate. Under pressure, Abe hastily asked for a post on the grounds of health problems. But in 2012, the poor performance of the Democratic Party gave Abe a chance. He successfully achieved the second phase worship, which is today. Today, Abe has not only surpassed the post-war prime minister’s record of his uncle Sato Rongzuo, but alsoHe became the longest serving prime minister in Japanese history.

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III. “Abe” is more than one. The Japanese democracy

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coerced by the political gate are now approaching the expiration of Abe’s term of office. Since Shinzo Abe and Zhaohui Abe have no children, people talk about the follow-up trend of this century old political family. However, Japan’s political door is far more than the Abe family. After the political cleansing of the United States after World War II, the influence of Suo Lao in Japanese politics such as Youpeng in Yamashita before the war and guitaro has been basically cut off. However, there are still several political door valves emerging after the war.

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are the first series of Yoshida Mau. Yoshida Mao cooperated with the United States to realize Japan’s post-war reform in the early post-war period, laying the foundation for Japan’s subsequent take-off. He can be called the most influential Japanese prime minister after the war. Shigeru Yoshida’s daughter later married Taro Aso, a Japanese chaebol. Taro Aso, relying on Lao Taishan, was later elected as a member of Parliament. Taro Aso is the son of Taro Aso and the grandson of Mao Yoshida. Taro Aso’s wife, Chihiro Suzuki, is the third daughter of former Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiyuki Suzuki. Aso’s sister married Prince Hirohito sanrimiya, the cousin of Emperor Akihito. Taro Aso himself served as prime minister in 2008.

the controversial Taro Aso

then, the Hatoyama family is also an important gatekeeper in Japan. Hatoyama and Yoshida were political rivals in the early post-war period. It was he who brought down Yoshida’s long-term office. His son, Junichiro Hatoyama, married the eldest daughter of Masako Ishihashi, founder of Bridgestone, Japan, the world’s largest tire manufacturer. After marriage, he had two sons: Yukio Hatoyama and Hatoyama. In 1986, the father and son were elected members of Parliament at the same time, setting a record in Japanese politics. The historical coincidence is that in 2009, Yukio Hatoyama, the grandson of Ichiro Hatoyama, led the Democratic Party to defeat Taro Aso, Yoshida’s grandson, and became prime minister.

Yukio Hatoyama

followed by Takeo Fukuda. Takeo Fukuda served as Prime Minister of Japan in the 1970s, and his son Yasuo Fukuda also entered the political arena after inheriting the political resources of his father’s generation, and took over as Prime Minister Abe in 2007. Today, Yasuo Fukuda, the son of Yasuo Fukuda, has gradually emerged in Japanese politics.

Yasuo Fukuda

while Junichiro Koizumi’s family background is not as good as the first few, but his father Junichiro Koizumi also served as the head of the defense agency. Koizumi’s strong personality charm has accumulated a lot of resources for him. After retirement, Junichiro Koizumi inherited his father’s political resources and is now a young environment minister in Abe’s cabinet. Moreover, Japan generally believes that he will be a strong competitor for the next prime minister. As for Junichiro Koizumi, his important partner in the election, Makiko Tanaka, is the beloved daughter of former Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka.

Junichiro Koizumi and Makiko Tanaka

this is only the main political family in Japan at present. It can be found that political families marry each other or combine with financial leaders, so as to realize the continuation of family power from generation to generation. The intricate relationships between families may be difficult for me to draw with a mesh. Therefore, even if Abe leaves office, there must be other political families to follow up. This is exactly an episode of Detective Conan in the dead of Baker Street: the child of a politician is still a politician.

in fact, this phenomenon of political family is not unique to Japan. Even the United States, which is known as a model of democracy, has examples of “Bush family”, “Clinton family” and “family”. Being born in a famous political family since childhood makes the children of politicians have stronger political learning ability and relevant platform resources. In a sense, the descendants of politicians can handle national government affairs more easily than the children of ordinary families. However, this undoubtedly leads to class solidification, and it is difficult to have fresh blood to supplement the national administrative center in time. It is a terrible thing, which will lead to the gradual rigidity of the national system. As for Japan, the existence of political giants like the Abe family, which has lasted for a hundred years, is also related to the country’s historical tradition. The Japanese are very authoritative and accept and respect the glory of the family. Therefore, it is common for ordinary Japanese families to find out the genealogy and dig up more than ten generations of their ancestors. Including the Tokugawa family, which has fallen for more than 150 years, its supervisor is still respected by ordinary Japanese. In the political field, if an electoral district is the territory of a political figure before, then after he retires and transfers it to his next generation, the people in the constituency will still support him out of the inertia of worshipping authority. In order to safeguard their own interests, political leaders will also make relevant changes to the Election Bill during their term of office, so as to facilitate the continuation of their power. This involves Japan’s political and electoral system. If you are interested, you can publish relevant topics later.