Leningrad, a heroic city, is not only known as the “second capital of the Soviet Union” politically, but also the largest industrial center of the Soviet Union economically, but also has a very important military position.
It is the second largest transportation hub of the Soviet Union, with 10 railway lines passing through it, so it is of great significance in national defense.
Hitler believed that only after ensuring the occupation of Leningrad, “can we then fight the offensive war of occupying Moscow, an important transportation hub and the center of national defense industry”.
Therefore, in Hitler’s war against the Soviet Union, he regarded the occupation of Leningrad as an “urgent task”.
In order to ensure that he could win the following ningele at one stroke, Hitler appointed field marshal von Loeb, who once commanded the German army to break through the French “Maginot Line”, as the commander of the northern group army group, with 700000 soldiers, about 1200 aircraft, 1500 tanks and 12000 guns, and ordered Loeb to be in accordance with the specified date of the “Barbarosa” plan, Take the following ningler before July 21, 1941.
Hitler even arrogantly declared that he would not only go to Leningrad’s “Palace Square” to review the army, but also hold a grand victory banquet at Leningrad’s “Astoria” hotel.
At dawn on June 22, 1941, the west of the Soviet Union was accompanied by bursts of engine roar, colorful stars crossed the invisible Air China boundary line, and more than 1000 aircraft with Nazi symbols on their wings flashed into the Soviet airspace, pouring a waterfall of bullets at airports, military headquarters and transportation centers in the hinterland of the Soviet Union.
Then, more than 7000 guns of various calibres fired at the targets that had already been aimed at.
For a moment, gunfire rumbled on the western border of the Soviet Union, filled with smoke and flames.
The earth was shaking, the mountains and rivers were shaking, the war was burning, and the bloody rain swept through the whole Soviet Union.
Hitler’s “Barbarosa” plan began.
On June 22, with the support of a large number of aviation troops, the northern group army group under the command of Loeb launched an attack from konisburg in East Prussia to the Baltic coastal area of the Soviet Union.
As soon as the battle started, the German army easily crossed the natural water graben of the Nieman River and drove straight into the hinterland of the Soviet Union.
On the vast northern front, the 56th motorized army, the vanguard of the German northern group army group, penetrated more than 40 kilometers into the Soviet Union within 24 hours after the war.
On June 25, the German tank troops advanced to utina, only 70 kilometers away from taugfpils.
On June 26, the vanguard of the German armored group was almost eight kilometers away from taogfpils, the main railway center between Vilnius and Leningrad.
So far, in just four days, the German armored forces have crossed mountains, attacked cities and raided land, and advanced 300 kilometers to the hinterland of the Soviet Union.
In order to win a large highway bridge and a railway bridge in taogevpiles in one fell swoop, so that the follow-up troops can quickly cross the West German Wiener River, the German “brandenburg-800” special force, driving four captured Soviet military vehicles, wearing Soviet military uniforms and fluent Russian, sneaked into taogevpiles, They took the two bridges by surprise.
The defeat of taogevpils made the osterov Pskov Luga Leningrad line completely exposed to the German army because it lost its natural barrier.
On July 1, with the fall of Riga, the capital of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, the situation in Leningrad became more and more dangerous.
On the 4th, the German army broke through the Stalin line in the Ostrov Pskov defense zone.
On the 9th, the Soviet Army defending Pskov had to give up the city and retreat to Novgorod after a bloody battle.
Therefore, the iron hooves of Hitler fascist finally set foot on the boundary of Leningrad state after breaking into the land of the Soviet Union.
Just as the northern army group was advancing towards Leningrad with all its strength, the two Finnish army groups deployed on the Finnish side to the north of Leningrad, in order to cooperate with the German northern army group to attack Leningrad, also launched fierce attacks on the Soviet northern front army in the direction of pedrozavotsk and Viborg at the end of June, trying to attack from the north The eastern two directions completed the encirclement of Leningrad with the German army.
