ancient Egypt, which has the same 5000 year long history as China, has countless myths and legends. In the long history of ancient Egypt, there are too many mysteries and secrets that cannot be solved, which makes people full of infinite curiosity and reverie towards the mysterious country. The most famous pyramid in ancient Egypt is the Khufu pyramid established around 2690 BC. It is one of the wonders of the world. Next to this miracle, there has always been a God who will never give up guarding the Sphinx. Sphinx has the ability of a prophet, can see everything, and represents the symbol of wisdom.

beside the ancient Egyptian Khufu pyramid, you can often see a sphinx standing next to it. He is an Egyptian and Greek work of art and a mythical monster named Sphinx. The Sphinx of the sphinx has left too many unsolved mysteries. Sphinx uses the riddle taught by the muse to make it difficult for people. Anyone who can’t guess correctly will be eaten by it, which suggests that sphinx is a forerunner. Today, Sphinx is still a symbol of wisdom.

the Egyptian Sphinx is carved on the limestone bedrock of the Giza Plateau. It is one of its own. The statue is 73.15 meters long, 11.58 meters wide at the shoulder and 20.12 meters high. It gazed from Egypt to the East. Its sight coincided with the 30 degree latitude. It seemed to have great power, but its face was gloomy and melancholy. It’s both sleepy and awake.

the traditional view is that the Sphinx was built during the “ancient kingdom” of Egypt and was built according to his own face hole by the fourth dynasty’s Faro Kafra (who reigned from 2520 to 2494 BC). But we have no conclusive evidence to prove this, because no one has witnessed Pharaoh Kafra’s body.

archaeologists can only continue to study some existing statues and draw some theories from them. Cambridge archaeology magazine published an article by Professor Mark Lerner of Chicago Oriental College, who used “photographic optical data and computer images” to prove that the Great Sphinx is a copy of Kafra’s face. “After we digitally input the results of computer mapping into the computer, we have a 3D three-dimensional model (skeleton) of the network structure, and then use 2.6 million plane points to draw the ‘skin’ on the skeleton map. The Sphinx we draw may look like it was thousands of years ago. With Kafra’s face, the Sphinx is reborn.

another argument to the contrary was put forward by frank, a forensic expert of the New York police department. He has been developing a “discriminator” for prisoner portraits for more than 20 years. His daily work is to analyze and study all kinds of faces. Therefore, he was asked to study the similarities and differences between the Sphinx and Kafra in detail. A few months later, he came from Egypt υ Jiayohan tomb and Mengyao carefully compared thousands of photos of the two statues. He finally reported his analysis results and said: “the proportional size of the Sphinx’s facial features from the front, especially from different sides, the angle of its facial features and the prominent size of its face make me firmly believe that the Sphinx is not kavra.

The main reason is a syllable engraved on the granite stele standing between the two front claws of the Sphinx, which is regarded as evidence of kavra’s carving of the Sphinx. The stone tablet was excavated by an explorer in 1817, and the syllable khaf in front of the name Kafra appears on the 13th line of the inscription. However, some scholars believe that even if the syllable in line 13 of the inscription refers to kavra, it should not imply that kavra shaped the Sphinx. Kafra may also be remembered for other achievements. It’s impossible to repair the Sphinx of one of the Sphinx kings behind kavra?

waves are not flat, but they rise again. The discovery of American scholar John West has aroused a new round of debate. He found that except for the head, the whole body of the Sphinx showed signs of flooding. The sphinx has eroded badly below its neck. If this erosion is caused by floods, there will be floods at least 18 meters deep in the whole Nile basin. Is it really erosion caused by flood? If the flood had climbed to the base of the pyramid, the lime core at the other end of the Sphinx Causeway, the so-called funeral temple, would have been eroded, but that was not the case. In this way, it is impossible that the flood eroded the Sphinx.

in order to solve this mystery, West found Professor slick, a geologist at Boston University. Slick was skeptical about the idea that the Sphinx was built before the fourth dynasty, but he changed his mind when he first visited the Sphinx. Professor slick based his research on Erosion on paleoclimatology. He believed that it was not the flood that eroded the Sphinx, but the rain.

the geological argument puts forward a very conservative estimate, It is believed that the real construction time of the Sphinx may be “at least between 7000 and 5000 BC”. Because Professor slick believes that the heavy rain that caused the special erosion pattern of the sphinx has stopped at the beginning of thousands of years earlier than the time generally believed by Egyptologists.

However, according to the research of Egyptologists, in the ancient period from 7000 BC to 5000 BC, the Nile basin was the settlement of primitive tribes who lived on hunting in the Neolithic age. At that time, the tools used by people were limited to polished flint and wooden stick. In this case, how did the Sphinx and its surrounding temples (built from pieces of limestone weighing up to 200 tons) be built? Is it the product of an undetermined ancient high civilization?

all these things, we still can not explain. For thousands of years, after wind erosion, sunshine and rain, some parts of the statue have cracked, but this still can not reduce its grandeur, holiness and beauty