“crazy, grotesque, disgusting, disgusting!” This was denounced by an art critic in Paris in 1874 for an unconventional exhibition of oil paintings, crayons and other paintings.
The organizers are a group of friends who refuse to exhibit their works in the official Paris Salon.
The works of this group of young rebels are strangely colored and extensive.
They take simple daily life as the theme, and do not follow the fashion, draw strict portraits and magnificent historical scenes.
The exhibition soon became a topic of conversation in the streets of Paris.
The people not only went to laugh, but even spit on the canvas.
Among them, Monet’s small sea view is the most ridiculed.
This painting is the morning view of Harvard harbor, entitled “impression of sunrise”.
A cynical critic used the title to ridicule the group of painters, calling them “impressionism”.
Economically, the exhibition was a complete failure, and none of them were sold.
But this new style of painting became famous and later became famous all over the world.
Since then, Impressionist Works have become popular all over the world, and everyone has spared no expense to buy them.
Experts believe that Monet’s small sea view is now worth at least $2 million.
Monet persuaded his friends to use the nickname given to them by the critics to make the name of the painting school to show resistance, and soon became the recognized leader of the painting school.
His strong figure, thick long brown hair, bright black eyes and beautiful face with beard are full of confidence everywhere.
He insisted that everyone continue to paint in the same style, so that the French can learn to appreciate their works.
Claude Monet (1840-1926) was born in Paris in November 1840.
His father was a grocer and Monet was the eldest son.
Shortly after birth, the family moved to manodi.
His cartoon ability is appreciated by the landscape painter Budan.
At the age of 18, Budan invited him to paint outdoors.
At that time, tube paint had just been invented, and outdoor painting was still a new thing.
Monet didn’t think so at first, but later learned the beauty of learning from nature and believed that outdoor sketching was the best way for landscape painters.
A young painter asked him for advice.
He pointed to the yuntianhe tree and said, “they are teachers.
Ask them for advice and listen to them well.
” Monet had not yet developed his revolutionary Impressionist skills.
Several paintings have been accepted by the official Paris Salon.
At the age of 26, a connoisseur praised his “girl in green”.
It was a fresh and lively portrait of his sweetheart Tang Xiu.
Tang Xiu is a weak and slender girl with black hair.
Monet has been inspired by her for many years.
But his middle-class family was very angry about their union.
In 1867, Monet’s family heard about it and cut off all financial assistance to them.
The penniless little family was evicted by the landlord after many moves.
His friend hanova, who was also desperately poor, secretly gave Monet the bread on his mother’s table, so the Monet family had to avoid starvation.
That summer, Monet and hanova both made great achievements in their creation.
In order to paint the flicker of sunlight on the water and the vibration of leaves, they adopted a new method.
They abandoned the dark colors and used solid color dots and short lines, which were densely covered on the canvas.
From a distance, these dots and lines were integrated.
Impressionist painting, which had not been named at that time, was born that summer.
After the Franco Prussian War broke out, Monet entrusted Tang Xiu to his friends and went to London alone.
He was fascinated by the ethereal light smoke and muddy fog in London.
Later, he went to London several times and painted many large and small bridges on the Thames and the British Parliament building with halo before and after.
A strange color that was not earthly shrouded the whole picture.
After the war, Monet returned to France.
In the winter of 1871, he took his wife and children to ashander on the seine for six years.
Monet painted outdoors from morning to evening every day.
He also got a small boat and turned it into a studio.
He doesn’t work indoors, whether it’s sunny or cold.
When the Seine was frozen, he drilled holes in the ice to place easels and small stools.
When his fingers froze, he asked someone to send a warm water bag.
He painted on the beach of MeiDao on the sea.
Due to the strong Atlantic wind, he tied himself and his easel to the rocks (there are several sea views, and the embedded sand grains can still be seen up to now).
He dealt with adversity in his life with the same assiduous spirit.
In 1878, their second son Michelle was born, and Tang Xiu was seriously ill.
Monet has to take care of patients, babies, laundry and cooking.
He also has to find time to sell oil paintings on the street.
Although they are masterpieces, their income is insignificant.
The next year, Tang Xiu died before he was 30.
In 1883, Monet’s works were exhibited in Paris, London and Boston.
At this time, Impressionist painters have gradually attracted people’s attention.
The exhibition held in New York in 1886 exhibited 45 fine works of Monet, which was the turning point of his life.
His works have become the object of collectors and he has become a celebrity.
In 1888, even France publicly recognized his status and wanted to give him a “Medal of honor”, but he angrily refused.
In 1880, Monet enjoyed a happy and rich life for the first time.
He organized a new family with two little boys and a widow with six children.
They lived in an untidy, grey shuttered farmhouse in schifeni, 75 kilometers outside Paris.
There is a meandering stream on the grassland, and there is a single track railway next to the garden.
There are four trains every day.
Schifeni is Monet’s paradise on earth.
For 43 years, he loved this place, painted with it, and died here.
One day, he and his assistant were painting on the hillside behind the house.
They painted a haystack under the sunset.
Fifteen minutes later, the light changed and he couldn’t continue.
He was very distressed.
So he asked his assistant to go home and get another canvas.
Before long, he had to change another one.
The famous “series” oil painting came into being.
Monet painted this haystack in the morning and evening all year round.
When he went out, he took more than a dozen canvases and changed paintings one by one with the change of light or weather.
He painted the facade of the Gothic cathedral in Rouen in the same way for two years.
Monet likes painting water best.
Soon after he moved to sifenni, he led the stream to build a pool and planted yellow, red, blue, white and rose water lilies in the pool.
His love for these flowers is growing day by day.
For nearly 30 years, he has been painting repeatedly, and the more he paints, the more abstract he becomes.
In front of the huge oil paintings he painted in his later years, the viewer will be suspended in strange waterFeeling over the world, watching the reflection of white clouds slide across the water surface between the giant leaves of water lilies.
Monet’s most powerful friend in his later years was French Prime Minister Clemenceau during World War I.
One day Monet told Clemenceau that he wanted to build a showroom with huge water lily paintings on the walls, so that people could have a place to meditate in this world of fire.
Clemenceau encouraged him to carry out the plan.
However, Monet’s eyesight is declining day by day.
He often cuts the canvas angrily because of his inability, and once or twice said he would give up the plan.
The busy Prime Minister listened and rushed from the cabinet office to xifeni to persuade the old man not to be discouraged.
“Draw, draw, whether you know it or not, there will be immortal works.
” Clemenceau was right.
Monet’s “water lily mending the wall” oil painting on display in the orange garden in Paris, which was dedicated to France in memory of the armistice of World War I, is recognized as Monet’s greatest work.
Monet’s vision recovered after cataract surgery, so he was able to continue painting in his twilight years.
Sometimes he still cuts the canvas angrily.
However, when he was handy, he knew that he had almost realized his youth’s dream and almost painted the “impossible air beauty”.
He died at the age of 86.
Shortly before his death, he mentioned in his letter that he had been very happy in his day’s work.
Monet taught the world new ideas.
His friend Cezanne said well: “Monet is only an eye, but my God, what a great eye it is!.