Under such circumstances, Admiral Hepner, the commander of the fourth German armored group army, who was progressing smoothly, proudly declared that now as long as he broke through the Luga river at one stroke, he would get the key to open the gate to Leningrad.
However, the heroic defenders of Leningrad will never easily hand over this glittering door “key”.
At the critical moment when Leningrad was facing the enemy on three sides, the Soviet military command appointed field marshal Voroshilov as the top military director of the northwest command and zhidanov as a member of the Military Commission on July 10, and instructed them to command the operations of the northwest front army and the northern front army in a unified manner.
At the same time, the headquarters urgently mobilized millions of Leningrad residents to build a Luga defense line with the city of Luga as the center, starting from shimsk in the south, passing through Luga and reaching jinjishep in the north, with a total length of about 300 kilometers, and deployed a Luga combat cluster composed of four infantry divisions and one tank division on this defense line.
Its main task is to block the advance of the German army, so as to strive for as much time as possible to build the second and third defense lines around Leningrad.
That is to strive for as much preparation time as possible for Leningrad.
On July 11, German tanks broke through polhoff, a stronghold outside the Luga line, and rushed towards himsk.
While the Luga battle group fought desperately with the dominant German army, in order to reduce the pressure of the Luga battle group, the Soviet command ordered the 11th group army of the northwest front army to go out from old Lusa to the solze area southwest of simsk and carry out a strong anti assault on the wing of the fourth German armored group army.
The German army lost more than 400 aircraft, more than 120 tanks and more than 10000 casualties, forcing Loeb, the commander of the German northern army group, to order a suspension of the attack on July 19 and had to stand by the Luga river for more than a month, thus winning extremely valuable preparation time for the army and people of Leningrad.
After the emergency deployment of troops from both sides, at 10:00 a.m. on August 8, the German army first launched a fierce attack on the Soviet army from the lower reaches of the Luga River, and the German artillery was on the groundIn the torrential rain, they aimed at the Soviet positions and bombarded them.
Suddenly, there was a hail of bullets on the Luga River and the evil waves were emptied.
Despite the bad weather, the first and sixth tank divisions of the 41st German motorized chemical army sped towards an open area south of the Leningrad jinjishep Narva railway line.
In the early morning of August 9, after a day of fierce fighting, the German first tank division occupied izwoz.
On the 10th, the German army, led by the first tank division, continued to advance near moloskovitz station in Leningrad, which made it possible for the German army to cut off the railway traffic from gatchena to Narva at any time, putting the three combat clusters of Soviet Army Narva, jinjishep and Estonia into an extremely difficult situation.
To this end, the northern front army of the Soviet Army urgently ordered the newly formed first guard militia division of Leningrad to go to this area to fight.
In the early morning of August 12, the militia launched a fierce battle with the German army before it had time to rest after a long journey.
Later, due to the lack of heavy equipment and unable to resist the fierce attack of German heavy tanks, the militia division retreated to jinjishep after giving heavy casualties to the German army.
On August 13, the fierce battle in the jinjishep defense area continued.
After suffering heavy losses, the German army broke through the defense line held by the 11th guard militia division at 15:00 p.m. that day, occupied moroskovice station and cut off the railway and public route from jinjishep to Leningrad.
On the left side of the Soviet defense line in the upper reaches of the Luga River, the German army began to attack the simsk region on August 11.
In December, the German army stormed Novgorod, the headquarters of the Soviet northwest front army, along the West Bank of irmen lake.
After three days of fierce fighting, the Soviet army began to retreat, and the railway line from Luga to Novgorod was cut off by the German army.
At this time, the German army could vaguely see the tops of many buildings in Novgorod with the naked eye.
At about 18 p.m. on August 15, the German infantry broke through the first line of defense of the Soviet army under the cover of tanks and advanced to the suburbs of the city.
In the early morning of the 16th, the Soviet army was forced to withdraw from Novgorod.
The defeat of Novgorod not only put the Soviet troops defending the Luga arc in a difficult situation, but also made it possible for the German army to advance to chudovo, thus cutting off 10 railway lines from Leningrad to Moscow.
