July 4, 2003, American Independence Day. In the boiling union station, Chinese students staged a short play on the Chinese Exclusion Act, which suddenly reopened a page of history that Americans deliberately ignored, accusing Chinese Americans of unfair treatment in the past 150 years.
people immersed in the history of blood and tears did not expect that the Philippines, once a US colony, was also experiencing a vast farce.
is the Philippine us friendship day, but it has become a touchstone for the anti Chinese forces in the Philippines.
in Manila in early July 2003, there were no appalling bombings or the agitation of anti armed elements. Everything seemed so calm. However, the Anti China posters and flyers on several main commercial streets vaguely indicated the coming storm.
the organization signed as “international anti Communist, anti terrorist people’s volunteers and Philippine us friendship day committee” shouted four slogans on the leaflet: “anti corruption and poverty, anti Red China invading our land, anti China enslaving the Philippine people, anti-terrorism and Chinese imperialism”. At the same time, it also called on the people to participate in the anti Chinese demonstration held on the Philippine us friendship day on July 4, calling on the people to “not be enslaved on their own land”, pointing at the Chinese and China and provoking discord.
in addition, mobile phone messages with anti China content are also circulating among the people. The Filipino people, who are known as the largest number of text messages in the world, are therefore troubled, and the local Chinese are more seriously harassed by ethnic sensational “letters”. The organizers of the event even provocatively faxed Anti China materials to the office of the Manila branch of Xinhua news agency.
the local Chinese are worried. The frequent kidnapping of Chinese businessmen and the upcoming demonstrations immediately brought unspeakable panic to the calm Manila. Four years ago, the tragic scene of the anti Chinese riots in Indonesia was still fresh in my mind. I was deeply afraid that the anti Chinese incident would repeat itself, and the Philippine Chinese News Agency was terrified again.
tension is imminent. “Spekds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “spkds”, “. About 1500 Filipinos gathered in front of the world trade center in Manila, set off along Rojas Bay Avenue to the National Father Lisha Memorial Park a few kilometers away, and passed the U.S. Embassy next to Haibin Avenue. In the procession, the banner of “against Red China” held in the center of the front row was shocking. When the procession marched to the military parade platform near Lisha Park, someone shouted anti Communist slogans and even burned a Chinese national flag. But beyond that, surprisingly, there were no other excesses. They did not carry propaganda materials on Anti China content, nor did they shout Anti China slogans. Moreover, there were few spectators at the parade, and there was no imagined riot scene. The parade lasted until the early morning of the 5th, and then ended hastily.
from the previous panic undercurrent to the hasty end of the demonstration, can not help but cast a mysterious veil on the demonstration. Although some media speculate that this may be the “edge ball” carefully planned by the organizers, no matter from which point of view, it is more like a farce with little thunder and heavy rain.
however, the Anti China leaflets posted everywhere and the flying “letter harassment” are not like a joke or a prank. What was it that turned this supposed riot into a farce?
according to relevant local media reports, in order to avoid the tragedy, the highest group of the Philippine Chinese society, the Federation of Philippine Chinese business unions, held an emergency symposium with the heads of major groups of the Chinese society on the afternoon of July 2 to seek countermeasures. Most of the people in charge of the organizations attending the meeting believed that we should deal with the Anti China action in a low-key manner and wait for its change. And sent a representative to the Manila police to plead with the police, asking the police to focus on the overall situation, actively intervene and stop public activities with anti china nature. The police said that according to the law, public activities such as demonstrations must be approved by the local government. If someone is incited to demonstrate in the Chinese area, he will be stopped by the police.
at the same time, according to the relevant investigation of Manila police, the so-called “international anti Communist, anti terrorist people’s volunteers and Philippine us friendship day committee” is actually an extreme Pro American organization, which has been funded by the United States and has organized Pro American and Anti China demonstrations many times, but few respondents.
therefore, the Anti China wave has not yet appeared, so it is doomed that it can only be a puzzling farce, but what remains is not only laughing and forgetting, but also heavy thinking.
although the demonstration failed to meet the wishes of Anti China and pro American organizations, their provocation still had an extremely bad impact and once again affected the long-standing ethnic relations between China and the Philippines in Philippine society.
trace back to history. As early as the Spanish rule, many Chinese have made wealth, and some have been appointed as senior government officials. For the Chinese who once carried the star spangled banner to help them occupy the Philippines, the United States, which ended the war with Spain, did not think of its friendship with allies. when all hares are killed , the hounds will be stewed and eaten,. When the war slowed down, the Americans began to exclude China and vowed to drive the Chinese out of this land where they had fought side by side. In order to get rid of the fate of exclusion, Chinese in the Philippines have to work harder to defend their own interests. The root causes of ethnic friction and the historical reasons of American exclusion of China are thus buried.
although the Anti China demonstrations in 1986 and the robbery and murder of more than 20 Chinese who caused a sensation in the world in 1988 are unbearable. But in the past 20 years, Hua Fei has been getting along fairly peacefully. Although ethnic frictions may occur from time to time, they have not turned into large-scale ethnic vendettas through various efforts.
most Chinese born in this country have given up their loyalty to the motherland and deeply love this land. Spend time hereAfter a lifetime, they will never think of burying themselves in Chinese land after death. Therefore, intermarriage between Chinese and indigenous people is as common as the high rate of sexual harassment in this country. Chinese mixed race children have also achieved a very successful position in the Philippines. With the historical changes and social development, the number of Chinese Filipino mixed race children has increased sharply and become an indispensable part of society, and the boundaries between races have become increasingly blurred.
however, the rapid development of China’s economy in recent years has once again detonated a latent volcano. Even the so-called capable “Eastern Jews” cannot escape the sparks.
although Chinese only account for about 1.5% of the total population of the Philippines, their economic strength, the Chinese economy has dominated the Philippine national economy. There are often conflicts between Chinese and Filipino capitalists and between Chinese employers and Filipino employees. Once this economic conflict is colored by race, Chinese will become scapegoats with nowhere to escape.
in recent years, the Philippine economy has not improved, and the number of unemployed people has reached 3.8 million. In addition, the Philippine government has no hope of calming the separatism of Southern Moro Hui and social unrest. This strong dissatisfaction among the Philippine people has intensified.
the economic foundation determines the superstructure. All contradictions originate from economic conflicts. The Philippines has long relied on its cheap labor to attract foreign investment and exported to the United States with cheap goods. However, after China’s economic rise, it has compared the advantages of the Philippines. Chinese goods are popular because of their high quality and low price, which has occupied the market space of local manufacturing industry to a certain extent. Besides Vietnam, wages in China are lower than those in Southeast Asian countries. The minimum daily salary in China is only $1.21, while in the Philippines, employers have to pay at least $5.38 a day.
small manufacturing industry is the main business model of the Philippines, but with China’s accession to the WTO, the small manufacturing industry is facing severe challenges. In the Philippines, manufacturing employs 2.8 million people. Compared with areas where China has a competitive advantage, 2 million jobs in the Philippines are seriously threatened, not including 900000 in the informal sector.
although the relationship between the two sides is gradually tense, the Philippine Chinese Chamber of Commerce and industry is not satisfied with this, and forces the Philippine government to implement a 10-year strike ban with a beautiful lie of “promising to create 3 million jobs within one to two years”. As Philippine society has long criticized the treatment of Chinese businessmen and poor workers, this move is bound to exacerbate the collapse of shaky ethnic relations. At the same time, this “unfulfilled commitment” has also laid a fuse for this anti China wave.
therefore, the Chinese people should not only consider economic interests and economic development, but also pay attention to the precarious ethnic relations. On this fertile land, work hand in hand with the local people.