In the first section of , the Japanese army illegally occupied Northeast China.

On September 18, 1931, the Japanese Kwantung Army created the wicker Lake incident, launched an attack on Northeast China, and broke out the “September 18” incident.

Liutiao lake is 2500 meters north of the inner city of Shenyang, between Shenyang station and wenguantun station.

The reason why the Kwantung Army chose this place as the blasting site is that it is relatively remote and easy to act.

Second, because it is close to Beidaying, the largest barracks of the Northeast Army, it is convenient to falsely accuse the Chinese army and attack Beidaying nearby.

As early as the winter of 1930, sakuraro banyuan and guan’er Ishihara prepared to choose wicker Lake as the place to provoke armed aggression.

By the spring of 1931, the Japanese army had worked out a specific plan to blow up the Nanman railway near Liutiao lake, attack Beidaying and capture Shenyang City at the same time.

Then the Japanese army looked for the most reliable backbone from the Kwantung Army and the central military headquarters to form a secret conspiracy team.

In June 1931, shigero Ishigaki handed over the blasting task to major Hua guzheng, the assistant officer of the secret service agency of Fengtian, and captain Shintaro Imada, the adjutant of shigero chaiyama, who had served as a consultant.

They agreed: on September 28, the South Manchurian Railway exploded in Liutiao lake and occupied Shenyang overnight.

Take lightning action to occupy the predetermined area before countries have time to intervene.

However, by mid September, due to the exposure of the plan of the wicker Lake incident, it was decided to launch it in advance on September 18.

On September 18, in the name of inspecting the railway, he benmo Shou led six soldiers to Liutiao lake, placed 42 packets of small yellow explosives on the track of Nanman railway, and then lit the explosives.

After the explosion, Shintaro Imada commanded the Japanese army ambushed in the south of civilian Tun to launch an attack on Beidaying, the site of the northeast border defense army.

At 23:00 on the same day, in the name of Kenji toyohara, Huagu was sending an urgent telegram to the chief of staff of the Kanto army, Mitsuya Guangzhi and the prime minister nanjiro, falsely saying: “at about 22:30 on the 18th, on the west side of Beidaying in Fengtian, the tyrannical Chinese army destroyed our Nanman railway, attacked our garrison, and clashed with one of our Garrison who rushed to the scene.

” In the name of “acting commander and advance staff officer of the Kwantung Army”, the senior staff officer of the Kwantung Army in Shenyang issued an order: “order the second battalion of the independent garrison to sweep away the enemy of Beidaying, the Fifth Battalion to attack Beidaying from the north, the 29th regiment to attack Shenyang City, and the second division to reinforce it with the main force.

” At 00 a.m. on the 19th, Huagu Zheng sent a second telegram, which still lied that the Chinese army in Beidaying was fighting fiercely with the Hushitai company of the Japanese garrison, and the Japanese army was in a bitter battle.

After receiving the telegram, the commander of the Kwantung Army in Lushun, Ben Zhuang fan, the chief of staff, Mitsuya Guangzhi, the former chief of staff, Shi Yuanguan, and others urgently discussed countermeasures and agreed that this is an excellent opportunity to resort to force.

Benzhuang fan immediately decided to quickly concentrate the main force in Shenyang according to the scheduled plan, implement the central breakthrough and occupy the three northeastern provinces.

At about 1:30 a.m. on the 19th, Benzhuang fan ordered the Kwantung Army: the main force of the second division quickly concentrated and attacked Shenyang City.

The independent garrison units attacked Dandong, Yingkou, Phoenix and Changchun along the railway.

At the same time, the telegram asked Lin mianshiro, commander of the Japanese army in North Korea, to reinforce the Kwantung Army as soon as possible.

Benzhuang also telegraphed various orders and war conditions to the Japanese military headquarters and went to Shenyang by train with the headquarters at 3:30 a.m. on the 19th.

According to the scheduled plan, the Kwantung Army launched an attack on the Beidaying of the Northeast Army, Shenyang City and the whole line of the Nanman railway.

Because of the non resistance principle, the soldiers of the Northeast Army, who had an advantage in military strength, were unprepared, and the Japanese sneak attack succeeded.

At that time, nearly 200000 troops remained in the northeast, as well as the public security and police forces.

However, during the September 18th Incident, only Rong Zhen, chief of staff of the Northeast Army, and Zang Shiyi, chairman of Liaoning Province, were stationed in Shenyang.

They were unprepared for the sudden attack of the Japanese army.

Zang Shiyi negotiated with the Japanese Consulate General by telephone, and the Japanese consul refused on the ground that “military action, consuls have no right to restrict”.

When the officer on duty in Beidaying asked for disposal measures by telephone, Rong Zhen issued an order of “no resistance”.

Under the constraint of non resistance, the officers and soldiers of the seventh brigade only allowed the Japanese army, which accounted for an absolute minority, to attack Beidaying.

