volcano is one of the most terrible things in the world. Many biological civilizations were extinct because of the eruption of the volcano. In ancient Rome, the famous Pompeii city was once a very prosperous ancient city. The people there lived a very happy life, but the volcano located in Pompeii city erupted after all, and this eruption led to the destruction of the whole city of Pompeii. Now let’s get to know each other.
Pompeii is an ancient city built in the 6th century BC, located near Naples in southern Italy. The ancient city was destroyed in a volcanic eruption and everything was burned. It was not discovered until the late 1840s. The discovery of Pompeii shocked the world, Archaeologists excavated fossils and sites of residents buried by volcanic ash. Let’s have a look.
Pompeii is an ancient city in Campania in the southwest corner of Apennine Peninsula, about 240 kilometers away from Rome, near Naples in southern Italy and 10 kilometers away from the southeast foot of Vesuvius volcano. It is about 20 kilometers away from the beautiful bay of Naples in the West. It is a summer resort with mountains on its back and sea on its face. It was built in the 6th century BC and destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 ad. However, due to being buried by volcanic ash, the street houses are relatively intact. Archaeological excavation has continued since 1748, which provides important data for understanding the social life, culture and art of ancient Rome.
in the spring of 1748, a farmer named Andre was digging deep into his vineyard. He raised his hoe and “clattered” as if he had dug a huge stone, but he couldn’t pull out the hoe with any effort. He hurriedly called his brother and sister-in-law for help. When they removed the soil and stones, they found that the hoe had penetrated a metal cabinet, so they dug it out with all their hands and feet. When they opened it, there were a lot of melted and semi melted gold and silver jewelry and ancient coins. The news spread that the farmers who planted grapes on this land suddenly remembered the legend of Pompeii’s disappearance handed down by their ancestors, so Treasure thieves flocked to it, and then a group of historians and archaeologists came here for archaeology. Later, according to the suggestions of experts, the Italian government began to organize scientists to explore Pompeii in an orderly manner in 1876.
after more than a hundred years of continuous work of seven or eight generations of experts and the hard maintenance of thousands of staff, the thrilling scene of Pompeii ancient city has finally been truly reproduced in front of the world. Vanio, a historian involved in the excavation of Pompeii, said: “What an appalling sight! Many people died in their sleep, and others died at the door. They raised their arms and opened their mouths to breathe; many families still had bread on the oven, dogs tied to the chain by the door; slaves carried ropes; books made of papyrus were placed on library shelves, and election slogans were pasted on the walls, scribbling words of love.” These scenes fully show how tens of thousands of creatures in the ancient city were suddenly torn off the chain of life!
before AD 62, the active volcano Vesuvius was like a gentle and quiet lady, and people were not worried about the danger of its existence. But under this quiet appearance, it has accumulated power for thousands of years. On August 24, AD 79, this force finally broke out uncontrollably. From 1 noon to 7 am the next day, Pompeii was completely annihilated after being attacked by volcanic eruption, four lava flows and three dust storms in 18 hours. The most famous disaster in human history was recorded by Pliny Jr., who was only 17 years old at that time.
when the volcano erupted, he was visiting his uncle old Pliny with his mother in missena. Pliny Jr. witnessed the whole process of volcanic eruption. Six years later, at the request of the famous Roman historian Tacitus, he wrote two letters, one recording the process of old Pliny’s participation in the rescue as the commander of the navy of the Roman Empire, Another describes the eruption of the volcano: “a large cedar shaped dark cloud suddenly appeared on the horizon, and a huge flame burst into flames. As the sky became dark, the flame was particularly dazzling. Earthquakes kept happening, and we were afraid to go out, because the burning volcanic rubble was falling from the sky like hail.”
Tacitus wrote the letter of Pliny Jr. into his works, which also left a clue in the historical records of ancient Roman cities such as Pompeii deeply buried underground. The letter also said that after the disaster, the Roman imperial fleet sent some ships to the other side to try to rescue, but the pouring volcanic ash and gravel, the thick smoke from the raging fire and the toxic gas emitted by the lava eruption could not subside for several days and the rescue work could not be carried out. Many rescuers failed to take care of themselves and died. The disaster swallowed up more than 2000 lives.
Pompeii is a very famous ancient city. Mount Vesuvius, which destroyed it, stands not far from its north. In the Second Punic War, Pompeii fell into the hands of the Romans and became an autonomous city of Rome in 87 BC, with a population of about 20000. The city is adjacent to the blue bay of Naples in the West and the towering and steep mount vesuqi in the north. It was a big city at that time. In A.D. 63, the Vesuvius volcano in the north, which had not erupted for a long time, began to wake up. A strong earthquake occurred and damaged the buildings in the city. However, the residents did not notice that this was the omen of their doomsday, but built the city more magnificent.
finally on August 24, AD 79, a devastating disaster occurred. Mount Vesuvius, about ten kilometers from the city, suddenly erupted. When the burning stones of Tong zhilang and Jin Wei rose from the top of the mountain, they seemed to explode violently. A large number of stones and volcanic ash covered the ground near the volcano. Then there was another rainstorm, causing flash floods. The mountain torrents, carrying countless stones and volcanic ash, formed a huge mud flow and violently n went down the mountain. Pompeii, an ancient city built in the sixth century BC, was buried. It was not until the 18th century that someone gradually revealed it