Italy’s economic and military strength is far less powerful than Germany, but its ambition is no less than Germany.
Italy, located in southern Europe, is mainly composed of the Apennine Peninsula in the shape of boots and two large islands in the Mediterranean, Sicily and Sardinia.
As early as after the national reunification in the mid-19th century, Italy embarked on the capitalist colonial road of external expansion, and appeared in the political diplomacy of Europe as a powerful country.
From the 1860s to the 1980s, Italy successfully encroached on Eritrea and south Somalia, the key transportation areas along the Red Sea coast of East Africa.
In 1912, Libya and the islands of Aegean Herod in North Africa were seized.
On March 15, 1939, after Germany entered Prague, Mussolini felt that his expansion ambition had been challenged, and his heart was extremely anxious and shocked.
To his annoyance, the man who ostensibly respected him as a “leader” took action without saying hello to him in advance.
What made him more worried was that the fall of the Czech Republic sharply increased the power gap between Italy and Germany.
Mussolini decided to write to Hitler personally, stating that certain events had damaged him and demanding immediate compensation.
After receiving the letter, Hitler weighed the situation at that time and naturally complied with Mussolini’s wishes.
But where to seek compensation? Mussolini set his sights on Albania.
Albania is located in the West Bank of the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe, bordering Serbia and Montenegro in the north, Macedonia in the northeast, Greece in the southeast, Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea in the west, and Italy across the Strait of Otranto.
As early as may 2, 1938, ziano suggested annexing his neighbor in a written report to Mussolini.
Albania has been ruled by the Ottoman Empire since the 15th century.
In 1912, Albania declared its independence.
The international conference held in 1914 established Albanian Prince guyum duvai as the king of the young Albanian state.
However, after six months in power, he had to give up his throne due to the outbreak of World War I.
The Warring States occupied Albania alternately throughout the war.
In the years after the armistice in 1918, the internal situation in Albania was turbulent and civil strife was everywhere.
In the midst of the turmoil, a reformed head of government, van nuoli, emerged.
His rule was overthrown by Huth Soth.
In 1925, SOGO declared himself president of the Republic.
In 1928, he became emperor and declared Albania a monarchy.
He called himself king and SOGO I.
During his rule, socou suppressed the democratic movement and signed a series of unequal treaties with Italy.
In order to oppose Yugoslavia’s coveting Albania, SOGO signed an alliance treaty with Italy.
Of course, he also received financial assistance from Italy.
At the same time, SOGO also encouraged Italian capitalists to invest in Albania to develop their weak economy.
For such a neighbor, ziano felt there was no reason not to include it in his country’s territory.
On February 7, 1939, ziano negotiated with Mussolini and set the date of invading Afghanistan between April 1 and 9.
In ziano’s view, if Italy controls Albania, it will have a beneficial impact on the Balkan countries, and Albania’s resources, agricultural products and land will be used by Italy.
Moreover, the establishment of a bridgehead in Albania will turn the Adriatic Sea into “an inland lake of a continent”, thus providing convenient conditions for solving various problems of the Italian Navy.
At the same time, Albania can be used as a base for invading Yugoslavia and Greece, especially entering Macedonia along the route of the ancient Roman Empire Avenue.
On March 25, 1939, Mussolini issued an ultimatum to Albania, ordering the Albanian government to reply to the following requirements before 12:00 on April 6: allow the Italian army to land in Albania’s main ports.
Allow these troops to control strategic roads, airports and border strategic strongholds.
The establishment of Italian “immigration areas” in Albania, which enjoy the rights of Albanian citizens.
Establishing a customs union.
Italian citizens living in Albania have the right to hold the most important public office.
The secretaries general of government ministries shall be Italian.
The Italian Minister in Rana and the Albanian minister in Rome shall be members of the cabinet of the sending country.
These treaties that undermine Albania’s territorial integrity and sovereignty have been rejected by Albania.
However, Italy did not give up.
After slightly modifying the details of the treaty and obtaining the consent of Mussolini, they sent it to Albania on April 1.
At the same time, we are ready to deal with it.
Italy’s course of action is: if the Albanian side accepts the treaty, ziano will go to Tirana to sign the contract and be escorted by a strong fleet of aircraft, so as to show that Albania is already the world of Italy.
If the Albanian side refused, Italy would instigate ethnic riots in Afghanistan and order the Italian army to invade.
Unwilling to bear the responsibility of surrender, King sogu of Albania made a counter proposal to Italy, which was ignored.
Sogo was terrified all day.
At this time, although the socou government kept Mussolini’s ultimatum a secret, the people soon learned the truth.
From April 3 to 6, 1939, large-scale mass demonstrations broke out every day in Albania.
On April 3, the same day that the new prince of Albania was born, ziano was ordered to take off from Rome and go to Albania to “congratulate” the king and mention again the “protection” of Albania, but was rejected.
On April 7, 1939, about 40000 Italian troops landed in Honduras, San Giovanni demedua, gurola and Santi chuaranta under the command of the supreme commander, general Giovanni Ziani.
Hearing the news, the king of Albania sogu fled to Greece with his newborn prince.
On the morning of April 8, the Italian army entered Tirana.
The Albanian resistance was soon broken and almost the whole country was occupied by the Italian Army on April 10.
On April 14, Rome announced that Albania would be incorporated into the territory of Italy.
After Albania fell into Italy, the political and military situation in the Balkans changed dramatically, which seriously threatened the independence of the countries in this region.
Because Italy can use Albania not only as a base for attacking Greece, but also as a springboard to force the neutrality of Yugoslavia.