is a military service. The Japanese Legion lost 1272 people (239 dead, 972 injured, 17 missing and 44 non combat personnel). General Ryder proudly pointed to the 442nd regiment and said, “look, this is my best unit.”
before the outbreak of World War II, about 5000 Japanese Americans served in the US military. After the Pearl Harbor Incident broke out, anti Japanese sentiment in the United States rose. Most Japanese soldiers were expelled from the army and were soon classified as 4-f (unfit for service) or 4-C (enemy overseas Chinese). Most of the 112353 Japanese Americans in the United States were sent to detention camps. This mandatory measure is obviously not applicable to 40% of the population of Hawaii. Lieutenant general Emmons, Hawaii’s military chief, urged the formation of a special force composed of Japanese soldiers and sent it to the European battlefield to “test” the loyalty of these special American citizens.
on May 26, 1942, General Marshall approved the formation of the Hawaiian independent battalion. About 1300 Japanese Americans, under the supervision of 29 white officers, went to McCoy barracks in Wisconsin for six months of training on June 5. During this period, the battalion was officially named the 100th infantry battalion, and the first commander was lieutenant colonel Frank Turner.
according to the files declassified after the war, all instructors who train Japanese recruits are not only told to report the physical training of soldiers, but also to report their psychological state and loyalty. These reports are directly sent to the top of the military in a secret way. Researchers believe that at that time, more people at the top of the military were actually looking for excuses to stop this controversial attempt at any time. But the performance of these Japanese recruits was unexpected. During the training, five recruits were awarded the “soldier Medal” for bravely rescuing drowning civilians. By the end of basic training in December, the military’s doubts about these recruits had long dissipated.
first battle saleno
in September 1943, 1432 people of the 100th battalion landed in Oran, Algeria, as an affiliated combat force of the 34th division of the United States, becoming the first batch of troops to land in Europe since the war against the axis group. The battalion was initially assigned to perform safer rear security tasks. But battalion commander Turner noticed that these special soldiers were very dissatisfied with the status quo. Although the soldiers are small and thin, they strongly demand to go to the front line. With Turner’s repeated application, the 100th battalion landed in saleno, Italy on the 19th. Ten days later, the Ministry took the lead in the march into montemitro. Sergeant “Joey” takada Chengfu is the vanguard of this March. At 9:45 a.m., when the troops reached an S-shaped dangerous road, the whole mountain suddenly shook violently. Mortar shells and machine gun bullets poured down. The German concealed machine gun positions opened fire on the crowded US troops. Takada resolutely rushed into the open ground. According to eyewitnesses, takada’s purpose was to attract German fire and indicate the enemy’s fire point. Soon, takada was shot in the head and fell to the ground. Under the frightened gaze of the people, takada miraculously got up again and continued to attack. Take advantage of the opportunity to attack the German platoon 3. After the battle, it was found that Sergeant takada had lost too much blood. Sergeant takada became the first Japanese soldier to die in battle. In recognition of his heroic performance, he was posthumously awarded a medal of outstanding service. In the next two days, the 100th battalion broke into the German defense line for 11 kilometers at an amazing speed, captured two towns and ended the first round of battlefield performance with an almost perfect performance.
in the later battles, Japanese soldiers were invincible, “one mountain a day” became the war history myth of the 100th infantry battalion.
bleeding Monte Cassino
on January 23, 1944, general Clark, commander of the fifth group army, obviously killed red eyes. The 100th infantry battalion was ordered to cross the lapido river again. Before them, the two infantry regiments of the US Army were almost completely destroyed in order to forcibly cross the river. According to the strength statistics on January 20, the Department, including officers, has only 832 people at this time, which is seriously short of staff. On the 24th night, Japanese soldiers quietly approached the East Bank of the lapido river. The first thing they encountered was a knee deep bog in which the Germans had laid thousands of mines. At midnight, when company a reached the stone wall of the river bank, the US artillery began to support! However, these heavy artillery not only did not play a supporting role, but made the Germans find abnormalities near the river bank. Company a was immediately surrounded by heavy machine gun fire. On the 25th night, the battalion commander was wounded in the battle. In the early morning of the 26th, company B began to reinforce. Only 14 of the 187 soldiers arrived on the other side, and soon an order was sent to withdraw. The plan to attack by the lapido river was finally abandoned.
although the vacancy was serious, the 100th battalion was put into the battle of seizing Castle Hill (165 highland) on February 8. The site is located on the only access to the hilltop monastery. Without any flank cover, the 100th battalion seized and held the highland for four days, but this time, the regiment headquarters asked it to retreat!
in fact, general Clark had lost confidence in the ground attack at this time. He asked allied bombers to bomb again and launch a general attack three days later. This is another wrong decision. On the 18th, when the US 36th Division launched another attack, the German army had already strengthened its defense. The 100th infantry battalion took on the main attack again. During the charge, an infantry platoon of 40 people left only 5 people after completing the task. After four days of hard work, the 100th battalion took the lead in attacking the hillside. But at this time, the 36th division had exhausted its strength and the attack was abandoned again. There were only 512 people left in the 100th battalion. Monte Cassino is still under German control. However, the defeat of this battle still remains the most brilliant chapter in the history of the 100 battalion war. The German army called it the “little iron man” army in awe. (the defensive battle of the German army’s strongest fortress, which has been widely boasted by German fans, would have ended long ago had it not been for the lack of confidence of the U.S. commander. If the Japanese army had attacked at most one infantry wing, they could quickly capture it)