After careful planning and long-term preparation, at about 3:00 on June 22, 1941, the German army dispatched about 2000 aircraft to suddenly attack 66 airports in the Western Soviet Union, as well as other military bases, transportation hubs and important cities, and violently bombarded the western border area of the Soviet Union with thousands of artillery, opening the prelude to the “Barbarosa” operation.
At 0430 hours, 152 divisions and 3 brigades of the three German army groups in the north, the central and the south, led by armored motorized troops and supported by airborne troops, launched a full-scale attack on the Soviet Union from the front of the Baltic Carpathian line about 1500 kilometers wide, including the north, the middle and the south.
When the German army launched the attack, the Soviet border defense divisions were far away from the defensive positions and were still performing their daily tasks in peacetime.
The troops did not occupy the defensive areas according to the force deployment plan.
Therefore, the German attack reached a sudden.
The German army used air strikes and airborne troops to destroy the Soviet Army’s communication system.
The Soviet supreme command organization could not obtain accurate and timely information about the front line.
The second and third orders issued successively not only failed to alleviate the situation, but also exacerbated the chaos on the front line.
The Soviet army was forced to retreat under the assault of the superior German forces and suffered heavy losses.
On the first day of the war, the Soviet army lost 1200 aircraft, of which more than 800 were destroyed at the airport, and the German Air Force successfully won the air supremacy.
German armored forces and motorized infantry also quickly broke through the Soviet defense line and pushed forward for 50 or 60 kilometers.
Almost all military warehouses, stored weapons and equipment and military supplies in the border area fell into the hands of the German army.
The German army attacked in three ways.
On the north wing, the northern group army group attacked the general direction of taogevpils, Pskov and grad from the area east of gonysburg in East Prussia, in an attempt to eliminate the Soviet army group along the Baltic Sea, occupy the port and naval base there, attack Leningrad and join forces with the Finnish army.
The defense organization along the Baltic Sea is the Soviet special military region along the Baltic Sea.
The German army successfully broke through the Soviet defense.
By the evening of June 22, the advance force of the fourth armored group went out to the front line of dubisa river.
As of July 10, the Soviet army had lost part of the territory of Lithuania, Latvia and the Russian Federation.
The German army advanced 400 kilometers to 450 kilometers into Leningrad, an important northwest town of the Soviet Union.
The German army’s attack on the middle road is in the charge of the German central group army group.
Its task is to carry out a pincer attack from the suwauki region of East Prussia and Warsaw region of Poland in the direction of biawestock protrusion and Minsk, encircle and annihilate the main force of the Soviet army in the West, and then launch an attack in the direction of Smolensk.
The western front of the Soviet army was commanded by general Pavlov.
The third, tenth and fourth group armies are deployed in the Biya westock protrusion and its south of the border area, lack sufficient defense depth, and are vulnerable to German encirclement.
The 13th group army is a reserve force deployed in Minsk.
The troops directly on the border are mainly responsible for the task of building fortifications, while the rest are still training in camps or camps.
On the morning of June 22, the German central group army group launched a fierce attack on the Soviet army with about 40 divisions.
The third armored group of the German army on the North Road and the fourth armored group of the northern army group invaded Lithuania from East Prussia and crossed the Nieman River, forming a siege to the third group army on the right of the Soviet Army’s Western army.
According to order No.
3 of the General Military Commission, the front army carried out anti assault on the German suwauki group with the mechanized Sixth Army of the tenth group army, the mechanized Sixth Army of the cavalry and the mechanized eleventh army of the third group army on the next day.
Due to the dispersion of the transferred corps, the short preparation time and the lack of necessary communication equipment, they failed to form a centralized assault on the German army.
The Soviet anti assault forces suffered serious losses and ran out of fuel and ammunition.
They were forced to give up Grodno and withdraw to new gludok, resulting in a big gap between the northwest front army and the Western Front Army.
In the subsequent battle, the German army pressed step by step in an organized way.
Although the Soviet Army invested in several strategic reserves, it did not complete the concentration, expansion and establishment of a solid defense line of the strategic reserves.
By July 10, the German army had occupied almost all the territory of Belarus, and Smolensk was in danger of being invaded by the German army.
Let’s talk about the German attack on the south wing.
This attack is under the command of lundstedt.
Its task is: the first armored group and the sixth and seventeenth group armies on the left will attack Kiev and the lower reaches of the Dnieper River from Lublin, Poland, and prevent the Soviet army from retreating across the Dnieper River through circuitous encirclement.
The 11th group army on the right road, in coordination with the third and fourth group armies of Romania, later launched an attack from Romania to the lower reaches of the Dnieper River.
It is believed that the main attack direction of the German army will be Ukraine to seize Ukraine’s food, donetz’s coal and Caucasus’s oil.
Therefore, the Soviet army deployed two front armies in the south, the southwest front army and the southern front army.
The southwest front army is commanded by general kirponos and deployed from north to south.
It organizes defense on the front line from the swamp of pripiaj to the northern edge of suro border.
In Romania, it is the southern front army under the command of general tyllenev, with a total of about 865000 troops.
On June 22, the second German armored group first attacked the joint of the fifth and sixth Soviet group armies, opening a gap up to 50 kilometers wide.
The middle road of the southwest front army and the left-wing group armies are in danger of being deeply surrounded by the German army.
In order to eliminate the German army, kilbonos assigned six mechanized armies and three infantry armies to carry out anti assault.
From June 23 to 29, the Soviet and German armies launched the largest tank encounter at the beginning of the war in dubno, Lutsk and Rovno.
The Soviet anti assault smashed the German plan to encircle the main force of the southwest front army in the Lvov protrusion and quickly break into Kiev.
However, due to the lack of unified command, the various services and arms failed to organize coordinated action, and finally failed.
Subsequently, the German army changed its deployment and invested in the Elite Corps, breaking the Soviet resistance at the joint.
On the 30th, they captured Lvov and Rovno and began to carry out a strong assault in the direction of hitomir.
Considering the seriousness of the situation, the Soviet general command issued an order on June 30: the sixth, 26th and 12th group armies withdrew to the front line of the fortified areas on the old border of korosjian, vorensky new town, shepetovka and proskurov before July 9, and organized solid defense there.
July 1, Episode 11 of the German army on the right road.