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. It is well known that Soviet leader Khrushchev did not have profound “cultural cultivation” or “technical skills” in the missile field, but these did not become an obstacle for him to compete with his opponents. As a politician, Khrushchev can always use his ability of propaganda and encouragement to maximize the “achievement effect”. A reporter once described Khrushchev as a monster with eyes like a hornet’s nest and intestines as straight as an airplane runway.

at the Vienna conference with Khrushchev (data picture)

conducted land-based midcourse anti missile tests with China and the United States, Japan launched surveillance satellites with rockets, India tested submarine launched medium range ballistic missiles, Iran sent live monkeys to heaven, and South Korea launched “rogao” for the third time… Around missile (rocket) technology, Countries are playing catch-up. In fact, as one of the benchmarks to measure a country’s military strength, missiles are a direct and effective means of deterrence. In the 1950s and 1960s, at a strategic disadvantage, the leaders of the Soviet Union bluffed the West with a handful of intercontinental missiles for six years through a “deliberate, careful and sustained deception war”.

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deceived randomly and promoted

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. It is well known that Soviet leader Khrushchev did not have profound “cultural cultivation” or “technical skills” in the missile field, but these did not become an obstacle for him to compete with his opponents. Khrushchev once described in detail how he first knew the rocket. When the great designer Korolev introduced the launch and flight of the rocket, both national leaders and those who first came into contact with rocket technology said that “this cigar shaped giant tube” was “like a goat looking at a new door”; They “revolve around it, just like farmers buy printed cloth in the market: touch and drag to see if it is strong”. It was such a layman who quickly became an obsession and admirer of rockets, because Khrushchev had a special sensitivity to the advent of the rocket era and its power.

as a politician, Khrushchev can always use his ability of propaganda and encouragement to maximize the “achievement effect”. A reporter once described Khrushchev as a monster with eyes like a hornet’s nest and intestines as straight as an airplane runway. Indeed, the “random deception” in the form of pleasant words, the unique “image packaging” and the “famous aphorisms” in simple terms are familiar to us so far. When he visited Britain in 1956, he surprised the other party.

during that visit, Khrushchev published the famous “fireside talk” of cheks villa with the Soviet missile technology as the core, which made the British people from scholars to politicians remember the “Curse of eight rockets destroying the three British islands”. Khrushchev’s son Sergei recalled: “My father thinks he is ready for a contest. After the P-5 rocket test in February, he has a big stick in his hand, which can be used to frighten inexplicable European negotiators if necessary… He would rather use nuclear weapons at the negotiating table than on the battlefield. If so, why keep a secret? It’s OK to boast in this regard”, “My father kept attacking, even to the point of not being measured. In his conversation, he suddenly asked the other party if he knew how many nuclear warheads could destroy their country. For example, in Chex villa, such an event happened: ‘Eden (then British Prime Minister) at the banquet My wife asked us: what rockets do you have? Is it a long range? I said: far away. Our rockets can not only hit your three British Islands, but also have a longer range than that. ‘”

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heroic words intimidated the enemy

. In August 1957, the Soviet Union successfully test fired the world’s first intercontinental ballistic missile R-7. In October of the same year, the Soviet Union sent the first man-made satellite into space with R-7. This achievement made the world once again hear Moscow’s “heroic words”: the Soviet Union can “throw nuclear bombs to the other side of the ocean with Rockets”, and the Soviet Union has anti missile weapons that “can hit even a fly in space”. “During the debate, I said beautiful words to sober our enemies and show that we have been armed with missiles: both offensive and defensive.” Khrushchev recalled.

Khrushchev’s “boasting” really made his opponent the United States feel “frightened”. In the late 1950s, even American intelligence experts were worried that the Soviets were seeking to build a dominant first nuclear strike force. The president and several of his defense ministers also recognized the possibility that the Soviet Union could lead, at least in quantity, in some areas of long-range ballistic missile development. At a secret meeting held in 1959, after listening to the opinions of the Secretary of defense, the Appropriations Committee of the US House of Representatives predicted that the Soviet Union might lead 3-1 in the number of long-range missiles by the end of 1962.

Khrushchev’s “bluff” caused panic in the United States to breed rapidly, and even directly affected the 1960 U.S. election. Kennedy, who won that year, exaggerated the “missile gap” with the Soviet Union in his speech, which further aroused Americans’ deep concern about the danger of nuclear war. Some American historians commented that Americans have no idea at what speed the Soviet Union is acquiring long-range strategic nuclear missiles that can hit the United States. Their anxiety provided Khrushchev with a very tempting opportunity to offset or even reverse the cold war advantage given to the United States by such ability. Sergei also said in his book missiles and crisis that since his visit to Britain in 1956, the topic of rockets has become an ace in his father’s diplomatic activities, “Fathers usually use rockets that have just been planned to be deployed to positions or have just begun testing. Who can check the specific number and deployment location of rockets? Today, when I see the declassified estimate of the Soviet Union’s rocket potential in that year, I can’t help but be surprised by the great difference in numbers.”.

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The Soviet Union was indeed “radiant”. The year 1960 was a year of routine military technology inspection. From the successive loading of missiles, to the improvement of the army’s “missile view”, and then to the gradual improvement of combat capability, all showed the great achievements of the Soviet Union’s military construction. In May 1960, the Soviet Union shot down the U-2 aircraft of the United States. In April 1961, Gagarin became the first man in space. However, this “spring swallow” that Khrushchev called flying into space cannot stop the “cold spring” brought about by the enhancement of U.S. strategic power.

in September 1961, after careful evaluation, the CIA officially informed Kennedy that the United States was ahead of the Soviet Union in the missile field. In October, the Deputy Secretary of defense, Patrick Kennedy, made his first speech to the outside world. “The iron curtain is not so unbreakable that it forces us to accept the superficial values that the Kremlin boasts,” gilpatrick said. This speech made the West find itself: originally, there is no so-called “missile gap” — the inferior side is not the United States, but the Soviet Union.

deceived the world and triggered the crisis

even after the bubble of the “missile gap” was punctured, Khrushchev still waved his best weapon and carried out a big action of “concealing the world and crossing the sea”, which led to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

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, an operation called “anadel”, is the most adventurous strategic deception. The Soviet Union just transported dozens of missiles, dozens of aircraft and 4400 soldiers to Cuba under the eyes of the CIA, and each missile carries a nuclear warhead much more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. Of course, Khrushchev was the “trader” of this scam. Before the Cubans who signed the action agreement left the Soviet Union, he left the Kremlin and began the “all Soviet inspection” in order to divert attention with this “strategic feint”. He limited the action plan to only 54 people. Diplomats and intelligence personnel stationed in the United States were kept in the dark. Even borisakov, the secret liaison of the Soviet US summit, was completely unaware of the details and could only objectively become a strategic cover. As for the troops carrying out ocean transportation and engineering construction tasks, there are a large number of commendable strategic camouflage stories.

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and “anadel” marked the transformation of hatch’s deception from “moving his mouth” to “doing it”. Khrushchev thought of “putting a hedgehog in American pants”. During the long cold war, the United States made several moves to use nuclear bombs. This time, it was the most explosive, which showed that hatch’s move made the United States face a painful threat. Sergei once described his father’s psychological activities: “Whoever covers up well and deceives wisely is the winner.” However, Khrushchev finally failed in his “adventure”, and his six-year missile deception war ended here.

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