In fact, it was true.
After occupying Novgorod, the German army immediately advanced to chudovo in the northeast.
At the same time, some troops were prepared to cross the Volkhov River, occupy tihven and cut off the railway traffic links between Leningrad and the mainland of the Soviet Union.
In the defense area of the middle reaches of the Luga River, although the German army launched an attack on Luga at 4 a.m. on August 10 with the strength of two divisions, many attacks ended in failure under the tenacious resistance of the local Soviet army.
Manstein suggested that the third motorized division be transferred to the lower reaches of the Luga River in order to enhance its offensive capacity and speed up its march to Leningrad.
After this proposal was approved, Manstein moved north on the 15th.
At the same time, the German army continued to contain the Soviet army in Luga with the 50th motorized army.
Just as the German army launched a full-scale attack on the Luga defense line, the Finnish army in the north of Leningrad also tightened the encirclement with the strength of three divisions, went straight to Ladoga lake, and launched frequent attacks on the flank of the Soviet 23rd group army defending the Karelia isthmus in the kexsgolim region in the Southwest.
In order to weaken the German offensive, the Soviet command ordered the 34th group army of the northwest front army to take advantage of the gap of more than 80 kilometers between old Rusa and Holm caused by the main force of the 16th group army going north to carry out a strong anti assault from old Rusa along the railway line to the DeNO area where the 16th group army headquarters is located.
Loeb, commander of the German northern group army, was very surprised by the sudden fierce offensive of the Soviet army.
He had to re order Manstein, who was going north, to turn around and go south to the old Rusa area to clear the encirclement of the 16th group army.
On August 21, the German army occupied chudovo and cut off the October railway from Leningrad to Moscow.
On the 22nd, with the reinforcement of the 56th motorized army of Manstein, the 16th German group army not only lifted the danger of being almost surrounded and annihilated by the Soviet army, but also pushed forward to the Bank of the lovati River southeast of old Rusa.
On the 25th, the 34th group army of the Soviet Union had to withdraw from the coast of the lovati river due to the disparity of strength.
At the end of August, the German army suffered heavy losses in front of the Luga line and then entered the slotsk kolpino area only 20 kilometers south of Leningrad.
Although Hitler was not very happy that the northern army group failed to take ningrad as scheduled, he was secretly pleased that Loeb could advance to the city of Leningrad at the end of August.
In order to strengthen the strength of the northern army group and enable it to quickly attack Leningrad, he ordered the 39th motorized army fighting in the direction of Moscow to rush north to attack Leningrad.
After being strengthened, the German northern group army group quickly launched another attack on Leningrad with the strength of 9 divisions.
At this time, in order to “quickly restore order” after the German occupation of Leningrad, the Gestapo troops closely followed the army.
They even printed special passes for all kinds of vehicles to enter and leave Leningrad.
On September 8, the German army occupied shliselborg, which completely cut off all the communication lines between Leningrad and all parts of the Soviet Union.
The situation of Leningrad defenders is even more difficult.
Now they can only maintain limited contact with other places through Ladoga lake and the air.
On the 16th, Pushkin, 18 kilometers south of Leningrad and once a summer resort for the old Czar, fell into the hands of the German army.
On the 17th, Alexander rovka, the terminal of a tram line in Leningrad, was lost.
At this time, the German army was only 14 kilometers away from the Palace Square in the center of Leningrad, and the German artillery could directly bombard the city of Leningrad.
It can really be said that it is worthy of the name of “soldiers under the city”.
The situation is extremely critical! However, the people of Leningrad did not yield.
Marshal Voroshilov, commander of the northwest front army, and Zhdanov, military commissar, issued an emergency mobilization order to 3 million Leningrad soldiers and people: Leningrad is in danger, and the fascist bandit army is approaching our glorious city – the cradle of the proletarian revolution.
Our sacred duty is to block the enemy’s way forward with our chests at the gate of Leningrad.