At 23:30 on the 18th, the second battalion of the Japanese garrison attacked the northwest corner of Beidaying.

At the same time, the 240 mm artillery in the North battalion of Shenyang was also heavily bombarded.

By 5:30 the next day, the Japanese army completely occupied Beidaying.

At the same time, the Japanese troops stationed in Shenyang attacked Shenyang in three ways.

More than five hours later, the Japanese army completely occupied this important northeast town.

At 9:00, a notice printed in advance and signed by “Kwantung Army commander Ben Zhuang fan” against the false accusation that the Chinese Army exploded the Nanman railway was prominently posted all over the city.

Overnight, the Japanese army easily occupied Shenyang City, all the military and police were disarmed and all kinds of property were looted.

Along the Nanman railway, the Japanese army’s action to control the traffic line also made rapid progress.

The third and fourth battalions of the Japanese Independent garrison captured Dandong at 5:30 a.m. on the 19th.

Then the Third Battalion captured Yingkou and the Fourth Battalion captured Phoenix.

At 0:15 on the 19th, the third brigade of the Japanese army stationed in Changchun shelled the Nanling Chinese artillery regiment.

At 3:55, the Japanese army launched a general attack on Changchun, the terminus of the South Manchuria Railway and the Middle East Railway.

The Chinese garrison rose up to resist and retreated angrily under the order of “no need to resist” from xiqia, chief of staff of Jilin Military Administration.

At about 22 o’clock that day, Changchun fell.

In this way, the important towns along the Nanman and Anfeng railways soon fell into the hands of the Japanese army.

After the wicker Lake incident, the Japanese military headquarters immediately held a meeting at 7:00 on the 19th.

The participants agreed that the determination and action of the Kwantung Army were “completely appropriate” and began to send troops to reinforce the Kwantung Army at the request of “sending three more divisions”.

Later that day, Japanese Prime Minister Ruo terrorist Yi Wei Shaoshu held an emergency cabinet meeting to discuss the report of the Kwantung Army.

Out of the need of the strategy of invading China and the fear of the intervention of the powers on the basis of the nine Nation Convention and the non war convention, the cabinet meeting decided to adopt the policy of “not expanding the situation” and instructed the land minister to inform the Kwantung Army.

After the meeting, the provincial and general staff departments of the army instructed the Kwantung Army not only to convey the cabinet’s “no expansion” policy, but also praised the Kwantung Army’s “determination and measures are appropriate” and “improved the prestige of the Japanese army”.

Shingoro Hashimoto, who was well aware of the intention of the military headquarters, further sent a secret message to ban yuan: “the order of the general staff to stop military operations is a table to deal with the cabinet meetingThe purpose of this article is not to ask you to stop.

” The Kwantung Army understood the intention of the military headquarters and the cabinet.

While continuing to dispatch troops and generals, it requested the Army Central Committee to send three more divisions and regiments.

At 8 a.m. on the 20th, the Japanese naval command department and the Ministry of maritime affairs decided that when the situation further expanded, the navy would send ships to Shanhaiguan to cooperate with the army to prevent the Northeast Army from entering the pass for reinforcements.

On the 21st, Lin mianshilang, commander of the Japanese army stationed in North Korea, ordered more than 4000 people of the 39th brigade to invade Shenyang, Northeast China.

This provided a guarantee for the Kwantung Army to expand its aggression.

On the morning of the 21st, Benzhuang fan made the decision to occupy Jilin City.

The second division of the Japanese army occupying Changchun was ordered to take armored vehicles to occupy Jilin that afternoon, and then occupied Tongliao, Juliu River, Taonan and other places one after another.

In Japan, the Japanese government has time and again accelerated the action of the army to expand the war.

On September 22, the cabinet meeting decided to recognize the fait accompli of the Japanese army in North Korea crossing the border and pay for the troops.

Japanese Emperor Hirohito issued a royal decree allowing Japanese troops stationed in North Korea to cross the border into “Manchuria”.

Two days later, the Japanese government issued a statement on the “Manchukuo incident”, declaring that the Japanese government had decided “not to expand the situation and gradually withdraw troops” in order to continue to deceive world public opinion and create obstacles for the army to expand its war of aggression in China.

After occupying most areas of Liaoning and Jilin in Northeast China, the Japanese army took these two provinces as bases and expanded its aggression to the north and south.

The northern “Manchuria” areas, such as Heilongjiang Province and the special administrative regions of the three northeastern provinces of Harbin, were the first targets of the Japanese army.

In view of the fact that the region borders on the Soviet Union and Harbin is an international city, in order to avoid the intervention of the Soviet Union, the Japanese army once formulated the general plan for conquering the “northern Manchu” and envisaged seizing the “northern Manchu” by strategic means.

Therefore, the direct military attack like the capture of Liao and Kyrgyzstan was temporarily suspended and the “peaceful means” was adopted first.

