in the middle ages of Europe, especially refers to how the Catholic orthodox Protestant region became a king during the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Renaissance. How much territory does it need, how many lords (Dukes and earls) to be loyal, and whether it needs church certification and permission? Find a land without owners, recruit a group of refugees and build a castle. Can you be king yourself?

there were many ways to become king in medieval Europe. According to the subject’s description, the king here refers to the king widely recognized by European princes and popes, belonging to the system of Duke and uncle. The leader of any nation with habitat will use the title of “King”, but it does not belong to the “King”,

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described in this topic. First of all, it must be clear that Europe has the title of “King” before the system of enfeoffment. After the decline of the Western Roman Empire, many Germanic barbarians settled in Gaul. Most of their leaders are military leaders elected by the tribal alliance conference. They are called kuningaz in primitive German, which is the etymology of king in English. After the Christianization of the barbarian countries in Europe, the meaning of the word king changed from tribal leader to a level in the feudal hierarchy.

the first kind: of course, inheritance, your father, your grandfather, your brother, your wife, all kinds of intrigue, I won’t say the second kind: an alien leader converted to Catholicism and canonized as king by the Catholic Pope of the Vatican.

a good example is the first Hungarian King Istvan I. When he ascended the throne in 997, he was called the “Grand Prince of Hungarians”. Here, the prince does not refer to the prince, but refers to the prince one level lower than the king. This position is the head of the Mazar (Hungarian) tribal alliance and does not belong to the European system. According to Hungarian legend, on Christmas day in 1000 A.D., the Pope sent the crown and Scepter symbolizing legitimacy to the Hungarian leader. With these two sacred objects, the chief of the tribal alliance was crowned king of Hungary, Istvan I; Hungary has since been upgraded to a kingdom.

the original crown and Scepter are still preserved in the Hungarian Parliament building, symbolizing the rights of the state. On the eve of the Soviet occupation in 1945, the Hungarians secretly handed over the two sacred objects to the U.S. military for safekeeping, and the United States finally returned them in the 1970s.

Bulgaria is a very interesting special case. When Boris I converted to the Constantinople Orthodox Church at the end of the ninth century, Bulgaria called itself the Empire and its leader called Khan. The patriarch of Constantinople gave the title of Archduke of Boris I. So he is “the Grand Duke of the Bulgarian Empire”. Later Simon I called himself the czar. In Slavic, czar means emperor and is on an equal footing with the Roman emperor. But European countries generally regard czars as kings.

Clovis I was the first baptized king of the Frankish Kingdom, and was also considered to be the foundation of modern French families. After defeating the remaining Western Roman forces in Gaul in 486, he was widely recognized as the king of the whole Franks.

the French “ROI” means king, and then until Louis Philip I in 1830, the king of France was called “ROI”. At first, when Clovis I’s grandfather, the pagan merovinga, became king, it was obvious that he was not recognized by the Pope. However, with Clovis I’s conversion to Catholicism, the kingdom of frank and the Vatican became closer and closer, and the Pope naturally recognized the princess of Frank as king.

the third situation is the question asked by the subject, can you take a group of people to a desolate place to claim the emperor. First of all, if you want to call yourself emperor, one third of an Mu is enough. Refer to Hungary in the tribal period; Then as long as you work hard and expand your territory to the point that the church can’t ignore, they will recognize you as king.

but if you want to be recognized from the beginning, you can only start with a low title and then climb all the way up in the order of Duke, Hou, uncle and son. It is usually a country with an imperial title that upgrades a principality to a kingdom. The kingdom of Prussia is in line with this model. The predecessor of the kingdom of Prussia is the territory of the Teutonic Knights. The leader is the head of the knights, which nominally belongs to the jurisdiction of the Vatican. Since several conflicts with Poland ended in failure (Battle of tannenburg), the Teutonic Knights and their territories also needed allegiance to the kingdom of Poland.

in the early 16th century, under the influence of Martin Luther’s Protestant movement, Albrecht of Brandenburg, the head of the Teutonic Order, announced to cut off the connection with the Vatican. The territory of the order was upgraded to the Principality of Prussia, and he also became the first Archduke of Prussia. The kingdom of Poland recognized the Archduke of Prussia as its vassal. Since then, the hohenzolen Dynasty of the electorate of Brandenburg obtained the inheritance right of the Archduke of the Principality of Prussia, and the two countries became a communist Federation and separated from the control of Poland.

the kingdom of Prussia was born in the war of succession to the Spanish throne in 1701. The Principality of Prussia was promoted to the kingdom of Prussia through its alliance with the Holy Roman Empire controlled by the Habsburg dynasty. Friedrich I was the first Prussian king. “Spekds” “spkds” is the fourth choice by the National Congress. Applicable to constitutional monarchy. Needless to say, in the glorious revolution of 1688, the Lords of England chose William III from the Netherlands to be king of England. The reason is that William III married the daughter of the former king and was also a Protestant. Later, William III lost his heir, so congress elected George I of the Hanover Dynasty as king. He probably didn’t speak English as well as clams, and he didn’t care about state affairs. Since then, the king of England began to develop into a modern constitutional monarchy. The fifth kind of

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is to set up relations with the previous countries and find the legal system for establishing the country.

the source of the Russian Empire was founded by Daniel alexandrovicThe Principality of Scotia. The title of Duke of the Duchy of Moscow was given to him by his father Novgorod Archduke Nevsky, and Nevsky’s title, well, was granted to him by the Mongols. In 1547, his descendant Ivan IV decided to upgrade the Principality of Moscow to Tsardom because his father married the last princess of Byzantium (although Ivan IV himself was not born to the Byzantine Princess).

now that they have inherited the mantle of the Roman Empire, the Russian royal family can do whatever they like. There is no need for others to admit, because others are not as great as their own legal system. It is also unclear whether the Tsarist state is an empire or a kingdom. From the perspective of English grammar, “Tsardom” looks like the Kingdom, “kingdom”, but the Slavs believe that Tsar is the same name as the Roman emperor.. So Russia at this time is actually a kind of between Kingdom and Empire.. Emperor state R (st) Q. But in fact, since I sealed myself, I didn’t ask any explanation. Later, Peter the great finally changed the Czar state into an empire.

by the 18th and 19th centuries, the church had less and less political speech. Few people cared about the harsh rules of the country’s name. After becoming emperor, France became an empire. After the disintegration of the Holy Roman Empire in 1801, Austrian King Franz II angrily upgraded his country to the Austrian Empire and became emperor himself. After the unification of Germany, William I was also pushed to the throne of the German Empire. The titles of Empire and emperor, which could only be enjoyed by the Romans, emerged one after another in Europe after the industrial revolution.

throughout history, it is not important to be king or emperor. What matters is a country’s independent internal and foreign affairs and comprehensive national strength. The Kingdom and the king are just one title, mostly the political chips of the pope or the Empire when they win over other countries. England has never been called an empire, but it has prospered more than any empire on earth.

(as for population restrictions, I know that the North order of the United States stipulates that a region needs 16000 people to vote on whether to join the Federation in the name of a state. It’s OK to have the blood of a king in the name of a kingdom.)