On September 24, the chief of staff of the Japanese army ordered “not to march north of kuanchengzi” and explicitly prohibited sending troops to Harbin.

The Japanese army changed its strategy and used the traitor army to take the lead, avoided Harbin and attacked Qiqihar, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, along the railway, in an attempt to win Heilongjiang Province without war.

After the wicker Lake incident, the Japanese Army bought off Zhang Haipeng, the former taoliao town envoy.

On October 1, Zhang Haipeng called himself “border security commander” and announced his separation from Zhang Xueliang.

Therefore, the Japanese army took advantage of Zhang Haipeng’s puppet army to act as the forward of attacking Qiqihar.

When Zhang’s puppet army approached Nenjiang, Ma Zhanshan, commander of Heihe police and commander of the third infantry brigade, was ordered by Zhang Xueliang to command the army in Heilongjiang and act as provincial president.

On October 13, Zhang Haipeng’s puppet army began to attack and was defeated by Ma Zhanshan at Nenjiang bridge.

The Japanese Army decided to send troops directly.

On the 30th, the Kanto army formed a “Nenjiang detachment” with the main force of the second division and gathered near Tailai.

On November 4, the Japanese Nenjiang detachment covered Zhang Haipeng’s puppet army’s attack on Mabu.

Ma Zhanshan fought back, and hundreds of Nenjiang detachment were killed and injured.

However, due to the inferior equipment of the Chinese garrison and the re reinforcement of the Japanese army, Ma Zhanshan and other Chinese military and political personnel withdrew from the provincial capital Qiqihar on the 19th.

Then retreat to Helen and Keshan and organize an interim government.

On the evening of the 19th, the Japanese army occupied Qiqihar.

So far, the Japanese army did not stop military operations, and then went south to western Liaoning to complete the occupation of the whole “Nanman”.

After the fall of Liaoning and Jilin provinces, the office of the commander of the northeast border defense army and the administrative office of the Liaoning provincial government moved to Jinzhou.

On September 23, Zhang Xueliang appointed Zhang Zuoxiang as the acting commander of the northeast border defense army and Mi Chunlin as the acting chairman of the Liaoning provincial government.

Jinzhou is located in the west of Liaoning Province.

It is the junction of Beining railway and Jinchao railway and the barrier of Shanhaiguan.

Its strategic position is very important.

The Japanese army staff headquarters said: “only by eliminating the forces of Zhang Xueliang near Jinzhou can there be hope to solve the Manchukuo incident.

” They regarded the capture of Jinzhou as the last measure to consolidate their occupation of Northeast China.

On October 8, the Japanese army sent planes to bomb Jinzhou.

On the 20th, the puppet army was sent to attack Jinzhou and was defeated by the Chinese border defense army.

On November 27, Kanto ordered the main force of the second division and the mixed 39th brigade to assemble in Shenyang.

Make the mixed fourth brigade enter the front line of Daling River to cover the main force.

On the same day, the Ministry crossed the Daling River and launched an attack on the Chinese garrison, which was blocked in the front line of Dahushan and Goubangzi.

Fearing international opposition, the Japanese authorities ordered the Kwantung Army to withdraw from western Liaoning on the 28th.

In early December, Japan established the dog breeding cabinet.

The dog breeding cabinet has adopted a policy of more active support for the military headquarters than its predecessor.

On December 7, the Japanese army minister called the Kwantung Army to indicate the intention of the Military Ministry to capture Jinzhou.

On December 13, the Kwantung Army formulated the attack strategy of Jinzhou and decided to take Jinzhou directly from north to south.

On the 17th, the chief of staff of the Japanese army approved the operational plan for the Kanto army to attack Jinzhou and sent additional troops to the northeast.

By the 27th, the total number of Japanese troops attacking Jinzhou had reached more than 40000, showing an unprecedented general war situation.

Because the Chinese army was bound by the non resistance policy of the national government and could not get the support of the government, it lacked the determination to fight against Japan and defend the land.

On January 3, 1932, the Japanese army occupied Jinzhou without war.

After occupying Jinzhou, the Japanese army quickly returned to the north, returned to “Beiman” and attacked Harbin.

At that time, the Japanese army suffered from the Chinese army near Harbin.

After various attempts, Japan confirmed that the Soviet Union would adopt a “non-interference” policy, and the general staff approved the Kwantung Army to march to Harbin on January 28, 1932.

On the outskirts of Harbin, the Chinese garrison launched a fierce defense war with the Japanese army equipped with aircraft, tanks and armored vehicles.

However, due to the lack of preparation for defending the enemy in advance and the lack of fortifications, the Chinese army suffered great casualties under the powerful offensive of Japanese aircraft bombing and tank rampage.

On February 5, 1932, Harbin fell to the enemy.

So far, in just four months and 18 days, 1 million square kilometers of land and 30 million compatriots in the whole Northeast were under the rule of Japanese imperialism.